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Topic: Philosophical realism


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  Realism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Realism is commonly defined as a concern for fact or reality and a rejection of the impractical and visionary.
Philosophical realism is also referred to as Platonic realism or Scholastic realism, depending on the nuances of the particular variant in mind.
Realism holds that in pursuit of that security, states will attempt to amass resources, and that relations between states are determined by their relative level of power.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Realism   (660 words)

  
 Theistic realism - CreationWiki
Real science, as opposed to philosophical scientific materialism, cannot be and does not claim to be a comprehensive or exclusive source of knowledge about reality.
Theistic realism has also been described by Gerald L. Gutek as the synthesis of the Greek rational philosophy of Aristotle and Christian theology that was systematized in Thomism.
According to Gutek, theistic realism draws from Christianity a belief in divine revelation, a divine creation of the world and humanity by God, and divine grace, while also drawing from the aristotelian ideas of teleology, empiricism, and rationality.
www.creationwiki.net /index.php?title=Theistic_Realism   (1492 words)

  
 Bjorn_Ivar Davidsen, "Critical Realism in Economics - a different view", Post-Autistic Economics Review, ...
First of all philosophical realism is adhered to in the sense that the world, social and natural, is assumed to exist independently of our investigations of it.
The critical realist ontological theory of the social realm, however, moves on from this general philosophical stance elaborating an account of social reality in which social structures are claimed to have real existence as emergent properties irreducible to individuals or individual actions.
Social reality is, in other words, claimed to consist not only in intentional actors but also in social structures enabling, facilitating as well as restricting and directing individual agency, while being reproduced and possibly transformed by the latter.
www.paecon.net /PAEReview/issue33/Davidsen33.htm   (7619 words)

  
 Page 7
An immediate critical realism whose philosophical validity is not immediately evident may not be self-contradictory, but it is certainly a confused and equivocal notion…On the one hand, this realism emphatically asserts that it does not presuppose the critique that justifies it.
On the other hand, if our apprehension of reality is primary, it will condition the reflection, which renders it explicit and, as a result, this reflection will not constitute a point of view distinct from the realism it is supposed to judge.
If it is objected that such a realism is not critical, the answer will be that it is, because the validity of this apprehension is affirmed only in virtue of a critical reflection.
www.usfca.edu /philosophy/page7.htm   (366 words)

  
 Plato
Realism, as used here, is a technical term that has nothing to do with what is meant in ordinary conversation by realism of thought or action, either in life or in artistic representation.
All that exists possesses some degree of reality, a degree that can range from almost complete nonbeing to full being, from the very minimum degree of reality that can be present for something to be able to exist at all to complete reality.
The philosophical traditions, far from working only to intellectualize, sublimate, or vitiate the energies of erotic literature, on the contrary, reinforced whatever in the poetic tradition was passionate and dynamic, at the same time discouraging the merely pretty, the merely precious.
www.warren-wilson.edu /~dmycoff/plato.html   (2738 words)

  
 Realism
Realism, which emphasizes the importance of the ordinary‹the ordinary person and the ordinary situation, tends to reject the heroic and the aristocratic and embrace the pedestrian, the comic, and the middle class.
The antiliterary thrust of realism can be taken either as an assertion of the power of the real over the imagined, and hence of a determined world, or as an assertion of the variety and energy against the enclosing and determining forms of art.
"Realism [in poetry]." Princeton Enclopedia of Powetry and Poetics.
www.victorianweb.org /genre/Realism.html   (544 words)

  
 PROF. ROYCE'S REFUTATION OF REALISM AND PLURALISM
The philosophical spirit does not direct a man from the study of real things to the study of the adjective "real," but to a study of more real things in the hope that he may compass all things in some thoughtful belief.
Realism, Mysticism, Critical Rationalism, and even Constructive Idealism may be so defined, and made to assume the form of hypotheses about the composition of this world -- a world whose reality is accepted in the beginning as an aspect of the preliminary experience of each thinker.
We may now state a definition of realism that seems to me to be representative of both philosophical realism and common sense; and to be the most consistent statement possible of what Professor Royce has named realism in his account.
ditext.com /perry/perry.html   (6349 words)

  
 Myth and Realism
After looking at how things really were we can now say "we don't want to be bungling racist morons, we want to be different." And at that point we can create a new myth for what we want to become.
A philosophical realist says that there is one and only one way the world really is and that we either know part of that or are getting closer to it through philosophy.
The continental philosopher rejects that there is "one way" the world is, and instead believes that man creates (or partially creates) his own reality through what he believes.
www.evangelsociety.org /talcott/mythrealism.html   (853 words)

  
 DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: What is Philosophical Realism?
It is an authentic philosophy of Realism, based on demonstrated principles of objective truth and using objective evidence as its sole criterion of truth.
There is a world of real existence, a world made up of substantial beings related to one another, which exists independently of any human opinions or desires, a world which men have not made or constructed.
If we cannot really know the world as it is, then there are no universal and objective principles of morality, and moral behavior and the evaluation of it becomes merely a personal preference, a matter of "taste" rather than a matter of truth.
radicalacademy.com /philosophicalrealism.htm   (3176 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
This is almost the same as admitting a distinction between real distinctions and distinctions in reason, the main caveats being that identity is more fundamental than distinction, and that for a monist modified realist, there is one only real identity and all distinctions are distinctions in reason.
We assess whether a philosopher is a modified realist by examining the philosophers' writings in detail for analogies to paradigms of realism and for presuppositions of realism, as well as for express affirmations.
This traditional usage of "realism" or what is the same, "metaphysical realism," as admitting logically mind-independent entities is to be distinguished from the usage of "realism" in the problem of universals.
www.members.tripod.com /~Jan_Dejnozka/analytic.html   (18797 words)

  
 Scientific Realism
Consider, for example, tropical fish realism -- the doctrine that there really are tropical fish; that the little books you buy about them at pet stores tend to get it approximately right about their appearance, behavior, food and temperature requirements, etc.; and that the fish have these properties largely independently of our theories about them.
In Putnam's early papers defending internal realism he adopts a pragmatic conception of truth according to which truth of sentences is a matter of being epistemically acceptable in the limit of ideal inquiry.
One of the most important sources of resistance to scientific realism among feminist philosophers has been the conception that realism underwrites essentialism and that essentialism is a central component of racist and sexist ideology (see Fuss 1989 for a discussion).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/scientific-realism   (8965 words)

  
 Philosophical Dictionary: Ramsey-Reification
Realists hold that each general term signifies a real feature or quality, which is numerically the same in all the things to which that term applies.
Thus, for example, some philosophers have held that arithmetic can be reduced to logic, that the mental can be reduced to the physical, or that the life sciences can be reduced to the physical sciences.
The philosophical reification of abstract concepts is commonly called hypostasization.
www.philosophypages.com /dy/r.htm   (1337 words)

  
 William Mitchell [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
The dead hand of idealism and the consequences it had for philosophical realism was one of the influences which gave rise to Mitchell’s work.
Mitchell’s views demonstrate cautious materialist and non-doctrinaire realist themes—themes which have more in common with contemporary philosophical work (for example, current work in cognitive science) than with the idealist tradition; views which are also indicative of the region of the world in which he worked.
vii) that realism is born only of dry countries with harsh landscapes and strong sunlight, whereas anti-realisms are born of moist countries with misty air and green landscapes where the mind is allowed to wander.
www.iep.utm.edu /m/mitchell.htm   (8224 words)

  
 Referencias bibliográficas
Cohen Robert S., Realism and Anti-realism in the Philosophy of Science, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, v.
McGowan, Mary Kate, “The Metaphysics of Squaring Scientific Realism with Referential Indeterminancy”, Erkenntnis, 1999, 50 (1), 87-94.
Psillos, Stathis, “Scientific Realism and the Pessimistic Induction”, Proceedings of the Biennial Meetings of the Philosophy of Science Association 1996, 3 (suppl), S 306-314.
www.unicamp.br /~chibeni/texdid/ref-realismo.htm   (1718 words)

  
 BOOKSTORE: Classical Philosophical Realism
To find out to what extent ancient Greek Realism involves at least the claim that there is a reality independent of us and our minds, and that what we think understand and recognize does not necessarily exhaust what that reality involves;
To show that ancient Greek realism is compatible with a modern non-linguistic, non-analytical philosophical realism, with a direct realist causal theory of perception and knowledge, and with commonsense realism;
To show that this kind of realism is the most influential way in which ancient Greeks view the world and their life;
radicalacademy.com /bkphilclassrealism.htm   (502 words)

  
 Style the International Journal of Aesthetics, Poetics, Stylistics, and Interpretation of Film and Literature
VR reconciles the concepts of virtuality and reality by allowing the user to experience the virtual as if it were real.
Defining the parameters of realism in philosophy forms the grounds for identifying such a position in the context of literary theory.
The philosopher David Lewis has a much richer account of modal concepts though his explanation of impossible fiction is limited.
www.engl.niu.edu /style/archives/abs29_2.htm   (1144 words)

  
 REALISM
Boyd, R                                               "Realism, Underdetermination and a Causal Theory of
Laudan, L                                             "The Refutation of Convergent Realism" Philosophy of Science 48 (1981), pp.
Leplin, J (ed)                                        Realism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984).
users.ox.ac.uk /~whns/ReadingLists/science-realism.htm   (277 words)

  
 Hilary Putnam Bibliography
“Realism and Reason.” Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 50 (August 1977): 483-498.
Revised version published as “A Defense of Internal Realism” in Realism with a Human Face (1990), pp.
English version published as “Realism without Absolutes” in International Journal of Philosophical Studies 1.2 (September 1993): 179-192.
www.pragmatism.org /putnam   (6164 words)

  
 Marxism and Realism - 150,000 eBooks - eBookMall - World's Largest Selection!
Social realism provides the means to theorise the interface between subject and system and/or individual and society which reveals the emergent nature of social systems.
The book also argues that realism requires a thorough materialistic application in order to avoid the residual idealism or empiricist pluralism in social analysis of postmoderism or neo-Weberian analysis, both of which are contested here.
In contrast this book argues that social systems are best grasped as being shaped in the interface between specific kinds of structural and interactional mechanisms, nameley between the forces and relations of production, base and superstructure, and social labour and class struggle.
www.ebookmall.com /ebooks/marxism-and-realism-creaven-ebooks.htm   (306 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Kant's Empirical Realism (Oxford Philosophical Monographs): Books: Paul Abela   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Paul Abela presents a powerful, experience-sensitive form of realism about the relation between mind and world, based on an innovative interpretation of Kant.
Abela breaks with tradition in taking seriously Kant's claim that his Transcendental Idealism yields a form of empirical realism, and
Abela's blending of Kantian scholarship with contemporary epistemology offers a new way of resolving philosophical debates about realism.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0199242747?v=glance   (416 words)

  
 BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ROY WOOD SELLARS
Realism, Materialism, and the Mind: The Philosophy of Roy Wood Sellars
Critical Realism: A Study of the Nature and Conditions of Knowledge
Philosophical Thought in France and the United States
www.ditext.com /rwsellars/bib-rws.html   (444 words)

  
 Journal of Philosophical Research - Tables of Contents
The tables of contents for ten volumes of the Journal of Philosophical Research are provided below.
All of these issues are available in print format from the Philosophy Documentation Center.
Complete print sets of the Journal of Philosophical Research are available from Periodicals Service Company.
www.pdcnet.org /jprtoc.html   (2214 words)

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