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Topic: Politics of Poland


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  Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Republic of Poland, a country in Central Europe, lies between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to the north.
Poland's golden age occurred in the 16th century during its union with Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Poland's principal ports and harbours are Gdansk, Gdynia, Gliwice, Kołobrzeg;, Szczecin, Świnoujscie;, Ustka, Warsaw, and Wrocław;.
www.bidprobe.com /en/wikipedia/p/po/poland.html   (1836 words)

  
 Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Republic of Poland is a country located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to the north.
Poland has a large agricultural sector of private farms, that could be a leading producer of food in the European Union now that Poland is a member.
The principal ports and harbours are: Port of GdaƄsk, Port of Gdynia, Port of Szczecin, Port of Swinoujscie, Port of Ustka, Port of Kolobrzeg, Gliwice, Warsaw, Wroclaw.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Poland   (2888 words)

  
 Poland - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Poland used to be a single-party state and a satellite state of the Soviet Union between 1945 and 1989.
Poland enjoys a temperate climate, with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation and mild summers with frequent showers and thunder showers.
Poland's principal ports and harbours are Gdańsk, Gdynia, Kołobrzeg, Szczecin, Świnoujście, Ustka, Warsaw, and Wrocław.
open-encyclopedia.com /Poland   (2352 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Politics of Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Constitutional Tribunal of Poland is a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions; its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.
Polands next parliamentary elections and presidential election are scheduled for 2005, although Belka promised to ask for vote of confidence during the fall 2004, in order to permit government collapse and earlier elections.
Poland's top national security goal is to further integrate with NATO and other west European defense, economic, and political institutions via a modernization and reorganization of its military.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Politics-of-Poland   (4432 words)

  
 Foreign relations of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Poland became a full member of NATO in March 1999, and of the European Union in May 2004.
Poland was invited in the first wave of NATO enlargement at the July 1997 NATO Summit in Madrid.
Poland became an associate member of the European Union (EU) and its defensive arm, the Western European Union (WEU) in 1994.
www.bexley.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Foreign_relations_of_Poland   (307 words)

  
 Sejm - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
1.1 Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
After 1567 Union of Lublin, the Kingdom of Poland was transformed into the federation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Sejm was increased with the inclusion of the deputies from Lithuanian Sejmiks.
www.eastcleveland.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Sejm   (1685 words)

  
 Politics of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The parliament, consisting of 460 members of the Sejm and 100 members of the Senate, was elected in September 2001 in free and fair elections in which 15 political parties participated.
The Elections to the European elections in Poland, held on June 13, 2004 ended with a victory of the right, followed by surprisingly strong anti-EU, and votes of the left split between four different parties.
Poland continues its long record of strong support for UN Peacekeeping Operations by maintaining a unit in Southern Lebanon, a battalion in NATO's Kosovo Force (KFOR), and by providing and actually deploying the KFOR strategic reserve to Kosovo.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Politics_of_Poland   (1321 words)

  
 Politics in Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Political system is a set of institutions that formulate, make, implement, and enforce rules concerning the collective goals of a society.
Thus, political divisions in Poland just before the collapse of communism in 1989 seemed very simple and could be placed along the line of “us” versus “them.” The latter meant the ruling communist regime, and the former the opposition, mainly organizations united around the Solidarity Union, but also many other disperse groups.
Political pressures from the Episcopate are still present from time to time, but generally the Church hierarchy begins to emphasize moral and religious matters over immediate political issues.
mariuszo.tripod.com /poland.html   (17660 words)

  
 Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A Polish state existed 1,000 years ago, and in the 16th century under the Jagiellonian dynasty Poland was one of the richest and most powerful countries in Europe.
In 1989 the first free elections in Poland's post World War II history concluded the Solidarity movement's struggle for freedom and resulted in the defeat of Poland's communist rulers.
Poland enjoys a temperate climate, with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent slopdropping and mild summers with frequent showers and thunder showers.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/P/Poland.htm   (2377 words)

  
 List of Presidents of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Polish Government in Exile operated pursuant to the Constitution of Poland of April 1935, the legal basis for the government.
Bolesław Bierut (1944 - 1947, as President of the National Country Council - Prezydent Krajowej Rady Narodowej; 1947 - 1952, as President of the Republic of Poland - Prezydent RP).
The Council of State was, theoretically, a collective head of state; de facto, however, the most important personage was the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party.
www.secaucus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/President_of_Poland   (395 words)

  
 POLISH NEWS - Politics Page - Poland 20 years after the crackdown   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
But political infighting increased, the AWS again began to disintegrate and didn't even get into parliament as a result of the September 2001 elections.
Poland's media, banks, breweries, factories, food-processing industry, supermarkets and other economic facilities are now mostly foreign-owned.
That means that much of the profits are channeled abroad rather than being re-invested in Poland, and Poles are increasingly becoming a nation of hired mercenaries in the employ of foreign corporations.
www.polishnews.com /fulltext/politics/2002/politics69_3.shtml   (1516 words)

  
 Belarus Now: Information and Analytical Bulletin; Politics. Economics. Finances. WWW.OPEN.BY; politics Poland to render ...
In Poland Belarusians held a number of meetings on top level: with Prime Minister Yezhi Buzek, Foreign Minister (being also the OSCE Chair) Bronislav Geremek and other officials, including leaders of the three largest fractions of Soime, the Polish parliament.
The dialogue between the Polish authorities and the Belarusian opposition was chiefly aimed at exchanging of viewpoints on the developments in Belarus and the whole region during the nearest half-year period.
Poland supports the EU standpoint on the November 1996 events in Belarus.
www.open.by /belarus-now/cont/1998/1215/politics/bg2-pol.html   (557 words)

  
 POLISH NEWS - Politics Page - Poland and the U.S. Is a Special Relationship Possible?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Although EU membership would be a great benefit to Poland and her neighbors, it might also be a mixed blessing.
In an ideal world, Poland should be both a member of the EU and a close American ally.
By the same token, a close alliance with the U.S. would ensure the Poland does not become too dependent, economically or politically, on other EU members, thus retaining autonomy from some of the sillier aspects of the EU, and might show that the EU need not be rigidly homogeneous to be successful.
www.polishnews.com /fulltext/politics/2002/politics79_5.shtml   (1124 words)

  
 Politics of Poland -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Currently, Poland is led by a minority government, comprised of (Click link for more info and facts about SLD) SLD- (Click link for more info and facts about UP) UP coalition, under the leadership of Prime Minister (Click link for more info and facts about Marek Belka) Marek Belka.
Poland relies on military (Compulsory military service) conscription for the majority of its personnel strength.
Poland is a strong ally of the US in Europe and leads the Multinational Division Central South in (A republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq; modern government is involved in state-sponsored terrorism) Iraq
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/P/Po/Politics_of_Poland.htm   (1312 words)

  
 CIA - The World Factbook -- Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the 10th century.
Poland has steadfastly pursued a policy of economic liberalization throughout the 1990s and today stands out as a success story among transition economies.
Poland joined the EU in May 2004, and surging exports to the EU contributed to Poland's strong growth in 2004, though its competitiveness could be threatened by the zloty's appreciation.
www.odci.gov /cia/publications/factbook/geos/pl.html   (1339 words)

  
 Politics in Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A president is elected by the general population to act as head of state, while a prime minister (nominated by the President) and a cabinet are entrusted with executive powers.
Suffering from a combination of high unemployment, inflation, and perhaps a mistrust of the new political order, Poles have been politically indecisive—never seeming quite certain of the causes of their economic afflictions, or knowing which party or political philosophy might bring a cure quickly enough.
Poland's universities are graduating students who are eager to make helpful contributions that will benefit the country as a whole.
www.jobmonkey.com /teaching/europe/html/politics_in_poland.html   (375 words)

  
 List of political parties in Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Poland has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.
The right, however, was deeply divided, and the right-wing politicians, most of whom were associated with the Solidarity trade union, were unable to create a single bloc which could act as a lasting counterweight for the left-wing monolith.
Nevertheless, it is worth noting that the general public disapproval of politics and politicians as a whole has resulted in all major parties excluding the very word "party" from their names, replacing it with words less associated with politics, such as "union", "platform", "league" or "alliance".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_political_parties_in_Poland   (1395 words)

  
 PMC ESSAYS: Bylander - Warsaw Autumn
In both Poland and West Germany the publicly stated reason for not bringing the Hamburg Opera to the Festival was that financial difficulties precluded the successful conclusion of negotiations.
In 1990 Panufnik agreed to return to Poland for the first time since 1954, in recognition of the fact that the government that had pronounced him a traitor upon his defection was no longer in power.
The mixture of music and politics with regard to this annual gala was unsuccessful in many of its manifestations: deliberate delays in correspondence were added to an already circuitous system of communications, and the Program Committee faced continual difficulties primarily because of political considerations in Poland and, especially, elsewhere in the Soviet bloc.
www.usc.edu /dept/polish_music/essays/byland.html   (4378 words)

  
 POLISH NEWS - Politics Page - Poland's Kwasniewski apologizes for Jedwabne pogrom.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
WARSAW - On the 60th anniversary of a the Jedwabne massacre, Polish President Aleksander Kwaoniewski officially apologized for the part allegedly played by Poles in the 1941 pogrom in which an undetermined number of Jews were stabbed, bludgeoned and burned alive in a barn.
Kwasniewski's remarks were followed on that gray and drizzly forenoon by Israel's ambassador to Poland, Shevach Weiss, who alluded to the title of Jan T. Gross's controversial when he said: 'In my lifetime I have had an opportunity to also encounter different neighbors.
In my lifetime I have also encountered other barns in which Jews were concealed.' Following a silent march down a rural lane leading to the new Jedwabne memorial, the mourners were addressed by elderly New York Rabbi Jacob Baker, who had emigrated from Jedwabne before the outbreak of World War II as Jakub Piekarz.
www.polishnews.com /fulltext/politics/2001/politics63_3.shtml   (2145 words)

  
 Auschwitz, Poland, and the Politics of Commemoration, 1945–1979   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Auschwitz, Poland, and the Politics of Commemoration, 1945–1979
"Auschwitz, Poland, and the Politics of Commemoration is...
Auschwitz, Poland, and the Politics of Commemoration will be of interest to scholars, students, and general readers of the history of modern Poland and the Holocaust.
www.ohiou.edu /oupress/auschwitz.htm   (408 words)

  
 Poland > Politics > Administration > Parties represented in the Polish Parliament > Summary
Poland > Politics > Administration > Parties represented in the Polish Parliament > Summary
Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland (Samoobrona): a populist party, hard to label with traditional "left" or "right" etiquettes.
Declares against privatisation and Poland's access to the European Union on "unprofitable terms".
www.balticdata.info /poland/politics/poland_politics_administration_parties_summary.htm   (372 words)

  
 Pitchfork and politics clash in Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
But Poland is trying to throw off its image as a poor rural backwater, and Mr Raj is keen to show off his new tractor - half of it paid for by the European Union.
Under the terms of Poland's membership, he won't immediately get the full benefits of the Common Agricultural Policy and he doesn't think that is fair.
Poland is supposed to be tightening its belt and preparing for the discipline of EU membership.
www.masterpage.com.pl /outlook/pitchforksandpolitics.html   (774 words)

  
 Russia Eurasia Program - Center For Strategic & International Studies
Russian Energy Politics in Poland, Ukraine, and the Baltic States — The Russia and Eurasia Program's project on Russian Energy Politics in Poland, Ukraine, and the Baltic States has been established to study the impact of Russian energy policies in Central and Eastern Europe.
Policymakers in Poland, Ukraine, and the Baltic states are cognizant of Russian efforts and have sought NATO and EU membership to protect themselves from ongoing Russian political and military domination.
Through one-on-one interviews with relevant political and economic elites in the region and in the West and analysis of Russian energy agreements and energy policies, this project will offer academics and policymakers a well-researched assessment of Russian energy politics in the region.
www.csis.org /ruseura/projects.htm   (2356 words)

  
 Poland's Solidarity Movement: Happy 25th Birthday, Solidarity. Where Are You Now? - International - SPIEGEL ONLINE - ...
The trade union Solidarity gained its historic momentum by uniting the resistance of the intellectual dissidents and the protests of the workers and by being supported by the Catholic Church.
SPIEGEL: Politics in Poland today is marked by tremendous infighting over which politicians and managers may have played a role -- however large or small -- in the communist regime's secret police.
Poland was thrilled to join the EU, but the nation still sometimes feels like an unloved child.
www.spiegel.de /international/spiegel/0,1518,369978,00.html   (1503 words)

  
 The Institute of World Politics > Faculty > Marek Jan Chodakiewicz
In addition to popular and scholarly articles, his publications include Between Nazis and Soviets: Occupation Politics in Poland, 1939-1947 (2004) and After the Holocaust: Polish-Jewish Conflict in the Wake of World War Two (2003).
Chodakiewicz co-edited Poland's Transformation: A Work in Progress (2003) and Spanish Carlism and Polish Nationalism: Borderlands of Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (2003).
In 2003 Dr. Chodakiewicz won Poland's Jozef Mackiewicz Literary Award for his Ejszyszki: The Background of Events, and Epilogue of Polish-Jewish Relations in the Eastern Borderlands, 1944-45.
www.iwp.edu /faculty/facultyID.32/profile.asp   (245 words)

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