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Topic: Political choice theory

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In the News (Wed 17 Apr 19)

  Political economy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Political economy, then, studies the mechanism of human activity in organizing material, and the mechanism of distributing the surplus or deficit that is the result of that activity.
Political economy, because it is concerned with a view of underlying reality, is often required to be multi-disciplinary in its approach.
Ecology is often involved in political economy, because human activity is one of the single largest effects on the environment, and because it is the suitability of the environment for human beings which is one of the central concerns of most human beings.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Political_choice_theory   (3967 words)

 Political philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Two key aspects are the political economy by which property rights are defined and access to capital is regulated, and the rules of truth and evidence that determine judgements in the law.
Roman political philosophy was influenced by the Stoics, and the Roman statesman Cicero wrote on political philosophy.
Political and economic relations were drastically changed by these views as the guild was subordinated to free trade, and Roman Catholic dominance of theology was increasingly challenged by Protestant churches subordinate to each nation-state and which preached in the "vulgar" or native language of each region.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Political_philosophy   (2063 words)

 Encyclopedia: Political choice theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
It's development is related to the doctrines of the physiocrats, who based their theories of value on land, where as political economy began with assertions of the "labor theory of value" and the "quantity theory of money".
In political economy, labor is used to mean human activity which produces change, and capital is the means by which the change from that labor is made greater.
Political economy views the long term of economic activity as the successive creation of political capital sufficient to manage the range of monetary exchange required by the society.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Political-choice-theory   (3946 words)

 Political Scientists Debate Theory of `Rational Choice'
Morris P. Fiorina, a professor of political science and a senior fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, is a proponent of rational choice theory and author of "Congress: Keystone of the Washington Establishment."
Political science journals abound in rational choice models that are shrouded in jargon and largely impenetrable to the uninitiated.
This choice should be influenced by a host of things: the accumulated stock of knowledge about the question and closely related ones, what appears to have worked in the study of comparable questions, and the hunches of the researcher.
phoenix.liu.edu /~uroy/eco54/histlist/pol-sci-rational.htm   (2283 words)

 JBC - Public Choice Economics
Choices are made by individuals, and these may be "private" or "public." A person makes private choices as he goes about the ordinary business of living.
Public Choice is the intersection of these two disciplines; the institutions are those of political science, and the method is that of economic theory.
Public Choice scholars are perhaps best characterized by their emphasis on comparative institutional analysis and, in particular, by their concentration on the necessary relationship between economic and political institutions.
www.gmu.edu /jbc/aboutpubchoic.html   (310 words)

 College of Arts and Sciences 2002-2004 Online Bulletin: Political Science
Y204 Political Theory and Policy Analysis (3 cr.) S & H Introduction to political science; examines the foundations of political theory, elements of political analysis, and the relationship of structure and strategy to political choice.
Theory developed as a mode of reasoning about contemporary policy problems and for more advanced study in politics, law, and public affairs.
Political party organization and tactics, recruitment of political and administrative leadership, tactics of voluntary associations, patterns of international relations.
www.indiana.edu /~bulletin/iub/coas/2002-2004/political.html   (4724 words)

 Moral politics - SourceWatch
Loosely stated, it is that family role theory and w:political choice theory have a necessary and sufficient relationship to explain people's voting choices through their choice of a parental conceptual metaphor for the state:
A very closely related theory of Jane Jacobs is that two moral syndromes, the guardian syndrome more associated with rule of a stable fief, and the trader syndrome more associated with merchants and commerce, were fundamental to professional ethics and thus to political and economic choices.
Considering the two theories together, both imply that irreconcilable views on the part of various parties in society, as per conflict theory in sociology, might lead each to view the others' views as propaganda.
www.sourcewatch.org /wiki.phtml?title=Moral_politics   (447 words)

 College of Arts and Sciences 2000-2002: Political Science
Y204 Political Theory and Policy Analysis (3 cr.) SHSI Introduction to political science; examines the foundations of political theory, elements of political analysis, and the relationship of structure and strategy to political choice.
Y381 History of Political Theory I (3 cr.) AHTI, CSA An exposition and critical analysis of the major political philosophers and philosophical schools from Plato to Machiavelli.
Y382 History of Political Theory II (3 cr.) AHTI, CSB An exposition and critical analysis of the major political philosophers and philosophical schools from Machiavelli to the present.
www.iun.edu /~bulletin/iub/coas/2000-2002/political.html   (4434 words)

 Public Choice Theory, by Jane S. Shaw: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics: Library of Economics and Liberty
Public choice theory is a branch of economics that developed from the study of taxation and public spending.
Public choice economists make the same assumption—that although people acting in the political marketplace have some concern for others, their main motive, whether they are voters, politicians, lobbyists, or bureaucrats, is self-interest.
One of the chief underpinnings of public choice theory is the lack of incentives for voters to monitor government effectively.
www.econlib.org /library/Enc/PublicChoiceTheory.html   (2179 words)

 College of Arts and Sciences 2004-2006 Online Bulletin: Political Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Students with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.3 and minimum 3.5 in political science are eligible for the interdepartmental honors program in political science and philosophy, which culminates with an honors thesis.
The choice of the pair depends on whether the student's honors director is a political science or philosophy faculty member.
Examines the political conditions, ideologies, and movements leading up to mass murder, and the ethnic and global context of genocide.
www.indiana.edu /~bulletin/iub/coas/political.html   (4856 words)

 Rent-Seeking, Public Choice, and The Prisoner's Dilemma
Through political influence people can be given ownership of things that are not their property, or should not be anyone's property.
In a classic Public Choice strategy, however, this may mollify the many, even while continuing to provide the political rents for its own constituency, a constituency that includes everyone who sympathizes with the "compassion" of welfare, even if they are not on it.
Nevertheless, the basic insight of both rent-seeking and Public Choice theory is already evident in the Thomas Jefferson quote at the beginning of this essay.
www.friesian.com /rent.htm   (3989 words)

 Introduction to Public Choice Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
This practice of teaching what should be (normative theory) rather than what is (positive theory) is fairly common at universities and continues to this day at most universities in politics as well as other disciplines.
At the heart of all public choice theories then is the notion that an official at any level, be they in the public or private sector, "acts at least partly in his own self- interest, and some officials are motivated solely by their own self-interest." (Downs, Anthony Inside Bureaucracy (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1967)).
Public Choice has much to say about the use of rent-seeking, which is the act of obtaining special treatment by the government at the expense of the rest of us.
www.magnolia.net /~leonf/sd/pub-choice.html   (2310 words)

 Amazon.com: Game Theory for Political Scientists: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Until recently, however, its usefulness in political science has been underappreciated, in part because of the technical difficulty of the methods developed by economists.
This rigorous but accessible introduction to game theory will be of use not only to political scientists but also to psychologists, sociologists, and others in the social sciences.
Although some prior knowledge of economics and game theory would certainly help, the early chapters in the book are excellent in familiarizing the reader with basic formal concepts.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0691034303?v=glance   (1212 words)

 [No title]
Professor monroe's studies are in political economy and empirical political theory.
Her current research continues the extent to which identity and perceptions of our self in relation to others sets and delineates moral choice, a topic she is continuing through a contrast of rescuers, bystanders and Nazis during World War II.
She currently teaches courses in political economy, political theory, political psychology, comparative politics, rationality, identity and politics, and altruism.
www.faculty.uci.edu /profile.cfm?faculty_id=4880&term_list=monroe   (1252 words)

 BA 513: Ph.D. Seminar in Choice Theory
By "rational choice" I mean the theory of the expected-utility-maximizing, equilibrium-seeking individual that originated in statistical decision theory and economics and has spread to many other disciplines over the last five decades.
You are probably already familiar with violations of the axioms of expected utility theory demonstrated by Allais, Ellsberg, and Tversky and Kahneman--which we will touch on to some extent--but those are not the only problems nor necessarily the biggest ones.
Alternative perspectives on choice theory: radical subjectivism, Austrian economics, bounded rationality, evolutionary psychology, and cognitive neuroscience.
faculty.fuqua.duke.edu /~rnau/choice   (863 words)

 Dorothy Day's Lessons for the Transformation of Work - The Political Theory of Dorothy Day
In turn, her political theory was largely implicit, assuming the reader chooses to situate political theory classically, in, for instance, Platonic or Aristotelian terms.
The key operatives in Dorothy Day's political theory are the philosophy of personalism, which stresses the centrality of the individual, and the social organizing principle of subsidiarity, which emphasizes the important constituent components of the local community as the primary locus for political organization.
Alexis De Tocqueville was a political student who came to the United States from France in 1831 to observe the definition and workings of democracy in relation to how it might replace the traditional European aristocracy.
www.catholicworker.com /hllj11.htm   (6425 words)

 Amazon.com: Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory : A Critique of Applications in Political Science: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
In this sure-to-be controversial book, two eminent political scientists critique one of the major approaches to their science-the Rational Choice School-and demonstrate that its much-heralded achievements are in fact deeply suspect.
As a believer in rational choice theory I believe this to be a useful book.
Whether you are a hard-core believer in RC theory or the most outspoken opponent of it, Green and Shapiro provide a provactive, well-researched examination of the ability of rational choice theory to explain political behavior.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0300066368?v=glance   (1138 words)

 Prisoner's Dilemma & Public Choice Theory
It addresses that class of situations in which there is a fundamental conflict between what is a rational choice for an individual member of a group and for the group as a whole.
This is a growing body of theory that explores the conflict between what is rational for individuals and minorities and what is rational for the group as a whole.
Understanding Democracy: An Introduction to Public Choice, J. Patrick Gunning — Textbook on public choice theory for economists and political scientists that is accessible to laypersons.
www.constitution.org /pd/pd.htm   (640 words)

 Amazon.ca: Books: Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
In this book, which combines in a novel way insights from different fields, including rational choice theory, political philosophy, and electoral research, Leif Lewin examines more than two- hundred studies of democracy in action from seventeen countries.
He looks at the behavior and attitudes of voters, bureaucrats, and politicians, in turn, and shows that the plausible and prevalent theory that egoism rules simply doesn't match the facts.
This intriguing study will be of special interest to students of comparative politics, West European politics, political science, and economics.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0198277253   (258 words)

 PS-480/580 INTRODUCTION TO RATIONAL CHOICE IN POLITICAL SCIENCE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The foundation of Rational Choice theory in Political Science is Game Theory.
This course is an introductory adaptation of contemporary Game theory to political analysis.
The course will focus on theory aspec ts of the survey of formal political theory with emphasis on Game Theory and on utilizing mathematical models to understand a variety of political and economic phenomena.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~polisci/syllabi/archive/PS400's-500's/PS480-580/PS4-580F01.html   (407 words)

 Department of Political Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The course is one of a series of two courses – the second will be taught in the spring of 1999 -- that are intended to cover the basic Game Theory needed for advanced research in the social sciences today.
The first two lectures will introduce the subject of the role of game theory in the social sciences today.
It will cover non-cooperative game theory and we will follow closely the first 12 chapters of the textbook by Martin J. Osborn and Ariel Rubinstein.
www.artsci.wustl.edu /~polisci/sened/courses/ps505.html   (668 words)

 AMCA: Social choice theory, game theory and positive political theory by David Austen-Smith   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
We consider relationships between the collective preference and the non-cooperative game-theoretic approaches to positive political theory.
high dimensional choice spaces) direct preference aggregation models are incapable of generating any prediction at all, whereas non-cooperative game-theoretic models almost always generate predictions - is indeed only an apparent difference.
The author(s) of this document and the organizers of the conference have granted their consent to include this abstract in Atlas Mathematical Conference Abstracts.
at.yorku.ca /c/a/f/k/72.htm   (147 words)

 Target : Entertainment : Choice-Free Rationality : A Positive Theory of Political Behavior   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Rational choice theory has become the basis for much of the recent work done in political science.
Robert Grafstein offers a modification to rational choice theory that extends its ability to explain social behavior.
Grafstein argues that, instead of basing the analysis on the assumption that an actor will maximise her expected utility or her utility given the probability that the event will happen, we should.
www.target.com /gp/detail.html?asin=0472110543   (145 words)

 Dr. Robert Grafstein   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Teaching: Political economy; formal theory; analytical political philosophy.
Robert Grafstein is currently studying the political economy of voting behavior and the political applications of evidential decision theory.
"Confronting Political Economic Theories of Voting with Evidence," 2001.
www.uga.edu /pol-sci/grafstein.htm   (81 words)

 Political Theory
The links in this section are intended to be to sites that relate to political theory in what I take to be the proper sense of the term 'theory'.
A Theory of Democratic Politics, by Erik Moberg
You Can Fool Some People Sometimes, the authors measured promises by the number of future tense sentence occurrences in 10-K reports and found that this number is significantly negatively correlated with both the return and the excess return on the company stock price.
www.psr.keele.ac.uk /theory.htm   (740 words)

 Table of contents for Delegation in contemporary democracies
A Theory of Efficient Delegation (David Epstein and Sharyn O?Halloran) Chapter 5.
Delegation to Independent Regulatory Agencies in Western Europe: Credibility, Political Uncertainty, and Diffusion (Fabrizio Gilardi) Chapter 7.
Delegation in the distributive policy arena: the case of research policy (Dietmar Braun) Chapter 8.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/ecip0513/2005013694.html   (259 words)

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