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Topic: Philosophical skepticism

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  philosophical skepticism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Philosophical skepticism is a critical attitude which systematically questions the notion that absolute knowledge and certainty are possible, either in general or in particular fields.
Philosophical skepticism should be distinguished from ordinary skepticism, where doubts are raised against certain beliefs or types of beliefs because the evidence for the particular belief or type of belief is weak or lacking.
A theological skeptic may be an atheist, but the two positions are distinct and a theological skeptic may be a theist or an agnostic.
skepdic.com /skepticism.html   (2482 words)

 Wikinfo | Skepticism
Philosophical skepticism - a philosophical position in which people choose to critically examine whether the knowledge and perceptions that they have are actually true, and whether or not one can ever be said to have true knowledge; or
The term skeptic is now usually used to mean a person who is taking a critical position in a given situation, usually by employing the principles of critical thinking and the scientific method (that is, scientific skepticism) to evaluate the validity of claims and practices.
While skepticism involves the use of scientific method and critical thinking, this does not mean the skeptic is using them consistently or simply finds that there is indeed evidence of their belief.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Skepticism   (448 words)

 Skepticism : Exploring Essential Information, Data and Explanation.
The term skeptic is now usually used to refer to a person who takes a critical position in a given situation, usually by employing the principles of critical thinking and the scientific method (that is, scientific skepticism) to evaluate the validity of claims and practices.
While skepticism involves the use of the scientific method and of critical thinking, this does not mean that skeptics necessarily use these tools consistently or simply find that there is indeed evidence of their belief.
In particular, many pseudoscientists are quick to attack skeptics and skepticism in general because of resistance to their fringe ideas and theories, which lack evidence and which the scientific establishment does not accept.
www.llpoh.org /Styles_and_Architecture_2/Skepticism.html   (1144 words)

 Philosophical skepticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.umd.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Philosophical skepticism (UK spelling, scepticism) is the philosophical school of thought that critically examines whether knowledge and perceptions are true and whether one can ever have true knowledge.
For such skeptics, while an argument may be advanced in support of skepticism, the argument does not conclude or imply that it (the argument itself) is indubitable.
Skepticism is related to epistemology, or the question of whether knowledge is possible.
en.wikipedia.org.cob-web.org:8888 /wiki/Philosophical_skepticism   (3671 words)

 Skepticism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy/Summer 2002 Edition)
The skeptic can agree to those restrictions because the skeptical scenarios are posited in such a way as to render it obvious that our ordinary beliefs are false in those scenarios, and it is taken to be a contingent claim that S is in the actual circumstances as described in the antecedent.
So the mere fact that there could be skeptical scenarios in which S still believes that she is not in such a scenario cannot provide the skeptic with a basis for thinking that she fails to know that she is not (actually) in a skeptical scenario.
But the same sauce cooks the gander, and the skeptic cannot claim as the reason for CP2 that since S is not justified in believing that she has hands, she cannot avail herself of that as her reason for being justified in believing that she is not in a skeptical scenario.
www.science.uva.nl /~seop/archives/sum2002/entries/skepticism   (12522 words)

 Skepticism Presentation to Phi Sigma Tau Panel
Skepticism is the philosophical orientation which holds that there is little or nothing for epistemologists to study.
Her chronicles of the philosophical arguments do not constitute an attempt to divorce an arguer and her argumentative conclusions but, rather, they are meant to facilitate a self-conscious and consistent marriage of appearances and the appeared-to individual—a condition wherein one attends to the philosophical appearances and assents to them only when compelled to do so.
The skeptic’s plight is not that she must argue for her skepticism but, rather, that she must constantly keep the philosophic appearances before her so that she will not be led from first-level assent to first-level belief.
www.fiu.edu /~hauptli/SkepticismPresentationtoPhiSigmaTauPanel.html   (4308 words)

 Ira Singer: Demea's Challenge
For it would be a hollow victory to refute philosophical skepticism in a way that allows people to believe, fully legitimately, in ghosts and goblins and wacky conspiracy theories--in a way that prevents us from making epistemically significant distinctions among our beliefs, because it dooms us to accept all beliefs.
Thus undermining philosophical skepticism is a necessary, though not a sufficient, condition for establishing ordinary religious skepticism.
Hume hoped to proceed with positive critical philosophizing even lacking a satisfactory response to philosophical skepticism; but his criticism of religion is incomplete because of the philosophical skepticism lurking in the background.
www.concentric.net /~isinger/research/demea.html   (3716 words)

 skepticism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In the Renaissance, skepticism is seen in the writings of Michel de Montaigne, Pierre Charron, and Blaise Pascal.
For René Descartes skepticism was a methodology that allowed him to arrive at certain incontrovertible truths.
The skeptical aspect of Immanuel Kant’s philosophy is exemplified by his agnosticism; his antinomies of reason demonstrate that certain problems are insoluble by reason.
www.bartleby.com /65/sk/skeptici.html   (364 words)

 Skeptic's Dictionary: reader comments philosophical skepticism
In doing research on various skeptic martyrs on the net and elsewhere, I have noticed that their personal education is often nowhere near what would be required to make a reliable, let alone educated, opinion on a subject.
Thanks for providing the Skeptic's Dictionary, which is almost unique on the Web in being interesting, well-judged, well written and well researched...I just wanted to raise a couple of issues concerning your account of Philosophical skepticism and your alignment of yourself within that movement I'll be as concise as I can.
skeptical doubts apply equally to scientific claims and to the claims of New Age therapists, proponents of the paranormal etc. The difference is that there are, as your site ably demonstrates, additional reasons to doubt the latter - you don't have to be a skeptic, in any traditional philosophical sense.
skepdic.com /comments/skepcom.html   (3567 words)

 The Significance of Philosophical Skepticism
We want a philosophical explanation of the possibility of something that is presupposed given an apparent excluder of that possibility.
If we reject P1 of the skeptic’s argument, then we will have learned something significant about the nature of sense perception—one of our deeply intuitive beliefs about the nature of sense perception is mistaken.
Moreover, any positive attempt to deny the significance of skepticism must presuppose an understanding knowledge, which as we have seen, requires responding to skepticism.
www.siue.edu /~wlarkin/teaching/PHIL310/skepticism.html   (383 words)

 SKEPTICISM AND THE ORDINARY From Burnt Norton To Las Vegas Visible Language - Find Articles
Drawing on the philosopher Stanley Cavell's work on skepticism and the ordinary, I take up the classical questions of skepticism and bring them to bear directly on questions of language and architecture in that text.
At its furthest extreme skepticism manifests itself in nihilism: the radical denial of shared meaning altogether; the other extreme - to live without skepticism-would be to fall in love with the world.1 Some critics took Venturi and Scott Brown's evaluation of the Las Vegas Strip as "almost all right," to mean simply all right.
So-called other minds and external world skepticism often allegorize their respective commitments.4 Further, I take it that the approach to words in Learning from Las Vegas is allegorical of both external world and other minds skepticism.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3982/is_200301/ai_n9176436   (765 words)

 Skepticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In religion, skepticism refers to "doubt concerning basic religious principles (as immortality, providence, and revelation)" (Merriam–Webster).
A.D. 200), the main authority for Greek skepticism, developed the position further, incorporating aspects of empiricism into the basis for asserting knowledge.
A scientific (or empirical) skeptic is one who questions the reliability of certain kinds of claims by subjecting them to a systematic investigation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Skepticism   (1226 words)

 Skepticism, Modernity and Critical Theory (1403918147) WALSH - Palgrave Macmillan
It situates the problem of skepticism in the context of the history of philosophy and explores its significance for the modern crisis of reason, as manifested in post-Kantian philosophy, which presaged the critical turn toward social theory.
Providing critical examination of key responses to the skeptical challenge, Hamid Vahid presents a theory which is shown to work alongside the internalism/externalism issue and the thesis of semantic externalism, with a deontological conception of justification at its core.
In Subversive Spinoza, Antonio Negri spells out the philosophical credo that inspired his radical renewal of Marxism and his compelling analysis of the modern state and the global economy by means of an inspiring reading of the challenging metaphysics of the seventeenth-century Dutch-Jewish philosopher Spinoza.
www.palgrave-usa.com /catalog/product.aspx?isbn=1403918147   (619 words)

In fact, the entire system of skeptic philosophy was to present all knowledge as opinion only, that is, to assert nothing as true.
Knowledge that rejects human reasoning, which, after all, leads to skepticism, is the knowledge of the wise.
Much of the history of early Christian philosophy is an attempt to paste Greek and Roman philosophical methods and questions onto the new religion; the first thing that had to go was the insistence on skepticism and probable knowledge.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GLOSSARY/SKEPT.HTM   (1126 words)

 Skepticism of Philosophical Thought
It's patently obvious once one's read a bit that hardly any two philosophers' positions can be harmonized: the vast majority of them must be in error.
But there's a sanctimony about it all, especially the "great thinkers." A few years ago, Calvin Ostrum recommended to me David Stove's "The Plato Cult and Other Philosophical Follies," which the author declares was written for the express purpose of dispelling that unjustified respect.
They are a collection modelled on many famous philosophical statements and are all manifestly nonsensical, yet only a few of those statements can be explained as classical fallacies.
world.std.com /~mhuben/skept/philosophy.html   (746 words)

 Aryeh Botwinick: Skepticism and Political Participation - Print   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
In addition to being philosophically exacting, the work is notable for its attempt to bring postmodern thinking into political and theoretical focus.
Such involvement implies philosophical skepticism—the assumption that the truth about what is the best course of action cannot be known with certainty and that, therefore, every person’s opinion has an equal claim to be considered.
The crucial stumbling block to reappropriating this radical egalitarian tradition is the supposed unviability of a consistent skepticism.
www.temple.edu /tempress/titles/592_reg_print.html   (441 words)

I stress the motivation for the method of doubt, Descartes' conception of experience, and the structure of the skeptical arguments in context.
Instead, I concentrate on one of Wittgenstein's central lines of argument, his characterization of skeptical doubt and his argument that skeptical doubt, so characterized, is incoherent.
I stress the resemblances, as well as the differences, between forms of argument Wittgenstein uses, and the analytic responses to skepticism we have looked at during the course.
www.ditext.com /clay/morris2.html   (716 words)

 Countrybookshop.co.uk - Philosophical Skepticism
This volume provides a selection of texts drawn from the skeptical tradition of Western philosophy as well as texts written by opponents of skepticism.
Philosophical Skepticism provides a selection of important writings by both skeptics and opponents of the skeptical tradition of Western philosophy.
These writings, together with the historical introduction by Landesman and Meeks, clearly illustrate the profound influence that skeptical stances have had on the nature of philosophical inquiry.
www.countrybookshop.co.uk /books/index.phtml?whatfor=0631213538   (362 words)

 Philosophical Dictionary: Sidgwick-Smith
Since even our best methods for learning about the world sometimes fall short of perfect certainty, skeptics argue, it is better to suspend belief than to rely on the dubitable products of reason.
Also see IEP articles on ancient skepticism, modern skepticism, and contemporary skepticism, SEP on skepticism, ancient skepticism, and moral skepticism, Peter Suber, Richard Hooker, ColE, Danilo Marcondes de Souza Filho, DPM, CE, and ISM.
Expanding on the behaviorist theories of Watson, Skinner engaged in strict scientific study of human behavior and proposed the application of psychology to the deliberate engineering of human societies.
www.philosophypages.com /dy/s5.htm   (763 words)

 skepticism - OneLook Dictionary Search
Skepticism : The Ism Book A Field Guide to the Nomenclature of Philosophy [home, info]
Phrases that include skepticism: philosophical skepticism, abuses of skepticism, academic skepticism, ancient skepticism, cartesian skepticism, more...
Words similar to skepticism: agnosticism, disbelief, incredulity, scepticism, mental rejection, more...
www.onelook.com /?w=skepticism   (263 words)

 Dictionary of the History of Ideas
skeptical crisis in the sixteenth century, by undermin-
the geometrical manner was the answer to skepticism.
skeptical crisis was that necessary and universal condi-
etext.lib.virginia.edu /cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv4-33   (5917 words)

 Skepticism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy/Fall 2002 Edition)
The skeptic reasons that the Epistemist doesn't know that h, even given what the Epistemist means by "know," because the Epistemist's justification for h isn't good enough.
DeRose, K., and Warfield, T. (eds.), 1999, Skepticism: A Contemporary Reader, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Haldane and G. Ross (eds.), Philosophical Works of Descartes, Volume 1, Dover Publications, 1931.
www.science.uva.nl /~seop/archives/fall2002/entries/skepticism   (12522 words)

 Epistemology Syllabus
Grades for the discussion papers will be on a scale from 1 (lowest) to 5 (highest).
Laurence BonJour, “Nozick, Externalism, and Skepticism” [In Steven Luper-Foy (ed.), The Possibility of Knowledge (Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1987), pp.
James Pryor, “The Skeptic and the Dogmatist” [Noûs 34(2000):517-549]
www.acsu.buffalo.edu /~jbeebe2/Skepticism.htm   (431 words)

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