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Topic: Poliomyelitis

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In the News (Mon 24 Jun 19)

  MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Poliomyelitis
Poliomyelitis is a viral disease that can affect nerves and lead to paralysis.
Poliomyelitis is a disease caused by infection with the poliovirus.
Clinical poliomyelitis affects the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and is divided into nonparalytic and paralytic forms.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/001402.htm   (824 words)

  Poliomyelitis - MSN Encarta
Poliomyelitis, infectious viral disease that sometimes results in paralysis.
The term poliomyelitis derives from Greek words referring to inflammation (itis) of the gray (polios) matter of the spinal cord (myelos).
Some infections result in abortive poliomyelitis, a mild form of the disease characterized by fever, headache, sore throat, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761572271/Poliomyelitis.html   (1316 words)

 3   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Poliomyelitis is said to have first occurred nearly 6,000 years ago in the time of the Ancient Egyptians.
It is also likely that hundreds of thousands of new cases of poliomyelitis now occur every year,, mainly in the populations of the developing tropical and subtropical countries of the world and the risk of spread to Europe and North America in the future is considerable, if vaccination is not continued energetically.
As the health and hygiene of a community improves, however, the children are less likely to get subclinical infections as infants, and may become infected instead for the first time at the age of 1 or 2 years or even much later when they have lost their maternal antibodies and protection.
www.worldortho.com /database/polio/pg5.html   (880 words)

 Poliomyelitis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease.
Karl Oskar Medin was the first to empirically study a poliomyelitis epidemic in 1890.
Although the paralysis (whether from poliomyelitis or Guillain-Barré syndrome) had no cure at the time, for the rest of his life Roosevelt refused to accept that he was permanently paralyzed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Poliomyelitis   (2957 words)

 Poliomyelitis - Vaccine-Preventable Diseases - Public Health Agency of Canada
Poliomyelitis is caused by one of three serotypes of the polio virus.
Routine immunization of children against poliomyelitis is still recommended because of the risk of imported wild virus from countries with endemic polio.
The protocol emphasizes that the single most important laboratory investigation for the diagnosis of paralytic poliomyelitis is a stool specimen collected within two weeks of onset of paralysis for the isolation of wild or vaccine strain poliovirus (2).
www.phac-aspc.gc.ca /im/vpd-mev/poliomyelitis_e.html   (2372 words)

The data obtained in Baltimore trials in a group of 254 infants demonstrated that 2 injections of vaccine at an interval of 2 months administered to infants 2 months of age at the time of the initial injection were effective in stimulating an antibody response to each of the 3 poliovirus types.
Because of the possibility of immunodeficiency in other members of a household in which there has been one such case, Inactivated Poliomyelitis Vaccine should be used to immunize subsequent children until the immune status of the recipient and of other children in the family is documented.
Adults who have not been adequately immunized against poliomyelitis are at a very small risk of developing vaccine-associated paralysis when children in the household are given live, oral poliovirus vaccine.
www.whale.to /m/polio1.html   (1209 words)

 eMedicine - Poliomyelitis : Article by Benjamin Estrada
Poliomyelitis is an enteroviral infection that can manifest in 4 different forms: inapparent infection, abortive disease, nonparalytic poliomyelitis, and paralytic disease.
Patients who have recovered from poliomyelitis occasionally develop a postpoliomyelitis syndrome, in which recurrences of weakness or fatigue are observed and which usually involve groups of muscles that were initially affected.
Because patients with poliomyelitis are prone to develop constipation, a diet rich in fiber is usually indicated.
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic1843.htm   (1900 words)

 Poliomyelitis Information on Healthline   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Poliomyelitis is an infectious disease that is caused by a subgroup of viruses.
Poliomyelitis was first described in 1789, although it likely dates back many centuries prior to that time.
Poliomyelitis most commonly affects children under the age of five.
www.healthline.com /galecontent/poliomyelitis-2   (969 words)

Poliomyelitis is a disorder caused by a viral infection.
Poliomyelitis is a communicable disease caused by infection with the poliovirus.
Transmission of the virus occurs by direct person-to-person contact, by contact with infected secretions from the nose or mouth, or by contact with infected feces.
www.umm.edu /ency/article/001402.htm   (592 words)

 Disease Information: Poliomyelitis - Travel Medicine Program - Public Health Agency of Canada
Poliomyelitis, or polio, is an acute infectious disease caused by one of three gastrointestinal viruses, either poliovirus type 1, 2 or 3.
At one time, paralytic poliomyelitis was a common childhood disease in Canada.
However, due to the introduction of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) in 1955 and oral polio vaccine (OPV) in 1962, the transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) was rapidly controlled in Canada.
www.phac-aspc.gc.ca /tmp-pmv/info/polio_e.html   (1340 words)

 PCRM >> Research >> Animal Experimentation Issues >> Poliomyelitis
Polio (short for poliomyelitis) is an example of how human clinical research, along with advancements in cellular research, led to the near eradication of an epidemic.
Knowledge of the symptoms of poliomyelitis and its mode of transmission was obtained by studying human patients, beginning as far back as 1840, when Jacob von Heine provided the first detailed description of the disease.
In fact, between 1973 and 1984, the Sabin vaccine caused 101 out of the 138 cases of paralytic poliomyelitis in the U.S. Researchers have developed a laboratory method of determining safety which may provide a better test, based on the detection of virus mutations commonly associated with neurovirulence.
www.pcrm.org /resch/anexp/poliomyelitis.html   (1160 words)

 Fighting Disease: Disease List--POLIOMYELITIS   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Poliomyelitis is an infectious viral disease that attacks the central nervous system, causing permanent paralysis of the muscles and frequently death.
The incidence of the disease has been on the decline and it is targeted for eradication by the year 2000.
A wide range of manifestations, including nonspecific minor illness, aseptic meningitis (nonparalytic poliomyelitis), and flaccid weakness of various muscle groups (paralytic poliomyelitis).
www.un.org /Pubs/CyberSchoolBus/special/health/disease/polio.htm   (276 words)

 Poliomyelitis (Polio) - My Child Has - Children's Hospital Boston
Poliomyelitis is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by three types of poliovirus.
nonparalytic poliomyelitis - the symptoms of nonparalytic poliomyelitis include the symptoms for abortive poliomyelitis, but the headache, nausea, and vomiting may be worse.
Complications of paralytic poliomyelitis may include permanent paralysis of certain muscle groups, including breathing muscles and leg muscles.
www.childrenshospital.org /az/Site1461/mainpageS1461P0.html   (875 words)

 Infectious Diseases - Poliomyelitis (Polio)
The symptoms for nonparalytic poliomyelitis are the same as abortive poliomyelitis but the headache, nausea, and vomiting may be worse.
The symptoms for paralytic poliomyelitis are the same as nonparalytic and abortive poliomyelitis.
While there is prevention of the poliomyelitis, there is no cure for individuals who become infected.
uuhsc.utah.edu /healthinfo/adult/infectious/polio.htm   (722 words)

 poliomyelitis — FactMonster.com
There are three immunologic types of poliomyelitis virus; exposure to one type produces immunity only to that type, so infection with the other types is still possible.
Of those patients who develop paralytic poliomyelitis, about 25% sustain severe permanent disability, another 25% have mild disabilities, and 50% recover with no residual paralysis.
The disease is usually fatal if the nerve cells in the brain are attacked (bulbar poliomyelitis), causing paralysis of essential muscles, such as those controlling swallowing, heartbeat, and respiration.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/sci/A0839526.html   (528 words)

When the brain is cut during postmortem examination, damage is grossly evident as swelling, softening, congestion and petechial hemorrhage.
The non-neural aspects of poliomyelitis, so critical to the pathogenesis of the disease, are reflected not only in the lymph nodes but also in the spleen, liver, kidneys and other viscera.
Two to 6 days after onset, the illness may subside entirely (abortive poliomyelitis), abate temporarily or progress directly to CNS involvement.
www.kcom.edu /faculty/chamberlain/Website/tritzid/polio.htm   (482 words)

 WHO | Poliomyelitis
Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children.
The virus is transmitted through contaminated food and water, and multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system.
Annual report on global public health and key statistics
www.who.int /topics/poliomyelitis/en   (120 words)

 Poliomyelitis (infantile paralysis, polio)
If it's not already on your computer, you'll need to download the latest free version of Acrobat Reader.
"Poliomyelitis" is also available in Portable Document Format (PDF, 50KB, 1pg.)
Polio is a viral disease which may affect the central nervous system.
www.health.state.ny.us /diseases/communicable/poliomyelitis/fact_sheet.htm   (449 words)

 Poliomyelitis: A guide for Developing Countries   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Initially an introduction and operative procedures to correct lower limb contractures suitable for developing countries will be described plus details of manufacture of cheap, easily produced calipers, wheelchairs and other appliances made from locally available materials.
Extracts from the French 2nd edition of Poliomyelitis, as well as further extracts from the English edition, will shortly be provided on this website.
In addition details about the management of other orthopaedic conditions, as well as late untreated trauma common to developing countries will be included.
www.worldortho.com /database/polio   (269 words)

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