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Topic: Plotinus

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  Plotinus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Porphyry believed Plotinus was sixty-six years old when he died in 270, the second year of the reign of the emperor Claudius II, thus giving us the year of his teacher's birth as around 205.
Plotinus was unable to revise his own work due to his poor eyesight, yet his writings required extensive editing, according to Porphyry: his master's handwriting was atrocious, he did not properly separate his words, and he cared little for niceties of spelling.
Plotinus uses the analogy of the Sun which emanates light indiscriminately without thereby "lessening" itself, or reflection in a mirror which in no way diminishes or otherwise alters the object being reflected.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Plotinus   (1564 words)

 Plotinus [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
It is this tension between Plotinus' somewhat religious demand that pure unity and self-presence be the highest form of existence in his cosmology, and the philosophical necessity of accounting for the multiplicity among existents, that animates and lends an excessive complexity and determined rigor to his thought.
Plotinus' contributions to the philosophical understanding of the individual psyche, of personality and sense-perception, and the essential question of how we come to know what we know, cannot be properly understood or appreciated apart from his cosmological and metaphysical theories.
Plotinus is usually spurred on in such investigations by three over-arching questions and difficulties: (1) how the immaterial soul comes to be united with a material body, (2) whether all souls are one, and (3) whether the higher part of the soul is to be held responsible for the misdeeds of the lower part.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/p/plotinus.htm   (8030 words)

Plotinus, the celebrated mystic, comes nearest in his views to the Vedanta philosophy, and is practically in full agreement with the Eastern sages, both in his theory and his methodology.
Plotinus is one of the very few mystics with whom the Vedanta would have the greatest sympathy; in both we find the transfiguring element of unconditioned devotion to the Absolute.
Plotinus was a great sage and is said to have been blessed with the beatific vision of the Absolute several times in his life.
www.swami-krishnananda.org /com/com_plot.html   (1526 words)

 Neoplatonism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Plotinus, who is often considered the 'founder' of Neoplatonism, would not have considered himself a "new" Platonist in any sense, but simply an expositor of the doctrines of Plato.
Plotinus, like his older contemporary, the Christian philosopher Origen of Alexandria, views the descent of the soul into the material realm as a necessary moment in the unfolding of the divine Intellect, or God.
Plotinus recognized the importance of the salvific drive for the realization of true philosophy, making philosophy a means to an end; Proclus utilizes philosophy, rather, more in the manner of a useful, descriptive language by which a thinker may describe the essential realities of a merely contingent existence.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/n/neoplato.htm   (6884 words)

 Burton-Christie on Plotinus
Among the wider circle surrounding Plotinus were senators and noble women, and Plotinus is said to have acted as a guardian to children of "men and women of position."[13] Further, Porphyry describes Plotinus's familiarity with the emperor, who enlisted Plotinus's support for a proposed "platonopolis" or city of philosophers.
Plotinus and his circle practiced a traditional, moderate form of asceticism, which had as its goal the increasing attainment of virtue, both personal and civic, as the basis for acquiring self-knowledge.
Plotinus encouraged among his disciples a rigorous inner dialectic the goal of which was self-knowledge and union with "the One." The inner freedom gained through this process enabled the pagan philosopher to occupy an important role in late antique society.
www.ellopos.net /theology/eckhart_plotinus.htm   (2449 words)

 Plotinus - Crystalinks
Plotinus' own writings contain no autobiographical information, and they can give no unintentional glimpses of his mind or character when he was young; they were all written in the last 15 years of his life.
Plotinus was once taken to the Temple of Isis for a conjuration of his guardian spirit; a god, Porphyry stated, appeared instead of an ordinary guardian angel but could not be questioned because of a mishandling of the conjuring process which broke the spell.
Plotinus' own religion, which he practiced and taught with calm intensity, was the quest for mystical union with the Good through the exercise of pure intelligence.
www.crystalinks.com /plotinus.html   (1989 words)

Plotinus replied: "But unless we solve the problems raised by Porphyry's questions, we shall have nothing to say to put in the lecture." His great work, the Enneads, is made up of essays composed in response to problems raised in his seminar.
Plotinus was a vegetarian, and shunned public baths with their promiscuous nudity.
Plotinus was a pantheist of the world-rejecting type.
members.aol.com /Heraklit1/plotinus.htm   (1794 words)

Plotinus was born in Lycopolis, Egypt in 204 or 205 C.E. When he was 28, a growing interest in philosophy led him to the feet of one Ammonius Saccas in Alexandria.
Nevertheless, Plotinus' wholesale adoption of many Aristotelian arguments and distinctions will seem less puzzling when we realize that he took these both as compatible with Platonism and as useful for articulating the Platonic position, especially in areas in which Plato was himself not explicit.
Plotinus found it in Plato's Republic where it is named ‘the Idea of the Good’ and in his Parmenides where it is the subject of a series of deductions (137c ff.).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/plotinus   (4499 words)

 Plotinus (205-270)... the great Egyptian philosopher
Plotinus is most often associated with Neoplatonism however, a term later given (in modern times) to Plotinus' works because it was deemed his theories were based largely upon, or fashioned after, those of Plato’s.
Plotinus was a firm believer in the human soul, and that the soul plays an equal part in the scheme of things.
Plotinus' thoughts were based on what is called emanation, whereby (in part) knowledge of the One flows to the intelligence which flows to the soul, thus the three part system he envisioned.
matrixbookstore.biz /plotinus.htm   (2046 words)

 Myswizard » Plotinus (204-270 C.E.)
This allows Plotinus to maintain, within his cosmological schema, a power of pure unity or presence — the One — that is nevertheless never purely present, except as a trace in the form of the power it manifests, which is known through contemplation.
Although Plotinus insists that all souls are one by virtue of owing their being to a single source, they do become divided amongst bodies out of necessity — for that which is pure and perfectly impassive cannot unite with pure passivity (matter) and still remain itself.
Plotinus also refers to this dual nature as the ‘We’; (emeis), for although the individual souls are in a sense divided and differentiated through their prismatic fragmentation (cf.
www.myswizard.com /2006/01/22/plotinus-204-270-ce   (8078 words)

Plotinus, a native of Lycopolis in Egypt, who lived from 205 to 270 was the first systematic philosopher of the school.
So, too, when the ideas of Plotinus began to prevail, the Christian writers took advantage of the support thus lent to the doctrine that there is a spiritual world more real than the world of matter.
It was not until the rise of Humanism in the fifteenth century that the works of Plotinus and Proclus were translated and studied with that zeal which characterized the Platonists of the Renaissance.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/10742b.htm   (3954 words)

Plotinus was a deeply religious man, who was frequently asked for help and advice, so he exercised the office of "spiritual director," often taking in orphaned children caring for them, and serving as their guardian.
Plotinus does allow the predication of unity and goodness to be ascribed to God (in the sense that God is the One and the Good), but stresses that these predicates can only be ascribed to God analogously, since unity means lack of plurality, and goodness implies an effect on something else.
Plotinus maintains that since the One is beyond essence, He is also beyond intellectual perception.
personal.ecu.edu /mccartyr/ancient/athens/Plotinus.htm   (2217 words)

Plotinus gave a ready assent and conjuration took place in the Temple of Isis; because it was, as it is told, the only 'pure' place the Egyptian could find in Rome.
Plotinus, in fact, poses a question whether it is possible that the daimon of a human is a god.
Under the first two Plotinus makes an attempt to formulate the theory of soul, which is, accordingly, a theory of the hierarchical multiplicity of the abilities or forms of one and the same soul, starting from the abilities which reach Intellect, up to its vegetative potent.
haldjas.folklore.ee /folklore/vol9/plotinus.htm   (2618 words)

As the central figure of Neoplatonism, Plotinus was the representative of a spiritual-philosophical tradition that begins with Plato or before, and passes through the stages of early post-Platonism and Middle Platonism.
Central to Plotinus' metaphysics is the process of ceaseless emanation and outflowing from the One.
Plotinus' teachings were to exert an influence not only on later Neoplatonists and Gnostics, but on the Islamic world too.
www.kheper.net /topics/Neoplatonism/Plotinus.htm   (1166 words)

 Plotinus (ad 204/5-70)
Plotinus was the founder of Neoplatonism, the dominant philosophical movement of the Graeco-Roman world in late antiquity, and the most significant thinker of the movement.
At the age of twenty eight Plotinus began his philosophical studies in Alexandria under a certain Ammonius (often called Ammonius Saccas, and not to be confused with Ammonius the teacher of Plutarch of Chaeronea (§1) or with Ammonius, son of Hermeas) and studied with him for several years.
In Plotinus' view, by contrast, Intellect involves plurality: there is plurality in thought because there is at least a conceptual distinction between the thought and its object, and what is thought is in any case varied (see, for example, V 3(49).10).
www.muslimphilosophy.com /ip/rep/A090.htm   (5895 words)

 Island of Freedom - Plotinus
Plotinus was a Roman philosopher and the originator of neoplatonism.
Plotinus spoke on Pythagorean and Platonic wisdom and on asceticism; such was the impression made upon his hearers that some of them gave their fortunes to the poor, set their slaves free, and devoted themselves to lives of study and ascetic piety.
Plotinus departs from Plato in admitting individual as well as universal Forms, though accepting that the Forms are finite in number by adopting the Stoic idea of cyclic world periods repeating themselves endlessly.
www.island-of-freedom.com /PLOTINUS.HTM   (772 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2005.04.46
Plotinus, as Hines is careful to state, is as constrained as he is by the paucity of language, but such expressions on the part of the author without qualification, tend to mislead; the book as it stands is so general an exposition of Plotinus, that such a lack of precision pervades and distracts.
Plotinus is in the thick of a Middle Platonic blending of Platonic and Aristotelian philosophy.
Were the text more protreptic of further study of Plotinus (the points where this is encouraged is far outweighed by the times where it is discouraged), it might inspire a general reader, and the general expository problems would be corrected by further study.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2005/2005-04-46.html   (1182 words)

 Aristotelianism and the Soul in the Arabic Plotinus
Plotinus was critical of the Aristotelian doctrine of soul, since it seemed to imply that soul was either inseparable from body, or at least properly conceived of as the form of the body.
Here Plotinus suggests that there is analogy between soul and form, and the Adaptor enlarges on this analogy by saying that, as form "needs" matter (presumably in order to be instantiated as a particular), so the soul "needs" the body, so that it can have something to use, like an instrument.
Here Plotinus is denying that "man" is in fact a compound of soul and body or more precisely, that the logos of that composite would be the logos of man. Rather, he wants to hold that the logos of man must be a higher principle separate from matter.
www.muslimphilosophy.com /ip/art/jhi62-2.htm   (8656 words)

 Great Theosophists--Plotinus (10 of 29)
Plotinus was an Egyptian by birth, and a native of Lycopolis.
Plotinus was thoroughly conversant with the doctrines of the Stoics and Peripatetics, and found it useful to employ these familiar ideas in his writings.
Plotinus rises from his seat as the two young men approach, sends away the small boy with whom he has been conversing and bids one of his servants bring some refreshment for his guests.
www.wisdomworld.org /setting/plotinus.html   (3509 words)

 Plotinus and Ethics
While Plotinus put forth good epistemological arguments for his model, unfortunately, although through no fault of his own, his tri-management model of the universe simply cannot be described much clearer than the (1) The One [God], (2) Intelligence and (3) Soul… at least not in English.
Plotinus explains that humans have the capacity to be in the likeness of God, and what that entails emanates from the Essential Soul to the individual soul, and such information is always available to freewill.
While Plotinus dwells on the 'likeness to God' aspect and exactly why immortality is possible, and while he doesn't preach, he makes it perfectly clear one's earthly character determines their position (situation) in the hereafter.
matrixbookstore.biz /ethics.htm   (3653 words)

 The Concept of Unbounded and Evil Matter in Plotinus and John Damascenus - Katelis Viglas - Theandros - An Online ...
Plotinus represents a short of bridge between Greek philosophy and Christianity; but it is with J. Damascenus that the neoplatonic idea of matter looses its independency and becomes a non being and a privation of good.
Plotinus didn't accept this idea because for him evil exists only in the world of senses, that is, the realm of Here.
Plotinus would say that the remoteness from God and the turning towards matter is the evil.
www.theandros.com /unbounded.html   (1835 words)

 The Philosophy of Plotinus
Plotinus (picture), who brought forth the last great system of Greek speculative philosophy, was born in Egypt.
Plotinus was an ascetic and a meditative man, and was reported to have twice reached the state of ecstasy which he held to be the highest state of life, and which defined as losing one's personality and being united with God.
The metaphysics of Plotinus may be considered in two ways: as progression downward from God to the world, i.e., the divine emanations; and upward from the world to God, i.e., morality.
www.radicalacademy.com /philplotinus.htm   (1683 words)

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