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Topic: Polish Socialist Party

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  Karl Radek: The Polish Question and the International (1920)
In its struggle against all forms of bourgeois ideology, the Polish Socialists had very sharply to oppose the ideology of bourgeois patriotism, patriotic fetishism, and the propaganda of the first ideologists of Polish Socialism was concerned largely to the unmasking of the Polish patriots.
Their opponents among the Polish Socialists replied to such a way of putting the question (to the statements about the dead silence in Russia), that if this was true, if the Revolution was actually dead in Russia for an indefinite period, then all prospects of winning the independence of Poland were absolutely delusive.
The Polish wealthy class in Austria and Germany aimed at the overthrow of the Russian autocracy, and at the reunion of the Polish territories either under the sceptre of the Habsburgs, or as a part of Middle Europe, i.e.
marxists.org /archive/radek/1920/07/polish.htm   (5542 words)

SZP immediately sought for ways to cooperate with the political parties, which had been in opposition to the government before September 1939, but which now had become the base of the Polish Coalition Government, which was formed in France.
A Head Council is formed at SPZ command center, which consists of representatives of three Polish parties - the Polish Socialist Party, the Peasant Party (Partia Ludowa) and the National Party.
Kazimierz Pużak, of the Polish Socialist Party, was elected Chairman of the Committee.
www.biega.com /museumAK/hak-e.html   (3308 words)

 The Polish Socialist Party, 1945-1948
The unification of the Communist and Socialist parties in Soviet dominated countries of Eastern Europe after the Second World War is tightly seen as a point of no return in the process of the establishment of single party states in Central Europe.
While the policies of the Communist parties have tended to be the focus of most studies relating to the period 1995-1948, the non-Communist parties have generally been accorded less attention.
The distinction lay in the fact that whereas the Polish Peasant Party was viewed by the Communists as a rival and hostile party, the Socialists were treated as a kindred left wing movement.
www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&se=gglsc&d=5002366524   (550 words)

  Polish History - Part 10
The Polish National Committee acting in Paris under the leadership of Roman Dmowski was recognized as the representation of Polish interests.
On the night of November 6, 1918, representatives of the Polish Socialist Party and of the Peasant Party formed a Polish government in Lublin with Ignacy Daszynski at the head.
The restoration of Poland to her pre-partition borders was impossible in view of the formation of a national consciousness on the part of Ukrainians in the 19th century, as well as by the Lithuanians and to some extent also the Belarusians [then known as Byelorussians].
www.poloniatoday.com /history10.htm   (0 words)

  1938: Socialism - Archive Article - MSN Encarta
The Socialist Party in Belgium found itself during 1938 in the throes of a transformation of its political and ideological outlook.
At the elections which were held for all the municipal councils of Sweden in September 1938 the Socialist Party won one of its greatest election victories, increasing its vote throughout the country from 883,900 to 1,305,800, and gaining a clear majority in the municipal council of Stockholm.
The Polish Socialist Party increased the number of its votes from 22,284 in 1934 to 95,111 in 1937, and the number of its seats from 5 to 34.
encarta.msn.com /sidebar_461500795/1938_Socialism.html   (1100 words)

Polish history began in the early 9th century when the Polians (dwellers in the field) obtained hegemony over the others Slavic tribes that occupied the country.
Polish prisoners of war in the USSR were allowed to form a corps under gen. Wladyslaw Anders and fought with distinction with the Allies, particularly in Italy; other Polish units were organized in Great Britain and Canada.
In December 1948 the communist PWP merged with the Polish Socialist Party to form the Polish Unated Workers' Party - PUWP (Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza - PZPR).
www.polishcenterofcleveland.org /POLAND/HISTORY/history.html   (1230 words)

 World War 2: Zegota - Council for Aid to Jews
Polish officers and soldiers who had not been put in prisoner-of-war camps buried their uniforms and their arms, then met secretly in their neighbourhoods to plan resistance.
A Jewish socialist party, called the Bund, and Polish socialist parties had maintained their links; the Jewish Communists kept contact with their counterparts on the Polish side; the other parties, ranging from the Zionist right and left and assorted centre and right, established contact through their various professional prewar associations.
When the Socialist Party entered the discussions for the formation of Zegota, Grobelny was an invaluable asset, not only for his great organizational skills, but for his ability to enlist help.
www.projectinposterum.com /docs/zegota.htm   (4143 words)

 Dia-pozytyw: DICTIONARY
Party activists also had to take a position on social issues, which was reflected in the division of parties and political currents into left and right.
Jews were members of Polish political parties, such as the liberal Democratic Party, which was active in the Kingdom of Poland at the turn of the century, and even National Democracy, in its early phase.
Zionist parties were very successful in the elections to the Sejm in 1922, gaining twenty-four seats (out of a total of thirty-five 35 Jewish MPs); in the Senate, they had 7 of 12 [Jewish] seats.
www.diapozytyw.pl /en/site/slownik_terminow/partie   (1770 words)

 Jozef (Joseph) Pilsudski
Following his release in 1892, he became a leader of the Polish Socialist Party; in 1894 he began to publish a secret party newspaper, The Worker.
He was immediately accepted as head of state and commander in chief of the Polish army; as such, he supervised the disarming of the remaining occupation armies of the Central Powers, and all Polish military commanders placed themselves under his command.
As his aim was the restoration of the territories belonging to Poland at the time of the partition in 1772, Pilsudski came into conflict with the new Czechoslovak and Lithuanian states and with the Bolshevik regime in the newly established Soviet Union.
members.aol.com /IvoryBro66/pilsudski.html   (401 words)

 Post-War Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Moscow, 1956), was actively involved in the affairs of the Polish working-class from an early age; by 1918, aged 26, he was already organising workers in Warsaw and Lublin and was an NKVD agent, studying at the Advanced Comintern Party School.
Khrushchev now attempted to force the Polish government to reimpose strict ideological controls but was finally forced to agree to a compromise when loyal Polish troops took up strategic positions around Warsaw and it was suspected that weapons were being distributed to workers militia units.
The Party began to fall apart as its leadership became embroiled in in-fighting and there were struggles within Solidarity itself between those who wished to consolidate their position and those who wanted to go further.
www.kasprzyk.demon.co.uk /www/PostWarBios.html   (4656 words)

 Polish History - Part 13
As early as 1944, the Polish National Liberation Committee concluded an agreement with the USSR establishing the eastern border of Poland along the Curzon Line, confirmed by a treaty of August 16, 1945.
Mikolajczyk counted on social support, but his party proved to be powerless in the face of violence and election-rigging by the communists in the referendum of 1946 and the parliamentary elections of 1947.
In hailing the Pope, Polish society, divided by a ban on the establishment of independent social organizations, recovered its unity and its sense of dignity.
www.poloniatoday.com /history13.htm   (0 words)

The largest of the extreme leftist parties were the Polish Socialist Party (PPS) and the Communist Polish Party (KPP).
Most of the involvement of the Marxist parties in Jewish circles was to bring them into the Polish socialist universe and gaining an ally in the Diet, yet they offered no more than lukewarm tolerance for Jews and opposition to anti-Semitism.
As opposed to virtually all other Jewish parties in accepting and even champoioning the Compulsory Sunday Rest Law as a campaign against Jewish "clericalism." Its driving goal was to transform the sovereignty of the kehillot from purely religious and charitabe to secular cultural decisions.
library.thinkquest.org /C004509/parlimen.htm   (915 words)

 Rosa Luxemburg and German Socialism
Her views of a revolutionary party differed from the classic Leninist beliefs and she is often referred to as the democratic alternative to the authoritarian party.
Members of the nationalistic Polish Socialist Party criticized Rosa for her position that Socialist parties were not interested in Poland’s struggle for independence, and this attracted much attention to her.
Her main argument during the period of 1899 to 1904 was the necessity of a connection between the daily activity of the trade union movement and the Socialist party and the long-term aim of revolution.
www.bu.edu /econ/faculty/kyn/newweb/economic_systems/Theory/Marxism/German_sd/rosa_luxemburg.htm   (0 words)

 World Socialist Movement
If you have a contribution for the blogsite, some interesting news that you feel socialists should be aware of, or maybe even facts and figures that reveal the insanity of the profit system, please feel free to submit them to the blogsite's administrators for consideration.
Socialist Party of Great Britain will be holding its 103rd Annual Conference on 6–7 April 2007 at the Party's head office in London.
The Conference, like all Party meetings, is open to the public; contact the SPGB for further details.
www.worldsocialism.org   (392 words)

The Alliance of Polish Socialists (Zwiazek Socjalisów Polskich, or ZSP) was the first Polish socialist organization in the United States, founded in late-1890s as a group intent on teaching and organizing among Polish emigres in preparation for revolution in Poland.
The Polish Federation as a whole voted to disaffiliate with the Socialist Party -- a decision which was reversed by the independent action of a substantial number of branches, who voted to retain organizational affiliation.
The 1924 convention of the Polish Federation of the Workers Party was attended by delegates representing 31 branches in 18 cities in the East and Midwest.
www.marxists.org /history/usa/eam/lf/lfedpolish.html   (0 words)

 The Canadian Foundation of Polish-Jewish Heritage - [Interview # 4. Jews in Poland under Communism]
Among the executed were members of the Polish intelligentsia, officers, cadets, students, political activists fighting for independence from different political movements from nationalists to socialists; in other words very different people.
The chief executioner, the chief prosecutor of the Polish People?s Army, General Zarako-Zarakowski was not Jewish.
He came from a Polish Belorussian family, was born in Polesie, and graduated from the Stefan Batory University in Vilna.
polish-jewish-heritage.org /Eng/prl.htm   (1398 words)

 Session of the Council of R.S.D.L.P.
The Party Council session of May 31 and June 5 (June 13 and 18), 1904, was held in Geneva, with Lenin, Plekhanov, Noskov, Axelrod, and Martov attending.
The Proletariat Party was a socialist party formed in Poland in 1900 of groups that had broken away from the Polish Socialist Party (P.S.P.).
The party stood for closer contact between the Polish and Russian revolutionary movement; its immediate aim was a democratic constitution for Russia with autonomy for Poland.
www.marx2mao.com /Lenin/SC04ii.html   (2117 words)

 Socialist Party archives - Trotsky: The Political Profiles of Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg
This article is part of the series collected by the Socialist Party, the CWI in Ireland, on aspects of Labour History.
In this collision the workers of Petrograd revealed before the popular masses not only of Russia but of all countries that behind Kerensky there was no independent army, and that those forces which stood behind him were the forces of the bourgeoisie, the white guard, the counter-revolution.
The party and Soviet printshops were wrecked, everywhere the revelry of the Black Hundreds reigned.
www.geocities.com /socialistparty/LabHist/RLKLObits.htm   (3902 words)

 Poland Parties
1893 Co-founder of SDKPiL The Social-Democratic Party of Poland and Lithuania Cezaryna Wanda Wojnarowska
She was a polish Jewish and married to Adam Ciołkosz, polish socialist activist and Chairperson of PPS (in England) 1947-57.
The former minister of Treasury is the founder of the party.
www.guide2womenleaders.com /poland_parties.htm   (1709 words)

 Berlin: The City as Body The City as Metaphor
In Zürich she became involved in the international socialist movement and met Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, Pavel Axelrod, and other leading representatives of the Russian social democratic movement, with whom, however, she soon began to disagree.
Together with a fellow student, Leo Jogiches, who was to become a lifelong friend and sometime lover, she challenged both the Russians and the established Polish Socialist Party because of their support of Polish independence.
Consequently, she and her colleagues founded the rival Polish Social Democratic Party, which was to become the nucleus of the future Polish Communist Party.
www.stanford.edu /dept/german/berlin_class/people/luxemburg.html   (601 words)

 World War 2: Polish Underground State
Then, the outbreak of the German-Russian war in 1941, meant that the entire Polish territory was overrun by the Germans, whose long-term aim was to exterminate the Poles.
In the underground parliament the more important political parties were represented: the Peasants' Party (SL), the Polish Socialist Party (PPS), the National Party (SN) and smaller groupings.
The Polish Workers' Party (PPR) remained outside this parliamentary set up, refusing to recognise the constitutional Government of Poland and was not only wholly dependent on Russia, but also represented that state's interests.
www.warsawuprising.com /state.htm   (878 words)

 Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America
The archival collections include manuscripts, correspondence, diaries, maps and sound recordings preserving for the future the knowledge of Polish history and the history of Poles in America.
Political manuscript collections: Polish Legation in Rio de Janeiro (1918-1945); Polish Embassy in the United States (1919-1945); records of Polish political parties and their leaders on exil: Polish Christian Democratic Labor Party, Polish National Party, Polish Socialist Party.
Collections regarding Polish Americans: Ibero-American manuscript collections of Edmund Urbanski (1936-1990), Juan Wyskota-Zakrzewski (1930-1983) for researching history of Polish immigrants in the South and Latin America, Frank Renkiewicz Papers and PIASA Records (1942-2000) – for researching history of Polish Americans in the USA.
www.piasa.org /archives.html   (384 words)

 Marxists Writers Archive
German Jew expelled from the Communist Party for suporting Leon Trotsky, fled to France and later Norway he was eventually assassinated by a Stalinist agent.
Founder of Communist Party and in 1935 of the POUM in Spain.
Expelled from the Communist Party for "right-wing deviation" in 1928 as main theorist for the Brandlerites.
www.marxists.org /archive   (0 words)

 Luxemburg and the National Question – World Socialist Movement
And in fact when the Russian Social Democratic Party got off the ground the SDKP (or more precisely, after the adhesion of a Lithuanian group in 1899, the SDKPL) was its section in Poland and Lithuania.
Luxemburg of course knew what Socialism was and did carry out propaganda for it, but as a Social Democrat was committed to the mistaken theory that a socialist party should have a "minimum" programme of political and social reforms to be achieved within capitalism as well as the "maximum" programme of socialism.
If she had confined herself to saying that an independent Polish State would continue to be dominated by Russia or some other big power she would have been right, but she was suggesting that even formal political independence for Poland was impossible.
www.worldsocialism.org /articles/luxemburg_and_the_national.php   (1658 words)

 Glossary of Organisations: So
While failing to build an alternate Socialist International, it did bring together many of the forces that eventually built, in 1919 and under the auspices of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the 3rd, or Communist International.
The agrarian programme of the Socialist-Revolutionaries, called the "socialisation of the land", envisaged the abolition of private ownership of the land, which was to be transferred to the village commune on the basis of the labour principle and egalitarian tenure, and also the development of co-operatives.
Victor Chernov was among the prominent theoreticians of the SR party.
www.ucc.ie /acad/socstud/tmp_store/mia_2/Library/glossary/orgs/s/o.htm   (2012 words)

 Jim Blaut's note to me about the piece below stated inter alia: "The only piece on the national question that I ...
Second, Lenin demanded of all revolutionary socialists that they fight for the liberation of all colonies, and any party in any colony-owning country which did not fight strongly for the liberation of its country's colonies would be excluded from the International.
In all of his writings after 1916 he never once suggested that working-class parties in colonies should be fused to those in the colonizing country, except as they fused into a single International.
In fact, the San Juan Socialist Collective, in spite of its declared fealty to Lenin, puts forward a position which is a form of anarcho-syndicalism, though the the group would not call it that or accept the attribution.
www.columbia.edu /~lnp3/mydocs/Blaut/national_question3.htm   (4385 words)

 The Polish Government and the Underground State!
The Polish Government, like the majority of democratic governments in this war, is a coalition Government; this means it does not consist of one party or of privileged parties but of a combination of political parties.
It was largely owing to his cooperation that the most radical Polish peasant groups were able to unite and form the largest Polish democratic party which in coalition with socialistic workers and other groups undis-putedly represents in the exile the overwhelming majority of Polish democracy.
Thus the Polish Government was established and operates on the same principles that form the basis of all western democracies, that is, it has the support of the majority of the nation and is controlled by that nation.
bolekchrobry.tripod.com /polishinformationcenter19391945/id12.html   (0 words)

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