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Topic: Politics of Western Sahara

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  Western Sahara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Western Sahara (EH in ISO 3166-1) is a region of northwestern Africa, bordering Morocco on the north, Algeria on the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic ocean on the west.
Western Sahara is located in Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco.
Western Sahara, a territory poor in natural resources and lacking sufficient rainfall, depends on pastoral nomadism, fishing, and phosphate mining as the principal sources of income for the population.
www.bidprobe.com /en/wikipedia/w/we/western_sahara.html   (292 words)

 Western Sahara --  Encyclopædia Britannica
It is latitudinally divided into two parallel belts of land: the western portion of the Sudan, a geographic area that stretches across the entire width of Africa, and the coastal region, or Guinea Coast.
At the end of May, the UN suspended the work of its monitors in the Western Sahara who were identifying persons eligible to participate in a referendum to determine the status of the territory.
A region of unresolved sovereignty, Western Sahara lies on the Atlantic to the south of Morocco in northwestern Africa.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9076666?&query=western   (861 words)

 WSO| James Baker resigns as UN Secretary General Personal Envoy to Western Sahara
If it were implemented, the Framework Agreement would ignore the basic principles that have informed UN action in the area of decolonization, allowing a question of self-determination to be settled under the guidance of the colonial power, with the UN seal of approval.
Western Sahara remains an issue of decolonization and the people of Western Sahara have a legal right to self-determination.
The holding of a referendum is the best possible way for the people of Western Sahara to exercise their right which is at the center of the 1991 UN settlement plan.
www.wsahara.net /04/byebaker.html   (898 words)

 History of MAURITANIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Western Sahara, colonized by Spain from 1884 and subsequently known as the Spanish Sahara, is a desert region between Mauritania and the ocean.
The Western Sahara, as it now becomes, is entrusted by the UN in 1976 to joint Moroccan-Mauritanian adminstration.
In the division of the Western Sahara after the departure of the Spanish, Morocco wins the northern two thirds (the region which includes the phosphates).
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ad05   (677 words)

 ICE Conflict Case ZSAHARA
Morocco and the Polisario Front are contesting the Western Sahara, a 266,000-square kilometer territory in the northwest corner of Africa.
The descendants of the Berbers in modern-day Western Sahara are the Tekna.
Another component of the Western Saharan population is the Reguibat, a large Beduin tribe of Arab origin, whose members trace their ancestry to Sidi Ahmed al-Reguibi, who settled in southern Morocco in 1503.
www.american.edu /projects/mandala/TED/ice/sahara.htm   (3136 words)

 Polisario biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Polisario is a successor of the Movement for the Liberation of the Sahara in the 1960s, lead by Bassiri.
Polisario still contests the Western Sahara with Morocco, though Morocco has largely managed to keep Polisario troops off by a sand wall (the Moroccan Wall or berm) and its larger army.
Polisario controls the part of the Western Sahara on the east of the Moroccan Wall, which is almost uninhabited.
polisario.biography.ms   (386 words)

 Western Sahara - Former Spanish Sahara
Western Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara), former overseas province of Spain, located in northwestern Africa, occupied since 1979 by Morocco.
Western Sahara encompasses about 267,000 sq km (about 103,000 sq mi); it is located on the Atlantic Ocean between Morocco and Mauritania.
When Mauritania withdrew in 1979, Morocco laid claim to all of Western Sahara and continued the war against the Polisario.
members.aol.com /arabinfo7/sahara.htm   (204 words)

 Historical background of trade and politics (from Western Africa) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The evidence is to be found in the political variations of the indigenous units of the Guinea Coast societies.
Its population is made up of a complex of racial and ethnic groups that was dominated politically by a white minority until 1994.
Remarks on the colonization of the western coast of Africa, by the free negroes of the United States, and the consequent civilization of Africa and suppression of the slave trade.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-55388?tocId=55388   (977 words)

 Islamic World.Net: Countries
Western Sahara - Background and news on the "self determination process of the former Spanish Sahara".
The self determination - process of the former Spanish Sahara (Emmanuel Martinoli) Information about the decolonization process of W. Sahara, UN referendum, human rights violations, the situation of the Saharawi refugees in Algeria; besides historical, ethnological, geographical, and political background.
Western Sahara - Picture and history of the flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara).
islamic-world.net /countries/western_sahara.htm   (440 words)

 Spain seeks to extend its influence in North Africa
His proposal, which was finally accepted by the UN Security Council and the Algerian-backed Polisario in 2003, was that Western Sahara should be a semi-autonomous region of Morocco for five years, to be followed by a referendum on the status of the territory.
Baker had talked of the viability of an independent Western Sahara, but his proposal was geared towards ensuring the stability of the region under American domination.
Bernardino Leon, the secretary of state for foreign affairs, said earlier this month that a settlement of the Western Sahara dispute would tend towards the integration of the Maghreb and would improve political and economic relations, particularly if Algeria and Morocco were to reopen their borders.
www.wsws.org /articles/2004/jul2004/nafr-j31.shtml   (1192 words)

 Western Sahara - free-definition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
At present it is largely occupied, and entirely claimed, by Morocco, but this claim is far from universally recognized and in fact a majority of other nations do not recognize the Moroccan claim.
Morocco occupied the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara) in 1976, and the rest of the territory in 1979, following Mauritania's withdrawal.
Western Sahara is a territory poor in natural resources and lacking sufficient rainfall.
www.netlexikon.akademie.de /EH.html   (380 words)

 Spanish Sahara on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Oil potential could provide catalyst for change: the thorny issue of sovereignty has hampered the development of the Western Sahara for decades.
Western Sahara Settlement Plan must be implemented without delay, say speakers in Fourth Committee -- Part 2 of 2.
Petitioners urge Security Council to consider Western Sahara under Chapter VII as Fourth Committee continues general debate on decolonization.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/X/X-S1panS1ah.asp   (757 words)

Basri had control over the issue of the Western Sahara, internal politics and even foreign affairs.
His handling of Western Sahara may have proved his undoing as many observers think.
The recent pro-independence demonstrations in Western Sahara occupied territories have been brutally suppressed by him.
www.wsahara.net /bbasri.html   (197 words)

 Morocco, Algeria stress necessity of complementary partnership
The two neighbor states' relations are marred by the Sahara conflict, where Algeria is politically and militarily supporting the Polisario separatists, who claim secession of Morocco's southern provinces, known as "western Sahara."
The Sahara is a former Spanish comlony retrieved by Morocco in 1975 under the Madrid tripartite accords, signed with Mauritania and the former colonial power.
Sahara issue: Spain seeks to improve conditions for solution accepted by all parties
www.marweb.com /news/morocco_algeria.htm   (260 words)

 Insight on the News: Saharawi Republic Waits to Be Born
Nevertheless, these Spanish-speaking Africans of the Western Sahara are determined to forge a new country.
The vote on the first referendum, conducted by the U.N. Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara, or Minurso, was supposed to have occurred in 1992.
Attorney Frank Ruddy, a former ambassador to Equatorial Guinea and a Reagan administration official, was appointed in 1994 by the United Nations to oversee the referendum for the Western Sahara.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m1571/is_37_15/ai_56184193   (1493 words)

 The Daily Star - Politics - Women of Western Sahara refuse to cede equality   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
ALGIERS: "We women of Western Sahara will fight for our independence because men have promised us liberty," explained Mariem Salek H'Mada to a group of visiting European feminists who joined her under a large tent set up on the grounds of a hotel in the Algerian capital.
Since Western Sahara was annexed by Morocco in 1975, its women have fought next to their husbands and brothers for the sovereignty of their small nation that lies on the Atlantic coast of Africa, sandwiched between Morocco and Mauritania.
A new UN resolution on Western Sahara could give impetus to efforts to finally resolve the status of the former Spanish territory that was annexed by Morocco despite a World Court ruling in favor of autonomy for the territory.
www.dailystar.com.lb /article.asp?edition_id=10&categ_id=2&article_id=9431   (796 words)

 The Christian Science Monitor | csmonitor.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A similar chain of events connects the Saharawi people of Western Sahara with Algeria, which has helped them, and Morocco, which occupies their territory.
Western Sahara, about the size of Nevada, lies south of Morocco on the Atlantic coast.
In Western Sahara, after nearly 25 years, the promised referendum still has not been held.
www.csmonitor.com /durable/1999/11/12/fp11s3-csm.shtml   (771 words)

 afrol News - Polisario reconsiders 13-year-old Western Sahara ceasefire
afrol News - Polisario reconsiders 13-year-old Western Sahara ceasefire
Morocco's "unacceptable obstructing policies to the UN efforts" were also threatening the ceasefire that was agreed in 1991, after a 16-year war between Morocco and Polisario that sent an estimated 150,000 Sahrawis to Algerian refugee camps.
"In other words, United Nations presence in Western Sahara cannot be transformed by Morocco's obstruction to the peace process into a mere observation of a colonial occupation," the Polisario leader wrote to Mr Annan.
www.afrol.com /articles/14466   (599 words)

 The Daily Star - Politics - Spain, Algeria back Western Sahara's right to self-determination
Madrid was "satisfied" with a recent UN Security Council resolution extending the mandate of the UN mission in Western Sahara, MINURSO, for another six months from the end of April.
The resolution was "a commitment by the international community and a call to all concerned parties to positively commit to finding a definitive solution to the conflict in Western Sahara," he said.
War erupted in 1976 between Morocco and the Western Sahara's Polisario Front rebel movement, which is backed by Algiers in its fight for independence.
www.dailystar.com.lb /article.asp?edition_id=10&categ_id=2&article_id=3241   (653 words)

 News Focus: Western Sahara
Citing continued instability in the Western Sahara stemming from the political impasse between the Moroccan Government and the Frente POLISARIO independence movement, as well as continued violations of their military agreement and alleged human rights abuses, Secretary-General Kofi Annan has called for a six-month extension of the United Nations peacekeeping mission there.
The positions of most key players in the Western Sahara dispute are quasi-irreconcilable, though they all hold strong views on the need for a durable solution, the senior United Nations envoy on the issue said today at the end of a visit to the region.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan's new Personal Envoy for Western Sahara, Peter van Walsum, on his first visit trip to the region today met with King Mohammed VI of Morocco at the start of a visit seeking to overcome the impasse blocking a 2003 peace plan for a referendum on self-determination.
www.africafocus.org /country/westernsahara_news.php   (293 words)

 OSCE supports any equitable political settlement to Moroccan Sahara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This came at a meeting with heads and representatives of Moroccan parliamentary groups at the Chamber of Advisors (parliament upper chamber), part of George’s two-day visit to Morocco.
The Moroccan Sahara, previously known as Western Sahara, is a former Spanish colony that was retrieved by Morocco in 1975 under the Madrid Accords signed with Spain and Mauritania.
Morocco/Western Sahara: 100 Moroccan prisoners released and repatriated
news.marweb.com /sahara_dispute.htm   (371 words)

 Western Sahara : Geography, People, Politics, Government, Economy, transport
Western Sahara depends on pastoral nomadism, fishing, and phosphate mining as the principal sources of income for the population.
Moroccan energy interests in 2001 signed contracts to explore for oil off the coast of Western Sahara, which has angered the Polisario.
Incomes and standards of living in Western Sahara are substantially below the Moroccan level.
www.studentsoftheworld.info /infopays/wfb.php3?CODEPAYS=SAH   (421 words)

 UN Policy on Nationalist-Separatist Movements
It allows one political entity (or state) to rule one nation, thus lessening the likelihood of political, social or economic inequities, or human rights abuses.
Additional political pressure was generated by the United Nations Ad Hoc Committee of the International Conference on Kampuchea, but it had limited effectiveness because Hanoi was not recognized it.
And, while it would be a clear violation of national soviernty for the UN to involve itself in the politics of a country, there must be a line established where more than humanitarian assistance is the appropriate course of action for the UN.
www.munfw.org /archive/47th/ga1.htm   (3687 words)

 Sahara issue: Spain seeks to improve conditions for solution accepted by all parties   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Sahara issue is opposing Morocco to the Algeria-backed Polisario front, which is claiming secession of Morocco’s southern provinces, known as Western Sahara.
The meeting focused on “challenges in the region, mainly EU-UMA ties an the building of a unified Maghreb grouping,” the Spanish foreign minister said, stressing that the Sahara issue is a key factor in this question.
The Union is at a standstill because of differences over the Sahara between the two most populated countries, Morocco and Algeria, which is politically and militarily backing the separatists, yet rejecting any dialogue over the issue, saying “it is not involved.”
www.marweb.com /news/sahara_spain.htm   (438 words)

 afrol News - "Intifada" attempts in Western Sahara, Morocco
The village of Assa is firmly placed within undisputed Moroccan territory, around 120 kilometres north of the border between Morocco and the Moroccan-occupied territory of Western Sahara.
Its population is dominated by ethnic Sahrawis, mostly loyal to their brothers' fight for an independent Western Sahara even if they know Assa will not be part of it.
On Friday one week ago, thousands of villagers took to the street "holding slogans urging the Moroccan King to pull out of Western Sahara and leave the land to its owners, the Sahrawi people," according to a report sent to afrol News by the organisers.
www.afrol.com /articles/14390   (717 words)

 News Focus: Western Sahara
WESTERN SAHARA: Polisario releases all remaining Moroccan prisoners of war
DAKAR, 18 Aug 2005 (IRIN) - The Polisario Front, which is fighting for Western Sahara to be recognised as an independent state, on Thursday released all remaining Moroccan prisoners-of-war, some of whom had been held in captivity for more than 20 years.
DAKAR, 5 Mar 2004 (IRIN) - A group of refugees from the Western Sahara living in camps in the Algerian desert flew home on Friday to visit relatives in the first of a planned series of exchange visits organised by the UN refugee agency UNHCR.
www.africafocus.org /country/westernsahara_irin.php   (538 words)

 Adam Carr's Electoral Archive
The King is a religious as well as a political leader, holding the title Amir Al-Muminin (Commander of the Faithful).
In the 1980s Hassan's regime was liberalised, partly because the opposition parties supported him in the dispute with Algeria over the future of the former Spanish territory of Western Sahara, which Morocco annexed in 1976.
The largest party in Morocco is the Socialist Union of Popular Forces, a moderate social-democrat party, which holds only 50 of the 325 seats in the legislature.
psephos.adam-carr.net /countries/m/morocco/statsmorocco.shtml   (693 words)

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