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Topic: Phalanx formation

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  Phalanx formation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A phalanx (plural phalanxes or phalanges) is a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, or similar weapons.
While the phalanx formation was formidable and nearly indestructible from the front, the formation would find it difficult to protect its own flanks and rear because it was a relatively slow-moving formation and once engaged it could not easily disengage or redeploy itself to face a threat from those directions.
The phalanx never quite died out; the Roman legionaries at the time of Caesar and Arrian were known to have defended against (and even attacked) cavalry by using their pila as thrusting spears instead of thrown javelins.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Phalanx_formation   (2977 words)

 HTW6   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The phalanx had proved itself to be a superior tactic in their eyes, and for long they did not see the need to expand the army with lighter troops, archers, or cavalry.
Phalanx armies were susceptible to missile and cavalry attacks from the right and rear, but only if the enemy had these units and used them.Phalanx warfare reached its peak in two great fifth-century wars: the war with Persia at the start of the century and the Peloponnesian War near its end.
Despite much evidence that the phalanx was at a disadvantage when facing skirmishers and surrounded by cavalry, the concept of the phalanx was too important a fixture of their culture.
www.hellenictotalwar.com /pages/htw6pag.html   (7985 words)

 Phalanx and hoplites
At Chaeronea (338), the main cavalry units were on the left wing and the phalanx advanced obliquely; at Issus (333), the phalanx was a straight line and the main cavalry unit, commanded by Philip's son Alexander the Great, was on the right wing.
As a result, the phalanx was one of several units that could be employed by a general.
The first encounter between a Greek phalanx and a Roman legion was the battle of Heraclea in 280, in which Pyrrhus of Epirus overcame his Italian enemies, but suffered heavy losses because the Roman army was more flexible and could replace the soldiers in the first line; they could continue to fight much longer.
www.livius.org /pha-phd/phalanx/phalanx.html   (1235 words)

 Spartan Warfare
The depth of the phalanx is a variable which some suggest was decided by the army itself rather then by the leaders of the army.
The phalanx formation allowed men to participate in the military who otherwise could not have because a much smaller investment in weapons and armor was needed to participate in the phalanx.
The hoplite is typically armed with a wooden lance for the phalanx formation and a short sword for in close fighting.
www.studyworld.com /newsite/ReportEssay/History/European\Spartan_Warfare-32543.htm   (1244 words)

 Phalanx - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Phalanx CIWS, a US Navy defense system to protect against an anti-ship missile
Phalanx (comics), a species of villainous mechanical aliens in Marvel Comics' X-Men comic books
Phalanx art school, a private art school in Munich
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Phalanx   (147 words)

 Greek army
Please note that the unit does not have to be in Phalanx formation and that some of the rules are used only if the unit is in Phalanx formation.
A unit that started a charge in phalanx does not have to bring as many stands into contact with the enemy as possible, but can opt to stay in phalanx formation, but the movement restrictions apply.
If the unit is in Phalanx than any stand that would (using the standard rules) support another stand of the same unit will not support that stand, but will attack the front stand's enemy just as if they were in contact.
www.brumbaer.de /Wm/Ancients/Greece.html   (423 words)

 Battle Scenarios - Ancient Roman Empire Forums
Of course, those generals who employ the phalanx must march over ground of every description, must pitch camps, occupy points of advantage, besiege, and be besieged, and meet with unexpected appearances of the enemy: for all these are part and parcel of war, and have an important and sometimes decisive influence on the ultimate victory.
In this oblique formation care must be taken to prevent the line being penetrated by the wedges of the enemy, and it is to be employed only when the enemy's right wing is weak and your greatest strength is on your left.
The fourth formation is this: as your army is marching to the attack in order of battle and you come within four or five hundred paces of the enemy, both your wings must be ordered unexpectedly to quicken their pace and advance with celerity upon them.
www.unrv.com /forum/index.php?showtopic=3531&st=15   (5186 words)

 A thin line of spears - The Guild   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Phalanxes were probably way too dense to allow for that sort of rotation, but then again I've read a phalangite's most important traits were considered to be stamina and discipline, so the formation kept together and steadily and (fairly) tirelessly mowed down anything before it.
Say --quite arbitrarily -- that the typical hoplite formation of 80 (large unit size) is supposed to be part of the "classic," somewhat flexible phalanx a la Alexander, and that the 120-man unit is supposed to be part of the newer, more dense Macedonian model with longer pikes.
In my opinion, phalanx should not be a special ability for one group of 80 or so spear types but a special group formation, a "hard" grouping that only phalanx-type units can employ that eliminates the gaps between units.
forums.totalwar.org /vb/showthread.php?t=39916   (3664 words)

 Tanknet > Pikes
Phalanx are well protected against arrows, because of the shields and pikes wall (raised pikes are forming a defence against arrows).
Or have the phalanx form up into a square to cover all sides, that way its flanks aren't vulnerable?  But then it'll be hard to move around in that formation...
The Hypaspists were more mobile than the phalanx, though whether by modification of their armament (possilby by equipping them with a shorter spear) or simply by superior training, or both is a subject of debate.
www.tank-net.org /forums/lofiversion/index.php/t7891.html   (3547 words)

 Other: Basic Formations and Movements :: 0 A.D. :: Wildfire Games
Formations, though available, have never been much used in AoK/AoC by Multiplayers online for two reasons; one the games were typically so “fast” that time would be lost in making them up then keeping them “staffed”, and two, that doing so really didn’t bring a real boost to the player for doing that.
The idea is that the elite troops in the advanced center will slowly retreat into a refused center formation and the arms (flanks) of the formation will enclose the enemy in a double envelopment (actually a triple envelopment counting the center) and roll up their line.
Two phalanxes composed of decent and disciplined troops meeting in battle were kind of like the immovable object meeting the irresistible force.
www.wildfiregames.com /0ad/page.php?p=1528   (1916 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for phalanx   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
phalanx PHALANX [phalanx] ancient Greek formation of infantry.
The soldiers were arrayed in rows (8 or 16), with arms at the ready, making a solid block that could sweep bristling through the more dispersed ranks of the enemy.
They carried large shields, javelins, heavy swords, and sometimes battle-axes and fought in the tightly organized phalanx formation.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=phalanx   (589 words)

 Abstract Games magazine: game strategy articles, game reviews, news : MAGAZINE
Epaminondas is named after the Theban general who invented the phalanx, a formation he used to defeat the Spartans in 371 B.C. The term "phalanx" is used in the game to describe a certain arrangement of pieces that can move and capture as a single unit.
When a phalanx moves, all the pieces in the phalanx move an equal number of squares in the same direction in a straight line.
In this case, the enemy piece is captured together with all pieces in the phalanx to which it belongs, extending back in the direction of movement of the moving phalanx.
www.abstractgamesmagazine.com /epaminondas.html   (1345 words)

 All Empires History Forum: Legions and Phalanxes
The Phalanx was a superior infantry formation on flat ground head on clash, but it has three main problems: 1) It had trouble keeping formation on rough ground, 2) It had trouble doing quick maneuvers when in panic, and 3) It had to be heavily supported by light troops and cavalry.
Often times, the Phalanx was destroyed because its support units of cavalry and light infantry were routed.
Phalanx was a line formation that could move and fight forward and only forward.
www.allempires.com /forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=2869&PN=6   (2632 words)

 ANISTORITON: An Essay   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
According to Plutarch, the Roman consul Aemilius Paulus was terrified by the sight of the phalanx charging and sweeping everything before it at Pydna.14 It appears that the phalanx of the 2nd century BC was tightened up more than the original Macedonian phalanx and it was equipped with longer sarissae.
The Macedonian battle formation was usually 16 men deep; the first five ranks had their sarissae levelled while the rest held them elevated so as to keep off the incoming missiles.
Another major factor that contributed to the defeat of the phalanx was the inadequate flank protection by the cavalry force.
www.anistor.co.hol.gr /english/enback/e991.htm   (2200 words)

 The Greek Phalanx Formation
An ancient form of the unstoppable Tank principle, the Phalanx Formation was perfected by the Macedonians, and used to conquer the Athenians and Spartans, uniting the Greek city states into one cohesive force.
Since static formations can not be designed in Age of Empires 1 the way to hold the Phalanx Formation is to target each group number quickly and order them to advance to positions all in a row.
Of course you could hold the Greek Phalanx Formation and just wipe out the town one step at a time, letting the siege weapons clear the ground in front, and leaving the other groups in only supporting roles.
aoecity.freeservers.com /greekphalanx.htm   (1166 words)

 The Wargamer: The Phalanx in Great Battles
I found though that if the phalanxes were raised in size from 10 to 30 they withstood frontal attack very well and even could absorb at least one flank attack.
The idea of having these 'joint' troops was that as the phalanx advanced its formation could have gaps appear in it.
It's possible that a legion attacking such a phalanx could concentrate on the "joint" troops and force a fatal breach in the line.
www.wargamer.com /articles/phalanx/phalanx-2.asp   (586 words)

 Total War Center Forums - Tips for using a phalanx
Dont allow your phalanx to be flanked, have troops on their flanks protecting the phalanx.
Using the phalanx offensively is all about alignment, in other words you have to form up your phalanx, get them in formation with the enemy army aligned (relatively) directly ahead of them, and then hold ALT+Right Mouse Button to order them to march in formation to a location behind the enemy lines.
Their main strength is the Phalanx, which while formidible in front, is also unwieldly and nigh on immobile.
www.twcenter.net /forums/showthread.php?t=7674   (1662 words)

The Phalanx application requires you to have all HtH members in the formation, and is best used with the column style set up of rank and file.
The main goal of the Mixed Formation is to have the front row trap the enemies into combat, and have the ranged attackers behind them focus fire on the enemies to wipe them out.
While a formation marching does reminisce of the old British Steel, the chaotic charge of a bunch of soldiers is even more scary to the enemy clan members, especially if they're higher level.
www.freewebs.com /dasupersaiyans2/formationforclan.htm   (2659 words)

 Battle Of Tunis - Ancient Roman Empire Forums
The phalanx was open because the cavalry support on the left was routed and chased off.
The later Hellenistic foes (especially the Makedonians) became increasingly lacking in cavalry, and as a result had to rely nearly completely on the phalanx as an offensive force much as their ancestors of centuries before had done (also as a result of this, the phalangites came to be armed more like the hoplites of old).
The Macedonian phalanx was never very effective as an offensive force, they were primarily a holding force that allowed the offensive troops a stable platform from which to try and exploit weaknesses in the opposing army.
www.unrv.com /forum/index.php?showtopic=2092&st=15   (2159 words)

The Phalanx is a dense formation of pike equipped troops.
The unit stays in Testudo formation until it charges (so stand and shoot is resolved as if in open), it is charged, enters fortified or dense terrain or abandons the column.
To adopt the shieldwall formation the unit has to pass an ordinary command test just as if the unit would be ordered to move.
www.brumbaer.de /Wm/Ancients/Special.html   (955 words)

 IGN Boards - What is the answer to Phalanxes/ Hoplites?
Cavalry, even the slights opening on the back of a phalanx unit means death if a cavalry unit is nearby, crash into it, kill half the hoplites and withdraw as it flees with no chance for the phalanx army to reorganize to counter it.
Strong sword infantry, this may sound stupid but remember that a phalanx formation is ONLY strong in the front, all you have to do is create a gap in the formation, infantry units that carry throwing spears are perfect for this(For example, Roman legionaries).
phalanx formations are suprisingly weak on a open field since they cannot charge in RTW making an all phalanx army an easy target against a human opponent.
boards.ign.com /Message.aspx?topic=98647546&replies=4   (1342 words)

 Great Battles of History: Sellasia Background & Variant
Instead he dispersed the formation of Macedonian and allied troops in what was nearly a manipular formation, perhaps reasoning that they would thus have better chances going up the hill without breaking formation.
The staggered formation was able to pin the Perioeci and allies until the heavy infantry could slam into them.
Polybius states that the Perioci are in a “phalanx” formation, but goes on to say that only the Spartans are armed in the Macedonian manner.
patriot.net /~townsend/GBoH/gboh-sellasiavariant.html   (1566 words)

 BBC - h2g2 - History of the Phalanx
The phalanx was a large tactical formation of tightly-packed infantry, deployed in a rectangle with its wider side facing the enemy.
The rear ranks of the phalanx were able to fight over the ranks in front, (depending on the length of the weapon).
In this instance, the Sumerian phalanx adopted an eleven-wide by six-deep formation, allowing it to fight easily in the large land battles of the era.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/ww2/A2986383   (1267 words)

 IGN: Total War Faction Feature, Pt. 2
In phalanx formation these troops can be used to pin the enemy line in place, while mobile forces wheel around the flanks to deliver a decisive blow.
Phalanx pikemen carry a small shield strapped to the left arm, leaving both hands free to brandish a lengthy pike (the sarissa).
Once in phalanx formation the silver shield pikemen are an almost immovable object unless attacked from the flanks.
pc.ign.com /articles/531/531959p4.html   (840 words)

 Formations - SCC Forums   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
I'm not sure the phalanx was still used in the way the Greek cultures used them with using long lances and letting the lances rest on the shoulders of the man in front of you...
Actually, the phalanx - or a variety of it - seems to have made a return in the course of the 3rd century.
Were the spears in the re-introduced phalanx formation or shieldwall formation also laid to rest on a man's shoulder in front of the man holding the spear?
www.stratcommandcenter.com /forums/index.php?showtopic=7622   (2033 words)

 Ancient Greek Military   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The hoplites were the main soldiers in this formation.
The phalanx was a solid rectangle of heavily armored infantry.
At least until, Philip of Macedonia devised methods to use lightly armed troops, cavalry, and bowmen to exploit the weaknesses of the phalanx.
www.fscwv.edu /users/dyoung/presocratic/tsld013.htm   (86 words)

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