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Topic: Philosophy of psychology


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In the News (Sat 13 Jan 18)

  
  The Way into Phenomenological Transcendental Philosophy from Psychology
Psychology failed, however, because, even in its primal establishment as a new kind of [science] alongside the new natural science, it failed to inquire after what was essentially the only genuine sense of its task as the universal science of psychic being.
In psychology the natural, naïve attitude has the result that the human self-objectifications of transcendental intersubjectivity, which belong with essential necessity to the makeup of the constituted world pre-given to me and to us, inevitably have a horizon of transcendentally functioning intentionalities which are not accessible to reflection, not even psychological-scientific reflection.
Psychology in the tension between the (objectivistic-philosophical) idea of science and empirical procedure: the incompatibility of the two directions of psychological inquiry (the psychophysical and that of "psychology based on inner experience").
www2.cddc.vt.edu /marxists/reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/husserl2.htm   (8058 words)

  
  Philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The medieval period of philosophy came with the collapse of Roman civilization and the dawn of Christianity, Islam, and rabbinic Judaism.
The philosophy of this period is characterized by analysis of the nature and properties of God; the metaphysics involving substance, essences and accidents (that is, qualities that are respectively essential to substances possessing them or merely happening to be possessed by them), form, and divisibility; and logic and the philosophy of language.
The "ordinary language philosophy" thinkers shared a common outlook with many older philosophers (Jeremy Bentham, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and John Stuart Mill), and it was the philosophical inquiry that characterized English-language philosophy for the second half of the twentieth century.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Philosophy   (4727 words)

  
 The Way into Phenomenological Transcendental Philosophy from Psychology
Psychology failed, however, because, even in its primal establishment as a new kind of [science] alongside the new natural science, it failed to inquire after what was essentially the only genuine sense of its task as the universal science of psychic being.
In psychology the natural, naïve attitude has the result that the human self-objectifications of transcendental intersubjectivity, which belong with essential necessity to the makeup of the constituted world pre-given to me and to us, inevitably have a horizon of transcendentally functioning intentionalities which are not accessible to reflection, not even psychological-scientific reflection.
Psychology in the tension between the (objectivistic-philosophical) idea of science and empirical procedure: the incompatibility of the two directions of psychological inquiry (the psychophysical and that of "psychology based on inner experience").
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/husserl2.htm   (8058 words)

  
 Philosophy of Physiological Psychology
Electrophysiology is as scientifically important as physiological psychology, and an electrophysiological experiment that investigates, for instance, the firing characteristics of thermal receptors in the monkey's hand (Darian-Smith et al 1979) is extremely valuable for physiological psychology if the results are correlated with results from psychophysical experiments on thermal discrimination in humans (Johnson et al 1979).
Consequently, the study of the epistemological obstacles to the advancement of physiological psychology may be seen as a contribution to both science education and philosophy of science.
Also, other important topics in the philosophy of a science (such as the rigorous description of the ontological lexicon employed by that science, or the detailed analysis of the mechanisms responsible for the generation of new ideas and assimilation of unpredicted discoveries) were not addressed at all in this book.
www.circadian.org /PPP/ppp.html   (2776 words)

  
 Philosophy of psychology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Philosophy of psychology typically refers to a set of issues at the theoretical foundations of modern psychology.
These issues arch over the generally more technical concerns of philosophy of psychology, and it may be said that all psychology and philosophy of psychology exist as subdisciplines of the broad projects in philosophy of mind.
Portal   ; Philosophy: Eastern · Western   ; History of philosophy: Ancient · Medieval · Modern
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Philosophy_of_psychology   (267 words)

  
 Philosophy of language - Psychology Wiki
Philosophy of language is the branch of philosophy that studies language.
The philosophy of language was so pervasive that for a time, in analytic philosophy circles, philosophy as a whole was understood to be a matter of mere philosophy of language.
He also disagreed that language was of fundamental significance to philosophy, and saw the project of developing formal logic as a way of eliminating all of the confusions caused by ordinary language, and hence at creating a perfectly transparent medium in which to conduct traditional philosophical argument.
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Philosophy_of_language   (5764 words)

  
 Aristotle's Psychology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
He takes psychology to be the branch of science which investigates the soul and its properties, but he thinks of the soul as a general principle of life, with the result that Aristotle's psychology studies all living beings, and not merely those he regards as having minds, human beings.
Although purely naturalistic approaches to philosophy of mind have found staunch champions in contemporary times, it would nevertheless be safe to say that much of the discipline continues to employ traditional a priori methods; some branches of cognitive science seem an admixture of both.
The first is straightforward: psychology considers all animate entities, and the nutritive soul belongs to all naturally living things, since it is “the first and most common capacity of soul, in virtue of which life belongs to all living things” (De Anima ii 4, 415a24-25).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/aristotle-psychology   (9284 words)

  
 Philosophy Department Home
Papers in any area of philosophy are welcome, but papers in the area of philosophy of psychology, broadly construed, will be given special consideration.
Philosophy of psychology, broadly construed, includes, but is not limited to, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of cognitive science, philosophy of moral psychology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, action theory, artificial intelligence, rationality, philosophical psychology, etc. We encourage papers from across all disciplines, as long as the papers are philosophical in nature.
Philosophy of psychology, broadly construed, includes, but is not limited to, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of cognitive science, philosophy of moral psychology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, action theory, artificial intelligence, rationality, philosophical psychology, etc. We encourage papers from students across all disciplines, as long as the papers are philosophical in nature.
www.southalabama.edu /philosophy   (324 words)

  
 MindPapers: 7.4e. Philosophy of Psychology
But we know that at one stage in his life Wittgenstein’s interest in psychology was sufficient for him to have done some experimental research, and that he was well acquainted with the work of at least some of the prominent psychologists active in his own lifetime.
The relevance of the philosophy of psychology to a science of psychology.
Psychology, philosophy, and cognitive science: Reflections on the history and philosophy of experimental psychology.
consc.net /mindpapers/7.4e   (2076 words)

  
 Philosophy of Psychology
Philosophy, Psychology, and Psychologism: Critical and Historical Readings on the Psychological Turn in Philosophy edited by Dale Jacquette (Kluwer Academic) presents a remarkable diversity of contemporary opinions on the prospects of addressing philosophical topics from a psychological perspective.
Philosophy, Psychology, and Psychologism is intended for professionals in the fields indicated, advanced undergraduate and graduate students in related areas of study, and interested lay readers.
Philosophy, Psychology, and Psychologism represents vigorous survey of the best arguments for and against the issues involved in a critical philosophy of mind.
www.wordtrade.com /science/psychology/philosophypsych.htm   (1085 words)

  
 Someplace Somewhere - Philosophy vs Psychology   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Philosophy is more flippant and naive issues, like the "meaning of life" and all that.
Psychology, in the Nietzschean sense, is a useful replacement for philisophical ethics.
But using psychology we can posit IS statements and then use a combination of logical axiomatic philosophy and empirical science in order to achieve what we desire, and to understand why it is we desire it - without bothering for the hopeless task of 'justifying' our ends.
www.someplacesomewhere.com /topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=26558   (654 words)

  
 PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY
Greek philosophy as we know it came after the rise and fall of the high culture on Crete, its end now thought to have been hastened by a giant tidal wave due to a major volcanic eruption.
Philosophy took a humanistic turn as people began to scrutinize human nature for laws to guide their actions, rather than looking to custom or the gods for an objective notion of the "right." Several competing schools, each tracing its ancestry to some aspect of Socrates, Plato, or Aristotle's teachings, competed for the people's allegiance.
The psychology and ethics of the Greeks, argues Arons, is summed up in such twentieth-century conceptions as Maslow's "self-actualization" and Carl Rogers' "fully functioning person." Fritz Perls adds the insight that we grasp the the Gestalt of our life as a whole through direct awareness in the immediate moment.
www.sonoma.edu /users/d/daniels/Greeks.html   (15260 words)

  
 VMI: Psychology and Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior and the mental, emotional, and physical processes associated with behavior.
Students drawn to psychology must be willing to extend the boundaries of their knowledge about human behavior, develop mature and ethical values, learn to distinguish between valuable and trivial information, and acquire the broad prespective necessary to influence and shape the world around them.
While there are few careers in philosophy itself, the critical thinking skills that philosophy develops are highly transferable, and the study of philosophy is one of the best possible preparations for law school.
www.vmi.edu /departments.asp?durki=1310   (446 words)

  
 PHILOSOPHY and PSYCHOLOGY
The concern of philosophy for the major theoretical and practical issues contemporary psychology is confronted with, represents the field of research of the philosophy of psychology; a border branch of science in which the scientific perspective, characteristic of psychological knowledge combines with the extrascientific perspective of philosophy.
The third chapter is a plead for Chomsky’s nativist position and Fodor’s modularity in the contemporary philosophy of psychology.
Thus, it is outlined the standard image of rationality, coincidental with a number of rules derived from the principles of logical deduction, from the theory of probability and from the theory of decision.
www.library.tuiasi.ro /ipm/vol12no12/philosophy.html   (1087 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - will, in philosophy and psychology (Philosophy, Terms And Concepts) - Encyclopedia
will, in philosophy and psychology, term used to describe that which is alleged to stimulate the motivation of purposeful activity.
There is no generally accepted explanation in psychology for the apparent freedom people enjoy to do what they will, i.e., to originate the stimuli necessary to initiate a course of action.
The problems involved in dealing with it are largely absorbed in other areas of investigation, such as the psychology of adjustment, the study of unconscious motivation, the concept of attention, and the influence of endocrine balance.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/W/will-phil.html   (394 words)

  
 Philosophy of Psychology
Philosophy of science addresses such questions as (1) what is a science, (2) what is it to explain a phenomenon, (3) how do sciences change over time, and (4) what relations hold between sciences.
A naturalized philosophy of science (the sort of philosophy of science emphasized in this class) addresses these questions in part by examining the science in question.
Major attention will be given to the establishment of the information processing tradition in cognitive psychology and the relevance of issues dealt with in that tradition to philosophical questions, especially the role of representations as explanatory posits and their relation to underlying neural activity.
mechanism.ucsd.edu /~bill/teaching/philpsyc.00.syllabus.htm   (1228 words)

  
 Will (philosophy and psychology) - MSN Encarta
will, in philosophy and psychology will, in philosophy and psychology, term...
Will (philosophy and psychology), capacity to choose among alternative courses of action and to act on the choice made, particularly when the action is directed toward a specific goal or is governed by definite ideals and principles of conduct.
Among the common deficiencies that may lead to infirmity of will are absence of goals worth striving for or of ideals and standards of conduct worth respecting; vacillating attention; incapacity to resist impulses or to break habits; and inability to decide among alternatives or to stick to a decision, once made.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761553442   (466 words)

  
 Buddhism Today - Dda.o Pha^.t Nga`y Nay, default page-english
Like philosophy, it has two aspects--pure psychology, which is the general study of mental phenomena, and psychotherapy, or applied psychology, which is the application of the study of mental phenomena to the problem of disease and cure, disturbance and adjustment.
When we speak of applied psychology or psychotherapy, we mean a study of the mind and mental states that focuses on those phenomena that will help or hinder one's progress toward mental well-being.
To summarize, we can use terms like 'philosophy' and 'psychology' in relation to the Buddhist tradition as long as we remember that we are interested in philosophy not as it concerns essences and absolute categories but as a description of phenomena, and that we are interested in psychology insofar as it concerns psychotherapy.
www.buddhismtoday.com /english/philosophy/Abhi/003-philo.htm   (2332 words)

  
 Psychology and Philosophy
Philosophy majors choose an approved minor of 18 semester hours, 6 of which must be advanced.
A survey of topics in philosophy of science including the logic of explanations in the physical and social sciences, the relations of science to the realm of values, and a look at the "mind-body problem".
Psychology majors choose an approved minor of 18 semester hours, 6 of which must be advanced.
www.shsu.edu /catalog/96-98/eas/phlpsy.html   (1794 words)

  
 Philosophy of Psychology
Psychology tells us that the complex behavior of human beings (and other sophisticated creatures) is mediated by seemingly unobservable mental states playing a role in seemingly hidden mental processes.
If you have no background at all in contemporary psychology, or if you want to be sure that you have at your fingertips the sorts of results in psychology that will figure most prominently in the second half of this course, there are at least two excellent books written for a lay audience.
This is a course for philosophers who are hoping for an introduction to the philosophy of psychology, for cognitive scientists who are hoping for a better understanding of what an explanation in psychology is, and for anyone curious as to whether physics exhausts science.
www.williams.edu /philosophy/fourth_layer/faculty_pages/jcruz/courses/philofpsych.html   (1473 words)

  
 Philosophy and Psychology
Psychology is the study of human and non-human thought and behavior.
The aim of philosophy of psychology is provide a solid foundation for psychological investigation as well as to create new philosophical theories that take into account recent scientific discoveries.
Philosophy and psychology, then, work together in an attempt to answer questions about human nature.
www.yorku.ca /andrewsk/courses_psych.htm   (106 words)

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