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Topic: Phrygian

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  Phrygian Period in Anatolia
Later in the Hellenistic period, Phrygian lands were settled by Galatians, a tribe from eastern Europe, and renamed as Galatia, nevertheless this territory was, for a long time, known as Phrygia even later in the Hellenistic times.
Scholars believe that Phrygians established themselves as a strong and powerful kingdom only after 8th C. Because, from 8th C. BCE and on, Assyrian annals mention a nation under the name Mushki that is believed to be the same people as Phrygians.
As Phrygian state was at its peak, under the king Midas, Anatolia was invaded by a new flog of people.
www.ancientanatolia.com /historical/phrygian_period.htm   (916 words)

 Phrygia and the Phrygians - All About Turkey
Their independent Phrygian kingdom of the 8th and 7th c BC maintained close contacts with the Aryans in the east and the Greeks in the west.
Phrygians built the largest mound (tumulus) in Gordion known as the Tumulus of Midas; it is 53 meters high and 300 meters wide.
The Arslantas rock monument near Afyon and the ruins of Midas near Eskisehir are among the most important Phrygian monuments in Anatolia, and are where the Phrygians worshipped their major deity Cybele and her lover Attis.
www.allaboutturkey.com /frig.htm   (1007 words)

 Phrygian language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Phrygians are believed to have been an Indo-European people who entered Asia Minor from Thrace about 1200 B.C. and who seized control of its whole central tableland.
The phonetic system of the New Phrygian period (from the 2nd to the 3rd century) is close to that of Greek.
Phrygian is considered a "satem" language though this question is still under discussion.
indoeuro.bizland.com /tree/balk/phrygian.html   (300 words)

After the fall of the Phrygian kingdoms, the people stayed in Anatolia, and would become part of the later Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey.
The Phrygians benefited from the Hittite culture, and adopted many of their social structures and customs.
In her Phrygian version she is in a human shape and wears a long belted dress, a high cylindrical headdress and a veil covering the whole body.
lexicorient.com /e.o/phrygia.htm   (590 words)

 Phrygian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Phrygian language was the Indo-European language of the Phrygians, a people who probably migrated from Thrace to Asia Minor in the Bronze Age, possibly during the Sea Peoples migrations of ca 1200 BC.
Phrygian is attested by two corpora, one from around 800 BC and later (Paleo-Phrygian), and then after a period of several centuries from around the beginning of the Common Era (Neo-Phrygian).
A sizable body of Phrygian words are theoretically known; however, the meaning and etymologies and even correct forms of many Phrygian words (mostly extracted from inscriptions) are still being debated.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Phrygian_language   (795 words)

 Phrygian mode - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Greek music theory it was based on the Phrygian tetrachord: a series of rising intervals of a whole tone, followed by a semitone, followed by a whole tone.
Thus, in mediaeval and modern music, the Phrygian mode is a minor musical mode or diatonic scale and may be constructed from the major scale starting on the third scale degree.
Phrygian major is also known as the Spanish gypsy scale, and is often used in flamenco music.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Phrygian_mode   (629 words)

 Research and Excavations At The Phrygian Necropolis in Ankara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
This type of burials mark the presence of a Phrygian necropolis in the area between Atatürk Orman Çiftliği-Anıttepe-Bahçelievler districts at the southwest of Citadel and Ulus part of the present centre of the city of Ankara during the Phrygian settlement phase of the city which is dated to 8th-6th centuries BC.
As to the four tumuli added to those discovered by Thompson by the METU Phrygian Necropolis Project, these include the twin hills north of the way from the Eskişehir highway to the Çiftlik centre and the one, north of the İstanbul highway at the junction of the road leading to the Zoo inside the Çiftlik.
The skirt of the only example among the Phrygian tumuli in Ankara which have survived in magnificence and unsurveyed was recently devastated during an extension work on the Konya highway for the construction of a station building within the scope of the Ankara Underground Project.
www.metu.edu.tr /home/wwwmuze/phrygian.html   (976 words)

 Phrygian mode
WW1/2WWW1/2 = Ionian W1/2WWW1/2W = Dorian 1/2WWW1/2WW = Phrygian WWW1/2WW1/2 = Lydian WW1/2WW1/2W = Mixolydian W1/2WW1/2WW = Aeolian 1/2WW1/2WWW = Locrian
Recalling from above that the phrygian mode contains the same notes (pitches) as the ionian mode, it also contains the same chords (starting with the 3rd chord of the ionain mode).
One most often hears the phrygian mode in musics deriving from the classical tradition in Spain (which was undoubtably influenced by local spanish folk traditions and the moorish invasions).
members.aol.com /snglstring2/scales/phrygian.html   (1277 words)

 METU Industrial Engineering Department
Their independent Phrygian kingdom of the 8th and 7th BC maintained close contacts with the Aryans in the east and the Greeks in the west.
The lack of gold reveals that it was not a custom among the Phrygians to present funerary gifts of gold.
The pottery of the Phrygian period was fine polychrome ware, which can be distinguished basically as early and late ware.
www.geocities.com /anadolu_muzesi/urartu/phrigya.html   (1177 words)

 Cyberfret.com: Guitar questions - scale formulas - phrygian mode
I know that the formula for a Phrygian mode is 1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7, but I can't seem to apply that to the neck of the guitar.
The formula for a Phrygian mode is 1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7.
If you want B Phrygian, then play this at the 7th fret so that B is the 1 on the 6th string.
www.cyberfret.com /q-and-a/17/index.php   (569 words)

 Eskisehir, Turkey-Adiyamanli.org
Lying near the site of the ancient Phrygian city of Dorylaeum, the present city probably began in Byzantine times as a cluster of settlements around hot springs.
The city has many places of interest; the Archaeological Museum which houses the Phrygian objects and sculptures; the Ottoman House Museum which is a very fine example of the 19th century local architecture and has many local ethnographical items.
One of the most important settlement centers of the Phrygians, between the 8th- and 6th-centuries BC, was Midas, situated 66 km south of Eskisehir.
www.adiyamanli.org /eskisehir.html   (742 words)

 Soloing using E phrygian
Phrygian is the third mode built from a major scale and E phrygian works well over the 3rd and 4th measure of this Metallica riff.
Unfortunately the E phrygian scale isn't going to sound so good over the whole progression.
I personally like the key of E minor/G major for the first 2 measures and then change to the key of C major/A minor and use the E phrygian for the 3rd and 4th.
www.musiclearning.com /lessoncentral/improv/phrygian.html   (270 words)

 Guitarsecrets.com - Phrygian mode in the key of C major
The Phrygian mode in C Major will be E Phrygian.
The Phrygian mode is the 3rd mode of the Major Key.
The Phrygian mode in the key of C major would have the notes and chords of: Em F G Am B dim C Dm.
guitarsecrets.com /phrygian.htm   (767 words)

 Backdirt Summer/Spring 2000
From ancient sources and Phrygian inscriptions we know that the main deity of the Phrygians was Matar, “Mother.” The nature of this deity is highly debated.
Since “Kubileya,” in Phrygian, refers to a topographic feature meaning “of the mountains,” it is appropriate that many of her sanctuaries are located in mountainous areas just as we find at Dümrek.
The project at Dümrek is investigating the use of this sanctuary during the Iron Age and its relation to the greater Phrygian landscape.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /ioa/backdirt/Spr00/dumrek.html   (947 words)

 phrygian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Opening the Phrygian Gates Wider: A deeper look into John Adam’s Phrygian Gates based on a Timothy Johnson analysis in The Journal of Music Theory.
Phrygian Gates is written in ABA form, or ABA1 if one is looking at exact material.
His study of ideas and melodies mixed with the harmonies is an outstanding example of why John Adams is one of the most enjoyed minimalists since the beginning of the movement.
www.bsu.edu /web/jrellis/portfolio/phrygian.html   (651 words)

 phrygian - musings
To me, Phrygian is a type of mode - it's a rather minor-sounding key, with a slight Oriental-flair to it like most modes.
The Phrygian scale (which is the succession of seven notes in the Phrygian mode) was originally initiated on E as such: E F G A B C D E. Written out in steps it equates to: Semitone, Tone, Tone, Tone, Semitone, Tone, Tone.
I found lots of drawings of the types of headgear worn by Phrygians, but for the life of my I couldn't understand what the woman in the song would be wearing something that resembled a Smurf hat with earflaps.
www.totoro.org /jen/phrygian/muse1.shtml   (676 words)

 Modes in Traditional and Early Music
A Byzantine nun named Kassia, who wrote chants in the 9th century, used B as a reciting note in the Phrygian, for example.
In Spain, the Phrygian was popular, especially in Castile and Andalusia.
In Galicia (a Celtic region of Spain), there is a wide variety: Dorian, Phrygian, Mixolydian, and Aeolian are all used, in both authentic and plagal forms.
clem.mscd.edu /~yarrowp/MODEXh.html   (907 words)

 The Phrygian Mode
[ Ionian ] [ Aeolian ] [ Dorian ] [ Phrygian ] [ Lydian ] [ Mixolydian ] [ Locrian ]
This pattern of intervals: S-T-T-T-S-T-T is the characteristic of the Phrygian mode, and is a Minor mode.
Because the mode is characterised by its interval structure, you can start on any note and progress with the same intervals to produce a Phrygian mode in that 'key'.
www.banjolin.co.uk /modes/phrygian_mode.htm   (95 words)

 1986-1988 Salvage Excavations at the Phrygian Necropolis in Ankara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
1986-1988 Salvage Excavations at the Phrygian Necropolis in Ankara
New archaeological methods were applied in the re-excavation of the surviving parts of these two tumuli, which had previously been excavated by T. Macridy in the year 1925.
Based on the stylistic analysis of fibulae, the tumulus has been dated to a period between the end of 7th century BC and the beginning of 6th century BC.
www.metu.edu.tr /home/wwwmuze/phrygian3.html   (593 words)

 ATTIS : Phrygian vegetation god, eunuch ; mythology : ATYS
ATTIS was a Phrygian vegetation god, the consort of the great Mother Kybele.
The account of Hermesianax goes on to say that, on growing up, Attis migrated to Lydia and celebrated for the Lydians the orgies of the Mother; that he rose to such honor with her that Zeus, being wroth at it, sent a boar to destroy the tillage of the Lydians.
She wanted to keep him as her shrine’s guardian, and said, ‘Desire to be a boy always.’ He promised what was asked and declared, ‘If I lie, let the Venus [Aphrodite] I cheat with be my last.’ He cheats, and in the Nympha Sagaritis stops being what he was: the goddess’ wrath punished him.
www.theoi.com /Phrygios/Attis.html   (2023 words)

 AGDISTIS : Phrygian hermaphrodite goddess ; mythology
This story related by Pausanias was a Greek translation of a tale from Phrygian myth.
ATTIS (by Nana impregnated by an almond fallen from a tree that was germinated from the severed genitals of Agdistis) (Pausanias 7.17.8)
Zeus [equated here with the Phrygian sky-god], it is said, let fall in his sleep seed upon the ground, which in course of time sent up a Daimon, with two sexual organs, male and female.
www.theoi.com /Phrygios/Agdistis.html   (767 words)

 CD Baby: WAJDI CHERIF: Phrygian Istikhbar
"Phrygian Istikhbar" features a unique and contemporary blend of jazz, Arabic, and Tunisian rhythms and sounds by one of the finest jazz pianists on the Tunisian musical stage...
"Tunisian pianist Wajdi Cherif with his CD EP Phrygian Istikhbar, while retaining the flavour of his native country's music, places more emphasis on the jazz tradition, resulting in a fresh new sound that brings a different slant to the concept of world music".
The album intitled "Phrygian Istikhbar" presents compositions that reveal a refined mixture of jazz and ethnic sounds of the musical culture of Tunisia.
www.cdbaby.com /wajdi   (928 words)

 Beware The Phrygian Cap
The Jewish historian Josephus reportedly traces the Phrygians to Japheth, son of Gomer.
Prominently worn by thousands in the mob which, on June 20, 1792, stormed the Tuileries and confronted the king, were red Phrygian caps.
This is the masculine, German way, which says, "Sir, I will meet you at dawn upon the field of honor." Contrast this with the feminine, French method of propaganda which persuades others to do the job.
www.shout.net /~bigred/Phrygian.html   (690 words)

 Phrygian Ministries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Phrygian Ministry, Inc. is dedicated to providing valuable resources to those individuals searching for answers or information about music in the Church of Christ from a non-denominational perspective.
Its mission is to recognize the importance of Church Music, share knowledge, insights and enthusiasm with people in a wide range of educational settings, and to publish general information about the history of music in the Church.
Phrygian Ministries Inc. is a non-profit organization based in Indiana that was formed in the year 2002 by Theodora Schulze, Otto Schulze, and Soo Youn Hong for the purpose of serving the field of Church Music.
www.phrygian.org   (116 words)

It was re-enforced by a band or hem running across the head.
Phrygian During the mid 4th century BC there was a return to more heavy armor.
This Phrygian began showng up during this time and soon became the most common helmet used by the macedonians and the greeks.
www.redrampant.com /ancients/greekhelm.html   (547 words)

 YOUR DICTIONARY - Tricolour and Phrygian Cap   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The religion of the Phrygians was an ecstatic nature worship, in which the Great Mother of the Gods, Rhea, or Cybele, and a male deity, Sabazius, played a prominent part.
In the 6th century BC Croesus, king of Lydia, conquered all that was left of Phrygia, which passed successively under the rule of Persia, Macedonia, Pergamum, and Rome.
The Phrygian cap was adopted by freed slaves in Roman times, and thus this cap became a symbol of liberty.
website.lineone.net /~ssleightholm/dict/glossary/pcap.htm   (204 words)

 Freak Guitar - The Phrygian Scale   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Phrygian scale is the third scale in our "white-keys-on-the-piano"-modes - the church modes.
The tonic is in E, all the tones being E, F, G, A, B, C and D. This minor scale has a Spanish touch over it, although it´s minor third makes it less "exotic" than, for example, the major third of the Gypsy scale.
However, one interesting point to "audiolize" this is for example to combine a E Phrygian melody with a chord based on the tonic from another one of the six modes left.
www.freakguitar.com /phrygian.html   (184 words)

 Phrygian Scale   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The phrygian mode is the third mode of the major scale, in other words, playing the phrygian is the same as playing a major scale starting at the third note.
The finger pattern for the Phrygian mode is as follows:
In this example we are playing the F# phrygian scale, starting at the 2nd fret of the 6th (low E) string.
members.tripod.com /~HargreavesD/lessons/phrygian.html   (162 words)

 iBreatheMusic Forums - iii function as I chord-Phrygian progressions...
Are there any standard phrygian progressions or iii functioning as I (are they the same thing?) progressions, or what is the logic behind creating chord progressions with other scale degrees functioning as the I? curiousgeorge
Also, because phrygian lacks concrete resolutions(there is a minor chord where the V should be), any chord progressions that you come up with to fit it will tend to be modal, as opposed to tonal.
Could somebody list the inherent properties of the modes(ie, "...phrygian does not have concrete resolutions..."-Debaser), given that I know Lydian has a dreamy sound and a #4, Aeolian is minor and sad and has a b3,b6,b7 etc etc...
www.ibreathemusic.com /forums/showthread.php?t=6053   (435 words)

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