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Topic: Polybios


In the News (Wed 19 Dec 18)

  
  Polybios Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography
Polybios was born in Megalopolis in Arcadia, the son of Lycortas, general and statesman of the Achaean League.
Polybios was present at the capitulation of Carthage in 146 B.C.; and when Corinth was destroyed by the Romans in the same year, the Achaean League crushed, and Greece turned into a Roman province, it was Polybios who was entrusted with the task of reorganizing the Greeks.
Polybios lacked the artistic qualities of Herodotus or Thucydides, but he insisted on travel to the spots where history was made, closely examined written and oral evidence, invoked his own military experience and that of others, and utilized firsthand knowledge.
www.bookrags.com /biography/polybios   (439 words)

  
 Polybios
Der Artikel Polybios gehört zur Kategorie: Historiker, Grieche, Mann, Kryptologe, Geboren 201 v.
Beherrschendes Thema ist der Aufstieg Roms zur Weltmacht, den Polybios in pragmatischer Weise darstellen und seinen griechischen Landsleuten erklären wollte.
Polybios ist durch seine Zeitgenossenschaft und die zumindest angestrebte Objektivität der Darstellung die wichtigste erhaltene Quelle für die von ihm behandelte Zeit.
www.kalkriese.de /Polybios.html   (244 words)

  
 Polybios.net
Bei Ausbruch des Krieges zwischen den Achaiern und Römern ging Polybios nach Griechenland zurück, wo er seinen Einfluss nutzen konnte, um später bei den Römern günstige Bedingungen für seine bezwungenen Landsleute auszuhandeln.
Dieser war der Begründer der Mittleren Stoa, gehörte zusammen mit Polybios und anderen dem Scipionenkreis in Rom an und beeinflußte Cicero in seiner Schrift "De officiis".
Polybios war der Meinung, dass die Beziehung aller Ereignisse auf Rom, die Verflechtung der Vorgänge in Italien und Libyen mit denen in Griechenland eine entsprechende Darstellungsweise erfordere.
www.polybios.net /13801/13817.html?*session*id*key*=*session*id*val*   (722 words)

  
 Iphikrates and the Evolution of Hellenistic Infantry, part 2
The paucity of sources from the loss of Diodoros' history from 301 BC until the start of the extent portions of Polybios' narrative in the late 220s BC means that a discussion of the evolution of Hellenistic infantry in the 3rd century BC must be rather conjectural.
But by Polybios' day in the 2nd century BC, the word had seemingly come to mean a separate troop type, since in his history we hear not only of euzonoi, but of troops "armed in the manner of euzonoi".
Polybios was a general in the Achaian army, and like Caesar, another historian-general, was never caught short for a technical word.
www.ne.jp /asahi/luke/ueda-sarson/Iphikrates2.html   (5645 words)

  
 [No title]
Polybios; Polybios/ 12,25e; Polybios/ 12,27; Geschichte/ Einteilung; Polybios/ Methodologie; téchnê/ Polyb.; êthos/ Polyb.; \ A.2.d.
Polybios; Polybios/ Unitarismus; Polybios/ Datierung; 4.1.3.1.; Polybios/ Rom; Weltherrschaft/ politeia; Sittenverfall/ Rom Polyb.; 4.3.3.1.; 4.3.5.; Mischverfassung/ Anakyklosis; Anakyklosis/ Roms "Archaiologia"; Polybios/ 6 passim; Anakyklosis/ Polyb.
Polybios; Polybios/ Glaubwürdigkeit; Polybios/ 18,38,3-9; Livius/ 26,24,1; Polybios/ 11,4,1-6,8; 4.6.1.1.2.; Ätolisch-römischer Bündnisvertrag; IG IX 1*, 241; 4.6.3.1.1.; Achäischer Bund/ Polyb.; Aitoler/ Polyb.; 5.2.2.1.; Aristainos/ Polyb.; Kallikratides/ Polyb.; Diaios/ Polyb.; Lehmann, G. A./ Untersuchungen Historische Glaubwürdigkeit Polybios; - A.2.d.; eher ablehnend; aus: Gnomon 42, 1970, 65ff.
www.geocities.com /frschuffert/sk_34_polybios.html   (5337 words)

  
 New Page Title
The comment by Polybios refers to the pikes of his time, which were longer 21-24 feet, not eighteen feet, which would probably have been less able to cross rivers.
To answer this question we must again turn to Polybios' useful little essay, "the Phalanx" Here, Polybios' aim was not merely to praise the phalanx, but also to discover why on the battlefield the Romans have always proved the victors and carried off the prize.
Note how Polybios describes the phalanx and not the Companions (or Xystophoroi, as they were called at his time.) This is puzzling, as Alexander's great battles seem to rely on the sarissa-armed heavy cavalry more than on the phalanx.
scissorblades.tripod.com /essays/id2.html   (2356 words)

  
 Why did Hannibal lose the Second Punic War?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Polybios himself was hipparchos of the League during Rome’s war with King Perseus of Macedonia and was transported to Rome to serve as a political hostage, a sentence that was to last for sixteen years.
Polybios also mentions the Roman historian Q. Fabius Pictor, the pro-Carthaginian Philinus of Agrigentum and another Sicilian, Timaeus of Tauromenium, who is on the receiving end of a tirade from the great historian.
Polybios may well have used several other sources and a cross-referencing of figures for Hannibal’s army with the Roman praetor for Sicily, L. Cincius Alimentus, who was held prisoner by Hannibal and thought to have conversed with the general about the size of his army, cannot be ruled out.
www.ancientworlds.net /aw/Article/415684   (6841 words)

  
 Alexander the Great - Sources
We should be grateful that Polybios sought to justify his disparagement as he preserves one of the few interesting pieces of Kallisthenes' work, albeit more by way of testimonium than fragment.
Polybios here displays a crassness that would whet the appetite of anyone involved in the nip and tuck of Hellenistic History these days for not only has he erred the holes are large enough to drive a scythed chariot through and he stands accuser to himself!
Polybios has been carried away with self-righteous anger and failed to read carefully, or has merely leapt on the fallacies which prove his so-called point.
websfor.org /alexander/articles/polybios.asp   (1045 words)

  
 sehepunkte - Rezensionsjournal für die Geschichtswissenschaften - 6 (2006), Nr. 7/8
Using Polybios in order to make generalizing statements about Hellenistic history writing is fraught with difficulties, since Polybios himself is selective, caustic and unforgiving in his criticism, and highly polemicizing.
This is the 'two-way shadow' cast by Polybios, and the basic problematic at the heart of the various essays.
The use of Polybios, then, must be understood as a delicate exercise in intertextuality, with a high degree of uncertainty, and not as a transparent reflection of lost Greek historical writings.
www.sehepunkte.de /2006/07/10331.html   (1000 words)

  
 Tarantine cavalry
According to Polybios' account of the 3rd battle of Mantineia (11.12.7) over a hundred years later, the Tarantines serving Philopoimon the Achaian were ordered to engage the Tarantines serving Machanidas the Spartan who in turn ordered his to counterattack (here 'synapheinai'; the word seems to have no particular connotation of charging into contact).
Polybios goes on to relate (11.13.1-2) that "at first the Tarantines alone were engaged, fighting gallently, but as the light-armed infantry (euzonoi) gradually came up to the support of those who were hard pressed, in quite a short time the mercenaries on both sides were mixed up.
Since the account of Livy is clearly derived from Polybios we can be reasonably sure that the word Tarantine appeared in Polybios' original account, and Polybios himself says Zeno reports them being present in the Seleucid army ten years earlier at Panion in 200 BC (Polybios 16.18).
www.ne.jp /asahi/luke/ueda-sarson/Tarantines.html   (4113 words)

  
 An Overlooked Key to Polybios' Views on Rome
On the other hand, whenever Romans acted in brutal fashion in Greek lands, and Polybios' description of the Roman sack of cities provides chilling evidence for the extent of this brutality, Greeks rebuked the Romans in the sharpest terms available in their politico-cultural vocabulary, referring to them as barbaroi.
In this instance, Polybios takes exception to both Timaios' linking of Rome to the Homeric tradition and his implication that the original Romans were refugees from the civilized city of Troy.
Polybios' description of Roman order and discipline in sacking cities does not fit the picture of the unbridled savagery of the direptio in Latin sources; see A. Ziolkowski, "Urbs direpta, or how the Romans sacked cities," in War and Society in the Roman World, J.
www.dur.ac.uk /Classics/histos/2000/champion.html   (1880 words)

  
 LIBRARIES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
This assertion is supported by the testimony of the historian Polybios in the 3rd century BC, who states that there were so many private and public libraries in Athens that when the historian Timaios of Sicily was exiled by the tyrant Agathokles, he spent fifty years of his life compiling a list of them.
Polybios was in fact mocking Timaios for his studious wisdom and his proclivity for books.
In 330 BC, moreover, the orator Lykourgos was so disturbed at the unchecked circulation of unreliable copies of the works of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, that he had a decree passed obliging the state archives to keep reliable copies of the great tragedians.
www.libraries.gr /nonmembers/en/history_ellinikos_diakinisi.htm   (416 words)

  
 Polybios   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Bei Ausbruch des Krieges zwischen den Achaiern und Römern ging Polybios nach Griechenland zurück, wo er seinen Einfluss nutzen konnte, um später bei den Römern günstige Bedingungen für seine bezwungenen Landsleute auszuhandeln.
Dieser war der Begründer der Mittleren Stoa, gehörte zusammen mit Polybios und anderen dem Scipionenkreis in Rom an und beeinflußte Cicero in seiner Schrift "De officiis".
Polybios war der Meinung, dass die Beziehung aller Ereignisse auf Rom, die Verflechtung der Vorgänge in Italien und Libyen mit denen in Griechenland eine entsprechende Darstellungsweise erfordere.
www.lateinforum.de /polybios.htm   (733 words)

  
 Polybios: Viele Informationen uber Polybios an omega.it
Polybios war im Achaiischen Bund politisch tätig und kam 167 v.
Beherrschendes Thema ist der Aufstieg Roms zur Weltmacht, den Polybios in pragmatischer Weise darstellen und seinen griechischen Landsleuten erklären wollte.
Polybios ist durch seine Zeitgenossenschaft und die zumindest angestrebte Objektivität der Darstellung die wichtigste erhaltene Quelle für die von ihm behandelte Zeit.
www.omega.it /p/po/polybios.html   (205 words)

  
 1) GREEK CLAIM: POLYBIOS (POLIBIUS)
(Polybios 9.37.7-39.7; Speech of Lykiskos, the representative of Akarnania)
For who is not aware that Hellas would have constantly stood in the greater danger, had we not been fenced by the Macedonians and the honorable ambition of their kings?" (The Histories of Polybios, IX, 35, 2)
This quote by Polybius does not say at all or even less "prove" that the Macedonians were Greek.
faq.macedonia.org /history/ancient.macedonia/ancient1.html   (1158 words)

  
 Simple Substitution
The Greek historian Polybios (c:a 200 BC) tells us about a signalling systems, that should have been in use in Greece.
Then, according to Polybios, to send a message to a place within sight, torches are held up.
First between one and five torches are used to indicate the row where the sought letter stands in the square, then the number of torches are held up, which tells the column where the sought letter is found.
hem.passagen.se /tan01/simsub.html   (1467 words)

  
 The History of Cryptography
Perhaps the earliest cryptosystem was developed by the Greek historian Polybios.
He used a grid of letters where each letter of the message was replaced by the two letters indicating the row and column in which the original letter lies.
Here is a Polybios square with the English alphabet excluding the letter J. Here P would be replaced by RD and G would be replaced by TW.
cse.stanford.edu /classes/sophomore-college/projects-97/cryptography/history.html   (1678 words)

  
 Page Title
The idea can be found at least as far back as the pre-Christian Greeks and in all ages thereafter.
Homer was acquainted with the concept of AI, perhaps 800 years B.C., and the ancient historian Polybios believed that Nabis, a dictator of Sparta (about 200 B.C.), used a robot to compel rich but recalcitrant citizens to pay their taxes.
We tend to think that artificial intelligence is a new idea, hatched in the computer age.
library.thinkquest.org /C005693/page2.html   (256 words)

  
 [No title]
BC) and which could transfer complex messages is the torch telegraph from POLYBIOS.
It consists of two walls behind which there are torch bearers who would lift up or lower down their torches over the edge of the wall.
There is no evidence for an actual historic deployment of the torch telegraph from Polybios.
it.tud.uni-essen.de /ENpo.html   (268 words)

  
 Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Summary
As a youth of 18 years, Scipio accompanied his father to Greece in 168 B.C., fought in the Battle of Pydna, and participated in his father's triumph.
Among the Achaean hostages was the historian Polybios, who remained in the house of Paullus and won the friendship of young Scipio.
In 151, although assigned to the province of Macedonia, Scipio volunteered to serve as military tribune with Lucullus in Spain.
www.bookrags.com /Scipio_Aemilianus_Africanus   (1676 words)

  
 Forschung - Polybios-Lexikon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Erhalten ist uns ungefähr ein Drittel des großen Geschichtswerkes, das Polybios in der Überzeugung schrieb, daß das Schicksal dieser Weltstunde Rom hieß.
Jeder bekennt sich mit voller Überzeugung zu einer Geschichtschreibung, die nicht mit Genealogien, Gründungsgeschichten und ähnlichem unterhält, sondern dem politischen Menschen die Kenntnis der Taten vermittelt, wie Völker und Herrscher sie setzten.
Polybios hat die Geschichte als magistra vitae recht wörtlich genommen und sich von ihrer Erkenntnis die Meisterung politischer Situationen versprochen.
www.bbaw.de /vh/polybios/index.html   (82 words)

  
 BioChromix Homepage
BioChromix develops assays for high throughput screening of nuclear and G-protein coupled receptors.
For this BioChromix have developed a set of probes, PolyBios, that is a non-covalent complex between our unique probes and a "SmartTag" (target specific).
PolyBios enables direct, sensitive detection of agonist or antagonist potency for a wide variety of receptors.
www.biochromix.com   (294 words)

  
 J1502   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The historian Polybios reports that at that time the unified Peloponnesos, under the common authority and the democratic constitution of the Achaean Sympoliteia (‘league of common citizenship’), used the same laws, weights and measures, as well as coins.
The silver triobols and the bronze pieces of small value were mainly used for paying soldiers’ wages, though this does not rule out the possibility of them being used in trade too.
Internal troubles led to severe political tension with Rome and the deportation of 1,000 leading Achaeans (including Polybios) to Italy after 168 BC.
www.culture.gr /2/21/214/21401m/presveis/Pages/museum/15/p1502.html   (620 words)

  
 Select Bibliography for Polybius and Livy
Lehmann, G.A. Untersuchungen zur historischen Glaubwürdigkeit des Polybios.
*Petzold, K.E. Studien zur Methode des Polybios und zu ihrer historischen Auswertung.
Ziegler, K. "Polybios." In Pauly-Wissowa 21,2 (1953) 1440-578.
faculty.washington.edu /alain/Clas520/PolLivbib.html   (412 words)

  
 Polybios Encyklopedi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
togs 1000 fångar som gisslan, däribland Polybios, som fördes till Italien.
Androtion at times relied upon his own experience in composing his Atthis, much in the manner of Thucydides, Xenophon, and Polybios in their histories.
Krentz needed to see twenty pages of a von Scala's Studien des Polybios, published in 1890.
encyklopedi.net /topic/Polybios.html   (327 words)

  
 Polybios.net
The visitor of my homepage might think, that it´s name appears unusual for a private website.
But the mentioned Polybios was one of the first "Europeans", who attempted to offer his readers a more global view on the world in his times.
For example he pointed out the superficial reasons of Rome to start a war with Carthago.
www.polybios.net /13827/home.html?*session*id*key*=*session*id*val*   (284 words)

  
 Polybios.net
Bitte aktivieren Sie Javascript, um den NewsTicker zu betrachten.
Willkommen auf meiner kleinen Website, die ich dem griechischen Historiker Polybios gewidmet habe.
Vielleicht fühle ich mich deswegen dem Polybios, dem Mann mit vielen Leben, so nahe.
www.polybios.net /13801/home.html?*session*id*key*=*session*id*val*   (313 words)

  
 HMS-NY: History
In 1924, the Greek-American Medical Fraternity changed its name to the Greek-American Intercollegiate Club and broadened its scope.
This new club was presided by a newcomer to the United States, a surgeon named Dr. Polybios Coryllos, and Dr. Constantine Psakis served as its secretary.
In 1917, Dr. CoryIlos became well known while organizing the first mobile surgical units at Verdun and Chateau Thierry in France.
www.hmsny.org /history.html   (1388 words)

  
 Adria (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) :: Bible Tools
The Adriatic Sea is a name derived from the old Etruscan city Atria, situated near the mouth of the Po (Livy v.33.7; Strabo v.214).
But after the development of the Syracusan colonies on the Italian and Illyrian coasts the application of the term was gradually extended southward, so as to reach Mons Garganus (the Abruzzi), and later the Strait of Hydruntum (Ptolemy iii.1.1; Polybios vii.19.2).
But finally the name embraced the Ionian Sea as well, and we find it employed to denote the Gulf of Tarentum (Servius Aen xi.540), the Sicilian Sea (Pausanias v.
bibletools.org /index.cfm/fuseaction/Def.show/RTD/ISBE/ID/229/Adria.htm   (459 words)

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