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Topic: Physical punishment

  Physical Punishment and The Development of Aggressive and Violent Behavior: A Review, by Elizabeth Kandel
Physical punishment differs significantly from abusive parental violence in many ways, including (but not limited to) the degree of aggression used, the potential for injury, how deviant the behavior is, and the typical intention of the parent involved.
The physical punishment of older children is certainly more unusual and more deviant (Straus, 1983), and thus the positive results noted in these studies may be due to the detection of more deviant parental rearing practices in general (including, but not necessarily limited to, the use of physical punishment).
Of these nine, six failed to support the hypothesis of a linear association between physical punishment and aggression: three found that moderate physical punishment and low/no physical punishment conditions did not differ in their association with aggression, and three found that moderate physical punishment was actually associated with the lowest levels of aggression.
www.cei.net /~rcox/areview.html   (7949 words)

 Physical Punishment of Children
Physical punishment of children can be considered to be inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and as such may be challenged in Scottish courts after this date.
Thus it would appear to be unjustified to retain the physical punishment of children and in particular the defence of reasonable chastisement.
Physical punishment of children can not be deemed to be reasonable and they should be provided with the same protection as adults under the laws on assault.
www.nospank.net /shrc.htm   (1346 words)

 Physical punishment of children - Family Matters - Journal article - Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS)
She says: 'culturally we believe in punishment, its efficacy and virtue.' Such an interpretation seems to be reinforced by the fact that most mothers reported that the common reactions of their children to being physically punished were 'hurt feelings', 'anger' and 'upset'.
Furthermore, physical punishment of teenage children was also linked with the endorsement of corporal punishment in schools and to the use of violence in settling other types of disputes including domestic quarrels.
The only substantial difference was that almost all of the pupils intended to use physical punishment for stealing (91 per cent compared with 57 per cent who reported having that experience) while fewer felt that the lesser offences including squabbling, warranted physical punishment as often as their parents had used it.
www.aifs.gov.au /institute/pubs/fm1/fm36gm.html   (1655 words)

 Corporal Punishment of Children
This lack of evidence is a crucial issue when expanding prohibited types of corporal punishment from physical abuse to even the mildest forms of spanking or slapping a preschooler's hand.
It is the first scientific review that compares child outcomes of physical punishment vs. alternative tactics that parents could use instead.
"Methodologically strong studies have not established that normative physical punishment is a causal risk factor for the detrimental child outcomes with which it may be associated.
people.biola.edu /faculty/paulp   (1588 words)

 Voices for Children - Report -- Physical punishment-- and its alternatives
Physical punishment may focus the child’s attention on the consequences of his behaviour for himself, rather than on how the child’s behaviour affects others.
Physical punishment in childhood has been linked to the development of adult aggression, criminal and anti-social behaviour, and the abuse of one’s own child or spouse.
Because physical punishment is ineffective in teaching socially appropriate behaviour and potentially may cause physical and emotional harm, parents and caregivers are strongly encouraged to develop alternative, positive approaches to discipline.
www.voicesforchildren.ca /report-June2003-2.htm   (988 words)

 Health Policy Unit: Physical Punishment and Discipline (including smacking)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Physical punishment is no longer tolerated as a form of routine discipline in schools.
This increases the risk of physical injury to children, may lead to severe child abuse and reinforces in children a model of parenting which relies on physical punishment.
In Australia, physical punishment is banned in state schools in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), South Australia (SA) and Victoria, and in all schools in New South Wales (NSW) and Tasmania
www.racp.edu.au /hpu/paed/punishment   (584 words)

 Physical Punishment of Children: A Consultation - Response from the the Community Pracititioners' and Health Visitors' ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Corporal punishment of children breaches fundamental human rights principles; the right of everyone to respect for their human dignity and their physical integrity and to equal protection under the law.
With total abolition of physical punishment to children, there would not only be fewer prosecutions but also less cruelty to children.
The law should state that, the use of ANY implement in relation to physical punishment should never be capable of being defended as reasonable.
www.msfcphva.org /cphvaresponses/resscosmacking.htm   (2472 words)

 PlanetPapers - Physical Punishment
Physical punishment has been a problem in hitting their children so they can have discipline or not hitting them because it is not right, so what can parents do and what can they not do?
There are many factors that lead to physical punishment: parents were to young and not ready for children, parents are going trough a divorce and need to take out their anger on something or someone, or parents do not know another way to punish their children.
First, if the physical punishment starts at an early age the child will be used to being physically punished, therefore, his or hers self-esteem may severely negative as he or she grows up.
www.planetpapers.com /Assets/2521.php   (541 words)

 Physical punishment
The parents who physically punish their child are mentally, physically and verbally abusing their child.
In this cycle it can also go back to mental abuse because the child believes that it is okay, since their parents did it and parents are part of the ones who set the example for the younger generation.
Being mentally and physically abused are both severe but the worst thing that could hurt a child is verbal abuse.
dana.ucc.nau.edu /~gdr9/E4.htm   (966 words)

 When does physical punishment become physical abuse?
Physical punishment of children for the purpose of discipline, by parents or caregivers, is permitted by law provided it falls within the bounds of 'reasonable chastisement', is seen as moderate and is administered for the purpose of correcting behaviour.4 'Reasonable chastisement' is a term which is difficult to define precisely.
Child physical abuse is often the inadvertent result of physical punishment administered by an angry frustrated parent.
Physical punishment which results, intentionally or unintentionally, in injury or tissue damage to the child or young person is physical abuse and may become the grounds for a charge of assault as well as the grounds for protective intervention by Protective Services.
www.secasa.com.au /index.php/family/11/95/3   (1087 words)

 Physical punishment of children bibliography - National Child Protection Clearinghouse
The authors submit that ending the use of physical punishment of children is a critical issue in the prevention of child abuse.
The current criminal (and civil) law relating to the physical punishment of children states that it is lawful for a parent, or person in the place of a parent to use, by way of correction, any force towards a child in his or her care that is reasonable in the circumstances.
A personal view on physical punishment as a way of disciplining Pacific children is presented, beginning by looking back historically to show that physical punishment as a child rearing practice is not fundamentally Samoan culture, that it came with the transformation to Christianity and is part of a larger culture.
www.aifs.gov.au /nch/bib/punish.html   (2322 words)

 Physical Punishment of Children
NASW opposes the use of physical punishment in homes, schools, and all other institutions where children are cared for and educated.
Research has demonstrated a link between physical punishment and several negative developmental outcomes for children: physical injury, increased aggression, antisocial behavior, poorer adult adjustment, and grater tolerance of violence.
It is imperative for parents to gain an awareness of other approaches to discipline because physical punishment can easily cross the line into child abuse and result in death.
www.naswdc.org /resources/abstracts/abstracts/physical.asp   (256 words)

 A Christian Perspective on Corporal Punishment
Punishment tends to assume that "they" (children) are bent toward evil (or at least no good) and are out to manipulate "us" (the police/parents).
Punishment can lack in consistent application because the meting out of punishment tends to be subject to the mood of the parent.
Any form of punishment which serves to debilitate the will, or works to subordinate it to the will of another; and which holds the child culpable before the age of reason is in conflict with the God given nature of the child and the teaching of the Church.
www.nospank.net /popcak.htm   (5679 words)

 Advocacy: Let's Keep Kids Out of Hospital
The Joint Statement on Physical Punishment of Children and Youth was developed by a national coalition of organizations facilitated by the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO).
The evidence is clear and compelling — physical punishment of children and youth plays no useful role in their upbringing and poses only risks to their development.
Physical Punishment and Children's Health: An article written by invitation of IMPrint, published by Infant Mental Health Promotion (IMP).
www.cheo.on.ca /english/4220.shtml   (480 words)

 Physical punishment
While she cannot remember ever being struck by it, she says that its threatening presence was generally all that was needed.
She says the clearest evidence that physical punishment does not help to produce well-behaved, sociable people comes from studies of murderers, rapists and muggers, almost all of whom were subjected to excessive physical discipline in childhood.
Physical punishment feeds off itself and becomes a vicious circle.
www.ivenus.com /family/features/File_60020001002115917.asp   (589 words)

 Spanking (Physical Punishment) - Research and Read Books, Journals, Articles at Questia Online Library
At one extreme it includes the death penalty (see capital punishment), but the term usually refers to punishments like flogging, mutilation, and branding.
Until c.1800, in many parts of the world, most crimes were punished thus, or by such practices as confinement in the pillory or stocks, which combined physical chastisement with the humiliation of an individual possible in a relatively small, cohesive society.
In America, a movement against the use of corporal punishment was led in the late 17th cent.
www.questia.com /library/psychology/spanking.jsp   (1045 words)

 NICCY Physical punishment
Physical punishment of children in the home has been subject to recent debate.
In the UK Parliament hitting children as a physical punishment was outlawed in certain circumstances but not banned completely.
The EU Commissioner for Human Rights statement on Physical Punishment issued on 13th June 2006 can be read here.
www.niccy.org /priorities.aspx?menuId=329   (640 words)

 Scoop: Physical Punishment of NZ Children Common
However, the authors found that when it came to the most extreme physical punishment, there was no difference in male-to-female ratios and boys and girls were exposed to this form of violence in similar numbers.
Examples of physical punishment falling into the extreme category were: hitting with a range of objects such as vacuum cleaner hoses, whips and metal pipes; punching with closed fist; repeated kicking; and beating.
Additional findings indicated that extreme physical punishment was more frequently: 1) directed at the child’s head and torso, as opposed to the limbs or bottom; 2) associated with lasting and/or serious injury (eg, lacerations, broken bones, loss of consciousness); and 3) associated with strong signs of emotional distress in the study members reporting it.
www.scoop.co.nz /stories/ED0601/S00028.htm   (1596 words)

 Corporal punishment, pro corporal punishment in schools, corporal punishment drawings   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In a school which has corporal punishment, you may be caned on the hand or on the anus.
Corporal punishment should be abandoned as a form of discipline because it is morally...
Eliminating Corporal Punishment is an important tool for all those who want to prevent the widespread practice of corporal punishment.
www.koreamtv.com /corporal-punishment.html   (1085 words)

 Current topic: The physical punishment of children -- Elliman and Lynch 83 (3): 196 -- Archives of Disease in Childhood
The proponents of physical punishments all agree that they must be inflicted in a calm, deliberate, and "loving" manner
Physical punishment carries an in-built risk of escalation.
An analysis of the physical punishment component of a parent training programme.
adc.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/archdischild;83/3/196   (2325 words)

 why should physical punishment be banned?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In response to the 1998 judgment of the European Court of Human Rights concerning the repeated caning of a young boy by his stepfather (A v UK), the UK Government accepted that the law must be changed to give children better protection.
because corporal punishment is a significant factor in the development of violent behaviour in childhood and later life, clear reform would help measures to reduce violence and crime.
The international monitoring body for the Convention, the Committee on the Rights of the Child, has emphasised that physical punishment within the family is not compatible with full implementation, and has formally recommended prohibition to the UK and to many other countries.
www.childrenareunbeatable.org.uk /pages/why_should.html   (1249 words)

 Newry Democrat: Debate on physical punishment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
PEOPLE from Newry and Mourne are being asked to give their views on a new consultation paper on physical punishment in the home.
The debate will focus on the short and long term effectiveness of physical punishment and will provide an opportunity for everyone to discuss the available evidence and arguments on the subject.
Mr Carlin said the thinking of the Trust was if physical punishment is not acceptable in school, then it is not acceptable at home.
www.newrydemocrat.com /news/story.asp?j=205   (247 words)

 Banning physical punishment for children   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Wisdom literature calls for discipline which leads to understanding (Proverbs 15:32) and physical punishment may be part of this (Proverbs 13:24, cf.
Punishment must be exercised in love (13:24), not anger.
I believe we will reduce the number of children who receive any form of physical punishment far more by skilling parents in alternative options, than we ever will by making them feel even more disempowered by removing the option of even the mildest physical reproof.
www.anglicantas.org.au /issues/jh-physpunchn.html   (750 words)

 NSPCC - Media Centre - Media Briefings - Physical Punishment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Law reform on physical punishment should be combined with a clear programme of education and support for parents.
The UK has ratified a number of international human rights treaties which have called for an end to the physical punishment of children, and has not so far honoured this commitment.
Punishing children for "being naughty" is not the most effective way of improving their behaviour.
www.nspcc.org.uk /whatwedo/MediaCentre/MediaBriefings/Policy/Physical_punishment_wda33239.html   (1036 words)

 News from the Center
Physical punishment puts children at risk for physical and psychological harm, tolerance of violence, anti-social behavior, and poorer adjustment in adulthood.
Physical punishment is considered abusive under current cultural practices if it involves striking a child with an object, striking a child so intensely that marks lasting more than a few minutes occur, spanking a child other than on the buttocks or extremities, shaking a child, pulling a child’s hair, or jerking his or her arm.
Physical abuse is clearly documented as being associated with a wide variety of lasting, negative consequences later in life.
www.stophitting.com /news   (18237 words)

 Corporal Punishment Research: Main Menu (spanking, paddling, caning, flogging)
Subtly witty essay from 1956 on a remarkable character who made headlines with his pro-whacking campaigns and appears to have lived on the proceeds of supplying punishment canes to schools and institutions.
There are many external and internal links to detailed corporal punishment information, including legal, procedural or practical aspects, from official documents or from reliable published reports.
Farrell's letter to a British politician, 1982 suggesting that you cannot sell the idea of judicial corporal punishment by concentrating exclusively on the deterrence argument, and discussing a number of legal and technical points that need to be addressed in any new proposal.
www.corpun.com   (2069 words)

 Bad Tushy - www.badtushy.com
Kelly - Kelly made the cheerleading squad, but has to have a physical before she be on the team.
He tells her she is going to be punished for breaking one of the house rules.
She tells her she is going to be punished for lying to her about being sick and not wanting to go to dinner.
www.assfistinganalfisting.com /gyno-exam-sex/bad-tushy.html   (6965 words)

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