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Topic: Philosophy of perception

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  Philosophy of perception - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The philosophy of perception is mainly concerned with exteroception.
The philosophy of perception is very closely related to a branch of philosophy known as epistemology, the theory of knowledge, and many of the ideas presented above are also discussed under this heading.
Perception is sometimes referred to as a cognitive process in which information processing is used to transfer information from the world into the brain and mind where it is further processed and related to other information.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Philosophy_of_perception   (2163 words)

 UMass Philosophy - Undergraduate Courses S07
Prerequisite: Philosophy 110, or consent of the instructor.
Prerequisite: one course in philosophy or one course in psychology.
Prerequisites for undergraduates: two courses in philosophy and some familiarity with the history of philosophy, social philosophy or concepts in women’s studies, or permission of one of the instructors.
www.umass.edu /philosophy/undergrad_courses/S07.htm   (2141 words)

 Perception (philosophy) - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Perception (philosophy), achieving knowledge directly through the senses.
Mind, Philosophy of, branch of philosophy that considers mental phenomena such as sensation, perception, thought, belief, desire, intention, memory,...
The most notable achievement of the Common-Sense School was a realistic treatment of sense perception by its founder Thomas Reid, although even this...
encarta.msn.com /Perception_(philosophy).html   (108 words)

 Aristotle's Psychology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Although purely naturalistic approaches to philosophy of mind have found staunch champions in contemporary times, it would nevertheless be safe to say that much of the discipline continues to employ traditional a priori methods; some branches of cognitive science seem an admixture of both.
Perception is the capacity of the soul which distinguishes animals from plants; indeed, having a perceptive faculty is definitive of being an animal (De Sensu 1, 436b10-12); every animal has at least touch, whereas most have the other sensory modalities as well (De Anima ii 2 413b4-7).
This is Aristotle's meaning when he claims: “the perceptive faculty is in potentiality such as the object of perception already is in actuality” and that when something is affected by an object of perception, “it is made like it and is such as that thing is” (De Anima ii 5, 418a3-6).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/aristotle-psychology   (9271 words)

 Sense-Data (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Originally, the term's meaning was supposed to be neutral between competing theories of perception, so that it was not to be assumed either that sense data must (analytically) be mind-dependent or that they must be mind-independent.
Most hold that there is a distinction between the things perception makes us directly aware of, and the things it makes us indirectly aware of, where to be indirectly aware of something is, roughly, to be aware of it in a way that depends on the awareness of something else.
The sense data theory was very popular, perhaps the orthodox view in the philosophy of perception, in the early twentieth century.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/sense-data   (4074 words)

 Philosophy Course Inventory
PHIL 362 (3) History and Philosophy of Economics I. The development of economic thought from Aristotle to Adam Smith, focusing primarily on the conceptual foundations of economics, particularly the problems of value, distribution, and economic growth (Same as ECON 319A).
The development of economic thought from David Ricardo up to the present, including such figures as Malthus, Mill, Jevons, and Keynes, focusing primarily on the conceptual foundations of economics, particularly the problems of value, distribution, and growth.
Topics in the philosophy of science of special concern to the social and behavioural sciences; hypotheses and explanation; principles, theories, models; the formation of scientific concepts; the function of mathematics in social science.
www.philosophy.ubc.ca /undergrad/courses.html   (1557 words)

 Harvard Gazette: What you get is what you see
Philosophy Chair Richard Moran called Siegel (above) 'one of the most exciting young philosophers working today in the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of perception.
Philosophy professor and department chair Richard Moran called Siegel "one of the most exciting young philosophers working today in the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of perception.
At Harvard she has taught courses in metaphysics and epistemology, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language, as well as a Core course on moral reasoning about social protest.
www.news.harvard.edu /gazette/2006/05.25/03-siegel.html   (909 words)

 Diana Mertz Hsieh: Representationalism and Perceptual Error   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
In the philosophy of perception, that perceptual errors exist is most frequently regarded as a fundamental fact about perception which must be integrated into any coherent theory.
But investigation into the scientific aspects of perception lead to the realization that perception is not simply a passive process which serves to transparently mirror the world, but rather an active, causal process that is dependent upon the perceiver and not necessarily veridical.
And so in perception the means by which we are aware of external objects and the form in which we are aware of them is intrinsically necessary to any act of perception at all.
www.dianahsieh.com /undergrad/rape.html   (5028 words)

 Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind - theories of color perception
Intentionalist theories of perception claim that visual states of color are representational states which have no qualitative properties apart from those that they represent.
According to projectivist theories, in color perception mental colors, characterized as properties of perceptual states rather than sense data, are experienced as properties of mind- independent objects.
Hilbert addresses the problem of color perception from the standpoint of computational color vision, according to which vision involves the processing of information contained in representations that encode physical properties of objects in the world.
philosophy.uwaterloo.ca /MindDict/colorperception.html   (1969 words)

 Office of the University Registrar
An introduction to philosophy through study of traditional questions about the existence of God, the nature of the mind, the definition of good, freedom of the will, and criteria of truth and knowledge.
A study of central contemporary issues in the philosophy of natural science, e.g., the nature of laws, the logic of discovery, and the relationships between different sciences.
A study of the central problems of the philosophy of mind, including the mind-body problem, the nature of mental states, intentionality and representation, sensation and consciousness, and related topics.
www.registrar.ufl.edu /catalog/programs/courses/philosophy.html   (1344 words)

 Large, Ecology & Reality
The ecological approach holds that much philosophy and psychology of cognition has been led into a conception of visual perception that is too narrow to provide room for a fully satisfactory account.
The ecological approach develops a particular, ecological, direct theory of perception as a result of the ecological requirement for the perceiver to perceive the environment as it actually is in reality.
The most accurate account of perception is that of the ordinary case, where perception may be judged to be successful by the criteria chosen.
www.film-philosophy.com /vol1-1997/n2large   (2649 words)

 Philosophy 378F: Philosophy of Perception, Communications
The difficulty is roughly this: how can you say that you have explained the perception of colour, say green, in the table in the seminar room when you say that it is achieved by the forming of a green (i.e.
If the goal is to explain the perception of colour, and your explanation appeals to an otherwise unexplained perception of colour, then you have surely failed to achieve your goal.
NOTE: John Locke explicitly committed his representative theory of perception to the notion of inner 'perception', so that in effect outer sight is explained by inner sight.
publish.uwo.ca /~jnichola/perception/communications.htm   (857 words)

 Department of Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Her principal research interests are in philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, ethics, aesthetics, and American philosophy.
His research and teaching backgrounds range over both philosophy and cognitive science, especially where the two fields intertwine, such as the connectionism/classicism debate and the nature of psychological explanation, as well as evolutionary psychology, "naturalized" epistemology, and questions about the impact of empirical psychology on our views of ourselves as rational (or not).
His principal research interests are in the algebraic treatment of nonclassical logics, metaphysics, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and the formal and philosophical aspects of computer science.
www.indiana.edu /~phil/faculty.shtml   (2706 words)

 Contemporary Problems in the Philosophy of Perception
Topics include attempts to define the "immediate" object of perception, the distinction between qualitative and informational properties of experience, the structure of perceptual representation, the role of concepts, perceptual reference, sensory "fields", and the connections between perception and belief, and between perception and action.
It soon becomes evident that many of the battles over topics in the philosophy of perception are part of a much larger war which has been simmering in the Old City for years.
His stalking horse is audition, and particularly the phenomenon of listening, which he argues has a structure which cannot be assimilated either to that of a passive effect of external sounds, or to that of an action under the control of an agent.
vm.uconn.edu /~wwwphil/crane.html   (4699 words)

 Excerpts from Toward a Philosophy of Perception, Margaret A. Harrell
Excerpts from Toward a Philosophy of Perception, Margaret A. Harrell
From Toward a Philosophy of Perception: The Magnitude of Human Potential—Cloud Optics, by Margaret A. Harrell.
Toward a Philosophy of Perception: The Magnitude of Human Potential—Cloud Optics.
www.marharrell.com /Pages/preview_philosophyofperception.htm   (1682 words)

 Ephilosopher :: Continental Philosophy :: Brentano inner perception   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
I am told, that consciousness cathces itself accidently when it thinks an object, and that this "inner perception" is absolutely given or self evident.
Trouble is, that this is not supposed to be equivalent to introspection - it does not involve focusing attention on inner observation.
As I understand it, he argued that we suspend judgement in the 40s, which doesn't sound all that bad (without the benefit we have now of knowing what was going on).
www.ephilosopher.com /phpBB_14-action-viewtopic-topic-5376.html   (832 words)

 Essays in Philosophy
So if we are to get clear on the question of whether the distinction still has an application in contemporary philosophy of perception, it will be worthwhile to spend some time trying to reveal the fundamental character that the epistemic asymmetries postulated by these theories have in common.
Where perception is concerned, we might likewise say that we only perceive a material object in virtue of perceiving a portion of its surface if perceiving a portion of its surface is the sort of experience we could have had even in those situations in which we fail to actually perceive the object itself.
And as one of the prevailing motivations behind the non-disjunctive view is to explain the phenomenological similarity of perception and hallucination, we should expect the fact that the subject is in the same sensory state to explain the phenomenological similarity.
www.humboldt.edu /~essays/billfish.html   (5519 words)

 :::: Philosophy Course Offerings::::
Analysis of fundamental political concepts such as the legitimacy of government, the relation of justice to coercive power, the morality of war, political obligation, and sovereignty; and/or a study of political ideologies such as socialism, classical liberalism, and conservatism.
Study of the historical development of the philosophy of law and examination of the problems in the field ranging from general theories to analysis of fundamental legal concepts and normative issues.
A study of feminist thinking and writing about philosophy with special emphasis on feminism's re-examination of the methodology and subject matter of classical and contemporary metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of language, political philosophy, ethics and aesthetics.
www.csulb.edu /depts/philosophy/course_offerings.html   (2910 words)

 University of Connecticut Philosophy Department
Topics include the justification of belief in an external world; primary and secondary qualities; varieties of "direct" perception and of perceptual realism; sense data; perception and scientific realism; qualia; and phenomenal consciousness.
Topics to be discussed include: the nature of Lockean ideas, Locke’s distinction between primary and secondary qualities, his position on substance, the role of mechanism in his philosophy, his account of kinds and their essences, his view of the functioning and philosophical significance of language, and his account of personal identity.
LTOBC applies a biologically motivated theory of functions to a number of traditional problems in the philosophies of language and mind and in naturalized epistemology, and also makes excursions into ontology.
www.philosophy.uconn.edu /grad/gcdesc.htm   (818 words)

 Graduate Conference in the Philosophy of Perception and Action Website   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The philosophy of action and perception are typically treated as more or less separate disciplines.
There is a growing trend, however, to emphasise the importance of action in perception, and to question the idea that they are merely instrumentally related to one another.
The purpose of this conference is to present research that explores the ways in which perception and action may be related philosophically.
www.dur.ac.uk /p.j.meadows/conference/index.htm   (142 words)

 Space-Perception and the Philosophy of Science
Its primary aim is to show how, starting in the fifteenth century, certain artifacts were introduced to the European lifeworld which gradually restructured spatial perception so as to make the emergence of the scientific world view in the seventeenth century a natural outcome.
Drawing on the phenomenological tradition in the philosophy of science and philosophy of nature, Patrick Heelan concludes that perception is a cognitive, world-building act, and is therefore never absolute or finished.
Patrick A. Heelan is Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
www.ucpress.edu /books/pages/1643.html   (239 words)

 Stonehill College
MA and PhD from the University of Hamburg in Philosophy, Systematic Theology, and Public Law, as well as a Dr. habil in Philosophy from the University of Jena.
Currently his main area of research is the systematic relevance of the idea of freedom for the philosophy of economics and politics.
She has a long-standing interest in the history of Early Modern Philosophy and the philosophy of perception, and is the author of Descartes on Seeing: Epistemology and Visual Perception as well as several more recent articles on Descartes and philosophy of perception (see attached curriculum vitae for publication details).
www.stonehill.edu /philosophy/faculty.htm   (725 words)

 Philosophy of Perception Syllabus
The course will look at theories of perception and perceptual experience that have been developed over the last fifty years, such as sense-datum accounts, doxastic theories, causal theories and disjunctive conceptions, and modern representationalist theories.
Accounting for perception requires explaining the nature of those mental states that occur during perceptual processes, and an account of how perception can lead to knowledge or justified belief.
Modern philosophy of psychology is informed by contemporary scientific study of the brain and of behaviour.
www.gla.ac.uk /philosophy/Personnel/Fiona/pop/popsyllabus.html   (1425 words)

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