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Topic: Pisistratus


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  Pisistratus: biography and encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In Greek mythology (The mythology of the ancient Greeks), Pisistratus (also transliterated (additional info and facts about transliterated) as Peisístratos) was a friend of Telemachus (additional info and facts about Telemachus) and a son of Nestor (A genus of Psittacidae).
A friend of Solon (A man who is a respected leader in national or international affairs), he assisted him in his endeavours, and fought bravely in the conquest of Salamis (Highly seasoned fatty sausage of pork and beef usually dried).
Later, Megacles was angered by the fact that Pisistratus refused to have children with his daughter, and Pisistratus was again exiled again in 556 BC by Lycurgus and Megacles.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/p/pi/pisistratus.htm   (533 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Pisistratus
According to tradition, Pisistratus commissioned the first standard written editions of the Iliad and Odyssey of Homer, which had previously been passed down orally or "cribbed" in private copies.
Hippias was one of the sons of Pisistratus, and was tyrant of Athens in the 6th century BC.
Peisistratos (also Pisistratus, Peistratus, or Pesistratus) is the name of a minor character in the Odyssey, and of a major Athenian ruler.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Pisistratus   (1924 words)

  
 Reading the Rise of Pisistratus: Herodotus 1.56-68
Pisistratus' father Hippocrates receives the conventional warning of the birth of the tyrant in the strange activity of his sacrificial stew at the sanctuary of Olympia.
Pisistratus is also prepared to observe the laws, 'not disturbing the existing offices nor changing the ordinances', presumably for the sake of holding on to power, which does indeed prove precarious (1.60.2).
Pisistratus secures his second tyranny by dressing a woman called Phye as Athena in a panoply, putting her in a chariot, teching her some poses and driving into the asty, sending heralds ahead to proclaim that Athena was honouring Pisistratus and taking him to her acropolis (1.61.3).
www.dur.ac.uk /Classics/histos/1997/gray.html   (9311 words)

  
 Pisistratus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
But when all his words availed nothing he carried forth his armour and set it up in front of his house, saying that he had helped his country so far as lay in his power (he was already a very old man), and that he called on all others to do the same.
Hence the tyranny of Pisistratus was often spoken of proverbially as 'the age of gold'; for when his sons succeeded him the government became much harsher.
Thus did Pisistratus grow old in the possession of power, and he died a natural death in the archonship of Philoneos, three and thirty years from the time at which he first established himself as tyrant, during nineteen of which he was in possession of power; the rest he spent in exile.
idcs0100.lib.iup.edu /AncGreece/pisistratus.htm   (6454 words)

  
 History of Herodotus by Herodotus
This Pisistratus, at a time when there was civil contention in Attica between the party of the Sea-coast headed by Megacles the son of Alcmaeon, and that of the Plain headed by Lycurgus, one of the Aristolaids, formed the project of making himself tyrant, and with this view created a third party.
Pisistratus consented, and on these terms an agreement was concluded between the two, after which they proceeded to devise the mode of his restoration.
Pisistratus, having thus recovered the sovereignty, married, according to agreement, the daughter of Megacles.
www.4literature.net /Herodotus/History_of_Herodotus/8.html   (1279 words)

  
 State Support For the Arts: A Question of National Survival
It was Pisistratus who gathered foreign poets to his court on the public payroll, who arranged for the state  to patronize artists and sculptors, who improved and planned public shrines.
It was Pisistratus who had the city state hire minstrels to go around reciting the epics and hymns of Homer so that his works, till then only available to a privileged few, would be available to everyone.
It was Pisistratus who brought folk dance and dialogue performances together in the city from their birthplaces in the countryside which led, eventually, to their transformation into the great Greek plays we know today.
www.utc.edu /~engldept/pm/whynea.htm   (3214 words)

  
 Cleisthenes Essay   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In this essay I shall outline how Pisistratus changed the constitution, to a tyranny and then how Cleisthenes's reforms introduced the most radical form of democracy the world had ever seen.
Significantly, Pisistratus was friendly with the Spartans which implies that there is no military threat from any of the Peloponnesian League.
Pisistratus also relies on other parts of Greece for mercenary soldiers, we know this as he names one of his sons Therssalus which is a northern Greek name, which shows that trade was encouraged under Athenian foreign policy.
www.herodotuswebsite.co.uk /essays/clisthen.htm   (1893 words)

  
 The Baldwin Project: Famous Men of Greece by John H. Haaren and A. B. Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Pisistratus was rich and gave away a great deal of money, and in every possible way showed himself friendly to the people.
Thus Pisistratus was called the Tyrant of Athens, and yet he was by no means so harsh a ruler as the world might lead us to think.
Pisistratus had a large collection and he invited all persons, rich or poor, to go to his library and read.
www.mainlesson.com /display.php?author=haaren&book=greece&story=pisistratus   (798 words)

  
 Lecture 6: The Athenian Origins of Direct Democracy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In 561, the former military leader Pisistratus (c.600-527 B.C.) appeared at Athens and seized the Acropolis and began to rule as a tyrant in place of Solon.
Pisistratus was succeeded by his eldest son, Hippias, whose rule was somewhat similar to that of his father.
Finally, one of the noble clans exiled by the sons of Pisistratus, the Alemaeonids, won favor with the oracle at Delphi and used its support to persuade Sparta to attack the Athenian tyranny.
www.historyguide.org /ancient/lecture6b.html   (2724 words)

  
 The Avalon Project : Athenian Constitution : Part 2
Pisistratus had the reputation of being an extreme democrat, and he also had distinguished himself greatly in the war with Megara.
It is evident from this that the story is mere gossip which states that Pisistratus was the youthful favourite of Solon and commanded in the war against Megara for the recovery of Salamis.
For Pisistratus took a wife from Argos, Timonassa, the daughter of a man of Argos, named Gorgilus; she had previously been the wife of Archinus of Ambracia, one of the descendants of Cypselus.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/medieval/athe2.htm   (3414 words)

  
 Solon, Univ. of Saskatchewan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In many ways, it is the reign of Pisistratus that puts Athens on the political, economic, and cultural map of Greece, raising it from relative unimportance to one of the most prominent and influential poleis of Greece.
In 566 (before Pisistratus' initial rise to power but, many think, at his instigation) the festival known as the Panathenaea (The World of Athens 2.49) was expanded and remodeled to recall other great panhellenic festivals at Olympia (forerunner of the modern Olympics), Delphi, and elsewhere.
Pisistratus was succeeded in 528/7 by his sons *Hippias and *Hipparchus (often referred to as the Pisistratids, or "sons of Pisistratus").
duke.usask.ca /~porterj/CourseNotes/SolonNotes.html   (6562 words)

  
 A Commentary on Athens   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Pisistratus attempts successfully a coup by self inflicting a wound and claiming that his life is in danger which led him to be granted a team of body guards.
Pisistratus takes his fleet and purifies the shrine by getting his men to dig up all the graves and move them to another island.
Pisistratus was very happy with the result of this affair because one potential source of political opposition have been removed from the city of Athens, and at the same time they are given an area to exercise their control without getting in Pisistratus's way.
www.herodotuswebsite.co.uk /athens.htm   (6741 words)

  
 The History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides
The commons had heard how oppressive the tyranny of Pisistratus and his sons had become before it ended, and further that that had been put down at last, not by themselves and Harmodius, but by the Lacedaemonians, and so were always in fear and took everything suspiciously.
Pisistratus dying at an advanced age in possession of the tyranny, was succeeded by his eldest son, Hippias, and not Hipparchus, as is vulgarly believed.
Among those of them that held the yearly archonship at Athens was Pisistratus, son of the tyrant Hippias, and named after his grandfather, who dedicated during his term of office the altar to the twelve gods in the market-place, and that of Apollo in the Pythian precinct.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/pwh/thuc6.html   (841 words)

  
 World history 600- 500 BC
One of them was Pisistratus, who made three attempts to seize power, finally succeeding on the third attempt.
Pisistratus ruled with a firm hand, but was nonetheless popular.
- Pisistratus was succeeded by his sons, one of whom -- Hipparchus -- was assassinated as a result of a private feud.
www.multied.com /dates/600bc.html   (898 words)

  
 cciv243.Solon
Pisistratus, too, is said to have had a boy lover named Charmus and to have dedicated the statue of Love in the Academy, where the runners in the sacred torch race light their torches.
He went so far as to tell Pisistratus and others that if he could only rid himself of his passion to dominate and be cured of his craving for absolute power, there would be no more excellent citizen, nor one more naturally inclined to virtue in all Athens.
Pisistratus first became tyrant during the archonship of Comeas, and Phanias states that Solon died in the archonship of Hegertratus, who succeeded Comeas.
mkatz.web.wesleyan.edu /Images2/cciv243.Solon.html   (11361 words)

  
 Megacles
Another Megacles, the grandson of the above, was an opponent of Pisistratus in the 6th century BC.
He drove out Pisistratus during the latter's first reign as tyrant in 560 BC, but the two then made an alliance with each other, and Pisistratus married Megacles' daughter.
However, Megacles turned against Pisistratus when Pisistratus refused to have children with Megacles' daughter, thus ending the second tyranny.
www.teachersparadise.com /ency/en/wikipedia/m/me/megacles.html   (247 words)

  
 arhaicgov.html
Hippocrates, if he were unmarried, never to take into his house a wife who could bear him a child; if he already had one, to send her back to her friends; if he had a son, to disown him.
As soon as the flight began, Pisistratus bethought himself of a most wise contrivance, whereby the Athenians might be induced to disperse and not unite in a body any more.
Thus was the tyranny of Pisistratus established at Athens, many of the Athenians having fallen in the battle, and many others having fled the country together with the son of Alcmaeon.
www.bsu.edu /classes/magrath/HON201/archaicgov.html   (3843 words)

  
 Classics 258: Periclean Athens
As, however, he had already a family of grown up sons, and the Alcmaeonidae were supposed to be under a curse, he determined that there should be no issue of the marriage, and had sexual intercourse with her in an unnatural way.
Pisistratus, apprehending its meaning, declared that he accepted the oracle, and instantly led on his army.
Pisistratus, when he became master of the place, established there as tyrant his own natural son, Hegesistratus, whose mother was an Argive woman.
instruct1.cit.cornell.edu /courses/classics258/reading/Hdt.htm   (12724 words)

  
 The Internet Classics Archive | The Odyssey by Homer
She found him and Pisistratus sleeping in the forecourt of Menelaus's house; Pisistratus was fast asleep, but Telemachus could get no rest all night for thinking of his unhappy father, so Minerva went close up to him and said:
A maid servant brought them water in a beautiful golden ewer, and poured it into a silver basin for them to wash their hands, and she drew a clean table beside them; an upper servant brought them bread and offered them many good things of what there was in the house.
Pisistratus thought how he should do as he was asked, and in the end he deemed it best to turn his horses towards the ship, and put Menelaus's beautiful presents of gold and raiment in the stern of the vessel.
classics.mit.edu /Homer/odyssey.15.xv.html   (4399 words)

  
 Herodotus: Book One
How Pisistratus, when Attica was split by factions, tricked the Athenians into giving him a bodyguard and became tyrant; benevolent nature of the rule of Peisistratus (59).
Reconciliation of Megacles and Pisistratus; Athenians tricked into believing that Athene (in fact a costumed woman of Attica) was bringing Pisistratus back in a chariot (60).
Pisistratus marries Megacles' daughter, but fears to have children because of the curse on the Alcmaeonids (Megacles' ancestors) and so practices birth control by continually sodomizing Megacles' daughter.
academic.reed.edu /humanities/Hum110/Hdt/Hdt1.html   (2790 words)

  
 Tom Bradley
He's the same enterprising soul who grabbed a husky country girl, cleaned her up, dressed her in full body armor, and went riding his chariot into town with her at the reins, telling everybody that she was his personal chum, the goddess Athena.
Pisistratus decided that it would be useful to regulate the public performances of poetry, maybe do a little manipulation of the poems themselves, in order to achieve certain propagandistic effects that would shore up his authority and enhance the credibility of his cronies.
No doubt, from that point forward (at least till Pisistratus' son and successor was run out of Athens) there were Iliad and Odyssey police standing ready at the festivals to drag off any performer who dared deviate from the municipal text.
www.jackmagazine.com /issue5/essaytbradley.html   (6199 words)

  
 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 97.7.11
The six chapters that intervene are devoted to the chronological problems that stand in the way of accepting this reconstruction as historical or, at least, historically plausible.
This tradition was not, however, the "low chronology" of Beloch and his followers, who would date the end of the Cypselid tyranny as late as 550 or even 540 -- several decades later than the "traditional" date in the 580's.
There are chapters on the dates of Solon, Pisistratid chronology, the war between Athens and Mitylene in the Troad (Herodotus 5.94), and the story (Herodotus 3.48) that Periander sent 300 Corcyraean boys to Lydia to serve as eunuchs.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/1997/97.07.11.html   (641 words)

  
 Perseus Lookup Tool   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Pisistratus, like the ancient kings, had his residence on the Acropolis, and may have added the stylobate to the temple of Athené recently identified, south of the Erechtheum.
Pisistratus first introduced a law for the support of those persons who had been maimed in battle.
In consequence of the way in which Megacles, one of the family, treated the insurgents under Cylon (B.C. 612), they brought upon themselves the guilt of sacrilege, and were in consequence banished from Athens about 595 About B.C. 560 they returned from exile, but were again expelled by Pisistratus.
www.perseus.tufts.edu /cgi-bin/vor?target=en,1&collection=Any&lookup=Pisistratus&formentry=1&template=&searchText=&alts=1&extern=1&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0002;2394;65535&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0062;1576;13130675&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0039;923;817026&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0040;1139;1928164&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0004;4048;5806160&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0048;918;124462&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0041;924;4501079&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0042;919;331721&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0043;965;4817651&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0054;2031;2570557&doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0006;5253;9153903&group=work&.cgifields=alts&.cgifields=group&.cgifields=extern&.cgifields=type   (460 words)

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