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Topic: Peter the Great and the Russian Empire


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In the News (Fri 19 Jul 19)

  
  Peter I of Russia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Peter, the son of Aleksei Mikhailovich of Russia and his second wife, Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, was born in Moscow.
Peter's primary objective became the capture of the Ottoman fortress of Azov, near the Don River.
Peter's hopes were dashed; France was a traditional ally of the Ottoman Sultan, and Austria was eager to maintain peace in the east whilst conducting its own wars in the west.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Peter_the_Great   (3081 words)

  
 History of St. Petersburg, Russia: Peter the Great (short biography)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Peter was a grandson of Tzar Michael Romanov (who was chosen to be a Tzar in 1613).
In 1682, at the age of 10, Peter was proclaimed Tzar, but due to a power struggle between different political forces he had to rule together with his brother Ivan under the patronage of his sister Sofia.
Peter and Paul Cathedral and the people still bring flowers to his tomb.
www.cityvision2000.com /history/peterthe.htm   (494 words)

  
 Peter I of Russia -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Peter was extraordinarily tall at six foot seven inches (2 meters) and a powerful man, although his gangly legs and arms are said to have limited his handsomeness.
Peter, furthermore, had chosen the most inopportune moment; the Europeans at the time were more concerned about who would succeed the childless Spanish King (As Charles II he was Holy Roman Emperor and as Charles I he was king of France (1630-1685)) Charles II than about fighting the Ottoman Sultan.
The Russian communists consider the (A typeface (based on an 18th century design by Gianbattista Bodoni) distinguished by regular shape and hairline serifs and heavy downstrokes) modern era as beginning with Peter's reign, and being surpassed by the (A person of nearly the same age as another) contemporary era with the October revolution.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/p/pe/peter_i_of_russia.htm   (3038 words)

  
 Peter I, czar of Russia. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Peter subordinated the church to the state by replacing the patriarchate with a holy synod, headed by a lay procurator appointed by the czar.
Peter sent many Russians to be schooled in the West and was responsible for the foundation (1725) of the Academy of Sciences.
Although Peter sought to enforce all his reforms with equal severity, he was unable to eradicate the traditional corruption of officials or to impose Western ways on the peasantry.
www.bartleby.com /65/pe/Peter1-Rus.html   (1436 words)

  
 Imperial Russia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Russian Empire (Росси́йская Импе́рия, also Imperial Russia) covers the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great into the Russian Empire stretching from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposition of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start of the Russian Revolution in 1917.
This period is also regarded by many as the Russian Empire, however many also consider the Soviet Union to have been a continuation of the empire up until the fall of the Soviet government in 1991.
Fixing the period of the Russian Empire is contentious, whereas fixing the period of Imperial Russia is more straightforward.
www.1-free-software.com /en/wikipedia/i/im/imperial_russia.html   (172 words)

  
 Peter the Great (Peter I)
In 1682 Peter was proclaimed Tsar at the tender age of 10.
In 1712 Peter the Great moved the Russian capital to St. Petersburg and continued to channel all the country’s energy and resources into the construction of his European "paradise".
Peter the Great was buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg.
www.saint-petersburg.com /history/peter1st.asp   (583 words)

  
 Russian military history, Soviet military history, military history of Russia, Russian war history on RussiansAbroad.com
The first great Russian naval victory, at the Hango Peninsula on the Baltic Sea in 1714, also came at the expense of the Swedes; Peter had modernized the Russian navy with the same diligence he applied to the army.
For the first time, under Peter the armed forces were staffed by recruits from the peasantry, whose twenty-five-year obligation made them professional soldiers and sailors devoted to service because they had been liberated from serfdom--together with all their offspring--in the bargain.
Although the Nazi invasion of 1941 drove far into the Russian interior to threaten Leningrad and Moscow, a new generation of officers gradually asserted themselves as the Germans were driven from Russian territory in 1943 and 1944 after the climactic Battle of Stalingrad.
www.russiansabroad.com /russian_history_321.html   (1598 words)

  
 Best of Russia --- Royal Family --- Peter the Great   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Peter I "the Great", Romanov (1672 - 1725) was proclaimed Tzar at the age of 10, but due to a power struggle had to rule under the patronage of his sister Sofia.
Peter sent Russians to be educated in the West, and imported skilled labour, military and administrative experts from abroad.
Peter himself had been married to the daughter of a Russian nobleman in his youth in accordance with the earlier practice, but he put her in a convent soon after he began to govern personally.
www.bestofrussia.ca /peter.html   (2270 words)

  
 Russia Early Imperial Russia
As a child of the second marriage of Tsar Aleksey, Peter at first was relegated to the background of Russian politics as various court factions struggled to control the throne.
The best illustration of Peter's drive for Westernization, his break with traditions, and his coercive methods was his construction in 1703 of a new, architecturally Western capital, St. Petersburg, situated on land newly conquered from Sweden on the Gulf of Finland.
Although he was a grandson of Peter the Great, his father was the duke of Holstein, so Peter III was raised in a German Lutheran environment.
www.country-studies.com /russia/early-imperial-russia.html   (2876 words)

  
 Peter the Great   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Peter the Great ruled Russia from 1682-1725, and in 1721 declared Russia an empire and himself the Emperor.
Peter the Great was the youngest son of Tsar Alexis by his second wife.
Peter was then chosen to rule but his older siblings staged a coup which resulted in Peter sharing the throne with his brother Ivan, under the regency of Ivan's older sister Sophia.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/history/russia/peter.html   (437 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Peter the Great and the Russian Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
In a costly war with the Ottoman Empire (1734-1739), Russia reacquired the port of Azov.
Following the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish War with the Ottoman Empire in 1768, the parties agreed to the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji in 1774.
Catherine's push to the south, including the establishment of Odessa as a Russian port on the Black Sea, provided the basis for Russia's nineteenth-century grain trade.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Peter-the-Great-and-the-Russian-Empire   (3241 words)

  
 Catherine the Great: 1762-1796
During her reign, Catherine continued the reforms begun by Peter the Great that ultimately led to the emergence of Russia onto the worldwide stage of politics.
Peter III was crowned ruler of Russia in 1761.
Peter proved to be a very unpopular and inept sovereign and was murdered in June of 1762 in a coup staged by the Imperial Guards.
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/EastEurope/CathyGreat.html   (388 words)

  
 The Personality of Peter the Great   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Peter was an ever-welcome guest at the parties of noblemen, merchants, or artisans; here he danced a great deal and, though the only dancing lessons he had were ''practices'' during evenings spent at the Lefort establishment, he danced well.
Peter was free and easy in his relationship to people; but his social manners were a mixture of the habits of a powerful aristocrat of a previous generation and those of an artisan.
Peter himself was a deacon of this Order, for which he drew up, with the same legislate skill that he expended on his laws, a Charter that minutely defined the method of electing and installing the ''Prince-Pope'' and the ritual required for the consecration of the rest of this hierarchy of drunkards.
mars.wnec.edu /~grempel/courses/russia/lectures/12peter1.html   (2886 words)

  
 The City of Peter the Great - Worldpress.org
Thus is the glory of Peter the Great’s city, St. Petersburg, depicted in the poem The Bronze Horseman by Alexander Pushkin.
Peter wanted an outlet to the Baltic Sea and intended to make St. Petersburg a modern, Western-style city that would serve as Russia’s “window on Europe.” Although the fortress was originally a primitive earthen structure, stone was brought in when construction of the city began.
A new capital of the Russian Empire was born.
www.worldpress.org /Europe/1938.cfm   (2737 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Russia - Peter the Great and the Russian Empire - The Era of Palace Revolutions | Russian Information ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Under Peter, the army drafted soldiers for lifetime terms from the taxpaying population, and it drew officers from the nobility and required them to give lifelong service in either the military or civilian a dministration.
The best illustration of Peter's drive for Westernization, his break with traditions, and his coercive methods was his construction in 1703 of a new, architectu rally Western capital, St. Petersburg, situated on land newly conquered from Sweden on the Gulf of Finland.
Henceforth, the crucial factor for obtaining the throne was the supp ort of the elite palace guard in St. Petersburg.
reference.allrefer.com /country-guide-study/russia/russia20.html   (1732 words)

  
 Temple of Catherine the Great   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Catherine the Great (1729-1796), empress of Russia (1762-1796), who continued the process of Westernization begun by Peter the Great and made Russia a European power.
Peter succeeded to the throne in 1762, but the Imperial Guards soon overthrew him and replaced him with Catherine.
Under Catherine, the territory of the Russian Empire was greatly expanded, especially through two wars with the Ottoman Empire (1768-1774 and 1787-1791) and the annexation of Crimea (1783), which gave Russia control over the northern coast of the Black Sea.
www.sangha.net /messengers/Catherine.htm   (237 words)

  
 Modern History Sourcebook: Catherine the Great
She followed Peter the Great in seeing Russia (which had been part of an Asian Empire for centuries) as European Power.
Peter the First, by introducing the Manners and Customs of Europe among the European People in his Dominions, found at that Time such Means as even he himself was not sanguine enough to expect....
The Possessions of the Russian Empire extend upon the terrestrial Globe to 32 Degrees of Latitude, and to 165 of Longitude.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/18catherine.html   (1476 words)

  
 Catherine the Great - short history
Catherine the Great was born Princess Sophia August Frederika on May 2, 1729 in the Baltic seaport town of Stettin.
On Februeary 9, 1744, at the age of 15, she came to Russia at as the bride of the heir to the throne, Peter Feodorovich.
She died on November 6, 1796, and was buried in the Cathedral of the St. Peter and St. Paul Fortress in St.
www.petersburg-russia.co.uk /catherine-the-great   (394 words)

  
 [No title]
The Russian Empire (Russian: Росси́йская Импе́рия, also Imperial Russia) covers the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under
Peter the Great into the Russian Empire stretching from the
Soviet Union to have been a continuation of the empire up until the fall of the Soviet government in 1991.
en-cyclopedia.com /wiki/Russian_Empire   (121 words)

  
 Tsarskoe Selo - History - Part Three - Reconquest of Peter the Great
Platonov says, that Peter, after a short hesitation, began actively to prepare himself for the continuation of the struggle with Sweden, the final aim of which, he considered, would be the conquering of Ingria and Karelia and the foundation of a fortified port at the mouth of the Neva.
In that manner the aristocratic Saritzhof, in the language of the emigrants Finns was christened "Saarismuis" and in the Russian language became Saritza or Sarskaya farm.
A note of Peter, dated from January 5th 1708 is, kept; from it we can see, that at that time the Tsar thought of leaving, in case of his death, only three thousand rubles to Catherine.
www.alexanderpalace.org /tsarskoe/historythree.html   (1371 words)

  
 Peter I --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
Russian in full Pyotr Alekseyevich, byname Peter the Great, Russian Pyotr Veliky tsar of Russia, who reigned jointly with his half-brother Ivan V (1682–96) and alone thereafter (1696–1725) and who in 1721 was proclaimed emperor (imperator).
Peter was the son of Tsar Alexis by his second wife, Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina.
The son of Sancho Ramírez, the third in order of the historic kings of Aragon, Peter belonged to times anterior to the authentic written history of his kingdom; and little is known of him save that he conquered Huesca (1096) and Barbastro (1100) from the Moors of Saragossa.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9108537   (767 words)

  
 The Alexander Palace Time Machine Bios - Catherine the Great
The potential match of the young German princess and the heir to the Russian throne was actively promoted by her mother and the Prussian King, Frederick, who saw the alliance as a way to further Prussian interests at the court of St. Petersburg.
On the death of Elizabeth on December 25, 1761, Peter ascended the throne as Peter III.
Peter ordered the proud Imperial guard regiments to dispose of their uniforms from the days of Peter the Great in exchange for tight-fitting uniforms in the Prussian style.
www.alexanderpalace.org /palace/catherine.html   (1174 words)

  
 [No title]
Famine, disease and death were spreading like wildfire as the Russians aided France against the militia of Germany during World War I. The population lost its faith in the monarchy and installed a provisional government that would keep the country from disintegrating.
Their objectives were to lead the Russian empire into prosperity while utilizing Karl Marx's proposed doctrine for a communal, classless environment where the workers will be using their abilities to satisfy their own needs.
The C zar and his family were captured and executed, thus ending the oppressive autocracy that had befallen the empire for hundreds of years.
www.textfiles.com /reports/ACE/soviet.txt   (1236 words)

  
 Peter the Great--World History lesson plan (grades 9-12)--DiscoverySchool.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Peter the Great was inspired by what he saw in western Europe on his travels.
Invite students to demonstrate their knowledge of Peter the Great by adopting his persona—writing in the first person as if they were Peter the Great.
Use Peter the Great’s fascination with European cities and his innovative construction of St. Petersburg as a springboard into urban planning.
school.discovery.com /lessonplans/programs/peter   (1726 words)

  
 Anthem History
With Peter the Great, Russian empire, adopted the English "God Save the King." By the early 19th century, it often competed with the native Russian "Glory" by Dmitry
In 1833, the competition for the new anthem was won by a violinist and composer Prince A.F. Lvov (1798-1870), and his music, along with the text by Vasily Zhukovsky, court poet and Pushkin's friend, served until 1917 (Lvov's Bozhe, tsaria khrani).
When the Russian autocracy collapsed in February 1917, the old "Bozhe, tsaria khrani" was replaced by the French Marseillaise, the hymn of the French revolution, but in a very free Russian translation.
www.stanford.edu /class/slavgen194a/hymn/anthem_history.htm   (427 words)

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