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Topic: Plato


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  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Plato and Platonism
Plato elaborated to a high degree the faculty by which the abstract is understood and presented, he was Greek enough to follow the artistic instinct in teaching by means of a clear-cut concrete type of philosophical excellence.
Plato teaches, consists of three parts: the rational soul, which resides in the head; the irascible soul, the seat of courage, which resides in the heart; and the appetitive soul, the seat of desire, which resides in the abdomen.
Plato, and to the enthusiasm for the higher pursuits of the
www.newadvent.org /cathen/12159a.htm   (2724 words)

  
 Plato's Political Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Plato describes the sophists as itinerant individuals, known for their rhetorical abilities, who reject religious beliefs and traditional morality, and he contrasts them with Socrates, who as a teacher would refuse to accept payment and instead of teaching skills would commit himself to a disinterested inquiry into what is true and just.
Plato’s greatest achievement may be seen firstly in that he, in opposing the sophists, offered to decadent Athens, which had lost faith in her old religion, traditions, and customs, a means by which civilization and the city’s health could be restored: the recovery of order in both the polis and the soul.
Plato’s achievement as a political philosopher may be seen in that he believed that there could be a body of knowledge whose attainment would make it possible to heal political problems, such as factionalism and the corruption of morals, which can bring a city to a decline.
www.iep.utm.edu /p/platopol.htm   (7226 words)

  
 Plato - Crystalinks
Plato's own theory of knowledge is found in the Republic, particularly in his discussion of the image of the divided line and the myth of the cave.
Plato was fond of mathematics because of its idealized abstractions and its separation from the merely material.
Plato decided also that since the heavens were perfect, the various heavenly bodies would have to move in exact circles (the perfect curve) along with the crystalline spheres (the perfect solid) that held them in place.
www.crystalinks.com /plato.html   (5465 words)

  
  Science and Human Values - Plato   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Plato was fond of mathematics because of its idealized abstractions and its separation from the merely material.
Plato decided also that since the heavens were perfect, the various heavenly bodies would have to move in exact circles (the perfect curve) along with the crystalline spheres (the perfect solid) that held them in place.
For as Plato could confidently state in the same context, the authority of the mechanical views had been checked, or to paraphrase his words, the case was reversed in favor of the organismic viewpoint.
www.rit.edu /~flwstv/plato.html   (2657 words)

  
  Plato - MSN Encarta
Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens.
When Plato was a child, his father died, and his mother married Pyrilampes, who was an associate of the statesman Pericles.
Plato’s writings were in dialogue form; philosophical ideas were advanced, discussed, and criticized in the context of a conversation or debate involving two or more persons.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761568769/Plato.html   (479 words)

  
  Plato - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plato was born in Athens in May or December in 428 or 427 BC.
Plato stated that knowledge is essentially justified true belief, an influential belief which informed future developments in epistemology.
Plato's thought is often compared with that of his most famous student, Aristotle, whose reputation during the Western Middle Ages so completely eclipsed that of Plato that the Scholastic philosophers referred to Aristotle as "the Philosopher".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Plato   (4046 words)

  
 Plato. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Plato was a superb writer, and his works are part of the world’s great literature.
Plato was always concerned with the fundamental philosophical problem of working out a theory of the art of living and knowing.
Plato saw his task as that of leading men to a vision of the Forms and to some sense of the highest good.
www.bartleby.com /65/pl/Plato.html   (877 words)

  
 PLATO - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
PLATO was one of the first generalized Computer assisted instruction systems, originally built by the University of Illinois (U of I) and later taken over by Control Data Corporation (CDC), who provided the machines it ran on.
The largest PLATO installation in South Africa during the early 1980s was at the University of the Western Cape, which served a "coloured" population, and at one time had hundreds of PLATO IV terminals all connected by leased data lines back to Johannesburg.
PLATO courseware was fairly extensive, covering a full range of high-school and college courses, as well as topics such as reading skills, family planning, Lamaze training and home budgeting.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/PLATO_System   (3539 words)

  
 Human Intelligence: Plato
Plato was born into a wealth Athenian family and planned to become a politician.
Plato's philosophy was based on his theory of a soul divided into three components, reason, will and appetite.
Plato believed that though the body dies and disintegrates, the soul continues to live forever.
www.indiana.edu /~intell/plato.shtml   (483 words)

  
 Plato.
Plato believed that there was another world beyond this changeable and destructible one in which we live, one consisting of unchanging eternal Forms.
Plato's view of society was pinned by the belief that philosophers are capable of knowing the absolute truth about how to rule society and thus are justified in wielding absolute power.
Plato may have been right in his views on democracy; the difficulty is Plato's avowed and stated belief that men were unequal to one another.
www.blupete.com /Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Plato.htm   (1201 words)

  
 Philosophers : Plato   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Plato's extant work is in the form of epistles and dialogues, divided according to the probable order of composition.
Plato's goal in dialogues of the middle years, e.g., the Republic, Phaedo, Symposium, and Timaeus, was to show the rational relationship between the soul, the state, and the cosmos.
In Plato's various dialogues he touched upon virtually every problem that has occupied subsequent philosophers; his teachings have been among the most influential in the history of Western civilization, and his works are counted among the world's finest literature.
www.trincoll.edu /depts/phil/philo/phils/plato.html   (315 words)

  
 Plato: Forms
In the middle and late dialogues, Plato employed the conversational structure as a way of presenting dialectic, a pattern of argumentation that examines each issue from several sides, exploring the interplay of alternative ideas while subjecting all of them to evaluation by reason.
Plato later came to disagree with his teacher on this point, arguing that genuine knowledge of virtue is attainable through application of appropriate educational methods.
Plato believed that the same point could be made with regard to many other abstract concepts: even though we perceive only their imperfect instances, we have genuine knowledge of truth, goodness, and beauty no less than of equality.
www.philosophypages.com /hy/2f.htm   (2276 words)

  
 Plato and informal education
Plato (428 - 348 BC) Greek philosopher who was the pupil of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle - and one of the most influential figures in 'western'; thought.
Part of this can be put down to Plato's dislike of the Sophists (particularly as teachers of rhetoric) and his concern that teachers should know their subject.
The 'middle period' of Plato's work is also characterised by the use of dialogues in which Socrates is the main speaker - but by this point it is generally accepted that it is Plato's words that are being spoken.
www.infed.org /thinkers/et-plato.htm   (819 words)

  
 Plato's Cave & The Matrix
Plato has so little to say about them that readers quickly imagine their own worst fears; a totalitarian government or the mass media struck mid- and late-20th Century readers as an obvious parallel to the prisoners who move freely within the cave.
In this way, Plato draws the reader to think for him or herself in the same way that Socrates wished his interlocutors to feel the sting of the realization of their ignorance as a motivation to join him in inquiry and care of the soul.
Plato would regard Neo’s transformed conception of reality partial at best since Neo is not called upon to regard all sense impressions as false or diminished, only those that have the wrong source.
whatisthematrix.warnerbros.com /rl_cmp/new_phil_partridge.html   (6515 words)

  
 Plato - Biography and Works
Plato was born into an aristocratic family in Athens, Greece around 427 BC, the son of Ariston and his wife Perictione.
After his teacher's death, around the age of forty Plato founded the Academy, of which Aristotle was a pupil, in a grove sacred to the demigod Academus, near Athens.
Plato further developed his ideas and theories in such works as Symposium; Phaedo--"False words are not only evil in themselves, but they infect the soul with evil."; and The Republic, including his Theory of Forms and various Platonisms.
www.online-literature.com /plato   (772 words)

  
 PLATO: The Emergence of Online Community
PLATO originated in the early 1960's at the Urbana campus of the University of Illinois.
The early PLATO community was concentrated in Illinois and consisted mostly of people in academia: educators turned instructional designers, and students hired as programmers.
PLATO was an accidental one which emerged spontaneously in an environment that had been created for other purposes.
thinkofit.com /plato/dwplato.htm   (5708 words)

  
 Temple of Plato   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Works Plato's writings were in dialogue form; philosophical ideas were advanced, discussed, and criticized in the context of a conversation or debate involving two or more persons.
An object existing in the physical world may be called a circle or a square or a triangle only to the extent that it resembles ("participates in" is Plato's phrase) the Form "circularity" or "squareness" or "triangularity." Plato extended his theory beyond the realm of mathematics.
The Republic, Plato's major political work, is concerned with the question of justice and therefore with the questions "what is a just state" and "who is a just individual?" The ideal state, according to Plato, is composed of three classes.
sangha.net /messengers/plato.htm   (2140 words)

  
 Plato [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
The way that Plato's represents Socrates going about his "mission" in Athens provides a plausible explanation both of why the Athenians would have brought him to trial and convicted him in the troubled years after the end of the Peloponnesian War, and also of why Socrates was not really guilty of the charges he faced.
Whatever value Plato believed that knowledge of abstract entities has for the proper conduct of philosophy, he no longer seems to have believed that such knowledge is necessary for the proper running of a political community.
Plato takes the four elements, fire, air, water, and earth (which Plato proclaims to be composed of various aggregates of triangles), making various compounds of these into what he calls the Body of the Universe.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/p/plato.htm   (7918 words)

  
 Plato - History for Kids!
Plato is known today as one of the greatest philosophers of all time.
When Plato was a young man, he went to listen to Socrates, and learned a lot from Socrates about how to think, and what sort of questions to think about.
Plato says that we are like those men sitting in the cave: we think we understand the real world, but because we are trapped in our bodies we can see only the shadows on the wall.
www.historyforkids.org /learn/greeks/philosophy/plato.htm   (701 words)

  
 Plato
When the master died, Plato travelled to Egypt and Italy, studied with students of Pythagoras, and spent several years advising the ruling family of Syracuse.
In his earliest literary efforts, Plato tried to convey the spirit of Socrates's teaching by presenting accurate reports of the master's conversational interactions, for which these dialogues are our primary source of information.
Plato on rhetoric and poetry by Charles Griswold.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/plat.htm   (731 words)

  
 Plato's Republic
Plato thinks that this is the energy that drives the soul and may be used to reason to keep desire in line.
Plato's answer to that is to identify the nature of the "tyrannical personality": since the tyrant is subject to completely unlimited desire, he can never be satisfied with anything he has.
Plato's comment about this reveals an important principle of his thought: This was a person who had lived a good life and had just returned from a reward for it in heaven.
www.friesian.com /plato.htm   (6934 words)

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