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Topic: Pitch (music)


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In the News (Mon 20 Nov 17)

  
  MUSIC - Music for Sale, Music Code, Launch Music - Shopping, Services and Information at MUSICIWORLD.COM
Music is a form of art and entertainment or other human activity that involves organized and audible sounds and silence.
It is expressed in terms of pitch (which includes melody and harmony), rhythm (which includes tempo and meter), and the quality of sound (which includes timbre, articulation, dynamics, and texture).
Music may be used for artistic or aesthetic, communicative, entertainment, or ceremonial purposes.
www.musiciworld.com   (0 words)

  
  The Irrelevance of Absolute Pitch to Music Science
Music has the property that the musical quality of an item of music is essentially unchanged under a pitch translation, which means adding a fixed interval to all the notes in the music.
I use the expression "pitch translation invariance" to describe this property of music, to emphasise the fact that it is an abstract mathematical symmetry, one of five or maybe six that apply to different components of music perception.
Relative pitch perception seems to involve a similar "frame of reference", where the set of pitch values in a melody provide a background against which individual pitch values are located by the perceptual machinery.
www.1729.com /blog/AbsolutePitch.html   (1182 words)

  
  Online Music Dictionary
The musical pitch relating to 440 oscilations per second of vibration, or any octave transposition of that pitch.
The performance of music that is composed on the spur-of-the moment by the performer, usually as a solo, or cadenza.
The music was charactarized by the use of freer forms, and a progression from modes toward major and minor scales, and harmony.
www.musicoutfitters.com /dictionary.htm   (5498 words)

  
  Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Pitch (music)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Pitches may be described in various ways, including high or low, as discrete or indiscrete, pitch that changes with time (chirping) and the manner in which this change with time occurs: gliding; portamento; or vibrato, and as determinate or indeterminate.
Musically the frequency of specific pitches is not as important as their relationships to other frequencies - the difference between two pitches can be expressed by a ratio or measured in cents.
Pitches are named with integers because of octave and enharmonic equivalency (for example, C# and Db are the same pitch while C4 and C5 are functionally the same, one octave apart).
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Pitch_(music)   (1714 words)

  
 Pitch (music) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In music, pitch is the psychological correlate of the fundamental frequency of a note.
Pitches are often labeled using scientific pitch notation or some combination of a letter and a number representing a fundamental frequency.
This creates a linear pitch space in which octaves have size 12, semitones (the distance between adjacent keys on the piano keyboard) have size 1, and middle C is assigned the number 60.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pitch_(music)   (2067 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Musically the frequency of specific pitches is not as important as their relationships to other frequencies.
In atonal, twelve tone, or set theory a "pitch" is a specific frequency while a pitch class is all the octaves of a frequency.
Pitches are named with integers because of octave and enharmonic equivalency (for example, C# and Db are the same pitch while C4 and C5 are functionally the same).
wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/p/pi/pitch__music_.html   (1460 words)

  
 Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary - Pitch (music)
Pitches may be described in various ways, including high or low, as discrete or indiscrete, gliding or portamento, and as determinate or indeterminate.
Pitch is often measured by frequency or wavelength, but is most often discussed either through notation and the accompanying letter labels (C#).
One way in which pitch could be controlled was with the use of tuning forks, although even here there was variation - a tuning fork associated with Handel, dating from 1740, is pitched at A = 422-5Hz.ogg, while a later one from 1780 is pitched at A = 409Hz.ogg, almost a semitone lower.
fact-archive.com /encyclopedia/Pitch_(music)   (1852 words)

  
 Music theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Music theory is a field of study that involves an investigation of the many diverse elements of a music, including the development and methodology for analyzing, hearing, understanding, and composing music.
Performers study music theory in order to be able to understand the relationships that a composer expects to be understood in the notation, and composers study music theory in order to be able to understand how to produce effects and to structure their own works.
Musical texture is the overall sound of a piece of music commonly described according to the number and relationship between parts or lines of music: monophony, heterophony, polyphony, homophony, or monody.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Music_theory   (1813 words)

  
 pitch (music)
In music, the technical term used to describe how high or low a note is. It depends on the frequency (number of vibrations per second) of the sound, which is measured in hertz (Hz).
Pitch also refers to the standard to which instruments are tuned.
Nowadays the internationally agreed-upon pitch is the A above middle C (A4 or a'), which has a frequency of 440 Hz (vibrations per second).
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0016185.html   (311 words)

  
 Online Music Terms / Dictionary @ Austin Symphony Orchestra
Theperformance of music that is composed on the spur-of-the moment by theperformer, usually as a solo, or cadenza.
The music was charactarizedby the use of freer forms, and a progression from modestoward major and minor scales, and harmony.
Twelve-Tone Music: Music in which no pitchclass (or note) is repeated until all other chromatic pitches have been used.Any group of twelve pitches arranged this way is called a row.
www.austinsymphony.org /musicterms.html   (4642 words)

  
 ORB -- Medieval Music Glossary
The cauda is musically free, though in some cases the composer rounded the form by repeating musical material at the end of the cauda.
The cauda ends with a conclusive clos cadence, and may involve musical rounding (repeating the music of the clos phrase of the pes as its final phrase, for example).
Each of the two musical sections had a refrain text which came back at the end of the poem, but the two halves of the refrain had to be separable, for in the middle of the poem three statements of the opening music appeared together.
www.vanderbilt.edu /~cyrus/ORB/orbgloss.htm   (6352 words)

  
 Music Standards
Music serves as a frame of reference to the culture and the environment that created it.
Music is basic for students of all ages and abilities.
Music is a frame of reference for the culture and environment which created it.
www.usd.edu /~aringstm/music_standards.htm   (3252 words)

  
 Pitch (music) : Musical pitch   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In music, pitch refers to the frequency of a note.
However, the phrase "pitch difference" is sometimes used to mean frequency ratio.
One way in which pitch could be controlled was with the use of tuning forks, although even here there was variation - a tuning fork associated with Handel, dating from 1740, is pitched at A=422.5 Hz, while a later one from 1780 is pitched at A=409 Hz, amost a semitone lower.
www.explainthat.info /mu/musical-pitch.html   (1380 words)

  
 Notes on Music
In the past the determination of concert pitch tended to be established by instrument makers, in particular organ makers, and the requests of their clientele, usually the Church during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth centuries.
This varying concert pitch is the very phenomena that led the Italian government to try to establish concert A at 432 Hz in 1880, so as to protect the voices of the opera singers.
As pitch moves up, music and rhythmic elements tend to become more frenetic, and as pitch moves down the musical experience and the sensation in the environment tends to slow down.
www.naturessong.com /concertpitch.html   (1958 words)

  
 Music in Advertising: An Analytic Paradigm
Music served to engage listeners' attention and render the advertisement less of an unwanted intrusion.
It is one of the peculiarities of human audition and cognition that music tends to linger in the listener's mind.
The music is plagiarized from the popular revial song, "Gimme That Old Time Religion." The initial lyrical phrase, "Gimme That Old Time...," is preserved in the replacement lyrics, but in the latter part of the second line the lyrics depart from the original music.
www.music-cog.ohio-state.edu /Huron/Publications/huron.advertising.text.html   (5167 words)

  
 What is Music? Development: Pitch is determined by naturally occurring periodic sounds
Pitch is determined by naturally occurring periodic sounds is another important paper by two of the authors of The Statistical Structure of Human Speech Sounds Predicts Musical Universals.
The conclusion is that perceived pitch of a sound is equivalent to the estimated fundamental frequency of the sound, on the assumption that the sound is actually a voiced speech sound.
In the case of pitch perception, the empirical data consists of speech samples and estimates of the fundamental frequencies of those speech samples, which are then used to calculate an estimated fundamental frequency (i.e.
whatismusic.info /developments/PitchDetermined.html   (2319 words)

  
 Pitch (music)
Musically the frequency of specific pitches is not as important as their relationships to other frequencies - the difference between two pitches can be expressed by a
, where the pitch of one note is double the frequency of another.
being used to determine the relative frequency of notes in a scale, various pitch standards have been used historically to fix the absolute position of the scale.
www.mp3.fm /Pitch_(music).htm   (1462 words)

  
 How to Pitch Your Demo
To be successful at pitching your song demo to producers and AandR reps, you'll need to know which artists are looking for songs to record, what kind of material (for example, up-tempo or ballad) is being sought, and who the artists' producer(s) and AandR reps are and how to contact them.
Also, many pitch sheets are geared toward industry insiders who already have established connections; they may list the artist, type of material sought, and names of contact people to pitch your song to, but not the contacts' phone numbers or addresses.
Many songwriters often pitch inappropriate songs, and unlike publishers, who have a wealth of alternate songs to choose from, songwriters usually don't have more suitable songs to offer if their first pitch is off the mark.
psbg.emusician.com /ar/emusic_comes_pitch/index.htm   (2145 words)

  
 Other Music - Person Pitch   (Site not responding. Last check: )
But where his AC partner Avery Tare plays the musical son of Kurt Cobain, and is a worthy heir, Panda Bear as the solo artist draws a line between Brian Wilson and Arthur Russell, making ecstatic and pastoral songs that wash over the ears, body, mind and, yes, soul of its listener.
The music is hazy, ethereal, fragile and childlike, and yet there's still structure -- it's engaging and quite beautiful to say the least.
Yes, Person Pitch may confuse you, as the multiple layers of vocals are enshrouded in effects, but after repeated plays, the smoke begins to clear, and the ever-present light truly shines.
digital.othermusic.com /view/2365/0/person-pitch   (397 words)

  
 Pitch (music) - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
The A above middle C is nowadays set at 440 Hz (often written as "A = 440 Hz", and known as concert pitch), although this has not always been the case (see "Historical pitch standards").
For example, an English pitchpipe from 1720 plays the A above middle C at 380 Hz, while the organs played by Johann Sebastian Bach in Hamburg, Leipzig and Weimar were pitched at A = 480 Hz, a difference of around four semitones.
One way in which pitch could be controlled was with the use of tuning forks, although even here there was variation - a tuning fork associated with Handel, dating from 1740, is pitched at A = 422.5 Hz, while a later one from 1780 is pitched at A = 409 Hz, almost a semitone lower.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/p/i/t/Pitch_(music).html   (1876 words)

  
 Dolmetsch Online - Music Theory Online - Staffs, Clefs & Pitch Notation
Music is read from 'left' to 'right', in the same direction as you are reading this text.
In integer notation, or the integer model of pitch, all pitch classes and intervals between pitch classes are designated using the numbers 0 through 11.
Pitch classes can be notated in this way by assigning the number 0 to some note - C natural by convention - and assigning consecutive integers to consecutive semitones; so if 0 is C natural, 1 is C sharp, 2 is D natural and so on up to 11 which is B natural.
www.dolmetsch.com /musictheory1.htm   (5660 words)

  
 ASA 148th Meeting Lay Language Papers -Perfect Pitch in Tone Language Speakers Carries Over to Music
Absolute pitch, popularly known as "perfect pitch," is the ability to name or produce a musical note of particular pitch without benefit of a reference note.
On this line of reasoning, absolute pitch for music might then be acquired by tone language speakers in the same way as they would acquire the pitches of a second tone language.
In this, the first large-scale study in which the prevalence of absolute pitch in normal populations was compared using a direct test, we examined the prevalence of absolute pitch in two groups of music students.
www.aip.org /148th/deutsch.html   (1741 words)

  
 Music theory instruction for the beginner and advanced student
Music theory is to be understood by all musicians.
Once the equal parts were tuned it was necessary to experiment with the pitch of that reference tone on which all the others tones were built.
After careful listening of the intervals based on different reference pitches, engineers determined that the pitch that produced the best sounding intervals between the 12 tones is 440 hz.
www.angelfire.com /music5/theory   (4636 words)

  
 What is Music? Article: A Grand Unified Theory of Music
The super-stimulus theory of music can be considered a "unified theory" of music, which identifies a number of analogies between the perception of pitch and the perception of time intervals.
In the case of pitch the relationship is that of an interval between two pitch values being consonant, where a consonant interval corresponds to a simple fractional ratio between two frequencies.
For each aspect of music, there is some cortical map which responds to that aspect with a constant pattern of active and inactive regions, and the same cortical map responds to speech, but the corresponding activity patterns are not constant.
whatismusic.info /articles/GrandUnifiedTheory.html   (660 words)

  
 Pitch (music) in TutorGig Encyclopedia
There are several of these, such as the tritone paradox, but most notably the Shepard scale, where a continuous or discrete sequence of specially formed tones can be made to sound like this sequence continues ascending forever, when this in fact is an audio illusion.
Audio-nohelp450Hz.ogg450 Hz Throughout the first half of the 19th century, there was a tendency for the pitch used by orchestras to rise.
Audio-nohelp451Hz.ogg451 Hz The most vocal opponents of the upward tendency in pitch were singers, who complained that it was putting a strain on their voices.
www.tutorgig.com /ed/pitch_(music)   (2139 words)

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