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 Pierre-Simon Laplace - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pierre Simon Laplace was born at Beaumont-en-Auge in Normandy on March 23, 1749, and died at Paris on March 5, 1827.
Although the Laplace transform is named in honor of Pierre-Simon Laplace, who used the transform in his work on probability theory, the transform was discovered originally by Leonhard Euler, the prolific eighteenth-century Swiss mathematician.
Laplace spent much of his life working on mathematical astronomy that culminated in his masterpiece on the proof of the dynamic stability of the solar system with the assumption that it consists of a collection of rigid bodies moving in a vacuum.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pierre-Simon_Laplace   (3313 words)

  
 Pierre-Simon Laplace
Pierre Simon Laplace, the Marquis de Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer, was born at Beaumont-en-Auge in Normandy, on the 28th of March 1749.
Laplace treated the subject from the point of view of the gradual aggregation and cooling of a mass of matter, and demonstrated that the form which such a mass would ultimately assume must be an ellipsoid of revolution whose equator was determined by the primitive plane of maximum areas.
Laplace had not yet completed his twenty-fourth year when he entered upon the course of discovery which earned him the title of "the Newton of France." Having in his first published paper shown his mastery of analysis, he proceeded to apply its resources to the great outstanding problems in celestial mechanics.
www.nndb.com /people/871/000031778   (3099 words)

  
 Pierre Simon de Laplace
Pierre Simon de Laplace was born on 28 March 1749 at Beaumont-en-Auge, in Normandy, France.
Laplace was evidently as cunning in politics as in mathematics, as he managed to retain the favors of rulers through the French Revolution, the Napoleonic era, and the return of the French Monarchy.
Laplace was immediately employed at the Ecole Militaire, and was elected to the Académie des Sciences in 1773.
www.hao.ucar.edu /Public/education/bios/laplace.html   (360 words)

  
 Pierre Simon LaPlace
Pierre Simon Laplace was born in Beaumont-en-Auge, France, on March 28, 1749.
At the age of 19 Pierre was appointed a chair of mathematics at the Ecole Militaire in Paris.
Little is known about Pierre’s personal life, except that he was not a modest man, and was disliked by his colleagues.
www.edu.pe.ca /rural/grassroots/grassroots_2004/math521A3/pierre_simon.htm   (239 words)

  
 Classical definition of probability - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The classical definition of probability is identified with the works of Pierre Simon Laplace.
In fact we have the exact year when it was born; in the year 1654 Blaise Pascal had some correspondence with his fathers friend Pierre de Fermat about two problems concerning games of chance he had heard from Chevalier de Méré earlier the same year, that Pascal happened to accompany during a trip.
The theory of chance consists in reducing all the events of the same kind to a certain number of cases equally possible, that is to say, to such as we may be equally undecided about in regard to their existence, and in determining the number of cases favorable to the event whose probability is sought.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Classical_definition_of_probability   (738 words)

  
 Pierre-Simon Laplace - Metaweb
As Pierre-Simon Laplace noted around 1814, such a theory would also (in theory) grant a sufficiently powerful being the ability to determine any future state of the universe, thus making the future as readily accessible as the past (at least from that powerful being's frame of reference).
Laplace formulated the mathematical theory of interparticulate forces which could be applied to mechanical, thermal, and optical phenomena.
After being appointed Minister of the Interior by Napoleon, Laplace was dismissed with the comment that "he carried the spirit of the infinitely small into the management of affairs" (Boyer 1968, p.
www.metaweb.com /wiki/wiki.phtml?title=Pierre-Simon_Laplace   (888 words)

  
 Laplace, Pierre-Simon, marquis de
Laplace successfully applied the Newtonian theory of gravitation to the solar system by accounting for all of the observed deviations of the planets from their theoretical orbits and developed a conceptual view of evolutionary change in the physical universe.
Laplace was the son of a peasant farmer.
Laplace announced the invariability of planetary mean motions, carrying his proof to the cubes of the eccentricities and inclinations.
www.phy.bg.ac.yu /web_projects/giants/laplace.html   (1079 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pierre-Simon Laplace
Laplace married at the age of thirty-nine, and a son was born to him in 1789.
It is true that Laplace indulges in a frivolous remark against Callistus III both in the "Theory of Probabilities" (Introduction, also separately as "Essai Philosophique") and in the "System of the World" (IV, iv).
In the line of celestial mechanics his glory was made by the discovery (announced in 1773) of the invariability of the planetary mean motions and the consequent stability of the solar system.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/08796a.htm   (773 words)

  
 Laplace on probability and statistics
Laplace's first memoir on recurrent series was "Recherches sur le calcul intégral aux différences infiniment petites, and aux différences finies" which was published in Mélanges de philosophie et de mathématiques de la Société royale de Turin, pour les années 1766-1769 (Miscellanea Taurensia IV), 273-345, 1771.
In this memoir, Laplace discusses the masses of Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus expressed as a fraction of the mass of the Sun using values obtained from Bouvard and also the length of the pendulum expressed in tenths of a second using the value of Mathieu.
Laplace realized that he could give a probabilistic justification to the method of least squares without assuming a normal distribution of errors through his central limit theorem.
www.cs.xu.edu /math/Sources/Laplace   (3959 words)

  
 Biography of Laplace
Laplace then went on to teach calculus at Ecole Normale and became a member of the French Institute in the year of 1795.
Laplace met Napoleon again when he served as a member, then chancellor, of the Senate and he received the Legion of Honour in 1805.
Laplace proved that the eccentricities and inclinations of planetary orbits to each other would always remain little, consistent, and self -correcting.
www.andrews.edu /~calkins/math/biograph/biolapla.htm   (915 words)

  
 Pièrre Simon Laplace: The nebular hypothesis
Pièrre Simon Laplace is famous for his concept that the solar system formed from a spinning cloud of gas.
Laplace and Delambre ordered a medal struck which was inscribed ‘for all time and for all people’, an inscription portraying the type of humanism that had begun to dominate Laplace’s thinking, i.e.
At the time of Laplace, Pluto and Neptune were unknown, and both of these planets rotate from E to W. All other planets rotate from W to E. This difference cannot be explained by a theory which produces all planets from a gas cloud rotating in one direction only.
www.answersingenesis.org /creation/v3/i3/ideas.asp?vPrint=1   (1277 words)

  
 LaPlace
Pierre-Simon Laplace, commonly referred to as a mathematician, mathematical physicist, statistician, and astronomer, was born in Beaumont-en-Auge, Normandy, France in 1749.
Laplace thought that the concepts of probability could be applied in practical applications, such as insurance, decision theory, and demographics.
Laplace contributed many influential ideas that included works in celestial mechanics and the creation of the metric system.
curry.edschool.virginia.edu /go/teacherlink/content/math/interactive/probability/history/contributors/laplace.html   (305 words)

  
 LAPLACE, PIERRE SIMON (1749 - 1827)
Laplace applied his mathematical theories of probability to celestial bodies and concluded that the apparent changes in the motion of planets and their satellites are changes of long periods, and that the solar system is in all probability very stable.
Laplace's great systematization of celestial mechanics, expounding in detail the results obtained by himself and his predecessors in this field, has been called the eighteenth-century Almagest.
He gave methods for calculating the movements of translation and rotation of heavenly bodies and for resolving problems of tides, from which he deduced the mass of the moon.
www.scs.uiuc.edu /~mainzv/exhibitmath/exhibit/laplace.htm   (117 words)

  
 Laplace
On February 10, 1773, Pierre Simon Laplace, a twenty-three years old scientist, read before the Academy of Sciences in Paris a paper in which, on the basis of the Newtonian theory of gravitation, he announced the invariability of planetary mean motions.
Nevertheless, the estimate of the twenty-three year old Laplace that the planetary orbits are eternal became the pricipal statute of faith, or the supreme dogma of the astronomers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
This last postulate of Laplace was sometimes silently dropped out of his theory; and the permanency of the celestial orbits remained, and served as alpha and omega of all subsequent thinking.
www.varchive.org /ce/orbit/laplace.htm   (514 words)

  
 Laplace, Pierre Simon Laplace - Famous mathematicians pictures, posters, gifts items, note cards, greeting cards, and prints
Laplace's partial differential has been successfully used for tasks as diverse as describing the stability of the solar system, the field around an electrical charge, and the distribution of heat in a pot of food in the oven.
Laplace's contention that the universe and all it contained were deterministic machines was thoroughly over-turned by the discoveries of twentieth century physics.
Laplace is portrayed with what is possibly the most celebrated differential equation ever devised -- Laplace's partial differential equation, commonly referred to as Laplace's Equation, shown here in the form of a Laplacian operator.
www.mathematicianspictures.com /Mathematicians/Laplace.htm   (421 words)

  
 Pierre-Simon Laplace --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
The equation is named for the 18th–19th-century French mathematician and astronomer Pierre-Simon Laplace.
Laplace was born on March 23, 1749, in Beaumont-en-Auge, a village in Normandy.
U.S. pathologist and bacteriologist Simon Flexner was born in Louisville, Ky. He was director of laboratories for the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research from 1903 to 1935.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-9275376   (711 words)

  
 Pierre simon laplace 1 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/pierre_simon_laplace_1   (171 words)

  
 Pierre-Simon Laplace - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pierre-Simon, Marquis de Laplace (March 23, 1749– March 5, 1827) was a French mathematician and astronomer who put the final capstone on mathematical astronomy by summarizing and extending the work of his predecessors in his five volume Mécanique Céleste (Celestial Mechanics) (1799-1825).
Laplace spent much of his life working on mathematical astronomy that culminated in his masterpiece on the proof of the dynamic stability of the solar system with the assumption that it consists of a collection of rigid bodies moving in a vacuum.
While Laplace saw foremost practical problems for mankind to reach this ultimate stage of knowledge and computation, later interpretations of quantum mechanics, which were adopted by philosophers defending the existence of free will, also leave the theoretical possibility of such an "intellect" contested: for a further discussion of this issue, see also: determinism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pierre_Simon_de_Laplace   (1019 words)

  
 Laplace, Pierre Simon de
The French astronomer and mathematician Pierre Simon de Laplace, b.
Bibliography: Bell, E. T., Men of Mathematics (1937); Calinger, Ronald, Classics of Mathematics (1982); Crosland, Maurice, The Society of Arcueil (1967); Hahn, Roger, Laplace as a Newtonian Scientist (1967) and Calendar of the Correspondence of Pierre Simon Laplace (1982); Numbers, Ronald, Creation by Natural Law (1977).
Laplace also contributed to the foundations of the mathematical science of electricity and magnetism.
euler.ciens.ucv.ve /English/mathematics/laplace.html   (449 words)

  
 Pierre-Simon Laplace - Wikiquote
Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749–1827), French mathematician and astronomer, discoverer of the Laplace transform and Laplace's equation.
Laplace to Napoléon, after the latter had reported on some new elementary geometry results
To which Laplace replied: "Indeed, Sire, Monsieur Lagrange has, with his usual sagacity, put his finger on the precise difficulty with the hypothesis: it explains everything, but predicts nothing."
en.wikiquote.org /wiki/Pierre-Simon_Laplace   (634 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Laplace, Pierre Simon, marquis de (Astronomy, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Laplace, Pierre Simon, marquis de[pyer sEmON´ mArkE´ du lAplAs´] Pronunciation Key, 1749–1827, French astronomer and mathematician.
More articles from AllRefer Reference on Laplace, Pierre Simon, marquis de
His ThEorie des attractions des sphEroides et de la figure des planEtes (1785) introduced "Laplace's coefficients" and the potential function, two means of applying analysis to physical problems.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/L/Laplace.html   (354 words)

  
 "Right" Answers
In 1786,the brilliant French astronomer Pierre de Laplace announced that he had found the cause : the pull of the other planets on the Earth.This changed the orbit of the Earth around the Sun,thus altering the Sun's influence on the Moon - which duly accelerated.
We no know that both the figure and the acceleration and Laplace's explanation of it are wrong (the actual cause lies in the effect of the tides),but for years no one seriously questioned either.
Laplace estimated the acceleration,obtaining a figure very close to that found by Dunthorne.Everyone cheered,and went home.
www.fortunecity.com /emachines/e11/86/rightans.html   (617 words)

  
 Read This: Pierre-Simon Laplace, 1749-1827: A Life In Exact Science
And Laplace by common repute is one of the commanding figures of the mathematics and science of that period.
On it Laplace constructs a 'curve of probability,' AZMB, along which every ordinate is proportional to the probability that the mean inclination is equal to the corresponding abscissa.
Clifford Truesdell writes, "Laplace is one of those mathematicians who won a great reputation in his own day and has held it ever since, safe within his forbidding eruption of formalism.
www.maa.org /reviews/laplace.html   (1453 words)

  
 Pierre Simon Laplace Biography / Biography of Pierre Simon Laplace World of Mathematics Biography
Pierre Simon Laplace's work in both celestial mechanics and probabilityrepresent pinnacles of intellectual achievement.
Pierre Simon Laplace Biography / Biography of Pierre Simon Laplace World of Mathematics Biography
Laplace was born on March 23, 1749, in Beaumont-en-Auge, Normandy, France, to Pierre and Marie-Anne Sochon Laplace.
www.bookrags.com /biography-pierre-simon-laplace-wom   (243 words)

  
 Pierre Simon Laplace (1749 - 1827)
Pierre Simon de Laplace was a French mathematician and astronomer
Laplace's most enduring contribution to mathematics is clearly the
www.zero-one.org /laplace.html   (125 words)

  
 Pierre Simon de Laplace
Laplace is best known for his belief in mechanical determinism, and for his foundation of probability theory upon consideration of various combinations of equipossible cases.
Laplace's determinism was based on the enormous success of Newtonian mechanics, and in particular he himself proved the mechanical stability of the solar system.
Alternatives are shown to be equipossible by an application of the principle of indifference, and Laplace embraced the subjective air of this principle.
www.faragher.freeserve.co.uk /laplace.htm   (102 words)

  
 Chaos & Fractals: Laplace's Demon
Newton's work in this area was continued in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, by the French physicist Pierre-Simon Laplace.
"Laplace's Demon" concerns the idea of determinism, namely the belief that the past completely determines the future.
Laplace is credited with the following famous quotation which is often referred to as "Laplace's Demon."
www.pha.jhu.edu /~ldb/seminar/laplace.html   (344 words)

  
 Harvard University Press: Pierre Simon Laplace, 1749-1827
Elegantly written, Pierre Simon Laplace reflects a lifetime of thinking and research by a distinguished historian of science on the fortunes of a singularly important figure in the annals of Enlightenment science.
Often referred to as the Newton of France, Pierre Simon Laplace has been called the greatest scientist of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
A skillful mathematician and popular philosopher, Laplace also did pioneering work on probability theory, in devising a method of inverse probabilities associated with his classic formulation of physical determinism in the universe.
www.hup.harvard.edu /catalog/HAHPIE.html   (245 words)

  
 Laplace, Pierre Simon Laplace - Famous mathematicians pictures, posters, gifts items, note cards, greeting cards, and prints
Laplace's partial differential has been successfully used for tasks as diverse as describing the stability of the solar system, the field around an electrical charge, and the distribution of heat in a pot of food in the oven.
Laplace's contention that the universe and all it contained were deterministic machines was thoroughly over-turned by the discoveries of twentieth century physics.
Laplace considered probability theory to be simply "common sense reduced to calculus", which he systematized in his "Essai Philosophique sur les Probabilités" (Philosophical Essay on Probability, 1814).
www.mathematicianspictures.com /Mathematicians/Laplace.htm   (395 words)

  
 Pierre Simon Laplace (1749 - 1827)- collegetextbooks.net
Pierre Simon Laplace was born at Beaumont-en-Auge in Normandy on March 23, 1749, and died at Paris on March 5, 1827.
Laplace's investigations in practical physics were confined to those carried on by him jointly with Lavoisier in the years 1782 to 1784 on the specific heat of various bodies.
Laplace went in state to beg Napoleon to accept a copy of his work, and the following account of the interview is well authenticated, and so characteristic of all the parties concerned that I quote it in full.
www.collegetextbook.net /RB_Laplace.shtml   (2166 words)

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