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Topic: Physical quality of life index

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In the News (Mon 19 Aug 19)

  Quality of life - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The well-being or quality of life of a population is an important concern in economics and political science.
Understanding quality of life is today particularly important in health care, where monetary measures do not readily apply.
One attempt to take quality of life more into account in government decisions is the notion of a seventh generation standard, which argues that the effect of any decision today should be judged by its effect in six generations.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Quality_of_life   (933 words)

 Physical quality-of-life index - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The physical quality-of-life index (PQLI) is an attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country.
The value is a single number derived from basic literacy rate, infant mortality, and life expectancy at age one, all equally weighted on a 0 to 100 scale.
It was developed for the Overseas Development Council in 1979 by Morris Davis Morris, as one of a number of measures created due to dissatisfaction with the use of GNP as a indicator of development.
www.wikipedia.com /wiki/Physical+quality+of+life+index   (167 words)

 Personal life - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Life or personal life or human existence is an individual human's personal, private career (including, but not the same as their employment career), and is a common notion in modern existence.
In the past, before abundance and technology, a person's life consisted almost entirely of survival of both self and community; food needed to be harvested and shelters needed to be maintained.
In the interim, those who can afford to pause and to do so may adopt a lifestyle or assess their quality of life.
open-encyclopedia.com /Personal_life   (395 words)

 Standard of living - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
inflation adjusted) income per person, although sometimes other measures may be used; examples are access to certain goods (such as number of refrigerators per 1000 people), or measures of health such as life expectancy.
However, there can be problems even with just using numerical averages to compare material standards of living, as opposed to, for instance, a Pareto index.
As an example, countries with a very small, very rich upper class and a very large, very poor lower class may have a high mean level of income, even though the majority of people have a low "standard of living".
www.peekskill.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Standard_of_living   (203 words)

 Quality of Life Executive Summary
Quality of Life issues, while relatively new to the field of disabilities, have received increased attention over the past five years as payors and providers scramble to develop accountable models under managed care.
His review revealed considerable overlap among the elements of the sub-domains of life quality, suggesting that important indicators of quality of life are similar for non-handicapped and otherwise vulnerable persons.
These important processes address quality of care issues and are a critical adjunct to the indicators in the Quality of Life Survey.
www.supportinc.com /Outcomes.htm   (4419 words)

 Physical quality-of-life index   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Using health-related quality of life measures in physical therapy outcomes research.
McMaster health index questionnaire as a measure of quality of life for patients with...
Physical activity and quality of life: assessing the influence of activity frequency, intensity, volume, and motives.
hallencyclopedia.com /Physical_quality-of-life_index   (416 words)

 MISSOULA-VITAS QUALITY OF LIFE INDEX _ Ira Byock   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Improving quality of life for patients is the primary goal for hospice care and for end-of-life care in any setting.
Quality of life assessments are increasingly recognized as an important measure for patients with major and potentially life-threatening illnesses and are of central importance to the field of palliative medicine and hospice care.
The length of a bar is proportional to the impact of that dimension on an individual's quality of life.
www.dyingwell.com /MVQOLI%20desc.htm   (1076 words)

 The Atlas of Canada - Quality of Life: Physical Environment Index
The indicator direction is either inverse (–) or direct (+), where inverse indicates that a high value implies a lower quality of life; conversely, a high value for a direct relationship implies a higher quality of life.
In western Canada, the quality of the physical environment generally ranges from high to good, except for the largest cities (Edmonton, Calgary, Winnipeg and Regina), which generally score moderate.
Table 1 is a comparison of the quality of the physical environment among larger urban centres, with populations of more than 150 000.
atlas.gc.ca /site/english/maps/peopleandsociety/QOL/phy_qol_uc/1   (782 words)

 News from ACS: Quality of health affects survival of colorectal cancer patients
According to a study presented at the 2003 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons, fewer patients with impaired physical quality of life were alive 36 months after treatment for colorectal cancer in contrast to the survival rate of their healthier counterparts.
Among Stage I patients, 90 percent who had a lower health-related physical quality of life score were alive at 36 months compared with 100 percent of patients with a higher score.
At this point, clinical data are not strong enough to base treatment decisions on quality of life scores or to conclude that pretreatment quality of life status predicts survival.
www.facs.org /2003clincon/press/pranthony.html   (803 words)

 96-009i (Quality of Life Index)
His Physical Quality of Life Index shows that quality of life has improved faster for many of the world's poorest people than it has for people in some of the world's richest nations.
Human well-being in these countries, as measured by infant mortality, life expectancy and literacy, has been improving, according to research by Morris David Morris, a professor of sociology and professor of the comparative study of development.
His Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) summarizes infant mortality, life expectancy at age one and basic literacy on a zero to 100 scale.
www.brown.edu /Administration/News_Bureau/1996-97/96-009i.html   (803 words)

 Quality of Life
Quality of Well-Being scale (Kaplan 1994) - this scale is unique in that it can summarize a patient’s quality of life into one number.
VITAS Quality of Life Index (Byock and Merrimen, 1995) - there are two versions of this quality of life index which assess symptoms, function, interpersonal domains, well being, and transcendence.
Quality of life in HIV disease as measured by the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire.
www.gwu.edu /~cicd/toolkit/Quality.htm   (1655 words)

 Flynn Research: Calvert Henderson Quality of Life Indicators
We further believe that the diverse areas of quality of life covered in the Calvert-Henderson approach deserve their own metrics, specifically metrics that are most appropriate within the diverse disciplines that study such fields.
The Calvert-Henderson Quality of Life Indicators allow individuals and/or groups to access in one place a comprehensive picture of the overall well-being of the nation in a manner that is easy to understand and use, statistically verifiable, grounded in theoretical and empirical knowledge about each domain, and rigorous in its treatment of the subject matter.
Henderson authored and helped steer the quality of life conceptual approach for this project, which is based on her Country Futures Indicators©, and Calvert Group lead the research effort.
www.flynnresearch.com /calvert.htm   (8695 words)

 AN URBAN EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RISK INDEX   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The EDRI is analogous to the Physical Quality of Life Index and the Consumer Price Index, but instead of rating relative levels of physical quality of life in various countries or relative price levels in different years, it rates relative levels of earthquake disaster risk in various metropolitan areas.
In the long-term, the index can serve as a vehicle to help change the way in which earthquake disasters are commonly conceived—from events due only to uncontrollable natural forces, to events whose severity are determined in large part by the economic, social, and political characteristics of the city on which those natural forces are unleashed.
Vulnerability refers to the potential for the physical infrastructure to be damaged or destroyed; for individuals to be injured, killed, or left homeless, or to have their daily lives disrupted; and for the economic and social-political systems to be disrupted.
pangea.stanford.edu /~tucker/eri/edri.html   (4886 words)

 Report to Council: Quality of Life
This discussion of a quality of life index for Sunnyvale focuses on the factors that are generally the principal responsibility of the City of Sunnyvale rather than on other community services or regional issues that are beyond the jurisdictional authority of the City.
Safety is another basic component in assessing quality of life, including both actual rates of crime, accidents and fires, as well as the perception of safety held by the community.
Quality of life for one person may mean the high-paced energy that comes with an urbanized area that has high concentrations of people, business and cultural opportunities and is worth the tradeoff for costs of living, housing or traffic.
sunnyvale.ca.gov /reports/1998-09/ql6rtc.htm   (3230 words)

 NCPA - Study #232 - Public Spending And Social Progress
"Literacy, infant mortality and life expectancy comprise the Physical Quality of Life Index."
Furthermore, using 1995 data for the PQL index from 112 nations, and data for the other attributes from 85 countries permits confirmation that the results are not skewed by the omission of some countries.
Life expectancy among the 112 countries in the PQL index ranges from 37.4 to 79.25 years, infant mortality from 4.3 per 1,000 live births to 148.6, and the literacy rate from 11.05 to 100 percent.
www.ncpa.org /~ncpa/studies/s232/s232.html   (4416 words)

 Demographic Indicators
Given life expectancy, literacy, and infant mortality levels from the mortality distribution, it is possible to compute the Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) that the Overseas Development Council developed (ODC, 1977: 147 154).
This measure simply averages the three quality of life indicators, first normalizing each indicator so that it potentially ranges from zero to 100.
It is useful to compute several additional global indicators, a world physical quality of life index (WPQLI), a world life expectancy (WLIFE), a world literacy rate (WLIT), and a North South gap index or ratio of quality of life in the "developed" regions to the less developed regions (NSPQLI).
www.du.edu /~bhughes/WebHelpIFs/demeqn/demographic_indicators.htm   (317 words)

 Population Index - Volume 54 - Number 3
A path-analysis model with six variables--crude birth rate (the dependent variable), family-planning-program effort, mean female age at marriage, physical-quality-of-life index (PQLI), income per capita, and political capacity--showed a strong indirect effect by the political-capacity measure on fertility decline through both the PQLI and family-planning effort.
Haenszel's standardized coefficient of lost years of life: a comparison with the standardized coefficient of general mortality with regard to its use as a health level indicator for populations.
The author concludes that the modern rise in life expectancy is not due primarily to the provision of better medical care, nutrition, or clean water.
popindex.princeton.edu /browse/v54/n3/l.html   (2222 words)

 Composite Indicators [ Biz/ed Virtual Developing Country ]
In this index three single indicators were combined together; life expectancy at birth, infant mortality and literacy rates.
It combines life expectancy (at birth), an average of literacy rates and number of years of education and GDP expressed in terms of its purchasing power in the domestic economy.
Whilst the Human Development Index measures the progress of the country in achieving development the Human Poverty Index is more aimed at reflecting on how the progress is distributed and the level of deprivation and poverty being experienced in the country.
www.bized.ac.uk /virtual/dc/farming/theory/th3.htm   (539 words)

The Quality of Life Index for Older Adults (A-QLI) is a comprehensive multidimensional measurement tool that reflects the complexity of QoL outcomes in older adults.
Older adults are asked to report on their physical, emotional and social well-being, and to respond to questions about their mood, feelings, personal goals and preferences.
This domain includes questions that measure the respondent’s perceptions of their physical health and the capacity to perform a variety of physical activities which require energy and mobility such as climbing stairs or swimming.
wqli.fmhi.usf.edu /adult.htm   (381 words)

 Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
This recognition has inspired many attempts to create other measures, such as the physical quality of life index (PQLI) (Morris, 1979) and various versions of the human development index (HDI) by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Calculations of the Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (ISEW) by Daly and Cobb (1994) have shown, for example, that the ISEW for the United States has fallen since 1970 even though GDP has grown substantially.
Indeed, one country's income can be higher or lower than another depending on which country is used as the base for the PPP index.
www.pnl.gov /aisu/pubs/eemw/papers/ipccreports/workinggroup2/101.htm   (425 words)

 [No title]
PART B (Total Points: 7) The Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is a way of measuring the welfare of a population.
A high PQLI means the life expectancy is long, a high percentage of adults are literate, and there is a low infant mortality.
Life Expectancy is _____ A. the number of adults who can read and write.
www.wmich.edu /mga/mid/MS18.doc   (792 words)

 A Tale of Five Counties
  The indicator should provide enough information on the quality of life issues to inform the user, such as a developer, where to focus efforts, resources, and funds (Guide to Using the Quality of Life Index, 2002.)  As in our case the indicators should be able to inform one on the best areas to reside.
            This index (the focus of this paper) is used to examine the social environment of the study area.
            The seven indicators of quality of life that I have examined (amount of income, college educated, amount of rent or mortgage paid, commute time, poverty level, and number of home owners,) were brought into ArcView 3.3.
dept.kent.edu /gis/AGIS/ClassWebs/ColletteCallaway/Callaway.htm   (1856 words)

 Natural Life Magazine #58 - Index Measures the Quality of Life
In Ontario, the Social Development Council (OSDC) is using the Quality of Life Index (QLI), created to monitor key indicators of the social, health, environmental and economic dimensions of the quality of life.
The OSDC feels that this Quality of Life Index provides a new way for communities to monitor and measure these changes and focus on issues which affect them.
Quarterly updates of the Quality of Life Index will be produced in the coming months, along with an annual report in the fall of 1998.
www.life.ca /nl/58/qofl.html   (446 words)

 Notes for Dan Gilligan's Lecture on Indices of Well-being
It is an index ranging from 0 to 100 that incorporates measures of life expectancy, infant mortality and adult literacy.
To construct the PQLI, for example, Morris made an index of life expectancy at age 1 by taking minimum life expectancy to be 0 and maximum life expectancy to be 85.
In fact, critics argue, the PQLI is a better indicator of the well-being of the poor because it disaggregates the life expectancy measure into infant mortality (those that die before age 1) and the life expectancy of a person who lives through the first year.
www.arec.umd.edu /arec365/365n1F-DG.htm   (889 words)

 Societal Progress
"quality of life" of past and present generations.
For example, life expectancy is still going up with some 3 years for every 10 years that passes, depending on the country in which you live.
International Index of Social Progress or the Physical Quality of Life Index) seem to be increasing unabatedly for the world as a whole.
pespmc1.vub.ac.be /PROGRESS.html   (673 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The article defines PQLI as "being based on life expectancy at age one and rates of literacy and infant mortality," without explaining in more detail how the PQLI for a given nation is calculated.
The upshot is that the PQLI for most of the developing world has dramatically improved over the last 30 years, despite the increase in population and the warnings of neo-Malthusians like Paul Ehrlich that we're destroying the planet.
David Galileo "A good man is pre-eminently capable of providing himself with a good life entirely from his own resources, and is absolutely the last person to need anyone or anything else." Plato, _The Republic_ 387d.
keithlynch.net /cryonet/64/11.html   (145 words)

 Independent validation of the Sleep Apnoea Quality of Life Index -- Lacasse et al. 57 (6): 483 -- Thorax
The impact of OSA on quality of life is not limited
of quality of life which remain unexplored in the sleep laboratory.
Development of a disease-specific health-related quality of life questionnaire for sleep apnea.
thorax.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/57/6/483   (3496 words)

 Measurement Properties of the Calgary Sleep Apnea Quality of Life Index -- FLEMONS and REIMER 165 (2): 159 -- American ...
Quality of life was assessed with four methods: the SAQLI, the SF-36 (13), a single global rating of quality of life (using
Changes in quality of life with therapy need to be interpretable and should be based on what is important to patients.
Evaluation of impairment of health related quality of life in asthma: development of a questionnaire for use in clinical trials.
ajrccm.atsjournals.org /cgi/content/full/165/2/159   (4175 words)

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