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Topic: Philosophy of mind

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In the News (Sat 23 Mar 19)

  Philosophy of mind - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Questions about what a person is and what his or her identity consists of also have much to do with the philosophy of mind.
There are two subjects that, in connection with the philosophy of the mind, have aroused special attention: free will and the self.
The philosophy of mind also has important consequences for the concept of self.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Philosophy_of_mind   (1863 words)

 Dualism (philosophy of mind) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the philosophy of mind, dualism is a set of views about the relationship between mind and matter, which begins with the claim that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical.
We first encounter similar ideas in Western philosophy with the writings of Plato and Aristotle, who maintained, for different reasons, that man's "intelligence" (a faculty of the mind or soul) could not be identified with, or explained in terms of, his physical body.
Consequently, in order for the intellect (the most important aspect of the mind in philosophy up until Descartes) to have access to any kind of knowledge with regard to any aspect of the universe, it must necessarily be a non-physical, immaterial entity (or property of some such entity) itself.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dualism_(philosophy_of_mind)   (5401 words)

 Mind, philosophy of : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
‘Philosophy of mind’, and ‘philosophy of psychology’ are two terms for the same general area of philosophical inquiry: the nature of mental phenomena and their connection with behaviour and, in more recent discussions, the brain.
In philosophy of mind, these developments led to Functionalism, according to which mental states are to be characterized in terms of relations they bear among themselves and to inputs and outputs, for example, mediating perception and action in the way that belief and desire characteristically seem to do.
In the philosophies of mind and psychology, the issue is not primarily the meanings of expressions in natural language, but of how a state of the mind or brain can have meaning or content: what is it to believe, for example, that snow is white or hope that you will win.
www.rep.routledge.com /article/V038#V038P2.10   (2798 words)

 The KLI Theory Lab - Philosophy of Mind
Philosophy of mind seeks a different sort of understanding of the mind; it investigates what the mind is and how its nature lets it operate as psychology says it does.
John Heil's introduction to contemporary philosophy of mind deserves praise because it succeeds on both counts of being introductory and contemporary.
The core areas of contemporary philosophy of mind are covered, but some very active tangential areas, such as belief semantics, action theory, and moral psychology have been largely ignored.
www.kli.ac.at /theorylab/Areas/PM.html   (2857 words)

 Philosophy of Mind at Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research Base
Being conscious is sufficient for having a mind in one sense of the word `mind', and being conscious is necessary and fundamental to having a mind in any decent sense.
It may happen one decade that the Other Minds problem will shoot up the philosophical agenda and get a lot of attention as a result of a wonderful computer attached to perceptual and behavioral mechanisms, and that the thing will in the end be taken as conscious, rightly.
Philosophy of mind and the philosophical issues arising in the allied domain of cognitive sciences constitute a fast developing territory, which is very well introduced by a number of excellent web resources (see our choice at RECOMMENDED LINKS section).
www.erraticimpact.com /~topics/html/philosophy_of_mind.htm   (1489 words)

 Philosophy of Mind in China   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
So the implicit philosophy of mind of the few philosophically inclined thinkers during the period tended toward a vague materialism.
Soul and mind are roughly interchangeable and familiar arguments for immortality suggest both metaphysical dualism and mental transcendence or superiority over the physical.
Maoist theory of mind was an unstable mixture of Marxist economic and materialist reductionism and traditional Chinese optimism.
www.hku.hk /philodep/ch/mind.htm   (5392 words)

 David Chalmers
Philosophy, Neuroscience, and Psychology at Washington University in St. Louis, and 1995-98 in the
From 1999-2004 I was in the Department of Philosophy and the Center for Consciousness Studies at the University of Arizona.
I also edit the philosophy of mind series at Oxford University Press, and am philosophy of mind editor for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and philosophy editor for the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science.
consc.net   (628 words)

 Open Directory - Society: Philosophy: Philosophy of Mind   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Identity Theory of Mind - Evaluates the theory that holds that states and processes of the mind are identical to states and processes of the brain.
Kant's error and its consequences for the philosophy of mind - Titus Rivas discusses the identity theory of brain and mind in the context of the Kantian general rejection of ontology.
Philosophy of Mind.Info - An overview of the philosophy of mind.
dmoz.org /Society/Philosophy/Philosophy_of_Mind   (1504 words)

 Philosophy of Mind: Discussion on Interconnection of Mind, Body, Universe. Mind Puzzles
However, Philosophy and Metaphysics have always known that there was an underlying Dynamic Unity of Reality, to explain the necessary interconnection of all things in the Universe.
Philosophy proper deals with matters of interest to the general educated public, and loses much of its value if only a few professionals can understand what is said.
The mind's extended reach remains to be fully defined in scientific terms, but research on human consciousness suggests that we may have direct communication links with each other, and that our intentions can have effects in the world despite physical barriers and separations.
www.spaceandmotion.com /Philosophy-Mind.htm   (6362 words)

 Philosophy of Mind
The Meta-Encyclopedia of Philosophy is comprised of seven different dictionaries that may be used to compare definitions of important terms and hence appreciate the subtleties of philosophical concepts, while the has many free essays, in addition to the wealth of material available if you are prepared to register.
Philosophy Pages is a site providing several useful resources, including a dictionary of philosophical terms, an history and timeline of philosophical development and key thinkers, and a study guide.
To summarise our discussion, then, we have seen that there are many aspects to the philosophy of mind and many approaches to follow in tackling it, all of which have a certain plausibility on the surface but which present interesting problems when we probe deeper.
www.galilean-library.org /int14.html   (5881 words)

 Stoic Philosophy of Mind [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Stoics are well known for their contributions to moral philosophy, and more recently they have also been recognized for their work in logic, grammar, philosophy of language, and epistemology.
As a result of their work in philosophy of mind the Stoics developed a rich epistemology and a powerful philosophy of action.
The final element of Stoic philosophy of mind to be presented in this article is the doctrine of the passions.
www.iep.utm.edu /s/stoicmind.htm   (7003 words)

 Philosophy of Mind
This course is a survey of central issues in contemporary philosophy of mind.
This course is not intended as an introduction to philosophy.
If you've already taken another course or two from members of the philosophy department (this includes some MR courses), that should be adequate preparation.
www.jimpryor.net /teaching/courses/mind   (297 words)

 Cogprints - Subject: Philosophy of Mind   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Iglowitz, Jerome (2001) Mind: the Argument from Evolutionary Biology.
G., Nagarjuna (2005) Muscularity of Mind: Towards an Explanation of the Transition from Unconscious to Conscious.
Sutton, John (1998) Preface to Philosophy and Memory Traces: Descartes to connectionism, in Philosophy to Memory Traces: Descartes to connectionism.
cogprints.org /view/subjects/phil-mind.html   (4579 words)

 Leibniz's Philosophy of Mind
In a more popular view, Leibniz's place in the history of the philosophy of mind is best secured by his pre-established harmony, that is, roughly, by the thesis that there is no mind-body interaction strictly speaking, but only a non-causal relationship of harmony, parallelism, or correspondence between mind and body.
Leibniz's rejection of materialist conceptions of the mind was coupled with a strong opposition to dualistic views concerning the relationship between mind and body, particularly the substance dualism that figured in the philosophy of Descartes and his followers.
One of the better-known terms of Leibniz's philosophy, and of his philosophy of mind, is apperception.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/leibniz-mind   (5929 words)

Philosophy in Cyberspace: Philosophy of Mind, AI, and Cognitive Science.
She argues that intelligence depends on the body; the mind does not exist, nor did it evolve, separately from the limbs and muscles it controls.
This kind of thinking puts her in a camp that broke away from the Cartesian idea that we are minds that have bodies, and replaced it with the notion that we are simply thinking bodies.
www.aaai.org /AITopics/html/phil.html   (7000 words)

 Right Reason: Philosophy of Mind
I am pleased to announce that my new book Philosophy of Mind: A Short Introduction has been released this month in the UK, and will be released in the US in September.
In this lively and accessible introduction to the philosophy of mind, Edward Feser tackles these and other questions, giving clear explanations of all the most important theories, from the classic accounts of Descartes and Aquinas to the latest developments in the literature on computing and cognitive science.
Those interested in the philosophy of mind might be interested in a new blog devoted to discussions Dretske's Knowledge and the Flow of Information (KFI) (it is located at http://dretskeforum.blogspot.com).
rightreason.ektopos.com /archives/2005/07/philosophy_of_m.html   (685 words)

 fragments of consciousness: Books in the philosophy of mind
Anyway, my point vis-a-vis philosophy vs cog-sci is that there are many "philosophers of mind" who really practice cognitive science and don't even have the most basic grasp of the issues involved in, say, modal metaphysics.
Second, it is hard to delimit the philosophy of mind from the surrounding terrain.
Of course a huge amount of important philosophy of mind is done via papers, and a lot is done via books that one wouldn't immediately classify as books in the philosophy of mind.
fragments.consc.net /djc/2005/01/books_in_the_ph.html   (4041 words)

 Philosophy 320--Philosophy of Mind--Syllabus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This course will be broadly concerned with naturalism in the philosophy of mind, and specifically concerned with the question of whether attempts to understand the origins of mind in nonhuman animals shed any light on human minds.
We will spend the first month getting a firm grasp of basic ideas and arguments in the philosophy of mind, before proceeding to read two brand new pieces of work that attempt to place human mental abilities in the more general context of animal minds.
Students are expected to obtain a good grasp of basic arguments and theories in the philosophy of mind, and to be able to engage in constructive criticism of recent philosophical literature.
grimpeur.tamu.edu /~colin/Phil320/syllabus.html   (449 words)

 Philosophy 342
This course will begin with a brief introduction to the history of philosophical thinking about the mind, especially to the theory of mind-body dualism, the view that the mind and body are two distinct substances.
Contemporary philosophy of mind actually raises four different but related problems.
  The topic may be drawn either from the history of the philosophy of mind or from related work in the cognitive sciences, artificial intelligence, or the neurosciences.
www.iit.edu /~schmaus/Philosophy_of_Mind   (635 words)

 Amazon.com: Hegel's Philosophy of Mind: Books: G. W. F. Hegel,William Wallace,A. V. Miller,J. N. Findlay   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Hegel's Philosophy of Nature : Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1830), Part II (Hegel's Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences S.) by A.
His 'Philosophy of Mind' (also known as 'The Philosophy of Spirit') is the third part of an encyclopaedia work showing, in essence, the dialectical 'nature' of the world as a Notion.
This work deals with the nature of Mind as it goes from subjectivity to objectivity through the stages Anthropological, Phenomenological and Psychological, producing Absolute Spirit, a notion that is then used by Hegel to explain the moral and legal.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0198750145?v=glance   (1299 words)

 Philosophy of Mind
BMJ have a useful glossary of terms in the philosophy of mind.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, which currently doesn't have very much in the philosophy of mind.
Warning: philosophers of mind disagree about how some of the key terms should be defined: for example, some people use 'physicalism' for what I will be calling the "Identity Theory".
www.nyu.edu /gsas/dept/philo/courses/mind   (966 words)

 Contemporary Philosophy of Mind: An Annotated Bibliography
Many core areas of contemporary philosophy of mind are covered, but some areas (e.g.
philosophy of perception, philosophy of action, propositional attitude semantics, moral psychology) receive less coverage than others.
Part 6 on the science of consciousness is relatively new and is not annotated.
consc.net /biblio.html   (530 words)

It was a theoretical posit, posited to explain a large number of phenomena, including slips of the tongue, dreams and a whole variety of psychological conditions such as obsessional neurosis.
Most dualists hold that the mind acts through the brain somehow (assuming they hold that the mind "acts").
It seems philosophy is about one's relationship with the world...
www.amherst.edu /askphilosophers/list/Mind   (3903 words)

 Philosophy of Mind   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The on-line Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind, sponsored by the Washington University philosophy department.
This is probably the best place to start if you want background information on some particular topic in the philosophy of mind.
An annotated bibliography of current research in the philosophy of mind.
cda.mrs.umn.edu /~okeefets/phl-mind01.html   (139 words)

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