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Topic: Physical anthropology


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  Anthropology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anthropology grew increasingly distinct from natural history and by the end of the nineteenth century the discipline began to crystallize into its modern form - by 1935, for example, it was possible for T.K. Penniman to write a history of the discipline entitled A Hundred Years of Anthropology.
Anthropology in the U.S. Anthropology in the United States was pioneered by staff of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology, such as John Wesley Powell and Frank Hamilton Cushing.
Anthropology is the study of human diversity--diversity of body and behavior, in the past and present.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anthropology   (4282 words)

  
 Anthropology
Anthropology is the study of human beings, in particular the study of their physical character, evolutionary history, racial classification, historical and present-day geographic distribution, group relationships, and cultural history.
Anthropology emerged as an independent science in the late 18th cent., it developed two divisions: physical anthropology, which focuses on human Evolution and variation, using methods of Physiology, Anthropometry, Genetics, and Ecology; and cultural anthropology, which includes Archaeology, Ethnology, Social Anthropology, and Linguistics.
Anthropology was dominated in the latter 19th century by a linear conception of history, in which all human groups were said to pass through specified stages of cultural evolution, from a state of "savagery" to "barbarism" and finally to that of "civilized man" (i.e., western European man).
www.crystalinks.com /anthropology.html   (3701 words)

  
 Anthropology at Bryn Mawr College   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Anthropology is a holistic study of the human condition in both the past and the present.
The frontiers of anthropology can encompass many directions: the search for early human fossils in Africa, the excavations of prehistoric societies and ancient civilizations, the analysis of language use and other expressive forms of culture, or an examination of the significance of culture in the context of social life.
Physical Anthropology investigates human biological evolution, the origins of present day human physical diversity, and the interrelations of biology and culture.
www.brynmawr.edu /anthropology   (348 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Physical anthropology
Physical anthropology, sometimes called "biological anthropology", studies the mechanisms of biological evolution, genetic inheritance, human adaptability and variation, primatology, primate morphology, and the fossil record of human evolution.
Physical anthropology developed in the 19th century, prior to the rise of Charles Darwin' theory of evolution and Gregor Mendel's theory of genetics.
Physical anthropology was so called because all of its data was physical (fossils, especially human bones).
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Physical_anthropology   (258 words)

  
 UCSC Physical Anthropology & Archaeology Laboratories   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The laboratories of Physical Anthropology and Archaeology are part of the Department of Anthropology, in the Division of Social Sciences at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Physical anthropology and archaeology courses are enhanced by a wide variety of teaching tools including fossil hominid casts, archaeological type collections and microscopes.
The Physical Anthropology and Archaeology Research Laboratories are used for a variety of faculty, staff and student projects.
anthro.ucsc.edu /lab   (438 words)

  
 CSU Dominguez Hills Department of Anthropology - Homepage
Anthropology studies the varied nature of human experience in American society and in the cultures of the world.
What distinguishes anthropology from other disciplines concerned with people is its holistic perspective or encompassing view, and its central concern with the concept of culture.
Goals of the major concentration in General Anthropology include an understanding of cultural heritage along with a general overview of the significance of cultural change, whether that change be ongoing, from the past, or anticipated in the future.
www.csudh.edu /anthropology   (368 words)

  
 Physical Anthropology Glossary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Anthropology is concerned with typical biological and cultural characteristics of human populations in all periods and in all parts of the world.
Anthropology The field of inquiry that studies human culture and evolutionary aspects of human biology; includes cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, and physical anthropology.
Biological Anthropology the study of humans as biological organisms, dealing with the emergence and evolution of humans and with contemporary biological variations among human populations.
www.as.ua.edu /ant/bindon/ant270/Glossary/glossary.htm   (16362 words)

  
 Careers in Anthropology
Anthropology provides a strong basis for subsequent graduate level education and training in international law, public health, and other areas as well as the social sciences.
About 6,000 bachelor's degrees were awarded in anthropology in 1995 and many of those degree holders use their anthropological training in their postcollegiate experiences, both in further education and in the world of work.
The lengthy time required for an anthropology master's and doctorate is due in part to the custom of completing a field project for the thesis or dissertation and mastering several bodies of knowledge about the area, including comprehensive language training, before departing for the field site.
www.aaanet.org /careersbroch.htm   (1939 words)

  
 Physical Anthropology Main
Physical anthropology is the study of human evolution.
Briefly stated, physical anthropology is the study of human evolution, human genetics, and human biological diversity.
But archaeology is the study of human physical culture (tools and artifacts), while physical anthropology is concerned with human bones.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Parthenon/3148/fourfields.html   (496 words)

  
 Home Page
Anthropology has been described as the most humanistic of the sciences and the most scientific of the humanities.
The Anthropology Program at Juniata provides tools for students that are useful not only for those who pursue anthropology as a profession, but for any student who wishes to engage life beyond Juniata's gates with curiosity and an appreciation of subtle relational processes binding cultures and societies together.
The anthropology curriculum is based in Juniata College's liberal arts tradition and is designed to provide students with theoretical, philosophical, and problem-solving capabilities that will be necessary in a career in anthropology or any of its related fields of emphasis.
faculty.juniata.edu /wagonerp   (633 words)

  
 OSU Anthropology - Undergrad Program   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Anthropology is in the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences.
The combination of a wide array of interests offers the anthropology student a variety of career opportunities as well as research opportunities and the chance to emphasize one or more areas including biomedical anthropology, evolutionary studies, ecological anthropology, culture and development studies.
Due to the diverse nature of anthropology, which has affinities to the humanities, social and behavioral sciences, and the biological and health sciences, anthropology faculty have close ties with units across campus.
monkey.sbs.ohio-state.edu /html/ugprog.htm   (1134 words)

  
 UM Anthropology Home
Anthropology is the study of human cultures, societies, and behavior in all parts of the world throughout all periods of history.
There are four sub-disciplines: archaeology, the study of historic and prehistoric cultures and civilizations; socio-cultural anthropology, which is concerned with current cultures of all degrees of complexity; physical anthropology, the biological aspects of the human species; and anthropological linguistics, which is concerned with the scientific study of language and its relationship to thought and society.
The Department of Anthropology focuses on archaeology and socio-cultural anthropology.
www2.umaine.edu /anthropology   (689 words)

  
 Physical Anthropology. (from Anthropology and Archaeology) --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The word anthropology is derived from two Greek words: anthropos meaning “man” or “human”; and logos, meaning “thought” or “reason.” Anthropologists investigate the whole range of human development and behavior, including biological variation, geographic distribution,...
An individual's physical and mental well-being is the concern of two similar areas of education: health education and physical education.
Since physical well-being is only one aspect of a person's overall health, physical education is often thought of as a part of health education.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-231593?tocId=231593   (709 words)

  
 Department of Anthropology : University of Vermont
Anthropology at UVM became a separate department in 1971 and moved to its present location on the top floor of Williams Hall with its striking views of Lake Champlain and the Adirondacks.
We strive to prepare students in the areas of archaeology, physical anthropology, ethnology and linguistic anthropology.
We also feel a strong obligation to provide students who are not concentrating in anthropology with a sense of the discipline and especially some idea of the diversity of human kind and an understanding of how and why people act as they do.
www.uvm.edu /~anthro   (640 words)

  
 Thesis Help: Physical Anthropology
Unfortunately, we do not have many physical anthropology data sources available at UM, which means that many students will have to travel to other universities or museums in search of data.
I have an earned doctorate in physical anthropology and have worked as a staff osteologist or consulting osteologist on several archaeological projects during the past twelve years.
In physical anthropology you can assume that most people know facts similar to the following, which can be considered general knowledge for biological anthropologists: "the scientific name for humans is Homo sapiens" and "the anatomical name for the thigh bone is the femur".
www.anthro.umt.edu /graduate/thesis.htm   (4222 words)

  
 [No title]
Anthropology is a broadly based discipline that focuses on a vast range of aspects of human culture and biology.
Anthropology majors have many opportunities to develop their own research.
We have a physical anthropology lab and skeletal comparative collection as well as an archaeology lab for students whose interests are in either physical anthropology or archeology.
www.iupui.edu /~anth   (264 words)

  
 4.9. THE EVIDENCE FROM PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
While it is wrong to identify a speech community with a physical type, it is also wrong to discard physical anthropology completely as a source of information on human migrations in pre-literate times.
Physical (as opposed to metaphorical) flness or more generally skin colour was never a criterion by which the Vedic Aryans classified their neighbours and enemies; that precisely is why we have no direct testimony on the Vedic Aryans’ own skin or hair colour except through a few ambiguous, indirect and passing references.
We repeat that physical anthropology is going through rapid developments due to the availability of new techniques, and we don't want to jump to conclusions in this moving field.
koenraadelst.bharatvani.org /books/ait/ch49.htm   (6722 words)

  
 UNCW Forensic Anthropology
Forensic anthropology is a subdiscipline within the subfield of physical anthropology.
Anthropology is typcially comprised of three subfields: cultural anthropology, archaeology, and physical (aka biological) anthropology.
Other disciplines in physical anthropology: genetics, human growth and development, primatology (study of primates), paleoanthropology (primate and human evolution), human osteology (study of the skeleton), paleodemography (vital statistics of past populations), skeletal biology, nutrition, dental anthropology, human adaptation and variation (to different climates, altitudes, etc.)--and this is just to name a few...
people.uncw.edu /albertm/forensic.htm   (500 words)

  
 PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Physical anthropology is the study of human biology within the framework of evolution.
Physical anthropologists also study non-human primates, thus we will become acquainted with the principal living primates and their social behavior, as well as fossil anthropoids and hominoids.
You may also want to explore "Anthropology resources on the web," then locate links to physical anthropology web sites or click on the list on the physical anthropology page.
www.mrs.umn.edu /academic/anthropology/chollett/anth2101/syllabus.html   (778 words)

  
 Department of Anthropology - Appalachian State University   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The faculty are especially strong in theoretical anthropology, gender studies, Appalachian Studies, applied anthropology, sustainable development and field archaeology.
The Department of Anthropology is committed to a comparative and holistic approach to the study of the human experience.
As such, the program in anthropology offers the opportunity for understanding world affairs and problems within the total context of the human experience and for constructing solutions to world problems which are firmly grounded in that context.
www.acs.appstate.edu /dept/anthro   (309 words)

  
 Internet Resources for Physical Anthropology
An important repository of primary source material, covering cultural anthropology, linguistics, archaeology, and physical anthropology.
Brings together physical anthropologists, archaeologists, paleontologists, geologists and a range of other researchers whose work has the potential to shed light on hominid behavioral and biological evolution.
The foundation's mission is to advance significant and innovative research about humanity's cultural and biological origins, development, and variation, and to foster the creation of an international community of research scholars in anthropology.
www2.lib.udel.edu /subj/anth/phys/internet.htm   (839 words)

  
 Physical Anthropology - Prentice Hall Catalog
With an emphasis on humans as both biological and cultural beings, this introduction to physical anthropology and archaeology features a focus on not only what humans are and were, but why they got to be that way.
Based on a much expanded and updated version of the physical anthropology and archaeology sections of Ember and Ember's Anthropology, this text features results of current research presented in a jargon-free manner that students can readily understand and that are accompanied by full documentation.
This new edition of Biological Anthropology is evolutionary in perspective in the belief that evolution is the only unifying theory that can clearly explain the existing array of biological and cultural data.
vig.prenhall.com:8081 /catalog/academic/course/0,1143,2401,00.html   (286 words)

  
 History of Physical Anthropology
Anthropology, and certainly physical anthropology, in the last half of the nineteenth century was strongly committed to racial determinism, a philosophy that assumed the superiority of Caucasoids.
Forensic anthropology, the estimation of age, gender, race, stature, and personal characteristics from human skeletal remains, is largely a development of anatomy departments where cadavers were being collected and studied.
Modern physical anthropology was formed in the 1950's by scientists who brought a modern perspective on science to the anthropological study of human biology.
uts.cc.utexas.edu /~bramblet/ant301/two.html   (12535 words)

  
 Anthropology Resources on the Internet
OSEA The Open School of Ethnography and Anthropology is a non-degree school without walls that offers ethnographic training programs to undergraduates and graduate students.
The Institute for Development Anthropology (IDA) is an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit research and educational institution that engages in envrionmentally sustainable development through equitable economic growth and respect for human rights.
World Council of Anthropology Associations - is a network of national and international associations that aims to promote worldwide communication and cooperation in anthropology.
www.aaanet.org /resinet.htm   (2187 words)

  
 Physical Anthropology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Physical or biological anthropology deals with the evolution of humans, their variability, and adaptations to environmental stresses.
Using an evolutionary perspective, we examine not only the physical form of humans—the bones, muscles, and organs—but how it functions to allow survival and reproduction.
Within the field of physical anthropology there are many different areas of focus.
anthro.ucsc.edu /physical.shtml   (275 words)

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