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Topic: Polio

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In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  Poliomyelitis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Polio (infantile paralysis) is a communicable disease which is categorized as a disease of civilization.
On May 5, 2005, news reports broke that a new case of polio was diagnosed in Java, Indonesia and the virus strain was suspected to be the same as the one that caused the outbreak in Nigeria.
The polio victims have in their daily trips (one or two) a means of life with more dignity than begging, and that involves them in the community life instead of being outcasts.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Polio   (2267 words)

 Polio Facts
Polio is diagnosed by a blood test or culture.
Polio is most common in infants and young children, but complications occur most often in older persons.
Wild polio is naturally circulating polio that is not caused by the oral polio vaccine.
www.astdhpphe.org /infect/polio.html   (882 words)

 Polio vaccine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Though Salk's vaccine had reduced the incidence of polio to a tiny fraction of what it was in the early 1950s, Sabin's vaccine was considered superior for these reasons and became the standard treatment.
In the United States, once polio was eradicated within its population, the Centers for Disease Control decided that the slight advantages of the live-virus vaccine were not worth several vaccine-induced cases of polio each year.
The two vaccines have eliminated polio from most of the countries in the world and reduced early cases from hundreds of thousands per year to only 1000 worldwide in 2001.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Polio_vaccine   (478 words)

 HHMI's BioInteractive - Featured Infectious Disease: Polio
Polio has already largely been relegated to the history books in the United States—although many people who had contracted polio in childhood suffer the muscle pain and weakness of postpolio syndrome.
Polio has existed for thousands of years, but it wasn't until 1908 that two scientists showed that paralytic polio is a contagious viral disease.
For much of this century, and especially before the discovery of the polio vaccine in the 1950s, polio was a much-feared illness, causing major epidemics in 1910 and 1916 and in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s.
www.hhmi.org /biointeractive/disease/polio   (979 words)

 Polio Definition
Polio, or more properly poliomyelitis, was one of the most feared and studied diseases of the first half of the 20th Century.
This is probably due to the fact that as polio epidemics ended in North America and Europe, research on the disease also came to an abrupt halt.
The belief that the polio virus is spread by contact with the feces of an already infected person has been offered as an explanation for the increased incidence of polio in developed countries such as the United States during the 20th Century.
www.cloudnet.com /~edrbsass/poliodefinition.htm   (1249 words)

 Dr. Koop - Post-Polio Syndrome- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
Polio, also known as poliomyelitis or infantile paralysis, is caused by three viruses that enter the mouth, grow in the intestines and pass along the nerves into the brain and then the spinal column causing the nerves to stop working normally.
Polio was eradicated in the 1950s with the introduction of the polio vaccine developed by Jonas Salk.
Mandatory immunization for polio is recommended at 2 months of age, 4 months of age, 6 to 18 months age, and 4 to 6 years of age.
www.drkoop.com /encyclopedia/43/334.html   (713 words)

 Information About the Late Effects of Polio   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Survivors who had polio as children may have no conscious memory of the illness or subsequent rehabilitation, whereas some survivors vividly remember the pain and paralysis of the acute infection and their medical treatments.
Polio survivors can have feelings of guilt about being “a burden.” Or, they may feel sadness for “the way things were.” You may feel resentful of your new responsibilities.
Polio survivors who visit your office may be reporting a variety of neurologic, orthopedic, medical, musculoskeletal, emotional, and rehabilitation complaints, all of which need to be methodically addressed and not dismissed simply as signs of aging.
www.post-polio.org /ipn/aboutlep.html   (1553 words)

 Development of Polio Vaccines
Polio can be spread through contact with infected feces or through infected droplets traveling through the air, in food, or in water.
Although polio never devastated large numbers of the population like the plague or influenza, it was a frightening, highly contagious disease that attacked both the poor and rich and arose in terrifying outbreaks which seemed impossible to stop in spite of advances in medicine.
We now know that polio is caused by three strains of quite stable viruses that are a part of the enterovirus family, which have RNA as their genetic material.
www.accessexcellence.org /AE/AEC/CC/polio.html   (1575 words)

Polio (also called poliomyelitis) is a contagious, historically devastating disease that was virtually eliminated from the Western hemisphere in the second half of the twentieth century.
Although polio has plagued humans since ancient times, its most extensive outbreak occurred in the first half of the 1900s before the vaccination, created by Jonas Salk, became widely available in 1955.
Polio is transmitted primarily through the ingestion of material contaminated with the virus found in stool (poop).
kidshealth.org /parent/infections/bacterial_viral/polio.html   (925 words)

 Polio - DrGreene.com
Polio is a disease once widely feared for its ability to strike healthy children without warning, causing paralysis or death.
Children with polio may develop a fever along with one or more of a variety of symptoms including headache, neck and back pain, sore throat, abdominal pain, constipation, appetite loss, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue.
Polio should be suspected based on the symptoms — especially with the combination of fever, headache, neck and back pain, and paralysis without loss of sensation.
www.drgreene.com /21_1161.html   (504 words)

 Polio definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Polio: Abbreviation for poliomyelitis, an acute and sometimes devastating disease caused by a virus.
In polio, there is inflammation of the central nervous system, especially the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord and the brainstem (the portion of the brain between the cerebral hemispheres and spinal cord).
Polio can be a minor illness, as it is in 80-90% of clinical infections, chiefly in young children, and not involve the CNS.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=4972   (493 words)

 Rotary International: PolioPlus
Polio is an infectious disease caused by the polio virus.
Polio is a disease that does not respect geographical or political borders.
This absolutely critical element of polio eradication involves the rapid collection and assessment of stool samples from children who are suspected to have polio.
www.rotary.org /foundation/polioplus/information/faq.html   (971 words)

 The polio vaccine (0-12 months)
Polio has now been eliminated from the Western hemisphere; there has not been a case of natural polio in the United States since 1979 or in the Americas since 1991.
But outbreaks of polio continue in Africa and Asia, and global travel is common enough that a traveler could easily import polio back to this country.
No child ever contracted polio from the oral vaccine when it was given as a third or fourth dose, but the government decided the risk of giving this vaccine was still too great, so they took it off the schedule.
www.babycenter.com /refcap/baby/babyills/babyvaccine/1566.html   (797 words)

 Information about Polio
In paralytic polio, the polio virus invades the central nervous system -- the spinal cord and the brain -- and may cause weakness, paralysis, serious breathing problems or death.
Polio is caused by a virus that lives in the throat and intestinal tract.
Post Polio Syndrome is a 'second' disability affecting a large number of polio survivors.
www.mamashealth.com /polio.asp   (476 words)

 Communicable Disease Fact Sheet
Polio is a viral disease which may affect the central nervous system.
Polio is more common in infants and young children and occurs under conditions of poor hygiene.
In exceedingly rare cases, oral polio vaccine has caused paralytic polio in a person who received the vaccine or in a person who was a close contact of a vaccine recipient.
www.health.state.ny.us /nysdoh/communicable_diseases/en/polio.htm   (404 words)

The polio viruses (there happen to be three of them) are from a class known as "enteroviruses", because they usually infect the intestines (at least initially).
However, the oral vaccine is still used in countries where polio remains prevalent; the risk of getting polio from the vaccine is much less than the risk of catching polio from someone else in those areas.
Since polio is still prevalent in developing countries, it's sometimes a good idea for adults to receive a booster dose of vaccine (usually IPV, since we don't routinely carry OPV in the United States) before traveling to those areas.
www.drreddy.com /shots/polio.html   (611 words)

 Polio eradication, conquering poliomyelitis: virus & vaccine against poliomyelitis, physical therapy
Polio is a unique disease in the history of medicine.
The first polio vaccine, the injectable vaccine developed by Jonas Salk, was hailed as a breakthrough in medical research.
Today polio is on the verge of becoming the second such disease, eradicated thanks to the efforts of countless people.
www.polio.info   (320 words)

 UNICEF - Immunization plus - Eradicating polio
Polio is on course to become the second disease, after smallpox, to be wiped from the face of the earth.
In 2004, a polio epidemic in west and central Africa, compounded by civil conflict in the region, re-infected many countries that had been polio-free.
Africa faces looming polio epidemic as polio hits Darfur; 74 million children to be immunized across the region.
www.unicef.org /immunization/index_polio.html   (1150 words)

 Vaccine Science: Polio   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Immunity against polio can be stimulated in one of two ways, either through immunization, when the body attacks the weakened/dead virus and thus grows immune to it, or following natural infection with poliovirus.
The action of oral polio vaccine (OPV) is two-pronged: OPV produces antibodies in the blood (‘humoral’ or serum immunity) to all three types of poliovirus.
For this reason, OPV is the vaccine of choice wherever a polio outbreak needs to be contained, even in countries that rely exclusively on IPV for their routine immunization programs (polio outbreak in the Netherlands in 1992).
www.sabin.org /vaccine_science_polio.htm   (734 words)

 MedlinePlus Drug Information: Poliovirus Vaccine (Systemic)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Polio is a very serious infection that causes paralysis of the muscles, including the muscles that enable you to walk and breathe.
Immunization against polio is recommended for all infants from 6 to 12 weeks of age, all children, all adolescents up to 18 years of age, and certain adults who are at greater risk for exposure to polioviruses than the general population, including:
Immunization against polio is not recommended for infants younger than 6 weeks of age, because antibodies they received from their mothers before birth may interfere with the effectiveness of the vaccine.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/druginfo/uspdi/202470.html   (1638 words)

 Polio   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Polio was one of the most dreaded childhood diseases of the 20th Century in the United States.
Most of us don’t remember how terrified parents were that polio would leave their children unable to walk or force them to spend the rest of their life in an iron lung.
Since polio vaccine became available in 1955 the disease has disappeared from the U.S., and may soon be gone from the rest of the world as well.
www.ecbt.org /polio.htm   (1217 words)

 Medinfo: Polio Vaccination
Polio vaccine is given, by mouth, to protect (immunise) against Polio (or Poliomyelitis).
Polio is a serious condition, which causes paralysis and death.
In the event of being unable to receive oral polio vaccine, because of having an immune system which is suppressed (the individual is said to be immunosuppressed or immunodepleted), by drugs or disease, there is an alternative vaccine which is not live (Inactivated Polio Vaccine).
www.medinfo.co.uk /immunisations/polio.html   (787 words)

 Medical References: Polio
Polio is a disease that causes lasting disabilities in a minority of infected individuals.
The vaccines make a person immune to polio, almost as though he or she had the disease and recovered from it.
Polio survivors who believe they are having the symptoms of PPS should be thoroughly evaluated by experts at a center for rehabilitation medicine.
www.marchofdimes.com /professionals/681_1283.asp   (1220 words)

 Polio - Medical Encyclopedia
There are effective vaccines against polio, and since their introduction, the disease has been wiped out in the Americas.
In 2002, US microbiologists managed to fully synthesise polio viruses without using any part of natural polio viruses except for their (immaterial) genetic information in the form of DNA, which was replicated and converted to the RNA found in natural polio viruses.
The RNA fragments were then put into a special "cell-free juice", which consists of human cells that had their membranes and structural compounds removed, which started the virus assembly mechanism.
nursingstudy.com /encyclopedia/Polio.html   (267 words)

 A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries: Salk produces polio vaccine
Using formaldehyde, he killed the polio virus but kept it intact enough to trigger the body's response.
The impact was dramatic: In 1955 there were 28,985 cases of polio; in 1956, 14,647; in 1957, 5,894.
In the U.S., cases of polio are now extremely rare, and ironically, are almost always caused by the Sabin vaccine itself -- being live, the virus can mutate to a stronger form.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/aso/databank/entries/dm52sa.html   (770 words)

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