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Topic: Polisario


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  Polisario Front - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro ("Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Rio de Oro") is a military and political movement in the Western Sahara, staffed by the Sahrawi refugee population.
Polisario is a successor of the Harakat Tahrir in the late 1960s, lead by Bassiri.
The SADR is based with the Polisario in the vast Sahrawi refugee camps south of Tindouf, but has as its formal temporary capital (until retrieving El-Aaiun) the Polisario-controlled village of Bir Lehlou in north-eastern Western Sahara.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Polisario   (884 words)

  
 Polisario
Polisario was formed in 1973, as a reaction towards several broken promises on Saharan independence from the Spanish colonalist regime.
Polisario was led by a former member of the Communist Party in Morocco, Mustapha Ouali, at the time of the occupation.
At the present, Polisario's cause seems to be lost, their troops are outnumbered by Morocco's, Libya's and especially Algeria's support for Polisario — a precondition for their continued fighting — has dwindled quicker than international and African attention to the claim on independence for Western Sahara has disappeared from the news headlines.
i-cias.com /e.o/polisari.htm   (347 words)

  
 MEI: Western Sahara: whither Polisario now?
Polisario leaders are undecided whether this stance is one of tactics or confusion.
It was some days before Polisario agreed a public interpretation: in the post-Iraq war Security Council, simple rejection was not possible for Algeria, but the demand for UN guarantees plus constant reference to previous reports relating to the 1991 referendum plan to all intents and purposes was a rejection.
But a senior Polisario diplomat was more circumspect, suggesting a Sahrawi state on less than the whole of the territory but that was viable in terms of security, demography and economics might be conceivable, adding that it had not been considered because no proposal had been put forward.
meionline.com /features/112.shtml   (1616 words)

  
 UN correspondence with POLISARIO leader Mohamed Abdelaziz
The Frente POLISARIO is ready to accept that the Commission, within the framework of the appeals process, examine the requests made by those who reached 18 years of age after 31 December 1993 and whose fathers have been declared as voters by the Identification Commission.
The Frente POLISARIO also accepts that, in the framework of the appeals process, the Commission could examine the requests for identification of those who reached 18 years of age after 31 December 1993 (closing date for applying to be identified), as long as their father was accepted as a voter by the Identification Commission.
This means that the Frente POLISARIO is now prepared to allow the refugees to be repatriated west of the defensive sand-wall (berm), and that it is thus withdrawing its previous demand that the refugees be repatriated in the area of the Territory east of the berm.
www.afrol.com /Countries/Sahara/documents/un_2001_06_20_polisario.htm   (2328 words)

  
 DOCUMENT N¡2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The representative of the polisario, who saw that his attempt failed at the intransigence of the officials of the identification commission, changed his attitude to only asking to cite on the note the "YES" or the "NO" of the testimony of their cheikh.
Concerning the "Dakhla camp" (Tindouf), the "polisario", which was officially informed by the MINURSO physicians, of the unavailability of the Moroccan cheikh for sickness reasons, did not accept the resumption of the identification operation in this camp with another cheikh (notable) proposed by Morocco and accepted by the MINURSO (Rguibat Oulad Moussa).
The "polisario" delegation, operating in Smara, refused to participate in the identification operation in the presence of the head of the identification center, Togolese WILLIAM Shippius, and Egyptian Salaheddine Zaki from the commission.
www.mincom.gov.ma /english/reg_cit/regions/sahara/s_maneng.htm   (1486 words)

  
 Boston.com / News / World / Africa / Polisario Leader Says Will Release 300 Moroccans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The leader of the Western Saharan Polisario Front independence movement, Mohamed Abdulaziz, said on Thursday he would release 300 of the Moroccan prisoners his group is holding in Algeria from a 1975-91 war.
Polisario agreed to a cease-fire brokered by the United Nations in 1991 in exchange for a referendum on the future of the territory.
Polisario says more than 500 Saharans "disappeared" at the hands of the Moroccans in those years, and that a number of Saharans held in prisons in the Western Sahara and Morocco are political prisoners.
www.boston.com /news/world/africa/articles/2003/11/07/polisario_leader_says_will_release_300_moroccans   (587 words)

  
 Morocco Polisario Sahara War 1975-1991
Polisario is composed largely of the indigenous nomadic inhabitants of the Western Sahara region, the Saharawis.
The Polisario in 1976 declared a government-in-exile of what it called the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic (a government recognized by some 70 nations), and it continued to raid the Mauritanian and Moroccan outposts in the Western Sahara.
In the meantime, while Polisario guerrillas and Moroccan troops continued to fight, the Mauritanian Army withdrew from active participation in the war, although the CMRN was constrained from signing a peace treaty in order to placate Morocco.
www.onwar.com /aced/data/papa/polisario1975.htm   (1515 words)

  
 MAR | Data | Chronology for Saharawis in Morocco   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The POLISARIO Front claimed that 39 prisoners died due to abuse in the Moroccan camps.
The POLISARIO repeatedly accused Morocco of violating the cease fire by sending warplanes which occasionally opened fire over the Western Sahara, illegally moving people across the borders, strengthening its defenses, moving troops into the region and intimidating inhabitants of the Western Sahara.
POLISARIO grievances included the settling of about 100,000 Moroccan nationals in the disputed territory as well as the conviction of 8 Sharawi protestors for threatening the state security.
www.cidcm.umd.edu /inscr/mar/chronology.asp?groupId=60003   (1529 words)

  
 Western Sahara, Landmine Monitor Report 2003
The sovereignty of the Western Sahara remains the subject of a dispute between the government of Morocco and the Polisario Front (the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguía el Hamra and Río de Oro).
Polisario is not known to produce or export mines, but instead claims to have acquired mines by lifting them from the Moroccan defensive walls (berms).
Polisario and Moroccan forces fought intermittently from 1975 to 1991, when a cease-fire went into effect and the UN peacekeeping force, UN Mission for a Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), was deployed to the region.
www.icbl.org /lm/2003/western_sahara.html   (1069 words)

  
 WSO| FRENTE POLISARIO - Representación para Europa, Brussels 12th September 2004
The Frente POLISARIO, which has always condemned all acts of terror, would like to reiterate anew its vehement denunciation of terrorism, which constitutes a horrendous onslaught on innocent people as well as on the sacred values of respect for human life and dignity, freedom and peace.
It is on these values that the Saharawi people, and their legitimate representative the Frente POLISARIO, have always drawn in their struggle against the Moroccan oppression and military occupation, as well as in their tireless efforts to establish a free, open an democratic state in Western Sahara.
Backing the peaceful struggle of the Saharawi people for attaining their legitimate rights is inseparable from the fight against injustice, oppression and terrorism; it is also intrinsic to the defence of the ideals of justice, democracy and freedom that are upheld by all free nations.
www.wsahara.net /04/polstmtonus911.html   (232 words)

  
 Western Sahara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The fl (on top) represents death, the green represents life, the white represents peace, When the POLISARIO gain independence after a referendum and are recognized as a "true country" the green will go on top and the fl will go to the bottom.
POLISARIO was originally closely aligned with the Algerian regime.
Since Morocco and POLISARIO have not been able to reach an accord on a self-determination referendum (the problem is who is allowed to vote in this predominantly nomadic region), UN will prefer to postpone the decision, form an autonomous region within Morocco, and (maybe) organize the referendum in five years.
flagquest.com /FOTW/flags/eh.html   (745 words)

  
 wsa003 Polisario inconsistent on landmines
Polisario acknowledges having a stockpile of antipersonnel mines, but will not disclose the number and types of mines.
Polisario is not known to have used antipersonnel mines in 1999 or 2000.
Moroccan and Polisario forces fought intermittently from 1975 to 1991, when a cease-fire went into effect and a UN peacekeeping force, MINURSO, was deployed to the region.
www.afrol.com /News/wsa003_landmines.htm   (865 words)

  
 BBC News | MIDDLE EAST | Polisario to release Moroccan POWs
The Polisario Front, which is campaigning for an independent state in Western Sahara, has said it plans to release 115 Moroccan prisoners of war.
The Polisario Front said the 115 prisoners, all of them now elderly or middle-aged men, would be handed over to the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Their release is a goodwill gesture to mark the new year and the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, the Front said in a statement.
news.bbc.co.uk /hi/english/world/middle_east/newsid_1740000/1740984.stm   (433 words)

  
 The Militant - July 6, 2004 -- Polisario envoy tours New Zealand
Polisario is leading the struggle for liberation of Western Sahara from Moroccan occupation and rule.
A Spanish colony since 1884, it was occupied by the armies of Morocco and Mauritania after Madrid’s withdrawal in 1975 in the face of a rising independence struggle led by Polisario.
Those who have relatives belonging to Polisario, or who are suspected of sympathy with the underground struggle, are a particular target.
www.themilitant.com /2004/6825/682511.html   (958 words)

  
 IRSP Reiterate Support for Polisario
A cease-fire between Morocco and Polisario was concluded in 1990, which was to have been followed by a UN supervised referendum on the status of the territory.
Polisario appropriately rejected these demands, but the US and France stepped in to keep the UN from compelling Morocco to comply with the original agreement, leaving the situation in a stalemate.
Polisario has created effectively functioning democratic institutions in the self-governing refugee camps in Algeria over the years and maintained its struggle to regain their homeland.
www.irsm.org /statements/irsp/current/030927.html   (990 words)

  
 The Militant - November 17, 2003 -- Polisario holds congress in liberated zone
This was the first Polisario Front congress held in the liberated territory of Western Sahara—just 40 miles away from the wall marking the border with the Moroccan-occupied zone.
The Polisario Front (a Spanish acronym for the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro) was born in 1973 and launched a guerilla war against Spanish rule.
In his opening remarks to the congress, Abdelaziz said that the Polisario Front had agreed to “co-operate” with the UN on Baker Plan II not as a “final solution’’ to the independence struggle, but as “a base for a new process.” The independence movement remains “attached to the initial settlement plan,” the Polisario leader stated.
www.themilitant.com /2003/6740/674050.html   (1946 words)

  
 encad.html
If the first congress was marked by the birth of Polisario Front and thebeginningof National armed struggle for liberation, the other conferencesthat followedby intervals of three to four years would have shaped importantmarking polesin the heroic path of our People and in the challenge of independence.
Polisario Front, thus, prepared itself, through the creation and strengthening of political, social, economical and cultural institutions in the perspective of independence, which was at hand, according to many observers.
Polisario Front’s last to date conference was held in August the 26th 1999 under the theme: “struggle, resistance and unity to force independence and peace”.
www.spsrasd.info /ancade.html   (2424 words)

  
 afrol News - afrikanske nyheter   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Polisario, som også er Vest-Saharas eksilregjering satt også i januar i fjor fri 151 marokkanske krigsfanger, etter forespørsel fra den tidligere kolonimakten Spania.
Polisarios FN-koordinator Emhamed Khadad sier til afrol News at, selv om Polisario har "prøvd å skrive under Genève-konvensjonene i 15 år," har Røde Kors nektet dem dette.
Også Polisarios pressemelding vektlegger "lidelsene til sahariske politiske fanger og krigsfanger i marokkanske fengsler," i en appell for å få slutt på okkupasjonen.
www.afrol.com /no/nyheter/030211vsa_k72_03.htm   (314 words)

  
 Interview with Polisario Front Leader - (United Press International)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
UPI correspondent Elizabeth Bryant spent time in the camps, and interviewed the Polisario's leader Mohamed Abdelaziz about the status of the latest United Nations-sponsored resolution aimed to end the conflict.
The Polisario has accepted a plan, proposing that Western Sahara become a semiautonomous region of Morocco for a transition period of up to five years before a referendum is held on independence, but Morocco has not yet responded to it.
Politically, it is also important for Saharawis living in the occupied territories to see their brother Saharawi citizens struggle for self-determination, and their refusal to be part of Morocco.
www.washtimes.com /upi-breaking/20040422-085039-5266r.htm   (922 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Polisario Front
Polisario is a successor of the Movement for the Liberation of the Sahara in the late 1960s, lead by Bassiri.
Immediately upon Spanish withdrawal in 1975 Moroccan (and for a period of about 4 years Mauritanian) invaded and occupied the Western Sahara, and expelled most of its native population.
The Moroccan Wall, dubbed by the Sahrawis The Wall of Shame, is a 2,500km-long system of defensive walls, known as berms: sand and stone walls about three meters in height with bunkers, fences and landmines, running mainly through the Morocco-occupied Western Sahara.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Polisario-Front   (2120 words)

  
 Over US$ 96 million end in Polisario leaders' pockets   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The humanitarian aid, initially sent to the sequestered populations in the Tindouf camps (in an allusion to the tens of thousands of Sahara natives held against their will by the separatist movement in southwestern Algeria) end up in the hands of Algeria-backed Polisario leaders "who amassed huge fortunes," the paper said, quoting well-informed sources.
The publication recalled how several humanitarian organizations ceased to grant Polisario their support "after they realized the aid was embezzled by the leaders, who sell it in the Algerian fl market.
It recalled the decision by the French NGO "France Libertes," chaired by Danielle Mitterand, spouse of former French President, to suspend its aid to the separatists after the investigation conducted April 11-25, 2003, in the camps unveiled the inhuman conditions where the sequestered live, and showed the aid ends up in neighboring countries' fl markets.
www.marweb.com /news/polisario.htm   (354 words)

  
 Aljazeera.Net - Polisario to free Moroccan POWs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The last such move by the Polisario Front in February saw the release of 100 Moroccan prisoners in a gesture of goodwill to mark Eid al-Adha, a Muslim feast day.
Backed by Algeria, the Polisario Front is seeking the disputed territory's independence from Morocco, which annexed it in 1975.
Polisario has welcomed a settlement plan drafted by former US secretary of state James Baker and endorsed by the Security Council, calling for a five-year period of limited autonomy for the region followed by a vote among its 300,000 inhabitants to determine its political future.
english.aljazeera.net /NR/exeres/61A34B71-2AD3-4122-98B4-92C98B509A82.htm   (452 words)

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