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Topic: Polisario Front

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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  Polisario Front - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Polisario is a successor of the Harakat Tahrir in the late 1960s, led by Bassiri, which hoped to gain independence for the Spanish Sahara through peaceful protest.
Polisario then gradually gained control over large swaths of desert countryside, and its power grew from early 1975 when forcibly recruited Sahrawi auxiliaries of the Tropas Nomadas began deserting to the Polisario, bringing weapons and training with them.
The Polisario is first and foremost a nationalist organization, with the independence of Western Sahara as its main goal, and it believes ideological disputes should be left for a democratic Western Sahara to deal with.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Polisario_Front   (2576 words)

 MAR | Data | Chronology for Saharawis in Morocco   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The POLISARIO Front claimed that 39 prisoners died due to abuse in the Moroccan camps.
POLISARIO Front defector Brahim Hakim accused the POLISARIO Front of detaining 10,000 Western Saharans.
The POLISARIO Front felt that Morocco was stacking the deck by moving large numbers of Moroccans into the region.
www.cidcm.umd.edu /inscr/mar/chronology.asp?groupId=60003   (1529 words)

 Mauritania : Polisario Front
Polisario was formed in 1973, as a reaction towards several broken promises on Saharan independence from the Spanish colonialist regime.
Polisario was led by a former member of the Communist Party in Morocco, Mustapha Ouali, at the time of the occupation.
At the present, Polisario's cause seems to be lost, their troops are outnumbered by Morocco's, Libya's and especially Algeria's support for Polisario — a precondition for their continued fighting — has dwindled quicker than international and African attention to the claim on independence for Western Sahara has disappeared from the news headlines.
www.mauritania-today.com /anglais/history/polisario.htm   (321 words)

 Arab-News-More News-Polisario says state of war in Western Sahara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The warning, sounded by a top Polisario official late on Monday, followed the lifting of its threat to resume all-out war in retaliation for the Paris-Dakar motor rally crossing the disputed territory at the weekend.
Diplomats said that the apparent hardening of the Polisario line was aimed at international public opinion and that the movement was unlikely to resume the bloody guerrilla war which raged between 1976 and 1991 in the sparsely populated territory.
Polisario officials say they have up to 50,000 men under arms while Morocco is believed to have an estimated 80,000 to 100,000 soldiers deployed in Western Sahara, a barren but phosphate-rich territory nearly the size of Italy.
www3.estart.com /arab/news/morepolisariowar.html   (443 words)

 The Militant - August 26, 2002 -- Polisario Front pushes back ‘autonomy’ plan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Polisario Front, the organization that has led the independence struggle in Western Sahara, viewed the decision as a victory over attempts by the regime in Rabat to legitimize its occupation of Western Sahara.
The guerrilla war between the Polisario Front and the Moroccan regime continued through 1991 when the United Nations brokered a cease-fire between Rabat and the Polisario Front.
A month earlier members of the Union of Youth of the Polisario Front met with the Youth of Moroccan Democrats (YMD) in Paris.
www.themilitant.com /2002/6632/663255.html   (849 words)

 Polisario Front Asks UN To Go Ahead With W. Sahara Referendum - Security Council - Global Policy Forum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A representative of Polisario Front guerrillas who dispute control of the Western Sahara with Morocco on Tuesday urged the UN Security Council to press on with a referendum on the future of the territory.
Both Morocco and the Polisario Front signed a ceasefire agreement in 1991 and a 260-strong UN mission, known by its French acronym MINURSO, stepped in to oversee the pact.
Khadad said the Polisario Front backed the referendum because it was the only plan that takes into account "the will of the Saharan people".
www.globalpolicy.org /security/issues/wsahara/2002/0326ref.htm   (447 words)

 [No title]
Introductory Note of the response of the POLISARIO Front to the report released by the Foundation ‘France Librettos’ on the conditions of detention of the Moroccan POWs held by the POLISARIO Front
To accuse the POLISARIO Front, at this moment, with view of humanitarian issues is an attempt to weaken it, and seems to cater for the concern to divert attention and blur responsibilities.
15- The POLISARIO Front considers finally that the attempts to implicate Algeria, which has been addressed?, aim to discredit the Saharawi cause, and to advance the well-known Morocco thesis of bilateralising the conflict with Algeria, whereas the Parties are identified and recognised by the international community and by the United Nations.
es.geocities.com /websahocc/resp-e.html   (9538 words)

 WESTERN SAHARA, Landmine Monitor Report 1999
In 1976, the Polisario Front declared a government in exile, the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic.
Polisario reports that mines along the Berm are sometimes booby-trapped or reinforced, sometimes with LP gas bottles.
Polisario held territory: A Polisario Defense official reports that it has maps of contaminated areas east of the berm exist, but the detail and accuracy of these maps is unknown.
www.icbl.org /lm/1999/western_sahara.html   (3168 words)

 Morocco Polisario Sahara War 1975-1991
Polisario is composed largely of the indigenous nomadic inhabitants of the Western Sahara region, the Saharawis.
This peace proposal was accepted by both Morocco and the Polisario Front, and the two sides agreed to a cease-fire in 1991.
In the meantime, while Polisario guerrillas and Moroccan troops continued to fight, the Mauritanian Army withdrew from active participation in the war, although the CMRN was constrained from signing a peace treaty in order to placate Morocco.
www.onwar.com /aced/data/papa/polisario1975.htm   (1646 words)

 BBC News | MIDDLE EAST | Polisario to release Moroccan POWs
The Polisario Front, which is campaigning for an independent state in Western Sahara, has said it plans to release 115 Moroccan prisoners of war.
The Polisario Front said the 115 prisoners, all of them now elderly or middle-aged men, would be handed over to the International Committee of the Red Cross.
A ceasefire between the Polisario Front and Morocco has been in force since 1991, but a promised referendum to determine the territory's future has never been held.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/middle_east/1740984.stm   (433 words)

 Morocco/Western Sahara: The Polisario must release remaining POWs - news.amnesty - Amnesty International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
On the 12th anniversary of the day on which the Moroccan authorities and the Polisario Front formally ended 16 years of armed hostilities, Amnesty International reiterated its call today for the immediate release and repatriation of the more than 900 remaining Moroccan prisoners of war still being detained by the Polisario Front.
The latest initiative was the release of 243 men by the Polisario Front on 1 September 2003.
A UN Settlement Plan was agreed to in 1988 by both the Moroccan authorities and the Polisario Front and was approved by the UN Security Council in 1991.
news.amnesty.org /index/5F01F454256D7B1280256D900062F3A5   (536 words)

 The Militant - July 9, 2001 -- Polisario Front leads fight for Western Sahara independence   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In spite of brutal repression, the Polisario Front continued the independence struggle against Morocco and Mauritania and dealt blows to those pro-imperialist regimes.
The new regime renounced its claims to Western Sahara and soon recognized the government-in-exile of the SADR, led by the Polisario Front.
In 1989 the Polisario Front and the Moroccan regime signed a cease-fire agreement brokered by the United Nations.
www.themilitant.com /2001/6526/652603.html   (1673 words)

 Western Sahara, Landmine Monitor Report 2003
The sovereignty of the Western Sahara remains the subject of a dispute between the government of Morocco and the Polisario Front (the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguía el Hamra and Río de Oro).
Polisario is not known to produce or export mines, but instead claims to have acquired mines by lifting them from the Moroccan defensive walls (berms).
Polisario and Moroccan forces fought intermittently from 1975 to 1991, when a cease-fire went into effect and the UN peacekeeping force, UN Mission for a Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), was deployed to the region.
www.icbl.org /lm/2003/western_sahara.html   (1077 words)

 Morocco / Western Sahara: ICRC speaks to men reported missing by the Polisario Front
An ICRC delegate was in Laayoune from 2 to 6 November to meet 24 former Polisario Front fighters for whom tracing requests had been submitted.
With the exception of one man who was in Mauritania at the time of the visit (and was represented by his wife), all were able to speak to the ICRC delegate in private and be photographed with him as proof for the families that the cases had been resolved.
The persons concerned agreed to information regarding them being forwarded to the Polisario Front, which had reinitiated the tracing process when 201 Moroccan prisoners were freed on 14 December 2000.
www.icrc.org /Web/Eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/57JRFN   (261 words)

 Western Sahara - Sahara Occidental -
Memorandum by the Polisario Front to Mr James Baker, on the occasion of the meeting held in London, on June 28, 2000, between the Polisario Front and the Kingdom of Morocco
The Polisario Front reiterates also its firm attachment to the provisions of the Houston Accords, related to the return of the refugees, and its commitment to cooperate with the UN HCR to fulfill its mandate, in conformity with "its procedures and normal practices established in the matter of the repatriation".
In this spirit, the Polisario Front reaffirms its solemn commitment to respect the outcome of a free and fair referendum on self-determination organized and supervised by the United Nations in cooperation with the OAU in the territory of Western Sahara.
www.arso.org /FPmemo0600.htm   (706 words)

 Inter Press Service News Agency
The Polisario Front's guerrilla war began after Morocco invaded the Western Sahara and annexed the vast mineral-rich territory when Spain ended its colonisation of the region in 1975.
An agreement was signed by the Polisario Front and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) before the prisoners were handed over to Lugar and taken on two U.S. aircraft to Agadir, Morocco, to be reunited with their families.
But besides the Polisario Front's continued respect for the ceasefire, the plan was not fulfilled.
www.ipsnews.net /africa/sendnews.asp?idnews=29950   (640 words)

The Secretary General of Polisario Front, Mohamed Abdelaziz, reaffirmed to his guest, "the engagement of Polisario Front to cooperate with the UN for the establishment of a lasting peace in the region.
Abdelaziz has said, expressing the preoccupation of he Polisario Front about the lack of political will in Morocco, "who is still refusing to implement UN’ Security Council and General Assembly’s resolutions regarding the conflict", the same source added.
Polisario Front alerted the UN’s Mission for the organisation of a referendum in the Western Sahara (MINURSO), which is present on the ground since 1991, especially in this locality of Bir Lehlu, where the Minurso visited these unfortunate immigrants, the same source added.
www.spsrasd.info /sps-e161005.html   (763 words)

 Saharan Former Refugees Recount Life in Polisario-Controlled Camps
"I also saw the Polisario stealing humanitarian aid intended for refugees, and then selling it on the fl market." The group of seven includes three adults who were separated from their families as children and were forced to live, study and work in Cuba.
The remaining four are former Polisario officials who escaped after witnessing firsthand the degradation of the political organization into a corrupt entity that forces refugees to be used as political bargaining chips.
The refugees are forced to live in camps in Tindouf, Algeria, controlled by the Polisario Front -- a group formed by Algeria, Libya and Cuba during the Cold War.
www.prnewswire.com /cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/09-15-2005/0004108744&EDATE=   (497 words)

 Interview with Polisario Front Leader - (United Press International)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
UPI correspondent Elizabeth Bryant spent time in the camps, and interviewed the Polisario's leader Mohamed Abdelaziz about the status of the latest United Nations-sponsored resolution aimed to end the conflict.
The Polisario has accepted a plan, proposing that Western Sahara become a semiautonomous region of Morocco for a transition period of up to five years before a referendum is held on independence, but Morocco has not yet responded to it.
Q: The Polisario Front has established a parliament, local councils, and elections in these refugee camps.
www.washtimes.com /upi-breaking/20040422-085039-5266r.htm   (922 words)

 1997 Human Rights Reports: Western Sahara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Moroccan and Polisario forces fought intermittently from 1975 to the 1991 ceasefire and deployment to the area of a United Nations (U.N.) peacekeeping contingent, known by its French initials, MINURSO.
Baker visited the region in March, and negotiations between the Moroccan Government and the Polisario began in May. In September representatives of Morocco and the Polisario met in Houston in the United States, and agreed to a series of compromise agreements on the 1991 U.N. Settlement Plan to hold a referendum under U.N. auspices.
The Polisario Front claims that the Government continues to hold several hundred Sahrawis as political prisoners and approximately 300 prisoners of war (POW's).
www.usemb.se /human/human97/wsahara.html   (1543 words)

 MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base
Founding Philosophy: The Polisario Front is committed to the liberation of the Saharawi people and to the independence of their territory.
Activities of the Polisario Front began when the Spanish still held the region, and consisted of hit-and-run attacks on Spanish settlements and military installations.
Polisario attacked both Moroccan and Mauritanian targets during this period including military installations, iron-ore mining operations, and the Mauritanian capital of Nouakchott.
www.tkb.org /Group.jsp?groupID=4205   (731 words)

 Germany Info: Government & Politics
The German Ambassador to Algeria, Hans Peter Schiff, was present in Tindouf for the handover by the Polisario Front.
The German government has strongly welcomed the decision by the Polisario Front to release the prisoners of war in response to a humanitarian initiative by the German Foreign Office.
The Polisario Front announced its decisition to release the prisoners on June 18.
www.germany-info.org /relaunch/politics/new/pol_morocco_pow.htm   (381 words)

 Chronology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
April 1990: The POLISARIO Front achieved a unilateral cease fire as a gesture of good faith in the UN peace plan.
January to May 1992: The POLISARIO repeatedly accused Morocco of violating the cease fire by sending warplanes which occasionally opened fire over the Western Sahara, illegally moving people across the borders, strengthening its defenses, moving troops into the region and intimidating inhabitants of the Western Sahara.
August 1995: The POLISARIO Front's ambassador to the Canary Islands defected to Morocco.
www.cidcm.umd.edu /inscr/mar/data/morsahachro.htm   (1725 words)

 ROAPE: Briefing - Polisario and Struggle for W. Sahara: Developments, 1987-89   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Polisario Front was formed in the Spanish-occupied western Sahara in May 973 as 'the unique expression of the masses, opting for revolutionary violence and the armed struggle as the means by which the Sahrawi Arab African People can recover its total liberty and foil the manoeuvres of Spanish colonialism'.
Over the next two years the Polisario staged a succession of hit and run operations and established itself as a genuine popular liberation movement.
A United Nations mission which visited the territory in May 1975 recognised the role of the Polisario Front in the development of the nationalist movement among the population of the 'Spanish Sahara' as well as the 'overwhelming consensus among Saharans within the territory in favour of independence and opposing integration with any neighbouring country'.
www.roape.org /cgi-bin/roape/show/4513.html   (158 words)

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