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Topic: Pharmacology

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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  U of M: Department of Pharmacology: home page.
The Department of Pharmacology is part of the Medical School at the University of Minnesota.
Learn the history of Pharmacology, the difference between Pharmacology and Pharmacy, speciality areas of Pharmacology, and more.
The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer.
www.pharmacology.med.umn.edu   (175 words)

  Pharmacology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and logos (λόγος) meaning science) is the study of how chemical substances interact with living systems.
Pharmacology as a science is practiced by pharmacologists.
Subdisciplines are clinical pharmacology (the medical field of medication effects on humans), neuro- and psychopharmacology (effects of medication on behavior and nervous system functioning), and theoretical pharmacology.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pharmacology   (691 words)

 Welcome: Pharmacology at UVa
Pharmacology is a broad and integrative discipline that focuses on the interaction of living cells with the regulatory molecules in their environment.
The Department of Pharmacology is one of six basic science Departments within the School of Medicine at the University of Virginia.
The Department of Pharmacology at the University of Virginia has a distinguished scientific history in the study of cellular signaling processes (signal transduction); two recent Nobel Laureates honored for their work deciphering pathways of cellular signaling conducted this work in the Pharmacology Department at the University of Virginia.
www.healthsystem.virginia.edu /internet/pharmacology   (406 words)

 ICH Guideline on Safety Pharmacology
For the purpose of this document, safety pharmacology studies are defined as those studies that investigate the potential undesirable pharmacodynamic effects of a substance on physiological functions in relationship to exposure.
The objectives of safety pharmacology studies are: 1) to identify undesirable pharmacodynamic properties of a substance that may have relevance to its human safety; 2) to evaluate adverse pharmacodynamic and/or pathophysiological effects of a substance observed in toxicology and/or clinical studies; and 3) to investigate the mechanism of the adverse pharmacodynamic effects observed and/or suspected.
Safety pharmacology studies prior to the first administration in humans may not be necessary for cytotoxic agents for treatment of end-stage cancer patients.
www.fda.gov /cder/guidance/3772dft.htm   (3175 words)

 Dept. of Medical Pharmacology & Physiology - The Department
In very broad terms, pharmacology is the study of interactions of chemicals with living organisms to produce biological effects.
Pharmacology is concerned with all aspects of chemicals interacting with biological systems - from the molecular level to the whole body.
The Medical Pharmacology and Physiology Department and its modern research and teaching facilities are on campus in the School of Medicine.
www.muhealth.org /~mpp   (582 words)

 ASPET - About Pharmacology
Pharmacology is the study of the effects of chemical agents of therapeutic value or with the potential toxicity on biological systems.
Clinical pharmacology is the study of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics in human beings.
Endocrine pharmacology is the study of actions of drugs that are either hormones or hormone derivatives, or drugs that may modify the actions of normally secreted hormones.
www.aspet.org /public/pharmacology/about_pharmacology.html   (1379 words)

 ICH Guidance for Industry - S7A Safety Pharmacology Studies for Human Pharmaceuticals
Safety pharmacology evaluation of effects on these other systems may be of particular importance when considering factors such as the likely clinical trial or patient population (e.g., gastrointestinal tract in Crohn's disease, renal function in primary renal hypertension, immune system in immunocompromised patients.).
Safety pharmacology studies with the finished product formulations should be conducted only for formulations that substantially alter the pharmacokinetics and/or pharmacodynamics of the active substance in comparison to formulations previously tested (i.e., through active excipients such as penetration enhancers, liposomes, and other changes such as polymorphism).
Safety pharmacology studies may not be needed for locally applied agents (e.g., dermal or ocular) where the pharmacology of the test substance is well characterized, and where systemic exposure or distribution to other organs or tissues is demonstrated to be low.
www.fda.gov /cber/gdlns/ichs7a071201.htm   (3616 words)

 U of M: Pharmacology: Graduate Program: What is Pharmacology.
Pharmacology is the study of how drugs exert their effects on living systems.
Pharmacy, often confused with pharmacology, is a wholly separate profession concerned with the preparation, dispensing and use of medications.
Molecular cloning and gene expression technology are applied both to cells in culture as well as to intact organisms to identify new drug targets and understand the molecular mechanism of action of drugs.
www.pharmacology.med.umn.edu /whatispharm.html   (1193 words)

 A brief history of pharmacology
Pharmacology depends largely on experiments conducted in laboratory animals, but even the human animal may be used as a test subject.
Pharmacology per se tends to use excised (isolated) organs or tissues and animals that are surgically prepared in various ways to aid in the detection and study of target activities.
Pharmacology is similar to medicinal chemistry in that it has developed a vast array of techniques, both general and specialized.
pubs.acs.org /subscribe/journals/mdd/v04/i05/html/05timeline.html   (1871 words)

 USU Department of Pharmacology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Pharmacology is concerned with the actions of chemicals (including drugs) on biological systems.
Modern pharmacological research is directed at elucidating the mechanisms of drug action at the molecular, cellular systems, and behavioral levels, and the application of this knowledge to the rational and effective use of existing drugs, and to the development of novel therapeutic agents.
Pharmacology Department faculty are also members of the faculty of the Interdisciplinary Graduate Programs in Neuroscience and Molecular and Cell Biology.
www.usuhs.mil /pha   (347 words)

 Introduction to Medical Pharmacology
Principles of pharmacology are covered and several major classes of therapeutic agents, with attention to their mechanisms of action.
Issues of current and future concern in medical pharmacology are addressed including problems of drug abuse, the ethics of human experimentation, the pricing of new drugs, and new biotechnological approaches to drug design and development.
Issues of current and future concern in medical pharmacology will be addressed including the sources of information about pharmacologic agents, the ethics of human experimentation, the drug development process and its costs, problems of drug abuse, and new biotechnological approaches to drug design.
www.bumc.bu.edu /Departments/PageMain.asp?DepartmentID=65&Page=9366   (1166 words)

 Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology, Home
Pharmacology is the unified study of properties of biologically active chemicals and living organisms and all aspects of their interactions.
The Department of Pharmacology at Southern Illinois University (SIU) School of Medicine evolved in July of 1979 from a broad-based, six-year old medical sciences group, resulting in a new emphasis on this discipline.
Today, the Department of Pharmacology is comprised of nine (9) full-time faculty members, approximately twelve (12) associated faculty, nine (9) graduate students, and about ten (10) postdoctoral fellows.
www.siumed.edu /pharm/home.html   (296 words)

 Cornell Pharmacology Ph.D. Program - Pharmacology Graduate Program - Department of Pharmacology - Pharmacology Graduate ...
A major mission of the Pharmacology Program faculty is to provide research training to Ph.D. students and to postdoctoral fellows that is thorough, intense and exciting.
A strength of the Pharmacology Program at Cornell is that the research of many of the faculty is focused on therapies for a variety of diseases, and several faculty have clinical responsibilities or close association with
The goal of the Pharmacology Program is to produce scientists who possess knowledge of pharmacology, as well as a foundation of understanding of biochemistry, molecular biology, chemical biology, and cell and organ physiology.
www.med.cornell.edu /pharmacology   (401 words)

The second-year course in pharmacology introduces the student to the scientific basis for the use of drugs in medical practice and the essential principles of clinical pharmacology.
Clinical pharmacology conferences provide the student with some immediate insight into application of pharmacologic principles to therapeutics and usually involve an extended discussion of how to use selected drugs, from controlling the dose to controlling the response.
The fourth-year clinical pharmacology course extends fundamental knowledge of drug action to practical problems of therapy, based on the student's own clinical experiences to date.
som.georgetown.edu /depts/pharmacology.html   (577 words)

 Pharmacology - Department of Pharmacology
The main goals of the Department of Pharmacology are to improve therapy with the use of genetic-genomic information, leading to individualized medicine, and early therapy or prevention.
Rather than applying the concept of one-drug-fits-all, pharmacogenomics aims to optimize therapy for the individual patient- on the basis of genetic profiles that determine susceptibility to disease and response to therapy.
For example, researchers have developed a novel approach to measure and evaluate genetic variability associated with coronary artery disease, the leading cause of death worldwide.
medicine.osu.edu /pharmacology/index.cfm   (315 words)

 Open Directory - Health: Medicine: Pharmacology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico - Information on the graduate program and research activities in Pharmacology and Toxicology.
Laboratory of Pulmonary Pharmacology - Research in human lung, reactivity of bronchial and vascular tissues, role of the eicosanoids and the cholinergic system.
New York University Department of Pharmacology - Teaching of medical and graduate students, with research programs in normal growth and differentiation, development and pathology of the nervous system, and mechanisms of normal and abnormal functions of several key hormones.
dmoz.org /Health/Medicine/Pharmacology   (631 words)

 Pharmacology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Graduate study in Pharmacology is based upon a multidisciplinary program involving the Departments of Anatomy, Neurobiology, Physiology and Pharmacology at the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine and the Department of Chemistry at Kent State University.
Admission to the program is based on the recommendation of the Pharmacology Committee and approval of the Director, School of Biomedical Sciences.
Special attention is placed on providing additional electives that provide a student with a thorough grounding in areas related to their long-term research and career interests.
www.kent.edu /biomedical/pharmacology/index.cfm   (432 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: Pharmacology: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
As a guide to help continuing education in modern pharmacology it should be both useful and enjoyable." --This text refers to the Paperback edition.
Pharmacology's successful approach emphasises the mechanisms by which drugs act and relates these to the overall pharmacological effects and clinical uses.
I have found as a med student, there is often not enough information on specific drugs and their actions, and many drugs aren't in the book at all.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/0443071454   (869 words)

A pharmacology laboratory is given a new compound for screening.
Initial experimentation with the compound yields the following observations: It causes contraction of the radial muscle of the iris, constriction of the arterioles of the skin and mucosa, and hyperglycemia.
Your pharmacology laboratory is given a new compound for screening.
research.med.umkc.edu /pharm/tests/Autonom.html   (2950 words)

 Medical College of Wisconsin - Pharmacology and Toxicology
Welcome to the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology at the Medical College of Wisconsin is dedicated to quality in research, graduate and postdoctoral training and medical education.
The research programs in the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology are also multidisciplinary in nature and have strong associations with researchers of other basic science and clinical departments.
There is a long history of quality graduate education in the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology at the Medical College of Wisconsin.
www.mcw.edu /display/router.asp?DocID=168   (283 words)

Research topics include: biochemical and molecular pharmacology, cardiovascular and renal pharmacology, smooth muscle and gastrointestinal tract, clinical pharmacology, respiratory tract, inflammation studies and toxicology etc. Abstracts and table of contents available free of charge, and full-text articles in PDF available (from Volume 27, Number 1, 1993) to licensed institutions.
The assessment included "Cell and molecular physiology and pharmacology, neuroscience, systems anatomy, physiology and pharmacology, cell and developmental biology." Results of institutions are listed with their RAE rating and can be viewed online.
The Association for Human Pharmacology in the Pharmaceutical Industry (AHPPI) is an informal cross-industry discussion group that aims to "address issues facing those involved in early phase drug development." This site outlines the activities of the AHPPI, the position held by the AHPPI on the EU Clinical Trials Directive, and the National Volunteer Register.
omni.ac.uk /browse/mesh/D010600.html   (3124 words)

 PHARMACOLOGY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Admission • A statement of purpose for enrollment by the applicant and three letters of recommendation, at least one from a faculty member in the major area, are required.
Students who have earned a baccalaureate degree in pharmacy, toxicology, chemistry, biological science or psychology are eligible to apply for admission to the graduate program.
An experimental research project and thesis in the area of pharmacology or toxicology is required.
www.olemiss.edu /depts/graduate_school/Catalogs/catalog2000/172_pharm_masters_pharmacology.html   (226 words)

 Pharmacology & Cancer Biology | Duke University Medical Center
The Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology spans two overlapping and broad disciplines, one exploring how chemical agents impact living cells and one seeking to understand how inappropriate responses to environmental molecules and internal cellular cues can lead to the development of Cancer.
As much current research in the fields of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology seeks to elucidate how biological information is transmitted both between and within cells, our department has a particular strength in the area of cell signaling.
Occupying the state of the art Levine Science Research Center, the Pharmacology and Cancer Biology department prides itself on its collaborative and collegial atmosphere as well as its dedication to the mentoring and training of graduate students and postdoctoral fellows.
pharmacology.mc.duke.edu /pcb   (583 words)

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