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Topic: Planner programming language

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  Programming Language - MSN Encarta
Programming Language, in computer science, artificial language used to write a sequence of instructions (a computer program) that can be run by a computer.
For instance, programming languages such as Fortran and COBOL were written to solve certain general types of programming problems—Fortran for scientific applications, and COBOL for business applications.
Assembly languages are intermediate languages that are very close to machine language and do not have the level of linguistic sophistication exhibited by other high-level languages, but must still be translated into machine language.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761575695/Programming_Language.html   (578 words)

 Planner programming language: Encyclopedia II - Planner programming language - Control Structure Controversy
Lisp had adopted the programming pun of identifying NIL, the empty list with logical false (at memory location 0) because testing for 0 was faster than anything else.
In Micro Planner, it was common to write programs to perform some operation on every element of a list by using a loop to process the first element of a list, take the rest of the list, and then jump back to the top of the loop to test if the list was empty.
Such a program never made it to testing the empty list after processing all the elements because when the last element was processed and the rest of the list was taken, NIL was returned as a value.
www.experiencefestival.com /a/Planner_programming_language_-_Control_Structure_Controversy/id/5380474   (738 words)

 The ZENO Temporal Planner
We have built a least commitment planner, ZENO, that handles actions occuring over extended intervals of time and whose preconditions and effects can be temporally quantified.
While other planners exist with some of these features, ZENO is different because it is both sound and complete.
ZENO uses the incremental version of the phase one Simplex algorithm, devised for the CLP(R) programming language.
www.cs.washington.edu /ai/zeno.html   (298 words)

 Planner programming language - Control structure characterizations
Planner programming language - Control structure characterizations is one of the topics in focus at Global Oneness.
Planner programming language - Control structure characterizations: Encyclopedia II - Planner programming language - Early History of Planner
Planner was the first language to feature procedural plans that were called by pattern-directed invocation using goals and assertions.
www.experiencefestival.com /planner_programming_language_-_control_structure_characterizations   (414 words)

  The OpenCyc Planner: A Case Study   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Applications using the planner may have special code for processing, displaying, or even executing plans, but the heart of the application will be the planner rules themselves.
The SHOP planner plans for tasks in the same order they are to be executed; this means that in some cases decisions made when expanding earlier complex tasks in the plan will constrain the planning for later tasks.
While it is important that the programs produced by the planner be valid, we would like further to analyze the algorithms involved abstracted away as much as possible from their implementation in the syntax of the programming languages themselves.
www.opencyc.org /doc/planner_case_study   (3167 words)

 Shrdlu - Detailed comments:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Programs that are related heterarchically can address or call upon each other either "up", "down", or "sideways." Moreover, they can do this at many different points in their (potentially independent) functioning.
Even the "Monitor" program, which is the master program in the trivial sense that it calls the basic parts of the system, has no such view; it does not really monitor what goes on, for this would require receiving continual reports on progress and adjusting the activities of the various specialist programs accordingly.
The linguistic programs also include definitions of words that are essential to any English dictionary, like "it", "on", "and", and "the", as well as a special procedure for dealing with common word endings, like "-ing", "-ed", and so on.
www.ee.cooper.edu /courses/course_pages/past_courses/EE459/AIHO4   (6397 words)

 fare: (Lots of ((Irritating, Spurious) (Parentheses)))
I speculate that much of the prejudice against parentheses can be traced down to the ambiguity of parentheses in C and similar syntaxes, and their general use as a marker for unusually complex pieces of code in most languages as well as in mathematical usage.
To date, no language insisting on non-infix notation (or ignoring conventional operation precedence rules) gained more than a niche acceptance (Postscript may be an exception, but very few people actually write in it).
The only difference between languages is, by and large, the syntactic sugar, and the amount of dirty work the language compiler/interpreter and run-time do for the programmer.
fare.livejournal.com /77842.html   (4416 words)

 CSCI 4990 Final Class Project Part II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Using the scripting language R-Code certain measurements were needed to ensure stable and concise algorithms were implemented.
When the Mission Planner and Path Planner considered the agent to be near a goal location the agent scans the area for the goal object and with a series of pans and tilts of its head.
Using the Java Programming language and R-Code together made the second half of this project much easier than the first half of the project.
www.cs.uno.edu /~starapor/research/project2   (1948 words)

 Planner programming language - Control structures are patterns of passing messages
Planner programming language - Control structures are patterns of passing messages is one of the topics in focus at Global Oneness.
Planner programming language - Control structures are patterns of passing messages: Encyclopedia II - Planner programming language - Control Structure Controversy
Planner programming language - Control structures are patterns of passing messages: Encyclopedia II - Planner programming language - Early History of Planner
www.experiencefestival.com /planner_programming_language_-_control_structures_are_patterns_of_passing_messages   (471 words)

 inkline Global, Inc- Product Support   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
After a long and time consuming search for a good Windows Day Planner, I came to the conclusion that yours is, by far, the one for home use.
A program that would create an image file of a calendar of the current month, and set it up as the wallpaper.
Was surfing for a simple calendar program using HotBot and ran into your Visual Planner - downloaded the demo and I have mailed you a check for it.
www.inklineglobal.com /products/vdp/vdp_reviews.html   (478 words)

 Learn Programming Languages - lifehack.org
Programming languages can be understood in terms of a relatively small number of concepts.
In particular, a programming language is syntactic realization of one or more computational models.
When a programming language is faithful to the computational model, programs can be more easily written and understood.
www.lifehack.org /articles/lifehack/learn-programming-languages.html   (341 words)

 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
It was also influenced by the programming languages Lisp, Simula and early versions of Smalltalk, as well as capability-based systems and packet switching.
Builtin language constructs allow to define actions to be taken when an expected message is received from the internal message queue, like sending a message to another peer entity or creating new test components.
Inspired by the lambda calculus, the interpreter for the programming language Lisp made use of a data structure called an environment so that the values of parameters did not have to be substituted into the body of an invoked lambda expression.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Actor_model   (4780 words)

 ACS :: Neuro-Linguistic Programming
Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) uses a number of techniques or tools to teach people to identify personal goals, change unhelpful beliefs, reach a higher level of achievement, and communicate better with others.
These observations are used to learn how the person consciously and unconsciously relates to his or her life and condition, and what limiting beliefs may exist.
Grinder and Bandler made connections between the body language and speaking patterns of these people and related this information to the internal thinking process of each person studied.
www.cancer.org /docroot/ETO/content/ETO_5_3X_Neuro-Linguistic_Programming.asp?sitearea=ETO   (861 words)

 Dr. Dobb's | The History of Programming Languages | July 22, 2001
For a language to be eligible for HOPL-II, the program committee required that "preliminary ideas about the language were documented by 1982 and the language was in use or being taught by 1985." Thus, HOPL-II was able to cover languages developed in the '70s as well as upstarts like C++.
Language designers spent a lot of time discussing the reasons for their decisions--and even indulged in a bit of second-guessing.
Even Stroustrup couldn't resist a few shots at C. Of all the languages he used in the '70s, Algol 68, not C, he said, was his favorite, noting in particular his dislike for C's syntax and the loopholes in its static type checking.
www.ddj.com /184409048   (2282 words)

 Event Coordinator and Planner   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Event managers event coordinator and planner and professionals get an insiders look at the real-life events business from interviews with entertainers event coordinator and planner and event producers, as well as mini-case studies from the authors experiences.
Event loop - In computer science, the event loop, message loop or message pump is a programming construct that waits for and dispatches events or messages in a program.
Planner programming language - Planner (often seen in publications as "PLANNER") is a programming language designed by Carl Hewitt at MIT, and first published in 1969.
omahasports.usamsoc.com /eventcoordinatorandplanner.html   (1153 words)

 planner | English | Dictionary & Translation by Babylon
A language for writing theorem provers by Carl Hewitt hewitt@ai.mit.edu MIT 1967.
CONNIVER was an outgrowth of PLANNER and microPLANNER a subset.
["PLANNER: A Language for Proving Theorems in Robots", Carl Hewitt, Proc IJCAI-69, Wash DC, May 1969].
www.babylon.com /definition/planner   (124 words)

 ACM Queue - A Conversation with Alan Kay: Big talk with the creator of Smalltalk—and much more.
We all thought that the next level of programming language would be much more strategic and even policy-oriented and would have much more knowledge about what it was trying to do.
Let’s say the adoption of programming languages has very often been somewhat accidental, and the emphasis has very often been on how easy it is to implement the programming language rather than on its actual merits and features.
The languages of Niklaus Wirth have spread wildly and widely because he has been one of the most conscientious documenters of languages and one of the earlier ones to do algorithmic languages using p-codes (pseudocodes)—the same kinds of things that we use.
acmqueue.com /modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=273&page=2   (1709 words)

 Wikinfo | Scheme programming language
Scheme is a functional programming language and a dialect of Lisp.
It was also one of the first programming languages to support explicit continuations.
Purely functional programs have no state and don't have side-effects, and are therefore automatically thread-safe and considerably easier to verify than imperative programs.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Scheme_programming_language   (2785 words)

 Bitwise Magazine :: serious computing
Whereas it is generally thought 'good style' to provide accessor methods to get and set instance variables in many OOP languages, this is often left at the discretion of the programmer.
In terms of the Smalltalk language and class libraries, Squeak and Dolphin are reasonably compatible.
If you want to learn more about programming in Smalltalk, Stéphane Ducasse’s library of free online Smalltalk books is the place to start http://www.iam.unibe.ch/~ducasse/FreeBooks.html.
www.bitwisemag.com /copy/programming/smalltalk/smalltalk2.html   (4173 words)

It was at this time that we learned of the existence of Carl Hewitt’s programming language, Planner [Hewitt, 1969].
The lack of formalization of this language, our ignorance of Lisp and, above all, the fact that we were absolutely devoted to logic meant that this work had little influence on our later research.
the agglutinative languages tend to produce agglutinations and they are very, very difficult to untangle when you've had a new idea.
blogs.sun.com /plan9/date/20050216   (502 words)

 PLANNER - OneLook Dictionary Search
PLANNER : Free On-line Dictionary of Computing [home, info]
Phrases that include PLANNER: planner 73, bible reading planner, enterprise resource planner, financial planner and financial planning, flight planner, more...
Words similar to PLANNER: contriver, deviser, plan, more...
www.onelook.com /cgi-bin/cgiwrap/bware/dofind.cgi?word=PLANNER   (203 words)

 Swamped By The Updates
And it figures in their conception of "a Missouri [show-me] program" for which "the world and its laws of change" can be represented (469).
The program that he, along with Holyoak and others, developed to exploit such abduction is called PI (Processes of Induction, abduction being regarded as a kind of probabilistic induction).
The program is apeironic to the extent that it can combine existing concepts to form new ones and thus "produce new knowledge under conditions of uncertainty"(292).
www.stanford.edu /group/SHR/4-2/text/johnson.html   (8161 words)

This web site is dedicated to helping software developers and managers evaluate and adopt the Python programming language, and the many tools and support libraries that are associated with it.
Python is a dynamic object oriented programming language that can be compared with Java and Microsoft's.NET-based languages as a general-purpose substrate for many kinds of software development.
Python is an object-oriented programming language that can help you get two to ten times as much done as in C, C++, Java, Perl, VB, and others.
www.pythonology.com   (381 words)

 Programming languages and testing - QA Forums
I'd be very pleased if you help me about the way that from which programming language i should start lo learn.
If you are brand new to programming, start by taking a general "Algorithms" class and get the basics of what programming is about.
What I suggest is languages that give him the most bang for his buck.
www.qaforums.com /Forum34/HTML/000819.html   (678 words)

 Smalltalk-76 Programming System
A compiled representation for the language is presented, along with an interpreter suitable for microcoding.
The class is the natural unit of modularity, as it describes all the external messages understood by its instances, as well as all the internal details about methods for computing responses to messages and representation of data in the instances.
In the Smalltalk language, a class can be declared to be a subclass of another class, and thus inherit all the traits of that superclass.
users.ipa.net /~dwighth/smalltalk/St76/Smalltalk76ProgrammingSystem.html   (4834 words)

 Customizing project management system, add custom menus and reports, integrate with database
The 3f Software Planner application is divided into 3 sections, the menu (including icons), the tree view and the work space as shown on the image below.
You can use any programming language you like, the only condition is that the language is capable of accessing a Microsoft SQL server, access a regular COM dll as well as reading session variables.
However, in doing so you may run into problems with the IIS due to antivirus programs, spy ware programs etc. Some technical knowledge may be required to get it to work on these operating systems.
www.3fsoftwareplanner.com /project-management/sdk/sdk-options.htm   (706 words)

 EMS Scheduling - plan and manage your emergency squad schedules online, ems products, emt products   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
EMS Planner offers affordable, tailored for groups, online scheduling accessible by members anywhere internet access is available.
EMS Planner is completely online, so any invited member can access the website anywhere an internet connection is available.
It's NOT a program or application so you DO NOT need to pay cumbersome fees to install on additional member's computer in order for members to access the schedule.
www.emsplanner.com /faq.php   (384 words)

 Maggie Johnson
A theorem-proving program takes as input a set of axioms and some formula to be proven.
The idea of using a theorem prover as a program interpreter was first tried in the PLANNER programming language (which was embedded in LISP) developed by C. Hewitt in his Ph.D. dissertation at MIT in 1971.
  Incorporating a predicate logic style into a programming language was first achieved in an accepted way in Prolog which was developed by Alain Colmerauer, Philippe Roussel and a group of researchers at the University of Marseille in the early 1970’s.
cse.stanford.edu /classes/cs103a/h22Res.htm   (2441 words)

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