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Topic: Polish alphabet

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  Polish language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Polish is the main representative of the Lechitic branch of the Western Slavic languages.
Polish was once a lingua franca in various regions of Central and Eastern Europe, mostly due to the political, cultural, scientific and military influence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
After the Second World War the previously Polish territories annexed by the USSR retained a large amount of the Polish population that was unwilling or unable to migrate towards the post-1945 Poland and even today ethnic Poles in Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine constitute large minorities.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Polish_language   (2499 words)

 Encyclopedia: Polish alphabet
It is based on the Latin alphabet but uses diacritics such as kreska, which is graphically similar to acute accent (for example: ź, ś), as well as superior dot (ż) and ogonek (ą, ę).
The standard character encoding for the Polish alphabet is ISO 8859-2 (Latin-2), although both ISO-8859-13 and ISO-8859-16 encodings include glyphs of the Polish alphabet.
An alphabet is a complete standardized set of letters — basic written symbols — each of which roughly represents a phoneme of a spoken language, either as it exists now or as it may have been in the past.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Polish-alphabet   (476 words)

 Polish alphabet and pronunciation
Polish is a Western Slavonic language with about 40 million speakers in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus.
Polish is closely related to Kashubian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, Czech and Slovak.
The first written Polish sentence was day ut ia pobrusa a ti poziwai (I'll grind [the corn] in the quern and you'll rest), which appeared in Ksiega henrykowska in 1270.
www.omniglot.com /writing/polish.htm   (328 words)

 Polish language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Polish is mainly spoken in Poland, but Polish emigrants have brought the language with them, and there are significant numbers of Polish speakers in Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Canada, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, UAE, and the USA.
The Polish alphabet is based on the Latin alphabet but uses diacritics such as acute accent, superior dot and ogonek.
Polish is often said to be one of the most difficult languages for non-native speakers to learn.
www.indexlistus.de /keyword/Polish_language.php   (1557 words)

 [No title]
Polish is mainly spoken in Poland, but Polish emigrants have brought the language with them, and there are significant numbers of Polish speakers in Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan,
Unlike in French, the nasal vowels in Polish are asynchronous which means that in fact each nasal vowel is pronounced as an oral vowel followed by a nasal semivowel, e.g.
In Polish it is possible to move words around in the sentence, and to drop subject or object if they are obvious from context.
en-cyclopedia.com /wiki/Polish_language   (1422 words)

 TravelBlog | Languages | Polish Information
Polish is the official language of the Republic of Poland, and the first language of the vast majority of its 39 million people.
When you speak Polish to anyone who is not a close friend or a young child, it is polite to refer to the person you are addressing in the third person, using the words Pan (Sir) and Pani (Madam) followed by the title of that person.
Because the Polish language is so highly inflected, the word order in sentences is fluid (unlike in English)-- that is to say, the declined endings of Polish nouns identify the subject and the direct and indirect objects, as well as other meanings.
www.travelblog.org /World/polish-language.html   (562 words)

 Polish alphabet -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The (The property of being smooth and shiny) Polish (A character set that includes letters and is used to write a language) alphabet is the script of the (Click link for more info and facts about Polish language) Polish language.
The standard character encoding for the Polish alphabet is (Click link for more info and facts about ISO 8859-2) ISO 8859-2 (Latin-2), altough both (Click link for more info and facts about ISO-8859-13) ISO-8859-13 and (Click link for more info and facts about ISO-8859-16) ISO-8859-16 encodings include glyphs of Polish alphabet.
Letters of Polish alphabet not present in (Click link for more info and facts about English alphabet) English alphabet can be shown using the following (A set of tags and rules (conforming to SGML) for using them in developing hypertext documents) HTML codes:
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/p/po/polish_alphabet.htm   (179 words)

 Polish Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Polish is a member of the West Slavic group of the Slavic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (Slavic languages).
Polish is spoken as a first language by about 38 million people in Poland, where it is the official language; by more than 1 million in the other countries of Eastern Europe; and by about 1 million in North America.
Modern Polish came into being in the 16th century, developing as the sophisticated and expressive language of a great Polish literature and culture.
scic.cec.eu.int /Main/enlargement/lan_pres/pol_01.htm   (982 words)

 POLISH NEWS - Did you know that ? Poland in facts.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Betlejem (Bethlehem) is a tiny hamlet near the southeastern Polish town of Jaros3aw with a total population of 50.
The full name of the popular Polish blood sausage containing groats and chopped variety meats is kiszka kaszana (roughly translatable as 'groaty casing' or 'encased groats').
Polish forces are currently serving in United Nations peace-keeping operations in such places as Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Georgia (the former Soviet republic, not the US state), Israel and Korea.
www.polishnews.com /polonica/diduknow14.shtml   (1037 words)

 Learn Polish Language - Free Conversational Polish Lessons Online - Common Polish Words and Phrases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The key is to immerse yourself in the language and use it as often as possible in order to build up your skills of speaking it and listening to it, understanding and comprehending it...
The Phrasebase website is the ultimate environment allowing you to read an Polish Alphabet based phonetic spelling of common and useful everyday phrases in effort to memorize it and it's meaning.
Polish Language Exchange Pen-Pals - Community of people from around the world interested in teaching you their language and sharing their culture with you.
www.phrasebase.com /learn/polish.php   (1872 words)

 Polish Alphabet - ATPC
It is important to be at least a aware of the special characters in the Polish alphabet and what their use is. While it is possible to memorize some Polish words, phrases or names without this knowledge.
To the far right of the Polish alphabet table is another table that is helpful to hear some of these sounds.
Note: Another means to reprint the Polish alphabet characters is using the "alt" key and numbers.
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com /~atpc/learn/tools/pl-alphabet.html   (554 words)

 Polish Cuss Words
Polish is a Slavic language, something of a combination between Russian and German.
The Polish alphabet consists of exactly 32 letters.
The Polish alphabet is as follows (the letter, followed by the pronunciation)
www.angelfire.com /music/ok6googoodolls/polishcusswords.htm   (387 words)

 Language of the Month - Babel Babble - UniLang
Polish is the national language of Poland, a central European country with almost 40 million inhabitants.
Polish is an inflected language, what means that, for example, verbs are conjugated in persons, genders, tenses and aspects; and nouns are declined in numbers, genders, animacy and cases.
Polish is also on the top most spoken Slavonic languages and uses the Latin alphabet, which is a plus.
home.unilang.org /babelbabble/index.php?n=1&t=3   (928 words)

 Polish Language Introduction Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Polish Alphabet Pronunciation (I) Pronunciation (II) Syllable division Stress Changing of pronunciaton Nouns, verbs and other parts of speech
Polish consonants d, t, s, z and n are not alveolar but dental.
In Polish, to make it easier, the whole group is pronounced as it consists of either voiced or voiceless consonants only.
www.ziemiecki.com /polish   (1144 words)

 Characters' encoding
Polish alphabet, at the first look very similar to the latin one when compared with, for example greek or russian alphabets, contains in fact eighteen special letters with tails.
Primary underestimation of this fact in early stages of software or hardware development projects for the polish market might have brougth up unexpected rise of related costs in the later stages, and because of that such projects could not be accomplished.
Additionally, polish letters which are similar to the letters already adopted in western languages were placed in very different places of the code table.
www.eurofresh.se /comments.htm   (879 words)

 Kashubian alphabet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Kashubian alphabet is the script of the Kashubian language.
It was created in 1879 by Florian Ceynowa and is based on the Polish alphabet.
Kashubian letters not appearing in the Latin alphabet are:
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Kashubian_alphabet   (94 words)

 Polish Diacritics: how to?
The Polish diacritics for the typefaces presented here have been created by Stefan Szczypka, Andrzej Tomaszewski, Adam Twardoch, as well as by the original typeface designers/publishers.
The current shape of the Polish characters has been mostly established by the Cracow printer Jan Januszowski (yahn yahnushovsky) and his ortography, which he had published together with ortographies of Łukasz Górnicki (wookash guhrnitsky) and Jan Kochanowski (yan kokhanovsky) in 1594 as "Nowy karakter polski".
Nowy karakter polski is considered to be the first original Polish typeface.
www.twardoch.com /download/polishhowto/intro.html   (287 words)

 LITUANUS. Vol. 41, No. 1 - Spring 1995
Baudouin de Courtenay studied from 1862-1866 at the Polish University in Warsaw (Szkoła Główna), in which, as he wrote later in his biography he was most interested in the physiology of sounds, Sanskrit, Lithuanian and the Slavic languages, particularly diligently collecting material for the history of the Polish language.
And again contrary to the recommendation of Potebnja that the Polish section be removed Baudouin de Courtenay insisted on the retention of the Polish.
On the other hand although the Lithuanians took over wholesale the Polish form of the Latin alphabet with certain additions and modifications, that doesn't mean that their language became Polish.
www.lituanus.org /1995_1/95_1_01.htm   (5214 words)

 Polish Language Services : London Translations : Polish Translators UK
Polish, along with Slovak and Czech belongs to the western group of Slavic languages.
As a Slavic language Polish belongs to the eastern division of Indo-European languages.
Letters q, v, x  are not part of Polish alphabet but can be found in foreign words.
www.london-translations.co.uk /polish-overview.html   (763 words)

 Sun Angel - NumberQuest Numerology - FAQ - Calculating Names from Non-English Alphabets :: 123 Free Numerology Reports! ...
The English alphabet (which is the same alphabet used in most western European languages) evolved roughly in this order:Egyptian/Cuneiform/Hieroglyphs>Phoenician>Hebrew>Greek>Roman>EnglishAnother branch was born from Greek and that branch led to 'Cyrillic' languages like Russian, Serbian, Bulgarian and the Soviet languages.
Many languages have alphabets that resemble the English alphabet with the addition of a few special characters and various accents etc..
This too has evolved and now we have the correct numbers/vibration to describe what the alphabetical letters had to do on their own in earlier times.
www.sun-angel.com /numerology/faq_nonenglish.php   (625 words)

 Polish Art Center - Learning Polish/English Materials   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Polish for the Beginner is a comprehensive language learning system tailored to meet the needs of the novice.
Oscar Swan's treatment of the complex phonology and morphology of Polish is thorough and of interest to linguists, but sufficiently non-technical and self-explanatory to be useful to advanced students of Polish and non-linguist Polonists as well.
Polish Syllables is the first comprehensive study of the role that syllable structure plays in the phonology and morphology of a Slavic language.
www.polartcenter.com /cgi-bin/shop.pl/page=language.htm   (3308 words)

 Learning: Polish Language - ATPC
Polish is one of the most difficult languages to learn.
Our goal here is not to teach you the Polish language, but to give you enough of an undertanding that will help you in doing your genealogy research.
Polish Language Course - Excellent as a study aid in learning Polish from Piotr Pikuta, includes audio files.
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com /~atpc/learn/lc-language.html   (167 words)

 HalGal: Slownik geograficzny
If you don’t understand Polish, you’ll have to find a translator or use a very good dictionary (though the complex grammar of Polish makes using a dictionary not an easy task for someone not familiar with Slavic grammar).
This can be tricky if you are not familiar with the Polish alphabet, so give yourself time when using the reference.
Check the county (powiat in Polish, povit in Ukrainian) to determine which particular village is yours.
www.halgal.com /slownik.html   (527 words)

 YLC - The Yamada Language Center, University of Oregon
Polish for All Polish Language Learning Software for Macintosh.
Polish for Travelers -Basic phrases helpful for travels in Polish speaking areas.
Polish Language - Here's your chance to learn the Polish alphabet, plus some useful phrases.
babel.uoregon.edu /yamada/guides/polish.html   (236 words)

 Learn Polish - Lessons - Audio Files by Polish Native Speakers
This Polish learning site is written by educated Polish native speakers who live in Poland and who speak Polish with a perfectly clear Polish accent.
For example, we are competent to answer questions about Polish grammar because we are aware of the formal rules of grammar in any language and we also have the feel for how Polish sentences really sound to Polish native speakers.
The pronunciation of Polish words is easily correlated with their spelling so you can quickly learn to read Polish texts - even without understanding a single Polish word - by studying our Polish Sounds page.
www.apronus.com /learnpolish   (321 words)

 Learn Polish online
The letters q, v, x are not normally used in the Polish language except in words taken from English and other languages, e.g., fax, veto, cv.
V - Polish is often said to be one of the most difficult languages for English speakers to learn.
The Polish sound and spelling system (a pdf file which describes the basic principles behind sound and spelling system behind the Polish language)
www.skwierzyna.net /learn_polish.htm   (363 words)

 HalGal: Languages of the Records
The Polish priest might have started to include Polish words and the Ukrainian priest include Ukrainian words in the vital records.
This point is expounded on by Polish and Ukrainian intense system of "nicknames", or as they are known grammatically-"diminutives".
Polish and Ukrainian, like many other languages, last names often show the difference between male and female.
www.halgal.com /langofrecord.html   (1660 words)

In the Polish State Archives, documents created during 1868–1917 (Eastern Poland) are in the Russian language.
Therefore, the Polish alphabet is not applicable to this database.
Several languages reflected in the documents of this database are based upon an alphabet that includes accents (Polish, Romanian, Hungarian, Ukrainian and Lithuanian).
www.rtrfoundation.org /archdta9.html   (566 words)

 Learn Polish Now! Deluxe Edition v7 - from CD-ROM Access
Polish Now!'s unique methodology results in full comprehension of Polish.
Polish Now!'s dynamically generated games are different every time you play.
This is a terrific way to see your progress and watch your Polish language skills improve every day.
www.cdaccess.com /html/shared/polishnw.htm   (732 words)

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