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Topic: Plasma (physics)

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  Plasma on the Internet
Plasma Physics Laboratory at the University of Saskatchewan
Laboratory of Plasma Chemistry at the University of Patras
Atomic, Molecular, Discharge and Plasma Physics at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow
plasma-gate.weizmann.ac.il /PlasmaI.html   (1667 words)

  Plasma (physics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In physics and chemistry, a plasma is typically an ionized gas, and is usually considered to be a distinct phase of matter.
The ion temperature in a cold plasma is often near the ambient temperature.
The dynamics of plasmas interacting with external and self-generated magnetic fields are studied in the academic discipline of magnetohydrodynamics.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Plasma_physics   (2644 words)

 Plasma Science Report, 1995 (Contents and Overview)
The plasma medium is inherently nonlinear because the charged particles composing the plasma interact collectively with the electromagnetic fields produced self-consistently by the charge density and currents associated with the plasma particles.
The intellectual challenge in plasma physics is to develop the principles for understanding the complex macroscopic behavior of plasmas, given the known principles that govern their microscopic behavior.
Examples of applications of nonneutral plasmas are electron beams and plasmas for the generation of electromagnetic waves, pure ion plasmas in traps for atomic clock applications, advanced concepts for particle accelerators, and the confinement of antimatter such as positrons and antiprotons.
www.nap.edu /readingroom/books/plasma/contents.html   (8807 words)

 Current Research Areas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Physics of electrostatic precipitation, condensation, and processes affecting the stability of particulate suspensions are studied by numerical simulation and by spectroscopic techniques including light-scattering spectroscopy.
Studies of electron cyclotron and lower hybrid heating and current drive in magnetically confined toroidal plasmas; examination of transport in plasmas subject to supplementary radio frequency heating; and investigation of transient synchrotron radiation as a potential diagnostic of plasma quantities which may be difficult to obtain by alternate means.
Experimental and theoretical study of collisional and collisionless phenomena of very dense plasmas (approaching the liquid densities) in or near a local thermodynamic equilibrium, with emphasis on anomalies in the transport properties.
physics.physics.lehigh.edu:1525 /research.html   (1348 words)

 Plasma Physics @ Auburn University   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Plasma physics is concerned with the studies of hot, diffuse gases, where the electrons are dissociated from the atomic nuclei.
Space plasma physics is concerned with plasma phenomena in outer space.
Basic plasma physics research focuses on fundamental process that occur in plasma - such as wave propagation, particle and energy transport, and plasma instabilities.
www.physics.auburn.edu /~plasma   (372 words)

 KTH - EE - Fusion Plasma Physics ::   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
KTH - EE - Fusion Plasma Physics ::
The division also has a long standing tradition of research on basic plasma physics, initiated by Prof.
It is coordinated and partly funded by Euratom.
www.alfvenlab.kth.se /fusion   (162 words)

 Plasma Physics -- History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Gradually ways were found to foil the different modes by which the magnetic field rapidly spilled its plasma, and both the temperature and density of the plasma were slowly increased.
From fusion research, space scientists borrowed the theory of plasma trapping by a magnetic field, and from ionospheric physics, the theory of plasma waves.
Today space plasma physics is an active field, contributing to the understanding of not just observations in space but also of plasmas in general.
www-istp.gsfc.nasa.gov /Education/whplasma.html   (619 words)

 Univeristy of Saskatchewan: Plasma Physics Research
The plasma physics laboratory at the University of Saskatchewan was established in 1959 and early experimental work centred around the study of electron acceleration in a Plasma Betatron.
Basic plasma physics is also studied in a double plasma device (DPD) which allows the investigation of plasmas free of the influence of magnetic fields.
The Plasma Physics Laboratory is a respected member of the international plasma physics community and has made significant contributions to the understanding of turbulent heating in plasmas, confinement and transport in tokamaks, and basic plasma phenomena, both experimentally and theoretically.
physics.usask.ca /research/plasma.htm   (984 words)

 Plasma Primer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Plasmas have special electro-magnetic properties compared to a normal, neutral gas due to the fact that the electrons and ions are not bound together.
The important properties of a plasma are that it is subject to electric and magnetic forces and is a high energy state of matter.
The problem is that a plasma, like a gas has a tendency to spread out when there is a large pressure difference, and unlike a gas the high pressure plasma can not be confined simply by a metal wall because of the high temperature of the plasma (around one hundred million degrees C).
www.columbia.edu /~cjc38/plasma   (1375 words)

 Plasma Physics Graduate Courses
The Graduate Seminar in Plasma Physics is currently organized each semester around special topics in experimental and theoretical plasma physics, with recent topics including nonneutral plasmas and advanced accelerators (Spring Semester, 1999), and magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space plasmas (Fall Semester, 1999).
The first half of the course, Introduction to Space Plasma Physics, focuses on plasmas in the earth's magnetosphere and in the solar wind; interaction between the solar wind and the earth's dipole magnetic field, formation of the magnetosphere and the magnetopause boundary layer; and geomagnetic tail and its stability; and geomagnetic substorms and auroras.
The physical principles and mathematical formalism of quantum theory, with an emphasis on applications to atomic, molecular, and many-body physics; scattering phenomena; and electromagnetism (photon physics) are studied.
w3.pppl.gov /gradprogram/Misc/Classes.html   (966 words)

 Columbia Plasma Physics Laboratory
The Plasma Physics Laboratory was founded in 1961 and is an integral part of the Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics.
It is an experimental research facility devoted to the study of basic and applied plasma physics in a broad range of applications.
In addition to the experimental effort, there is a broad program in theoretical and computational plasma physics, with applications to fusion, space plasmas, and free-electron lasers.
www.apam.columbia.edu /apam/plasma/plasmaintro.html   (373 words)

 Plasma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plasma display, a flat-panel electronic visual display technology
Plasma (KDE), a reimplentation and redesign of the KDE free desktop environment for Linux
This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Plasma   (118 words)

 Plasma Physics Group - Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Plasmas are ionized gases in which long-range electrical and magnetic interactions involving charged particles dominate over collisions between neutral species.
The Plasma Physics Group was formed in 1968, since when it has been actively promoting the study of plasmas throughout the United Kingdom and Ireland.
The 32nd IOP Plasma Physics Group Annual Conference was held at the Clarendon Laboratory in Oxford from Monday the 21st of March to Thursday the 24th of March 2005.
groups.iop.org /PP   (551 words)

 Plasma Physics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Plasma research at Auburn covers a broad range of topics, including both experimental and theoretical work.
Fusion is a process that combines the atomic nuclei of light elements, like the isotopes of hydrogen called deuterium and tritium, to form heavier elements.
occur in plasma - such as wave propagation, particle and energy transport, and plasma instabilities.
www.physics.auburn.edu /research/plasma.htm   (271 words)

 PLASMA PHYSICS REPORTS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Plasma Physics Reports (Fizika plasmy) was founded in 1975 in order to publish papers on comparatively young and extremely fruitful branch of modern science—plasma physics.
The journal covers the following topics: high-temperature plasma physics connected with the problem of controlled nuclear fusion based on magnetic and inertial confinement; physics of cosmic plasma, including magnetosphere plasma, sun and stellar plasma, etc.; gas discharge plasma and plasma generated by laser and particle beams.
The journal also publishes papers on such related topics as plasma electronics, generation of radiation in plasma, and plasma diagnostics.
www.maik.rssi.ru /cgi-bin/journal.pl?name=plasphys&page=main   (121 words)

 RMKI Department of Plasma Physics
The Department of Plasma Physics studies phenomena in plasma physics, atomic physics, laser physics and their interdisciplinary fields.
Plasma physics related investigations are done at the TEXTOR tokamak at KFA-Jülich(Germany), at the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak, at the Wendelstein 7-AS stellarator(Germany)at IPP-Garching(Germany), at the Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser (Greece) and at the TCV tokamak (Switzerland).These investigations are supported in part by the EURATOM.
Laser plasma investigations are done in cooperation with MPQ-Garching and the Department of Experimental Physics of the Szeged University.
www.rmki.kfki.hu /plasma   (292 words)

 Imperial College London | Plasma Physics
Welcome to the IC plasma physics group, one of the world's leading university groups in plasma physics reseach.
We are engaged both experimentally and theoretically in a number of research programmes, including fundamental plasma physics, acceleration of particles using plasma waves and thermonuclear fusion.
Plasma Physics is the basic subject underpinning astrophysics and space physics as well as laboratory ionized gases.
www.imperial.ac.uk /research/plasma   (465 words)

 Research Areas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
West Virginia University's experimental plasma research program has concentrated on fundamental problems of plasma behavior that are also relevant to the understanding of processes that occur naturally in space plasmas and in man-made fusion plasmas.
The helicon source is also used to generate the plasma in a large space simulation chamber in which experiments on collisionless magnetic reconnection and the effects of the space plasma environment on scientific spacecraft are performed.
In addition, the plasma physics group has ongoing projects involving studies of sheath formation in space-relevant plasmas, the analysis of data from scientific spacecraft (Ulysses and Pioneer Venus Orbiter), the development of neutral atom imaging diagnostics for fusion and space experiments, and the investigation of nonlinear processes in low-temperature, optically pumped, plasmas.
www.as.wvu.edu /phys/plasma.htm   (397 words)

 Space Plasma Physics Groups   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Space Plasma Physics Group at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, AL conducts experimental and theoretical research to support the engineering, scientific, and operational activities of the NASA Office of Space Flight and Office of Space Science.
Our principal objective is to develop an understanding of the physical processes that control the geospace plasma environment and its interaction with both natural and man-made bodies in space.
The heating causes plasma to escape from Earth's gravity, producing a plasma fountain, which in turn has been found to supply plasma to the acceleration regions that generate disruptive space plasma storms.
science.nasa.gov /ssl/pad/sppb   (138 words)

 Directory of Plasma Conferences   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
This listing of plasma science and engineering conferences is sponsored by the Plasma Science and Applications Committee of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
It is intended both to inform the plasma research community of relevant professional meetings and to assist conference organizers in avoiding schedule conflicts.
See Plasma Conference Statistics for the number of conferences listed by year and continent, as well as the monthly distribution of conferences in 2004.
ewh.ieee.org /soc/nps/PlasConf/plasma_meetings.html   (230 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Physics: Plasma   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Coalition for Plasma Science - A group of institutions, organizations, and companies joining forces to increase awareness and understanding of plasma science and its many applications and benefits for society.
Plasma and Fusion Glossary - Frequently used terms in plasmas physics and fusion energy research.
Plasma Simulation Projects - Projects on numerical plasma simulation, including HPEM code, Monte Carlo Module, and Feature Profile Model, developed at the Computational Optical and Discharge Physics Group, University of Illinois.
dmoz.org /Science/Physics/Plasma   (291 words)

 UW-Madison Plasma Physics Theory
The plasma theory group is part of the Plasma Group in the Department of Physics at the University of Wisconsin.
Among the topics of research are plasma turbulence and transport, magnetic fluctuations and transport, reversed field pinch theory, astrophysical turbulence, and transport of stratospheric constituents.
The Physics of Neoclassical Magnetohydrodynamic Tearing Modes, C. Hegna, Physics of Plasmas 5, 1767 (1998).
sprott.physics.wisc.edu /theory/home.htm   (930 words)

 Plasma and Laser Physics
The study of laboratory and astrophysical plasmas is currently in the midst of a renaissance.
Blackman) and solar magnetohydrodynamics, solar dynamo theory, and the physics of sunspots (Prof.
The Department group in Plasma and Laser Physics is closely aligned with a larger University interdisciplinary program in High Energy Density Plasma Physics, involving additional faculty at both the LLE and the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
spider.pas.rochester.edu /mainFrame/research/plasma.html   (418 words)

 Plasma Heating
Since the plasma is an electrical conductor, it is possible to heat the plasma by passing a current through it; in fact, the current that generates the poloidal field also heats the plasma.
It appears that the maximum plasma temperature attainable by ohmic heating in a tokamak is 20-30 million degrees Celsius.
If the waves have a particular frequency (or wavelength), their energy can be transferred to the charged particles in the plasma, which in turn collide with other plasma particles, thus increasing the temperature of the bulk plasma.
www.pppl.gov /fusion_basics/pages/plasma_heating.html   (350 words)

 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
U.S. Rep. Rush Holt (left) congratulates Princeton University Professor Ronald C. Davidson on 40 years of contributions to plasma physics research and graduate education during a symposium held in Davidson's honor at PPPL.
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) is a collaborative national center for plasma and fusion science.
An associated mission for PPPL is to provide the highest quality science education in fusion energy, plasma physics, and related technologies.
www.pppl.gov   (124 words)

 BUBL LINK: Plasma physics
Includes sections on the basic physics of plasma, advanced millimetre wave sources, and environmental monitoring and waste treatment using plasmas.
A compilation of mathematical and scientific formulae, including physical parameters pertinent to a variety of plasma regimes, ranging from laboratory devices to astrophysical objects.
Journal covering all aspects if modern physics, including astronomy and astrophysics, condensed matter physics, high energy, particles and fields physics, mathematical physics, nuclear physics, plasma physics and quantum optics.
bubl.ac.uk /link/p/plasmaphysics.htm   (474 words)

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