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Topic: Platonic ideas

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  Idea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ideas give rise to concepts, which are the basis for any kind of knowledge whether science or philosophy.
When a man, for example, has obtained an idea of chairs in general by comparison with which he can say "This is a chair, that is a stool", he has what is known as an "abstract idea" distinct from the reproduction in his mind of any particular chair (see abstraction).
Thus the idea of a centaur is a complex mental picture composed of the ideas of man and horse, that of a mermaid of a woman and a fish.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Idea   (1236 words)

 Plato - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From this problems, ideas, and arguments arose which continue to be debated by modern philosophers.
These forms are unchangeable and perfect, and are only comprehensible by the use of the intellect or understanding, that is, a capacity of the mind that does not include sense-perception or imagination.
What becomes most prominent in the middle dialogues is the idea that knowledge comes of grasping unchanging forms or essences, paired with the attempts to investigate such essences.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Plato   (3737 words)

For them the ideas are the creative thoughts of God, the archetypes, or patterns, or forms in the mind of the Author of the universe according to which he has made the various species of creatures.
The transcendental ideas of metaphysics with him are, God, freedom, and immortality, "a pure concept" (ein reiner Begriff) may be either a Verstandesbegriff (notion), or a Vernunftbegriff (idea), the difference being that "the latter transcends the possibility of experience." In the Hegelian philosophy the term again assumed an objective meaning, though not that of Plato.
The subsequent literature on the Platonic ideas is enormous.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/07630a.htm   (4067 words)

 Renaissance Neo-Platonism
In addition, Platonism never really faded out of the Western tradition nor was the Italian Renaissance a rediscovery of Plato; rather, the Italian Renaissance forged new philosophies from Plato and the Platonic tradition in antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Many of the standard Neoplatonic ideas, such as the existence of higher ideas in the mind of God and the reflection of those ideas in the real world were standard aspects of medieval thought.
Among his most important and far-reaching ideas was the idea that mathematical knowledge was always absolutely certain knowledge; as such, the mathematical sciences were higher than all other sciences, including the qualitative empiricism of Aristotle.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/REN/NEOPLATO.HTM   (2801 words)

 HighBeam Encyclopedia - Plato   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Ideas or Forms are the immutable archetypes of all temporal phenomena, and only these Ideas are completely real; the physical world possesses only relative reality.
The supreme Idea is the Idea of the Good, whose function and place in the world of Ideas is analogous to that of the sun in the physical world.
The supreme science, dialectic, is a method of inquiry that proceeds by a constant questioning of assumptions and by explaining a particular idea in terms of a more general one until the ultimate ground of explanation is reached.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/plato_worksandphilosophy.asp   (1005 words)

 PLATONIC IDEALISM by John D. Allee, First Church of Satan
Platonic idealism consists of the philosophical, social and educational ideas of the Greek philosopher Plato.
Ideas has Good at its highest level which he believed was the source of all true knowledge.
Ideas are idealized in the external world, which is meaningless without the fulfillment.
www.churchofsatan.org /idealism.html   (2814 words)

However, it is not clear that Xenocrates' idea of salvation involved the individual; it is quite possible that he was referring to a unified human nature in an abstract sense.
This idea, of course, placed the One always beyond the discursive understanding of the human soul, since the One was proclaimed, by Plotinus, to be not only beyond discursive knowledge, but also the very source and possibility of such knowledge.
To this extent, we may refer to the Pseudo-Dionysius as a 'decadent,' for he (or she?) was writing at a time when the heyday of Platonism had attained the status of a palaios logos ('ancient teaching') to be, not merely commented upon, but savored as an aesthetic monument to an era already long past.
www.nd.edu /~cosmer/rcpaths/pages/mailbag03.html   (6819 words)

 Parmenides, by Plato (introduction)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Ideas, persons, things may be one in one sense and many in another, and may have various degrees of unity and plurality.
For the Platonic Ideas are mere numerical differences, and the moment we attempt to distinguish between them, their transcendental character is lost; ideas of justice, temperance, and good, are really distinguishable only with reference to their application in the world.
But into the origin of these ideas, which he obtains partly by an analysis of the proposition, partly by development of the ‘ego,’ he never inquires—they seem to him to have a necessary existence; nor does he attempt to analyse the various senses in which the word ‘cause’ or ‘substance’ may be employed.
etext.library.adelaide.edu.au /p/plato/p71pa/introduction.html   (13363 words)

 [No title]
Platonism was the most influential philosophy when Arius was alive, and not surprisingly, there were also many Christians who had been interpreting Christianity in Platonic terms.
Platonic beliefs in the ultimate transcendence of God ("impassible, ingenerate, all-transcending, and immortal") was a useful and simple way to maintain the monist tradition faithful to the Israelite theological developments while recognizing the divinity of the Son. Asserting the radical transcendence of God meant that there was no Incarnation.
Similarly, as in Platonism, the corruptible person with her/his limitations cannot actually be or participate in the realm of the Form, although she or he can in fact act in a way that resembles the Form.
www.geocities.com /thl531/peterfullpaper.doc   (4390 words)

 Iranica.com - EVOLUTION
A variety of mythological and speculative ideas of evolution appear in ancient Chinese, Indian, and Iranian cultures, in Greek philosophy, and in Islamic and Persian philosophy and mysticism.
The doctrine of universal progress was adopted by Persian mystics and philosophers from Platonic and neo-Platonic ideas according to which the universe is a completed hierarchy or chain which evolves from material substances (water, earth, fire, and air) to living organisms, to human beings, and finally to the "perfect man" (ensa@n-e ka@mel; q.v.).
The Ekòwa@n al-S®afa@÷ (q.v.; in al-Resa@la al-sa@beqa) subscribed to the idea that man developed out of the course of evolution from physical elements to plants and animals in the world of nature and that he has the ability to further evolve to the level of higher spiritual beings in the world of metaphysics.
www.iranica.com /articles/v9f1/v9f137.html   (939 words)

 The Influence Of Greek Philosophy On The Development Of Christian Theology
The prevalence of dualistic ideas provoked controversies in the Church.
In Platonism and its subsequent variations the question of the cause and nature of evil was basic.
The idea that moral agents are able to accumulate works of supererogation ("surplus righteousness") has been a prime factor in the practice of praying to saints.
www.gospeltruth.net /gkphilo.htm   (4793 words)

 Prof   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
For a long time this idea was considered false due to the fact that scientists were not able to go sufficiently deep into the matter.
Another great idea of ancient Greece was the world of ideas existence of which was postulated by Plato ^ ^^ ^^^.
On the level of ideas, this world may be associated with the Platonic world of ideas (or pure forms) in the same way as atoms of the modern physics may be related to the atoms of Democritus.
www.math.ucla.edu /~mburgin/res/LMPh/SitePl.htm   (487 words)

 History of Philosophy 9
The Idea is active, for, if it were inert, it would be capable neither of being known by us nor of constituting reality; and to cause things to be known and to constitute their reality are, so to speak, the two functions of the Idea.
Still, in justice to Plato, it should be remembered that while he maintains the dynamic function of the Ideas, holding them to be living powers, he is primarily concerned with their static, or plastic, function, inasmuch as they are the forms, or types, of existing things.
The Ideas form a series descending in well-ordered division and subdivision from the highest genera to the individual, and it is the task of science to represent this series, -- to descend in thought from the one to the multiple.
www.nd.edu /Departments/Maritain/etext/hop09.htm   (8411 words)

 Analysis of the moral act, a proposal. Platonic and Augustinian roots
These Ideas are entities whose nature consists in being equal and the same in all parts, unique and individual, characterized by having something "thinkable".
The idea "cat" is simply pure "catness" which exists and moves about the world of Ideas.
Anyway, given that Ideas refer to things, this basic scheme must be still further softened: in all the things we experience by means of our senses, this idea, which resides in the divine intelligence, is also present.
www.unav.es /cdb/dhbapmoralact1a.html   (644 words)

 Renaissance Thought and its Sources   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
In Proclus…Elements of Theology and Platonic Theology…Aristotle’s logic and metaphysics, divested of their specific and concrete reference, are used as elements of a highly abstract and comprehensive ontology
Renaissance Platonism remains,…an established fact,…we are still confronted with the task of understanding and explaining it.
Compared with these strong elements of Platonism, the traces of Aristotle in the philosophical literature of Latin antiquity are rather meager.
phoenixandturtle.net /excerptmill/Kristeller.htm   (1821 words)

He returns once to Ideas in a remarkable passage in the last chapter of Mu, but otherwise he is concerned with various theories of number, theories of the Pythagoreans, Plato, Speusippus, Xenocrates, and perhaps some others not so clearly identifiable.
Since there are some who say Ideas and numbers are such [beside the sensible], and their elements are the elements and principles of beings, let us look at them, and what and how they say it, 1086a21-a29 2.
First of all universals are distinguished from Platonic Ideas] The universals are not separate substances [as the Ideas are supposed to be] and it is these universals that are the object of knowledge, to de tEn epistEmEn einai katholou pasan, hOste anagkaion einai kai tas tOn ontOn archas katholou einai kai mE ousias kekOrismenas, a10-a13.
www.morec.com /classics/mu.htm   (9599 words)

 Hyponoetics - Glossary - [I]
Ideas are subjective in that individuals can be ware only of their own ideas.
He agreed with Plato that an idea is an idea of something, but whereas Plato insisted that an idea is something objective, quite independent of minds, Descartes said that an idea is "whatever the mind directly perceives" (Reply to Third Set of Objections to the Meditations, No. 5).
These physical or mental objects (ideas) affect the mind in such a way as to produce a new and invigorating perspective that appears as a sudden and unexpected vision for the person who experienced this change of the inner state of awareness.
www.hyponoesis.org /html/glossary/i.html   (3262 words)

The objectivity of ideas, placed in relation with "mind reading," "thought transference," and the like, and with the modern conceptions of the conservation of energy and transmission of force by vibrations, give an interesting suggestion of a material basis for the conception.
According to it, the human soul is beaten upon by all ideas which have ever been projected, either in individual or in some combined total of force, and is formed according to what it submits itself to, whether to the lesser and mal-organizedor to the Great Norm.
This mixture of Neo-Pythagoreanism with Platonism and Philonism.
www.ccel.org /fathers2/NPNF2-01/footnote/fn85.htm   (816 words)

 Reading notes for Ancient and Medieval   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Our main focus is on the impact these ideas on the early history of "geological" thought.
Section VI discusses (Hermetic) Neoplatonic ideas of the microcosm-macrocosm and hidden correspondences.
The reference to Aristotle's ideas of exhalations and petrifying juices is clarified in the second Adams selection.
www.uwm.edu /People/mtharris/HGT2006/RN1.htm   (513 words)

 Pre-existence in Mormonism and Platonism
The first point of similarity between LDS belief and Platonism which we shall look at is the doctrine of pre-existence of the soul.
Hence, the existence of universal ideas in the human minds demands the existence of a supra-mundane world of pure essences, which are stable, real, unchangeable, and eternal and of which the universal ideas of man are a true representation.
He posited as existing in the Divine Mind the ideas conceived by Plato as hypostases eternally existing parallel with God, and by explaining these as Divine Thoughts eternally identical with the Divine Essence, in which God is cognisant of His infinite imitability through finite, created things.
www.angelfire.com /ms/seanie/mormon/plato_preexist.html   (2154 words)

Castoriadis holds the view that Plato concealed many political ideas of the ancient Greek world, and that for historical and ideological reasons these Platonic ideas predominated, thus giving rise to a different picture of Greek ideas, which in the main still holds today.
The statesman is identified with the king, an unacceptable concept for the Greeks of the polis.
The rule of law, a fundamental Greek belief, has been sharply criticised by Plato.But the main idea that Plato tried to demolish was the democratic idea of the people's capacity for self-government, that is, the essence of democracy.
costis.org /x/castoriadis/workshop/session6.htm   (536 words)

 Remarks on Goethe's Philosophy of Science III   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
The result is a general picture or idea, which leaves out all the particulars of the members and retains only the common properties.
In spite of the fact that contemporary science is supposed to be thoroughly materialist, it has some similarities to Platonic idealism, for the ultimate constituents of physical reality (quarks, strings, etc.) are defined by idealized and perfect mathematical relationships, which generate, very indirectly, the complicated, chaotic world with which we are familiar.
The Goethean idea of unity differs from all of the preceding, and may be described as “multiplicity in unity” because all the diversity of the many is included in the one (and not excluded, as is the case with abstract unity).
www.cs.utk.edu /~mclennan/Classes/UH348/remarks-S-III.html   (1045 words)

 Test file for CLAS 158
Platonism differs from Plato mainly because it does not concern itself largely with historical details, such as the problems that faced people during his life (the political condition of Athens, the Peloponnesian War, the tyrannical rule of the Thirty).
This relates to al-Farabi’s ideas, which are a general Sufi view displayed eloquently in The Conference of the Birds with the description of the Fifth Valley (valley of unity) (Attar 114).
Al-Farabi followed Plato as well as the Platonic, idea that in order to be a virtuous ruler (which is the same as the individual gaining a ‘intelligent’ knowledge of virtue), he must be a philosopher as (Plato puts it), or a prophet (as al-Farabi puts it).
www.uvm.edu /~malderfe/clas158/finalpaper.html   (5579 words)

 Ancient Philosophy 4
If the Platonic Ideas are required in order to have knowledge, knowledge of the things of this world is ambiguous.
Aristotle of course accepts the Platonic condition of knowledge, above all necessity, but he came to hold that arguments against the Ideas or Forms -- that is, that the natures of the things around us exist separate and apart in an ideal world.
Plato, as we have stressed, was aware of the difficulties that confronted the doctrine of Ideas, but these difficulties prompted him to seek a defensible account of the Ideas.
home.comcast.net /~icuweb/c02404.htm   (3030 words)

 Plato   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Thonnard(1948) wrote that Plato's philosophy is centered round, and dominated by, the theory of ideas, which may be summed up in the following principle: The specific object of human knowledge is the real world of Ideas, of which the world of the senses is but the shadow of the copy” (pp.
The innate ideas (a priori knowledge) present in the human must have been acquired by the soul in an earlier life.
Consistent with his theory of Ideas or Forms, Plato considered techne to be a “pure knowledge of form or standard.
isu.indstate.edu /gilberti/ite671_672/lesson7.html   (1110 words)

  So the Ideas, for Augustine, become patterns for creation with their locus being the Word, the Logos, the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity Who was with God, and Who was God from the beginning.
  Plato’s transcendent Ideas supplied the adequate object, and were the sole cause of human intellectual knowledge for him, residing exclusively in a pre-existent soul longing for freedom from the body.
  Augustine’ s use of participation pertaining to the Ideas is his understanding of them as a light in the soul, which is a participation in the light that is the Word, caused by the Word.
www.personal.psu.edu /faculty/g/l/glm7/m104.htm   (3084 words)

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