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Topic: Philosophy of war

  The Philosophy of War [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Many who explain war's origins in man's abandonment of reason also derive their thoughts from Plato, who argues that "wars and revolutions and battles are due simply and solely to the body and its desires." That is, man's appetite sometimes or perpetually overwhelms his reasoning capacity, which results in moral and political degeneration.
Just war theory begins with an assessment of the moral and political criteria for justifying the initiation of war (defensive or aggressive), but critics note that the justice of warfare is already presumed in just war theory: all that is being outlined are the legal, political, and moral criteria for its justice.
The nature of the philosophy of war is complex and this article has sought to establish a broad vision of its landscape and the connections that are endemic to any philosophical analysis of the topic.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/w/war.htm   (3858 words)

 Just War Theory [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
What has been of great interest is that in the headline wars of the past decade, the dynamic interplay of the rules and conventions of warfare not only remain intact on the battlefield but their role and hence their explication have been awarded a higher level of scrutiny and debate.
In such cases, the ethic of war is considered, or is implicitly held to be, beyond the norms of peaceful ethics and therefore deserving a separate moral realm where "fair is foul and foul is fair" (Shakespeare, Macbeth I.i).
In waging war it is considered unfair and unjust to attack indiscriminately since non-combatants or innocents are deemed to stand outside the field of war proper.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/j/justwar.htm   (3893 words)

 Philosophy of war - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Philosophy of war examines war beyond the typical questions of weaponry and strategy, inquiring into the meaning and etiology of war, what war means for humanity and human nature as well as the ethics of war.
Tolstoy's Christian philosophy of war (especially his essays "A Letter to a Hindu" and "The Kingdom of God is Within You") was a direct influence on Gandhi's Hinduism-based non-violent resistance philosophy.
Since the philosophy of war is usually treated as a subset of another branch of philosophy (such as political philosophy or the philosophy of law) it would be difficult to define any clear schools of thought in the same sense that, e.g., Existentialism or Objectivism can be clearly distinguished.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Philosophy_of_war   (1555 words)

 War (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
War is a phenomenon which occurs only between political communities, defined as those entities which either are states or intend to become states (in order to allow for civil war).
Clausewitz famously suggested that war is “the continuation of policy by other means.” Surely, as a description, this conception is both powerful and plausible: war is about governance, using violence instead of peaceful measures to resolve policy (which organizes life in a land).
War and Morality, are G.E.M. Anscombe's “War and Murder” and Jan Narveson's “Pacifism: A Philosophical Analysis”.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/war   (10652 words)

 Clausewitz and His Works
Although war was averted, Clausewitz remained in the east, organizing a sanitary cordon to stop the spread of a cholera epidemic from Poland.
Much of On War is devoted to discussions of the place of war in history, the practical uses of military history to the soldier, and the difficulties involved both in reading and in writing it.
Real war occurs along a spectrum from the mere threat of force to conflicts which are unlimited in the sense that at least one of the antagonists is unwilling to accept any outcome other than the complete overthrow of his adversary.
www.clausewitz.com /CWZHOME/CWZSUMM/CWORKHOL.htm   (15919 words)

 Philosophers Zone - 14 October 2006  - The philosophy of war
And he I think, shares some of the existential view but his view is that war should be an act of policy, and it is a way of using military means towards a political end.
It says, 'War is a political act', and when you talk about politics in the way the German theorist Carl Schmitt did, as being about a distinction between friend and enemy, I think you again have that convergence.
And he also has a very profound, I think, metaphysical objection to militarism and war, which is as he says, it means using men as instruments and means in the hands of other men.
www.abc.net.au /rn/philosopherszone/stories/2006/1759638.htm   (3074 words)

 Sun Tzu's Art of War - Philosophy Forum
The Art of War was one of a few books I found very useful when I was forced to consider "demanding" circumstances of various sorts.
I actually find von Clausewitz's On War to be a good distillation of previous pieces, with some genuinely new twists; notably, he saw war as a continuation of peacetime events, and that the struggles of one often had as great or greater influence than events occuring solely within the other.
War and conflict are not the same thing.
forum.darwinawards.com /index.php?showtopic=6344   (3545 words)

 The Rosicrucian Philosophy in Q & A, Vol. II, Questions 163 - 166
This question is easily answered where war is started for the purpose of conquest, or when war is waged for an altruistic purpose such as the emancipation of a subjected people from physical, industrial, and religious bondage.
It is well understood by students of occultism that wars are instigated and inspired by the divine hierarchies who thus use one nation to punish another for its sins.
Such, briefly, is the philosophy of war from the spiritual viewpoint, regardless of who are the nations involved.
www.rosicrucian.com /2qa/2qaeng09.htm   (3802 words)

 Pravda.RU:The Secret Philosophy of War in Iraq
If the war against Iraq is launched, then this will mean that the United States will turn into the centre of a global empire, where Washington will decide the fates of governments, divide up the riches of foreign economies and impose democracy in its own, American sense of the word.
The war will be the embodiment of a concept of US world domination worked out over ten years by the very same ambitious and energetic people who now occupy key posts in George Bush's administration.
The countries bordering on Iraq would constantly be on a war or semi-war footing.
newsfromrussia.com /usa/2003/03/04/43990_.html   (920 words)

 Armor School Library Reading List - Philosophy of War and Strategic Thought
Michael Howard's succinct survey of the history of war in Europe is valuable as a primer in the evolution of warfare and its impact on society.
Jomini does not develop the philosophical aspects of war as well as does Clausewitz, but his discussions of the strategic and operational considerations and solutions are very well developed.
This is the distillation of Simpkin's long term thinking on the nature of war and its probable evolution in the net fifty to hundred years.
www.knox.army.mil /asl/list_philo.htm   (1101 words)

 Philosophy of War
The primary purpose of this course is to gain insight into the meanings of war with reference to our history and to issues that face us currently.
Sept. 25 Restraints on the conduct of war.
Jones, "The Meaning of War," in B. Brown, ed., Perspectives on War (New York: Smith and Sons, 2000), pp.
home.millsaps.edu /smithsg/PWAR.html   (1133 words)

 The Ethics of War: Ten for Len
I'm Associate Professor of Philosophy (with tenure) in the Department of Philosophy and Humanities at The University of Texas at Arlington.
All but extreme pacifists—who rule out all violence, individual or collective, as a matter of principle—believe it is. What people disagree about are (1) the grounds for war and (2) whether those grounds apply to particular wars, such as the war in Iraq.
Suppose a Democrat—indeed, your favorite Democrat—were president and waged the war in Iraq exactly as it was waged by President Bush.
theethicsofwar.blogspot.com /2004/06/ten-for-len.html   (3479 words)

 In this paper I would like to develop three observations about current work in the philosophy of war:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
  Contemporary philosophy of war has shown little patience with what is ordinarily called Geopolitical Realism (Realpolitik), either ignoring it, rejecting it out of hand, or defining it only in a philosophically unpalatable version of Military Realism: that there is no morality whatsoever in war.
The baseline preventive war strategy was one in which an attack was initiated 10-90% of the time if the opponent's next move (or two moves in the future) was an attack; however, this also included 1-20% of ‘false’ preventive attacks—i.e., preventive attacks where the opponent was in fact not attacking.
a priori constraints on epistemic thresholds, and thus that some universally adopted policies of preventive war are not only morally permissible but are morally preferable to their non-preventive variants.
www.usafa.af.mil /jscope/JSCOPE06/Dipert06.html   (5013 words)

 CAUSES OF WAR   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Causes of War and the Consequences of Peacekeeping in Africa, edited by Ricardo Rene Laremont.
Theories on the Causes of War, pp 5-12.
Identifies the theoretical linkages by which rigid organizational routines of the military may contribute to the outbreak of war, and examines the analytical problems involved in making such inferences.
www.au.af.mil /au/aul/bibs/cause/causewar.htm   (1655 words)

 Pravda.RU The Secret Philosophy of War in Iraq
Such is the cost of a long war without serious complications, American experts say More details...
The United States is deluding itself if it thinks it can control Iraq after a second Gulf war, which it has threatened to launch soon, Foreign Minister Prince Saud Al-Faisal said on February 26.
Prince Saud was addressing a news conference in Jeddah to discuss the looming Iraq war More details...
newsfromrussia.com /usa/2003/03/04/43990.html   (3092 words)

 The Secret Philosophy of War in Iraq - Pravda.Ru
The Secret Philosophy of War in Iraq - Pravda.Ru 7 December 2006
Bush wants to reshape NATO from the Cold War defensive alliance
The opinions and views of the authors do not always coincide with the point of view of PRAVDA.Ru's editors..
english.pravda.ru /usa/2003/03/04/43990.html   (1141 words)

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