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Topic: Philosophy of biology

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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  The KLI Theory Lab - Philosophy of Biology
Philosophy is important to biology because biology’s exciting conclusions do not follow from the facts alone.
Today the philosophy of biology is thriving; it is fair to say that with the sole exception of the cognitive sciences, in no other area of philosophy of science do philosophers and scientists profitably cooperate to the extent that they do in the philosophy of biology.
In this accessible introduction to philosophy of biology, Kim Sterelny and Paul E. Griffiths present both the science and the philosophical context necessary for a critical understanding of the most exciting debates shaping biology today.
www.kli.ac.at /theorylab/Areas/PB.html   (1936 words)

  Philosophy - definition from Biology-Online.org
Philosophy of the academy, that of Plato, who taught his disciples in a grove in Athens called the Academy.
Philosophy of the Lyceum, that of aristotle, the founder of the peripatetic school, who delivered his lectures in the Lyceum at Athens.
Philosophy of the porch, that of Zeno and the stoics; so called because Zeno of Citium and his successors taught in the porch of the Poicile, a great hall in Athens.
www.biology-online.org /dictionary/Philosophy   (309 words)

 Biology 5: Philosophy of Biology
This course will introduce you to major topics in the philosophy of biology.
No prior knowledge of biology or philosophy is required for this course.
Any student with a documented disability needing academic adjustments or accommodations is requested to speak to me by the end of the second week of the term, all discussions will remain confidential, although the Student Disabilities Coordinator may be consulted to verify the documentation of the disability.
www.dartmouth.edu /~dietrich/bio5syll.html   (193 words)

 Philosophy of biology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Philosophy of biology (also called, rarely, biophilosophy) is a subfield of philosophy of science, which deals with epistemological, metaphysical, and ethical issues in the biological and biomedical sciences.
Although philosophers of science and philosophers generally have long been interested in biology (e.g., Aristotle, Descartes, and even Kant), philosophy of biology only emerged as an independent field of philosophy in the 1960s and 1970s.
One subject within philosophy of biology deals with the relationship between reductionism and holism, contending views with epistemological and methodological significance, but also with ethical and metaphysical connotations.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Philosophy_of_biology   (1252 words)

 Open Directory - Society: Philosophy: Philosophy of Science: Biology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Biology and Philosophy - Permits access to the table of contents for each of the archived issues of this journal.
Philosophy of Biology - Research Group - Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science, University of the Basque Country.
Theoretical Biology and Philosophy of Biology - A list of persons, institutes, research groups and journals within theoretical biology, philosophy and history of biology, and related areas of research.
dmoz.org /Society/Philosophy/Philosophy_of_Science/Biology   (591 words)

 Hope College | Biology | Research Philosophy
You'll see the usual array of undergraduate biology students -- a comparative anatomy class here, students etherizing flies over there in that genetics lab, some first year students learning how to use a spread sheet to make a graph, a professor speaking to his parasitology class about his experiences in the Sudan.
These are undergraduates in Biology at Hope College doing original research in collaboration with faculty Let's take a closer look.
Faculty in Biology at Hope College consider their job to be research with undergraduates.
www.hope.edu /academic/biology/aboutbio/researchphilosophy.htm   (252 words)

 Marcel Weber - Philosophy of Experimental Biology - Reviewed by Robert L. Perlman, University of Chicago - ...
Philosophers of biology have, for the most part, focused their attention on conceptual problems in evolutionary biology, genetics, and development, to the neglect of other philosophical issues in biology.
Weber's discussion of conceptual change in biology focuses on the changing meaning of the term "gene." He argues that biological concepts, like species, "do not have a fixed set of essential properties," and therefore have a "floating reference" that is not seen in the physical sciences.
Niels Bohr's ideas about complementarity in biology are not usually taken seriously today, but they did express an important insight -- reductionist and evolutionary (or functional, understood from an evolutionary perspective) accounts of biological systems are complementary, in the sense that both are required for an explanation of these systems.
ndpr.nd.edu /review.cfm?id=1881   (1988 words)

 Philosophy at the University of Cincinnati
Skipper is also interested in traditional problems in the philosophy of science, especially the structure and interpretation of scientific theories and scientific explanation.
He regularly teaches courses in philosophy of biology and science, as well as in the philosophy of cognitive ethology, epistemology and, environmental ethics.
In addition to publishing in Biology and Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Perspectives on Science, and Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Skipper has given numerous professional talks at the APA, HSS, ISHPSSB, and PSA.
www.artsci.uc.edu /philosophy/faculty/skipper.html   (380 words)

 Philosophy of Biology, Winter 2006   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
As a part of philosophy of science, philosophy of biology tries to understand the ways in which biologists produce knowledge.
Beyond the methods and results of biology proper, philosophy of biology is interested in the relations between biology and other human inquiries.
Lastly, developments in biology itself have given rise to core conceptual questions such as the nature of species and how to understand the concepts of fitness and function.
mechanism.ucsd.edu /~bill/teaching/philbio/syllabus.winter06.html   (1257 words)

 Marjorie Grene, David Depew - The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History - Reviewed by David Hull, Northwestern ...
Marjorie Grene and David Depew have combined forces to produce an episodic history of the philosophy of biology from Aristotle to the present.
As central to both physics and the philosophy of science as Newton certainly was, Grene and Depew treat him in only a cursory fashion because he did not contribute to biology, nor did biology influence his philosophy of science all that much.
In addition, British scientists took it on themselves to develop philosophy of science as a professional discipline, just in time to be confronted by a theory that seriously challenged their philosophies.
ndpr.nd.edu /review.cfm?id=1561   (2284 words)

 The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology - Cambridge University Press
The philosophy of biology is one of the most exciting new areas in the field of philosophy and one that is attracting much attention from working scientists.
Reductionism (and antireductionism) in biology Alexander Rosenberg; 8.
The moral grammar of narratives in history of biology: the case of Haeckel and Nazi biology Robert J. Richards.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521616719   (398 words)

 The Philosophy of Biology - Cambridge University Press
Two chapters deal with the evolutionary synthesis and such questions as the species problem, the reducibility or otherwise of biology to physics and chemistry, and the problem of biological explanation in terms of function and teleology.
The final chapters reflect on the implications of the philosophy of biology for philosophy of science in general.
The philosophy of biology and the philosophy of science.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521643716   (273 words)

 Philosophy and Biology
These dual forces—the new biology and the new biomedical technologies—promoted the growth of the new field of bioethics.
The combination of a bioethics center and a philosophy department with enduring traditional interest in ethics and a strong faculty in the field creates a wealth of opportunities for undergraduates with an interest in bioethics, including the opportunity to participate in research.
It is worth noting that the intersection of philosophy and biology goes beyond bioethics: there is a flourishing branch of philosophy of science known as philosophy of biology.
www.union.edu /PUBLIC/PHLDEPT/academics/philBIO.html   (503 words)

 Sweet Briar College Department of Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The student will study philosophy by being a philosopher, and as such, will be engaged in a search for the definition, expansion, and deepening of her own world view.
Darelle Pfeiffer, a double major in philosophy and biology who graduated in 1998, has just received her Doctorate of Podiatric Medicine from Temple University.
Alexa Schriempf was awarded a full fellowship to study philosophy at the University of Oregon in 1997; and Christa Shusko, a 2000 double major in philosophy and religion, received a full fellowship to study religion at Syracuse University.
www.philosophy.sbc.edu /Index.html   (366 words)

 Bristol University - Department of Philosophy - Philosophy of Biology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
For many years the philosophy of science was largely the philosophy of physics and to a lesser extent chemistry.
The philosophy of biology has become a mature discipline in the last few decades and there now exist a number of specialist journals dedicated to it, such as Studies in History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences, and Biology and Philosophy.
It is natural to think that evolutionary biology tells us what certain traits are for; for example, the stripes on a zebra are there for camouflage.
www.bris.ac.uk /philosophy/current/undergrad/studyguide/biology.html   (1162 words)

 Amazon.com: Philosophy of Biology (Dimensions of Philosophy Series): Books: Elliott Sober   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Biology as Ideology: The Doctrine of DNA by Richard C. Lewontin
Books like this one really harm the discipline of philosophy of biology, as they make the public think that this exciting new discipline can be effectively reduced to the study of evolutionary theory.
Books like Sober's 'Philosophy of Biology' are misleading both in their content and in their approach to the subject.
amazon.com /Philosophy-Biology-Dimensions-Elliott-Sober/dp/0813391261   (1192 words)

 Philosophy Call For Papers Details
The papers will be written to meet the needs of advanced undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in philosophy of science, philosophy of biology, and theoretical biology courses.
Philosophy of Biology: Its Nature and Methodology 2.
Philosophy of Biology: Its Nature and Methodology 1.1.
www.erraticimpact.com /philosophy/cfp/cfp_details.cfm?cfpid=1042   (942 words)

 Sarkar Lab WebLog: History and Philosophy of Biology Archives   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
I have long argued that classical molecular biology with its informational models was due for an overhaul because it could not: (i) account for some systemic phenomena such as the emergence of dominance; and (ii) it was an essentially static picture lacking the conceptual resources to incorporate temporal phenomena.
His efforts were critical in preventing evolutionary biology from being entirely cast aside by the new molecular biology of the late 1950s and 1960s.
The FSU Philosophy of Biology blog has also entered into the dispute over whether we should be debating creationists.
webapp.utexas.edu /blogs/archives/sarkarlab/cat_history_and_philosophy_of_biology.html   (14913 words)

 HPS Research Methods Guide: Philosophy of Biology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The literature on the philosophy of biology is enormous; what follows only scratches the surface.
Their book would also be a good starting point for researchers interested in topics that are not covered here - for example, issues in the philosophy of molecular biology and the philosophy of ecology, or traditional questions for philosophy of biology such as how to define life and how to define fitness.
Developmental biology is a topic attracting more and more interest from philosophers who are bored with thinking about species and the units of selection.
www.hps.cam.ac.uk /research/philofbio.html   (1753 words)

 PHIL456, Philosophy of Biology II Syllabus
It will deal with such as topics as whether biology can be reduced to chemistry/physics, the issue of reasoning in the discovery of mechanisms, the nature of biological theories, whether there are laws in biology, and the relations between theories and experiments.
Sterelny, Kim and Paul E. Griffiths (1999), Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology.
Lloyd, E. (1987),"Confirmation of Ecological and Evolutionary Models," Biology and Philosophy 2: 277-293.
www.philosophy.umd.edu /Faculty/LDarden/Courses/Phil456/phil456syl.html   (1238 words)

 NYU > Philosophy > Richardson, John
Ph.D. 1981 (philosophy), California (Berkeley) B.A. 1974 (philosophy, politics, and economics), Oxford B.A. 1972 (philosophy), Harvard.
Recently he has focused on issues concerning teleology in these philosophers, and has explored relations with recent philosophy of biology and evolutionary theory.
Areas of Research/Interest: 19th- and 20th-century continental philosophy, Kant, ancient philosophy, philosophy of biology.
philosophy.fas.nyu.edu /object/johnrichardson   (119 words)

 Theoretical Biology, Philosophy of Biology and nearby areas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
of Theoretical Biology at the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam
Innovationskolleg Theoretische Biologie at the Humboldt University, Berlin.
The Dept. of Theoretical Biology at the University of Vienna.
alf.nbi.dk /~emmeche/theobiophi.html   (520 words)

 Philosophy of Biology, Winter 2002, UCI
Biological Sciences/Philosophy 142W: Philosophy of Biology (Writing), a satellite course in biology.
Philosophy of Biology, Edited by Michael Ruse, (Prometheus Books, 1998); Evolution of the Social Contract, by Brian Skyrms, (Cambridge 1996); and selected articles and chapters on Library Reserves
It's aimed towards students in lower division "straight philosophy" classes, so some of it might not be relevant for you.
www.ags.uci.edu /~dehill/philbio   (692 words)

 Bristol University - Department of Philosophy - PHILM0006 Philosophy of Biology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Students should obtain a good understanding of concepts and theories in evolutionary biology, and should be in a position to apply this knowledge in assessing the implications of modern biotechnology.
Issues to be discussed in the seminars will include: the logical structure of evolutionary theory; the notions of fitness and adaptation; alternative conceptions of 'gene'; debates about the units of selection; the nature and individuation of species; theories of classification.
All chapters are from Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology by Kim Sterelny and Paul E. Griffiths.
www.bris.ac.uk /philosophy/prospective/postgrad/progs/biology.html   (921 words)

 Amazon.com: Philosophy of Biology (Dimensions of Philosophy Series): Books: Elliott Sober   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the "special" sciences.
Books like this one really harm the discipline of philosophy of biology, as they make the public think that this exciting new discipline can be effectively reduced to the study of evolutionary theory.
Books like Sober's 'Philosophy of Biology' are misleading both in their content and in their approach to the subject.
www.amazon.com /Philosophy-Biology-Dimensions-Elliott-Sober/dp/0813391261   (1367 words)

 Philosophy Department :: Duke University
Students may specialize in the philosophy of mind, psychology, biology, or science; the history of philosophy; epistemology, logic, metaphysics, ethics, political philosophy, and philosophy of law.
Graduate students are also permitted and encouraged to take courses in other departments or schools of the University consistent with a sound course of study in philosophy and development of a strong graduate minor.
Under a plan of cooperation between Duke University and theUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, students regularly enrolled in Duke University and paying full fees may be admitted to a maximum of two courses each semester at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
philosophy.duke.edu /program/graduate.php   (471 words)

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