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Topic: Political philosophy

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  Political philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Roman political philosophy was influenced by the Stoics, and the Roman statesman Cicero wrote on political philosophy.
The early Christian philosophy of Augustine of Hippo was by and large a rewrite of Plato in a Christian context.
Political and economic relations were drastically changed by these views as the guild was subordinated to free trade, and Roman Catholic dominance of theology was increasingly challenged by Protestant churches subordinate to each nation-state and which preached in the "vulgar" or native language of each region.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Political_philosophy   (2617 words)

 Political philosophy : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
Some political philosophers have tried primarily to justify the prevailing arrangements of their society; others have painted pictures of an ideal state or an ideal social world that is very different from anything we have so far experienced (see Utopianism).
Political philosophy has been practised for as long as human beings have regarded their collective arrangements not as immutable and part of the natural order but as potentially open to change, and therefore as standing in need of philosophical justification.
The vitality of political philosophy is not to be explained by the emergence of a new ideological revival to liberalism, but by the fact that a new set of political issues has arisen whose resolution will stretch the intellectual resources of liberalism to the limit.
www.rep.routledge.com /article/S099   (1770 words)

 FT May 2000: The Return of Political Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The demise of political philosophy is of a piece with the triumph of this principle.
Political philosophy after Hegel was not able to give a nearly satisfactory account of totalitarianism during and even after the fact.
Political thought cannot indulge indefinitely to live in an atmosphere that is at the same time rarefied and vulgar.
www.firstthings.com /ftissues/ft0005/articles/manent.html   (5843 words)

 Political Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Political rationalism emphasizes the employment of reason in social affairs: that is, individuals ought to submit to the logic and universality of reason rather than their own subjective or cultural preconceptions.
Students of political philosophy ought to be aware of the two schools of thought that reside under the same banner to avoid philosophical confusions that can be resolved by a clarification of terms.
The political philosophies of liberalism, socialism, conservativism and anarchism — and all of their variants — agree that the good life sought by political philosophy ought to be the good life for human beings.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/p/polphil.htm   (5969 words)

 Plato's Political Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
His deep influence on Western philosophy is asserted in the famous remark of Alfred North Whitehead: “the safest characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.” He was also the prototypical political philosopher whose ideas had a profound impact on subsequent political theory.
In his political philosophy, the clarification of concepts is thus a preliminary step in evaluating beliefs, and right beliefs in turn lead to an answer to the question of the best political order.
Plato’s achievement as a political philosopher may be seen in that he believed that there could be a body of knowledge whose attainment would make it possible to heal political problems, such as factionalism and the corruption of morals, which can bring a city to a decline.
www.iep.utm.edu /p/platopol.htm   (7226 words)

 James V. Schall, S.J.
Medieval political philosophy must be understood in the light of philosophy itself and in the preliminary light of political philosophy.
Philosophy depends in some sense on political philosophy, that is, the political realm must let what is not political its own autonomy and be pursued in its own right.
Political "science" asks about the nature of human happiness in general and, separately, about human happiness in so far as man is a mortal during his time on earth.
www.ewtn.com /library/THEOLOGY/FR90104.htm   (3083 words)

 Political Philosophy
The Meta-Encyclopedia of Philosophy is comprised of seven different dictionaries that may be used to compare definitions of important terms and hence appreciate the subtleties of philosophical concepts, while the has many free essays, in addition to the wealth of material available if you are prepared to register.
Philosophy Pages is a site providing several useful resources, including a dictionary of philosophical terms, an history and timeline of philosophical development and key thinkers, and a study guide.
Political philosophy doesn't exist in a vacuum, though; the answers we might give will depend in turn on our ethical ideas, as well as what kind of world we think we live in and what we may consider the purpose of our time here, if any.
www.galilean-library.org /int9.html   (5308 words)

 The Claremont Institute - Fr. James V. Schall on Political Philosophy
Political philosophy has a certain breath that allows, indeed requires, it to know more than itself to be itself.
But still, philosophy is a knowledge of the whole and political philosophy ends up, at its highest level, with the question of the activities of leisure that are allowed freely to happen in certain existing regimes.
I like to say that the study of political philosophy ought to bring such questions forward in our souls so that there is a kind of longing or searching that arises from the suspicion that none of the answers so given have been complete or adequate.
www.claremont.org /writings/031223masugic.html   (5003 words)

 [No title]
The great political philosophers of the twentieth century, now closing, have sought to analyze and explain what early on appeared to be a new form of tyranny, one that the ancients could not have imagined.
That is, ethics and politics, which were two aspects of the same over-all moral life, had their relative autonomy and purpose.
Politics was not the highest science as such, only the highest of the practical sciences.
www.georgetown.edu /faculty/schallj/WS9BJVS.html   (20974 words)

 Dewey's Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Dewey's political philosophy has not only benefited as a by-product of serious philosophical (and, it should be said, historical) attention to his work as a whole.
These crucial features of his early political philosophy survived, then, the jettisoning of Idealism: holism about the individual; anti-elitism; democratic participation as an aspect of individual freedom; and the unconventional view of democracy as a form of relationship inherent not merely in political institutions but in a wide range of social spheres.
It is of course crude to see Dewey's political philosophy as the marriage of the Idealist and New Liberal view of liberalism with his pragmatist or experimentalist conception of inquiry.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/dewey-political   (4403 words)

 Political Philosophy and the Unwritten Constitution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
A distinctive feature of the political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau is the rejection of social subdivisions in the state.
The pervasiveness and proliferation of communal ties in the older American society are among the reasons why it is misguided to treat the political philosophy of John Locke as paradigmatic for the United States.
Rousseau s political philosophy is analyzed in dlepth with special attention to its ethical import and contrasted with American constitutionalisun in Claes G. Ryn.
www.nhinet.org /unwrit.htm   (3818 words)

 Political Philosophy, study of governments, social contract, natural law, justice   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Political philosophy studies the nature, origin and purpose of government.
This political philosophy was proposed by Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher (1588-1679).
According to this philosophy people in a society made a contract with each other or with a ruler to guarantee them certain needs such as peace, safety and justice.
www.philosophyclass.com /politicalphilosophy.htm   (391 words)

 Princeton - Graduate School Announcement 2003-04 - Program in Political Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Students in the Department of History devote special attention to the history of political philosophy within the area and chronological limits of their major field and are examined on this special interest during the general examination.
Students in the Department of Philosophy are expected to show knowledge of the major political philosophers of the western tradition and to have given special attention to contemporary discussions of the problems of political philosophy (e.g., the definition of law and the concepts of justice, freedom, and democracy).
Students in the Department of Religion concentrating in the field of "Religion, Ethics, and Politics" include among the four parts of their general examination one essay on a topic in political philosophy, written under the supervision of an appropriate member of the Departments of Classics, History, Philosophy, or Politics.
www.princeton.edu /pr/catalog/gsa/03/324.htm   (415 words)

 Islamic political philosophy: Al-Farabi, Avicenna, Averroes
[P]olitical association and the totality that results from the association of citizens in cities correspond to the association of the bodies that constitute the totality of the world...
In Islamic culture 'philosophy' (in the sense of a continuation Greek philosophy) was somewhat suspect.
Like Al-Farabi, Averroes holds that philosophy and Islam are in harmony, that superior intellects ought to philosophise but not in public, that ordinary people should be taught by means of the Koran and the traditions without trying to turn them into philosophers.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/arab-y67s11.html   (1998 words)

 Philosophy of M C Williams
Finally, there is a new work of political philosophy to bring back the pure pleasure, the hunger, and the beauty, of political theory.
It is an esoteric novel containing an eye-opening survey of political philosophy, as well as the first full expostulation of M. Williams’ own political theory of the Harmonic Constitution, a lineal descendant of Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli and Montesquieu.
Lost in his summations of the giants of philosophy, one often forgets that Williams is quietly becoming one himself, building an utterly astounding political theory upon the shoulders of these luminaries, and not just teaching, although he does plenty of that.
www.americaontrial.biz   (951 words)

 HPR | Roman Catholic Political Philosophy
The philosopher’s study of political things brings him to the limits of political philosophy: notoriously, the best existing cities, and the best theoretical “cities in speech,” are never completely satisfying.
Classical political philosophy recognizes that a virtuous life under an orderly constitution in the City of Man is not enough.
The role of Christian philosophy in politics is to remind the city of what transcends politics.
www.ignatius.com /magazines/hprweb/bk_schall.htm   (957 words)

 Aristotelian Political Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The articles included in the present volume on Aristotelian political philosophy represent a selection of the texts of the papers that were submitted and presented at the Sixth International Conference on Greek Philosophy.
As such there are papers that deal with the Aristotle's conception of the nature of political society, with unity and political change, his opinions concerning virtue, the Good and the purpose of political life.
The sovereignty of the plĂȘthos in Aristotle's Politics.
www.hri.org /iagp/books/vol16.html   (374 words)

 Locke's Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Perhaps the most central concept in Locke's political philosophy is his theory of natural law and natural rights.
On this account the state of nature is distinct from political society, where a legitimate government exists, and from a state of war where men fail to abide by the law of reason.
Locke's treatment of property is generally thought to be among his most important contributions in political thought, but it is also one of the aspects of his thought that has been most heavily criticized.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/locke-political   (8038 words)

 Emory University, Political Theory Guide
Philosophy in general is located in the B-BQ section.
Provides access to literature on the left, with a primary emphasis on politically and culturally engaged scholarship inside and outside the academy and a secondary emphasis on significant but little known sources of news and ideas.
Topics covered include politics, economics, the labor movement, ecology and environment, women's studies, race and ethnicity, social and cultural theory, sociology, art and aesthetics, philosophy, history, education, law, and globalization.
web.library.emory.edu /subjects/socsci/polsci/political_theory.htm   (1851 words)

 Disagreement: Politics and Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
An elegant and surprising expose’ of the failings of political philosophy.
Politics, he argues, begins when the "demos" (the "excessive" or unrepresented part of society) seeks to disrupt the order of domination and distribution of goods "naturalized" by police and legal institutions.
Ranciere then distinguishes what we mean by "democracy" from the practices of a consensual system in order to unravel the ramifications of the fashionable phrase "the end of politics." His conclusions will be of interest to readers concerned with political questions from the broadest to the most specific and local.
www.upress.umn.edu /Books/r/ranciere_disagreement.html   (349 words)

 Princeton University Press Books in Political Philosophy
Political Ideas in the Romantic Age: Their Rise and Influence on Modern Thought.
Politics, Philosophy, Terror: Essays on the Thought of Hannah Arendt.
The Rhetoric of Leviathan: Thomas Hobbes and the Politics of Cultural Transformation.
press.princeton.edu /catalogs/subjects/polp.html   (1215 words)

 Philosophy Faculty, University at Albany
She is the author of a number of articles on Hume's moral and political philosophy and on normative reasons for action.
Her research focuses on political philosophy (especially issues in global justice, human rights, and international law) and bioethics (with a focus on environmental and agricultural issues).
His primary interests are in political philosophy and ethics and their history.
www.albany.edu /philosophy/faculty.shtml   (940 words)

 Philosophy Department
Columbia's Philosophy Department has had an illustrious past with figures ranging from John Dewey and Ernest Nagel to Isaac Levi, Arthur Danto, and Sidney Morgenbesser shaping its interests and methods in the discipline.
At present it is distinguished by its ecumenical ethos, with advanced research being pursued in the wide swath of subjects in analytical philosophy as well as in the history of Western Philosophy -- British, American, and from the European continent.
Given its distinguished pragmatist heritage, the department - unsurprisingly - does not think of the subject of philosophy as a merely self-standing discipline, but as being continuous with other disciplines (logic, mathematics, physics, biology, psychology and economics on the one hand, and history, literature, law, political science, art, and music on the other).
www.columbia.edu /cu/philosophy   (164 words)

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