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Topic: Philosophical analysis


In the News (Tue 19 Mar 19)

  
  Philosophical analysis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Philosophical analysis is a general term for the techniques used by philosophers.
Philosophers do not mean quarrel or fight when they speak of argument.
Analysis and Synthesis: On Scientific Method based on a study by Bernhard Riemann From the The Swedish Morphological Society
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Analysis_(philosophy)   (270 words)

  
 Analysis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Analysis of variance, a collection of statistical models and their associated procedures which compare means by splitting the overall observed variance into different parts
Aura analysis, a technique in which supporters of the method claim that the body's aura, or energy field is "analyzed"
Chemical analysis, the analysis of material samples to gain an understanding of their chemical composition and structure
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Analysis   (651 words)

  
 20th WCP: Two Types of Philosophical Analysis
The analysis of terms at Twardowski's and his disciples’ theories is done "in abstracto." It doesn't presuppose any existence of proposition.
The possibility of analysis of some statement's elements in abstracto, i.e., out of the statement context, shows that condition laid on the elements differ from the conditions laid on the statement.
In the latter sense it is either a predicate or a conjunction of predicates.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Logi/LogiGut.htm   (3295 words)

  
 HCOM - MLO 4 Philosophical Analysis
The analysis is self-reflexive and respectful of divergent perspectives and epistemologies on their own terms.
The analysis is self-reflexive and largely respectful of divergent perspectives and epistemologies on their own terms.
The analysis is somewhat self-reflexive and largely respectful of divergent perspectives and epistemologies on their own terms.
csumb.edu /site/x4168.xml   (940 words)

  
 Alex Byrne and Ned Hall: Necessary Truths
Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century is a marvelous introduction to analytic philosophy.
In particular, the proposition that Kripke is a philosopher is not identical to the proposition that “Kripke is a philosopher” is a true sentence of English.
The 18th-century philosopher Thomas Reid, a founder of the Scottish “common sense” school and an important influence on Moore, is a notable exception.
bostonreview.net /BR29.5/byrnehall.html   (3530 words)

  
 Human Rights [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
The history of the philosophical development of human rights is punctuated by a number of specific moral doctrines which, though not themselves full and adequate expressions of human rights, have nevertheless provided a number of philosophical prerequisites for the contemporary doctrine.
However, the philosophically adequate completion of theoretical basis of human rights requires an account of moral reasoning, that is both consistent with the concept of rights, but which does not necessarily require an appeal to the authority of some super-human entity in justifying human beings' claims to certain, fundamental rights.
These challenges to the philosophical validity of human rights as a moral doctrine differ from critical appraisals of the various philosophical theories supportive of the doctrine for the simple reason that they aim to demonstrate what they perceive to the philosophical fallacies upon which human rights are founded.
www.iep.utm.edu /h/hum-rts.htm   (10683 words)

  
 Philosophical Analysis of MATERIALITY Supported by a Detailed Study of the   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
This study is concentrated in providing several arguments to prove that the nuclei of all atoms are not formed by individual spherical particles of progressive increasing number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of the elements, tightly held together by a strong force as a result of the action of pi-meson particles.
In the same analysis I proceeded to mention that neutrons and strong force create a duplication of functions in the nucleus, condition that was not permissible due to the size of the nucleus.
At the present time, neither in chemistry nor in physics we find some indication of a philosophical analysis related to possible function or functions connected to the presence of neutrons in the nucleus of all atoms.
antibigbang.com /Philosophical-Analysis-of-MATERIALITY.htm   (3203 words)

  
 Sample Chapter for Soames, S.: Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 2: The Age of Meaning.
He continues to believe that philosophical problems are linguistic problems, and that philosophical analysis is a kind of linguistic analysis--but it is a new kind of linguistic analysis that no longer is seen as a species of logical analysis.
This carries a lesson for the conception of philosophy as the analysis of language; just as the philosophical analysis of language is not a matter of giving the logical form of sentences, so it is not a matter of articulating the rules that we follow when we understand words.
The philosophical presuppositions include the then current and widespread assumptions (i) that philosophical theses are not empirical, and hence must be necessary and apriori, and (ii) that the necessary, the apriori, and the analytic are one and the same.
www.pupress.princeton.edu /chapters/s7630.html   (9603 words)

  
 [No title]
The result is a philosophically and pedagogically motivated history the aim of which is to separate the essential from the inessential by focusing intensively on the achievements that every member of the tradition should understand.
Instead, it is a trail of influence involving philosophers with overlapping concerns, a commitment to clarity and rigor in argumentation, and the conviction that philosophy can progress, not by exalting it above, or separating it from, common sense, the sciences, and other disciplines, but by grounding it in their most secure elements.
Although different analytic philosophers have had very different ideas about how to do this, it is hard to deny that — like the best of their pre-analytic predecessors -- they are on to something, and have achieved considerable success.
www-rcf.usc.edu /~soames/replies/Precis_Dawn_of_Analysis.doc   (1456 words)

  
 Philosophical Analysis and Philosophical Synthesis
Their wondering is aroused, first, by trivial matters; but they continue on from there to wonder about less mundane matters such as the changes of the moon, sun, and stars, and the beginnings of the universe.
The philosopher of history Arnold Toynbee has written that, as of the latter part of the twentieth century, we are collectively in transition to a new world-view in which our dominant perception will be that of being meaningful parts of a larger universe.
Philosophic analysis works with each microscopic area of the giant puzzle until it is clearly understood.
www.lsue.edu /users/swood/AnalysisSynthesis.htm   (3517 words)

  
 Scott Soames - Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, vol. 1, The Dawn of Analysis; vol. 2, The Age of ...
Soames identifies the "most important achievements" of analytic philosophy as "(i) the recognition that philosophical speculation must be grounded in pre-philosophical thought, and (ii) the success achieved in understanding, and separating from one another, the fundamental methodological notions of logical consequence, logical truth, necessary truth, and a priori truth." (Vol.
They touch fundamental philosophical issues, such as his motivation for the theory of descriptions, his ontology, his account of meaningful expressions, and his theory of propositional attitudes.
Yet many philosophers would see this as a product of philosophical theorizing rather than a piece of common sense on the order of "there are other people." Thus, Moore's recognition that "philosophical speculation must be grounded in pre-philosophical thought" may become a means to disguise philosophical speculation as pre-philosophical thought.
ndpr.nd.edu /review.cfm?id=4061   (6254 words)

  
 CHAPTER TWO
However all the philosophers who engage in linguistic analysis have come under the influence of Wittgenstein in one way or another: the Vienna Circle and Neopositivism in general were inspired by the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.
For an analysis of religious language the approach expounded in the Tractatus can be employed in the sense of a negative and apophatic theology: the specific significance of religious language cannot be said but rather shows itself.
In contrast with the philosophical position of the Tractatus, the Philosophical Investigations abandons the idea of certain ‘ultimate elements’ of language that would be intrinsically simple, i.e., not susceptible of further analysis and to which all linguistic expressions could be reduced by means of the appropriate analysis.
www.crvp.org /book/Series01/I-28/chapter_two.htm   (5399 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 2 : The Age of Meaning: Books: Scott Soames   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century, Volume 1 : The Dawn of Analysis by Scott Soames
"Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century is a marvelous introduction to analytic philosophy." --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.
Alex Byrne, Massachusetts Institute of Technology : Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century is a critical examination of key texts and trends in analytic philosophy by one of its leading contemporary practitioners.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0691123128?v=glance   (1064 words)

  
 Philosophical analysis and scientific practice (from philosophy of science) --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Philosophical inquiry is a central element in the intellectual history of many historical civilizations.
the field of inquiry, speculation, and application in which philosophical methods are applied to the study of a problem, topic, or issue in education.
One meaning of the Greek word politeia is “government.” The word was used in ancient Greece as a general term to describe the way city-states were ruled, and it is derived from the word polis, which means “city-state.” Today the word politics refers to all aspects and types of government.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-36404   (846 words)

  
 Faith and Philosophical Analysis: The Impact of Analytical Philosophy of Religion
At a time when a generation of philosophers was emerging who, under the influence of logical positivism, simply refused to take religious claims seriously, Mitchell joined forces with other philosophers and theologians to form a group known as ‘the Metaphysicals’.
All of the contributors take for granted that philosophers should address religious questions, what is disputed is whether analytical philosophy provides the appropriate tools for doing so, with a strong suggestion that if the tools it provides are not up to the job, there is little point in learning how to use them.
Of course, that is partly a reflection of the kind of philosophers who were invited to contribute; I am sure that there are still many analytical philosophers who are content to ignore religious questions, but such philosophers would hardly take the trouble to contribute to a collection such as this.
www.arsdisputandi.org /publish/articles/000224/article.htm   (1973 words)

  
 20th WCP: The British Avant-Garde: A Philosophical Analysis
This again has echoes of Wittgenstein’s seeing-as, as in the case of the duck/rabbit, which in my analysis is seen as a duck when we dispositionally have previously seen ducks in mind, so here when we see the silver non-sentimentally we have different paradigms in mind, than when we see it sentimentally.
And so with Wittgenstein’s analysis applied to art, in agreement with people like Danto, etc. we have art which is defined in part by the viewer and not by the object.
This analysis would also be akin to Danto’s recent contention that the viewer’s or artist’s practical interests may be a legitimate basis for an analysis of art.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Aest/AestFitz.htm   (3390 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Yet as we have come to expect, given the complementary relationship between analysis and synthesis, the continued existence of each trend depends on that of the other, for they are complementary poles of a single movement.
He hoped philosophers could use this notation to perfect the logical form of their arguments, thus making it possible to come far closer than ever before to the ideal of making philosophy into a rigorous science.
Armed with this principle, analytic philosophers turned their attention to the task of examining the way words are used in ordinary language, in the belief that all metaphysical problems can ultimately be traced back to a misuse of some of the key words involved.
www.hkbu.edu.hk /~ppp/top/top13   (3352 words)

  
 Brebeuf College School -- Science Department
Philosophical analysis: The number of protons determine an atom to be what it is. (question formulated by R. Krevs - in light of faulty modern thinking and answered by D. McManaman - Philosopher.
Philosophical analysis: A solid is mostly empty space.
Philosophical analysis: Is it true that "There is no common truth.
www.tcdsb.org /brebeufscience/phil.html   (323 words)

  
 Mulholland Drive: A Philosophical Analysis
And ultimately, it is her lover who shakes Diane out of her dream world to tell her that her fantasy world is a facade, and that she must now let her dying mind be silent.
Philosopher, Seneca believed that people could avoid the pain of bitter disappointment in their lives by never allowing their expectations to rise above the level of reason, by expecting the unexpected (both good, and more importantly, bad) and by not seeking to find judgments on their character in sets of external events.
Philosophers throughout history have emphasised the redemptive qualities of suffering.
victorian.fortunecity.com /plath/372/diane.htm   (2305 words)

  
 From mathematical classification to thematic analysis of philosophical texts
Thus, most of the time during “qualitative data analysis” is spent on reading, rereading, interpreting, comparing and thinking on texts.
The purpose of this experiment is not to demonstrate its validity for texts classification, as it is often done in classical IR experiments, but instead to show its fecundity in philosophical studies.
This analysis starts by a preferred  “thematic word” that can be found  in one of the segments of the classes produced.
www.nyu.edu /its/humanities/ach_allc2001/papers/meunier   (1768 words)

  
 BioMed Central | Full text | A philosophical analysis of the evidence-based medicine debate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Second, while EBM proponents commonly cite the philosophical work of Thomas Kuhn and claim that EBM is a Kuhnian 'paradigm shift,' we argue that such claims are seriously mistaken and unduly polarize the EBM debate.
Our philosophical analysis will be limited to conceptual and epistemological issues; there are ethical issues that arise in the practice of evidence-based medicine, but we will not be addressing those questions.
Perhaps advocates of the term "evidence-based medicine" have a philosophical theory of evidence, a theory according to which everything that has passed for evidence prior to the EBM movement was not evidence at all.
www.biomedcentral.com /1472-6963/3/14   (7431 words)

  
 Philosophical Dictionary: Ambiguity-Anselm
Twentieth-century methods of philosophizing, generally characterized by the careful effort to uncover logical and philosophical suppositions concealed beneath the superficial structure of statements in ordinary uses of language, pursuit of clarity in the treatment of genuine philosophical issues, and a deep respect for the achievements of natural science.
In a variety of distinct forms, philosophical analysis was practiced by Moore, Russell, Wittgenstein, the logical positivists, Ryle, Austin, Bergmann, and Quine.
Despite his rejection of a fundamental distinction between appearance and reality and adoption of an atomistic natural philosophy, Anaxagoras was the first philosopher in the Western tradition to draw a substantial distinction between inert and chaotic matter on the one hand and mind as an active principle and source of order on the other hand.
www.philosophypages.com /dy/a4.htm   (1496 words)

  
 ordinary language analysis --  Encyclopædia Britannica
After World War II the University of Oxford was the centre of extraordinary philosophical activity; and, although Wittgenstein's general outlook on philosophy—his turning away, for example, from the notion of formal methods in philosophical analysis—was an important ingredient, many of the Oxford philosophers could not be called Wittgensteinians in the strict sense.
Sometimes called “ordinary language” Analysis or even “Oxford philosophy”; from its later stronghold, this movement was, in fact, largely the product of two philosophers of the first half of the 20th century who were associated with the University of Cambridge, G.E. Moore (1873–1958) and Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951).
The analysis of language has always been a subject of particular concern to philosophers, and traditional grammar was strongly influenced by the dominant philosophical attitudes of the day.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9057313   (842 words)

  
 Ordinary Language Philosophy
Since philosophical puzzlement is often akin to a neurosis blocked from achieving its goal, the assertion of direct falsehoods may therefore have a beneficial effect.
In the last analysis, Austin supposed, excuses are properly seen as setting limits to the ascription of moral responsibility, by stating explicitly how they differ from the more usual cases.
Another target of Austin's discriminating analysis of ordinary language was the philosophical account of perception in terms of sense-data.
www.philosophypages.com /hy/6u.htm   (1259 words)

  
 Teaching case analysis to achieve philosophical consensus
Those of us who were trained in linguistic analysis when it still enjoyed the promise of panacea, we who read Searle, Austin, Ryle and Wittgenstein[1] with missionary zeal, will no doubt remember the sense of power and clarity that it gave us.
The authority of older philosophical traditions upon which the blandishments of academic position depend would be undermined by widespread recognition of such a tool as linguistic analysis.
Because language behavior is embedded in a variety of social forms, deviations from what is indicated by a technically adequate analysis are not necessarily counterevidence to the hypothesis, but rather indications of a variation in the social matrices of the language usage.
www.newfoundations.com /EGR/CaseAnalysis.html   (2495 words)

  
 Desert Landscapes » Blog Archive » Jeff King on Philosophical Analysis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
At the same time, I am sympathetic with his somewhat Tractarian picture of philosophical analysis as attempting to represent correctly real relations between worldly items.
I think this sort of move is necessary if we are to obtain the result that conceptual analysis tells us something about the world, not only about our concepts.
But none of them is a super-happy response, and although I don’t have a good sense of this, I think the philosophical community is sort of split over whether Bradley’s regress is answerable or not.
www.arizonaphilosophy.com /?p=77   (780 words)

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