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Topic: Philosophy of mathematics

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  Foundations Study Guide: Philosophy of Mathematics
The philosophy of mathematics is the philosophical study of the concepts and methods of mathematics.
Mathematics is the substance of thought writ large, as the West has been told from Pythagoras to Bertrand Russell; it does provide a unique window into human nature.
Thus, an area that an Objectivist philosophy of mathematics must address is the meaning and structure of measurement in the measurement omission theory; this subfield of the philosophy of mathematics might be called the mathematics of philosophy.
ios.org /articles/foundations_phil-of-mathematics.asp   (1808 words)

  Foundations Study Guide: Philosophy of Mathematics
The philosophy of mathematics is the philosophical study of the concepts and methods of mathematics.
Mathematics is the substance of thought writ large, as the West has been told from Pythagoras to Bertrand Russell; it does provide a unique window into human nature.
Thus, an area that an Objectivist philosophy of mathematics must address is the meaning and structure of measurement in the measurement omission theory; this subfield of the philosophy of mathematics might be called the mathematics of philosophy.
www.objectivistcenter.org /articles/foundations_phil-of-mathematics.asp   (1826 words)

 Philosophy of Mathematics   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Philosophy of science - The philosophy of science is the branch of philosophy which studies the philosophical assumptions, foundations, and implications of the sciences, including the formal sciences such as mathematics and statistics, the natural sciences such as physics, chemistry, and biology, and the social sciences, such as psychology, sociology, political science, and economics.
Philosophy of Mathematics - Philosophy of Mathematics Social Constructivism As a Philosophy of Mathematics Proposing social constructivism as a novel philosophy of mathematics, this book is inspired by current work in sociology of knowledge philosophy of mathematics and social studies of science.
It extends the ideas of social constructivism as a philosophy of mathematics (more advanced students will of course wish to refer to the demise of these topics; and as late as the 17th century, these fields were still referred to as branches of "natural philosophy").
ma80.mcdadv.com /philosophyofmathematics.html   (1462 words)

 Philosophy of Mathematics
Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Mathematics - The Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Mathematics (CSHPM) is dedicated to the study of the history and philosophy of mathematics in Canada.
Foundations of mathematics - In mathematics, foundations of mathematics is a term sometimes used for certain fields of mathematics itself, namely for mathematical logic, axiomatic set theory, proof theory, model theory, and recursion theory.
In this respect, the philosophy of science is closely related to epistemology, ontology, and the philosophy of language.
ma68.myssic.com /philosophyofmathematics.html   (1361 words)

 Indispensability Arguments in the Philosophy of Mathematics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Indeed, so important is the language of mathematics to science, that it is hard to imagine how theories such as quantum mechanics and general relativity could even be stated without employing a substantial amount of mathematics.
Moreover, mathematical entities are seen to be on an epistemic par with the other theoretical entities of science, since belief in the existence of the former is justified by the same evidence that confirms the theory as a whole (and hence belief in the latter).
Her reason for this is that scientists themselves do not seem to take the indispensable application of a mathematical theory to be an indication of the truth of the mathematics in question.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/mathphil-indis   (4431 words)

 Open Directory - Society: Philosophy: Philosophy of Science: Mathematics
Inconsistent Mathematics - Inconsistent mathematics is the study of the mathematical theories that result when classical mathematical axioms are asserted within the framework of a (non-classical) logic which can tolerate the presence of a contradiction without turning every sentence into a theorem.
Mathematical Structures Group - Research topics include mathematical models and theories in the empirical sciences, models and theories in mathematics, category theory, and the use of mathematical structures in theoretical computer science.
Philosophy of Mathematics Class Notes - Notes to a class by Carl Posy at Duke University, Fall 1992.
dmoz.org /Society/Philosophy/Philosophy_of_Science/Mathematics   (555 words)

 Philosophy of Mathematics
Because mathematics is a dignified and vitally important endeavor, one ought to try to take mathematical assertions literally, "at face value." This is just to hypothesize that mathematicians probably know what they are talking about, at least most of the time, and that they mean what they say.
The desideratum, then, is that the model-theoretic scheme be applied to mathematical and ordinary (or scientific) language alike, or else the scheme be rejected for both discourses.
Thus, in addition to providing a line on solving the traditional problems in philosophy of mathematics, structuralism has something to say about what a mathematical object is. With this, the ordinary notion of "object" is illuminated as well.
www.wordtrade.com /philosophy/philosophymathematics.htm   (1804 words)

 Structuralism, Category Theory and Philosophy of Mathematics
His version of the structuralist philosophy proposes that "mathematics applies to reality through the discovery of mathematical structures underlying the non-mathematical universe." Shapiro believes that a scientific explanation of a physical event often is nothing more than a mathematical description, or the construction of a mathematical model of the phenomena under investigation.
Therefore, a philosophy of a discipline is not to be separated from the practice of the discipline.
Thus conceived, the philosophy of X is not understood as a field isolated from the practice of X. Rather, the philosophy of X is engaged in by people who care about X in order to describe and account for its activity, its success and failures, and its importance.
www.mmsysgrp.com /strctcat.htm   (7237 words)

  Philosophy of mathematics Summary
Mathematical rigor, defined in the early part of the century by the applications of calculus, was broadened near the end of the century by German mathematician Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass (1815-1897) into the types of analysis familiar to modern mathematicians.
Philosophy of mathematics is the branch of philosophy that studies the philosophical assumptions, foundations, and implications of mathematics.
While 20th century philosophers continued to ask the questions mentioned at the outset of this article, the philosophy of mathematics in the 20th century is characterized by a predominant interest in formal logic, set theory, and foundational issues.
www.bookrags.com /Philosophy_of_mathematics   (9869 words)

  Philosophy of mathematics Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Philosophy of mathematics is that branch of philosophy which attempts to answer questions such as: "why is mathematics useful in describing nature?", "in which sense, if any, do mathematical entities such as numbers exist?" and "why and how are mathematical statements true?".
Criticisms can however have important ramifications for mathematical practice and claims for finished mathematics and so the philosophy of mathematics can be of very direct interest to working mathematicians, particularly in new fields where the process of peer review of mathematical proofs is not firmly established, raising probability of an undetected error.
As mathematical practice evolves, the status of previous finished mathematics is cast into doubt, and is re-examined and corrected only to the degree it is required or desired by the needs of current applications and groups.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/p/ph/philosophy_of_mathematics.html   (3471 words)

 Philosophy of Mathematics Encyclopedia Article, Information, History and Biography @ Encyclopedia.LocalColorArt.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The philosophy of mathematics has seen several different schools, distinguished by their pictures of mathematical metaphysics and epistemology.
Contemporary mathematical empiricism, formulated by Quine and Putnam, is primarily supported by the Indispensability Argument: mathematics is indispensable to all empirical sciences, and if we want to believe in the reality of the phenomena described by the sciences, we ought also believe in the reality of those entities required for this description.
He proves that mathematical physics is a conservative extension of his non-mathematical physics (that is, every physical fact provable in mathematical physics is already provable from his system), so that the mathematics is a reliable process whose physical applications are all true, even though it's own statements are false.
encyclopedia.localcolorart.com /encyclopedia/Philosophy_of_mathematics   (4536 words)

 Mathematics: On Philosophy Physics Metaphysics of Mathematics. Calculus: One as Continuous-Infinite, Discrete-Finite   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Thus the mathematical physicist tends to believe that their language of mathematics is the closest possible approximation to describing this strange reality, and is limited to describing the numerical relationships between things, rather than describing the things themselves.
Philosophy, by contrast, does not examine some portion of what is, in respect of the accidents of each such group of things, but contemplates being, as the being of each of such things.
Fortunately, mathematics is not subject to this limitation, and it has been possible to invent a mathematical scheme - the quantum theory - which seems entirely adequate for the treatment of atomic processes; for visualisation, however, we must content ourselves with two incomplete analogies - the wave picture and the corpuscular picture.
www.spaceandmotion.com /Philosophy-Mathematics.htm   (7380 words)

 The world's top Mathematics websites
Mathematics is commonly defined as the study of patterns of structure, change, and space; more informally, one might say it is the study of 'figures and numbers'.
Mathematics might be seen as a simple extension of spoken and written languages, with an extremely precisely defined vocabulary and grammar, for the purpose of describing and exploring physical and conceptual relationships.
Although mathematics itself is not usually considered a natural science, the specific structures that are investigated by mathematicians often have their origin in the natural sciences, most commonly in physics.
www.websbiggest.com /dir-wiki.cfm/Mathematics   (1825 words)

 Philosophy of Mathematics - Book Information
This distinctive anthology explores the central problems and exposes intriguing new directions in the philosophy of mathematics.
Introduction: Mathematics and Philosophy of Mathematics: Dale Jacquette.
He is the author of Philosophy of Mind (1994), Meinongian Logic: The Semantics of Existence and Nonexistence (1996), Wittgenstein's Thought in Transition (1998), Symbolic Logic (2001), David Hume's Critique of Infinity (2001) and On Boole: Logic as Algebra (2001) as well as numerous articles on logic, metaphysics, philosophy of mind, and Wittgenstein.
www.blackwellpublishing.com /9780631218692   (179 words)

 Philosophy of Mathematics
We mention philosophy because in a sense Nuprl embodies a philosophy of mathematics.
This is a contribution to an analysis of the foundations of mathematics, which is a philosophical matter.
A simplistic view of the philosophy of mathematics says that there are four schools of thought: Platonism; Logicism; Formalism; and Intuitionism.
www.cs.cornell.edu /Info/Projects/NuPrl/Intro/Philosophy/philosophy.html   (635 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: Frege: Philosophy of Mathematics: Books: Michael Dummett   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The philosophy of Gottlob Frege (1848-1925) is seen by many as the starting point for the modern analytical movement: Russell, Wittgenstein and Quine were all influenced by Frege, and much of analytical philosophy can be viewed as building on, or attempting to correct his work.
In 1973 Michael Dummett published "Frege: Philosophy of Language", the first of two volumes devoted to a survey and discussion of Frege's philosophy, considered as roughly divisible between the philosophy of language and philosophy of mathematics.
I consider this to be THE authoritative text on Frege's philosophy of Mathematics and, together with Dummett's "Frege: Philosophy of Language", provides students and academics with a complete account of Frege's thoughts.
www.amazon.co.uk /Frege-Philosophy-Mathematics-Michael-Dummett/dp/0715626604   (835 words)

 Philosophy of Real Mathematics
Philosophy does not consist of a set of independent and heterogeneous enquiries into distinct and unconnected problems: the characterization of space and time, the nature of the human good, the relationship of perceived qualities to the causes of perception, how referring expressions function, what standards govern aesthetic judgment, the nature of causality, and so on.
If the vice of reducing philosophy to a set of piecemeal, apparently unconnected set of enquiries is the characteristic analytical vice, this vice of system-lovers may perhaps be called the idealist vice.
Not only is Hilbert's axiomatic method praised for its importance to mathematics, but at the end of the piece it is promoted as important to physics too, providing the simplest presentation of relativity theory, and pointing Hilbert to a way to unify this theory with electrodynamics, carried further by Weyl.
www.dcorfield.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk /blog.html   (2918 words)

 Oxford University Press: Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Practice in the Seventeenth Century: Paolo Mancosu
Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Practice in the Seventeenth Century
With the recovery of many of the classical Greek mathematical texts, new techniques were introduced, and within 100 years, the rules of analytic geometry, geometry of indivisibles, arithmetic of infinites, and calculus were developed.
Although many technical studies have been devoted to these innovations, Mancosu provides the first comprehensive account of the relationship between mathematical advances of the seventeenth century and the philosophy of mathematics of the period.
www.oup.com /us/catalog/23805/subject/LogicAndPhilosophyOfMathematics/?view=usa&ci=9780195132441   (415 words)

 20th WCP: Philosophy of Mathematics
The papers indexed below were given at the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, in Boston, Massachusetts from August 10-15, 1998.
Additional papers may be added to this section as electronic versions are aquired and formatted for the archive.
Mathematical Models of Spacetime in Contemporary Physics and Essential Issues of the Ontology of Spacetime
www.bu.edu /wcp/MainMath.htm   (202 words)

 Philosophy of Math
These articles of mine on the philosophy of mathematics were published in The Intellectual Activist.
To purchase e-copies of these articles plus a free bonus, a brief essay on calculus, click here.
Undermining Reason: The 20th Century's Assault on the Philosophy of Mathematics, Part 1
www.ronpisaturo.com /Mathematics.htm   (110 words)

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