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Topic: Polygyny

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  Polygyny - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Polygyny was banned in the United States in 1890 as a result of laws passed concerning Mormon polygyny.
Polygyny was practiced by most of the patriarchs in the Hebrew Bible and Old Testament such as David, Moses, Abraham, and Jacob, and was practiced throughout the time of the New Testament up until the 11th century.
Polygyny had been legal and was written in the law as recently as the end of the Qing/Ching dynasty of the imperial China(1911).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Polygyny   (3147 words)

 Evolution of polygyny in the ancestors of Red-winged Blackbirds Auk, The - Find Articles
Polygyny is defined in the ornithological literature as a mating system in which one male forms longlasting breeding associations with more than one female at a time (Wittenberger 1981).
The classic polygyny hypothesis, the polygyny threshold model (Verner and Willson 1966), proposes that polygynous mating is costly to females because a female choosing an alreadymated male must share his contribution to parental care and his territorial resources with his previous mates.
Polygyny in other redwing populations may be more plausibly explained by a costcompensation model, as for example in Ontario, where removal experiments indicate that females prefer to settle on territories where harem sizes have been lowered (Hurly and Robertson 1985, Pribil and Picman 1996).
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3793/is_199901/ai_n8845302   (910 words)

 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Polygyny   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In social anthropology, polygyny is a marital practice in which a man has more than one wife simultaneously.
The anthropological meaning has been taken over into sociobiology, where polygyny refers to a mating system in which a male has a more or less stable breeding relationship with more than one female, but the females are only bonded to a single male.
In India, polygyny was practiced from ancient times onward, though historically only kings were polygynous in practise.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Polygyny   (1205 words)

 Polygyny - Search Results - ninemsn Encarta
Polygyny, form of marriage in which a man has more than one wife at the same time.
The word “polygamy” is often used as a synonym for polygyny,...
Under Islamic laws, one man may legally have as many as four wives, all of whom are entitled to equal treatment.
au.encarta.msn.com /Polygyny.html   (150 words)

 20th WCP: Polygyny in Africa: A Maleðs Post-Original Sin or Rejection of the Primeval Monogyny and Affirmation of ...
In this sense, polygyny is seen as having a spiritual value inasmuch as it is "pleasing to the ancestors" (Kilbride, 1994, p.
Through polygyny, men treat women as means to their own ends such as progeny, "immortality", wealth, social status, and of course, sexual gratification.
To fight for equality means (1) to eradicate polygyny; (2) to help the polygynists understand that their practice is sexist and to realize that the real man"s sex chromosomes are XY rather than XXY chromosomes; and (3) to strive for equal educational opportunities for all.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Afri/AfriGbot.htm   (3910 words)

 Zulluwth - If polygyny is wrong...
Polygyny was never forbidden, but recognized as valid in the Law of Moses and commandments were given for proper conduct in that context.
So then, polygyny, as also monogyny, is in fact part and parcel to his image, especially as it as a concept expresses our relationships to him.
Thus, polygyny is essential to understanding the structure of the Body of Christ as it is brought unto perfection.
home.sprynet.com /~jbwwhite/if.html   (8130 words)

 Polygamy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Polygamy exists in three specific forms, including polygyny (one man having multiple wives), polyandry (one woman having multiple husbands), or group marriage (some combination of polygyny and polyandry).
Polygyny is a mating practice in which a male simultaneously has more than one female sexual partner.
Polygyny is a by-product of the tradition of emphasis on procreation and the continuity of the father's family name.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Polygamy   (6644 words)

 Polygyny (Polygamy) Is Already A Practice
Polygyny was the acceptable form of marriage in Africa prior to the arrival of the colonizers and Christianity.
Polygyny is the form of marriage practiced in Africa not polygamy.
Prior to their arrival in what is known today as Liberia, polygyny was the acceptable form of marriage practiced by the indigenous inhabitants.
www.theperspective.org /polygyny.html   (1478 words)

 Polygyny in Islam > US Marriage Laws
Polygyny was practiced, often without limitations, in almost all cultures.
Polygyny in Islam: There is no doubt, that no woman relishes the thought of sharing her husband with another and that plural marriages provide a bases for jealousies to arise.
Thus any attempt to forbid polygyny on the basis that a man might love one of the women more than the others is futile and baseless because this factor can not be used as a gauge for justice in Islamic plural marriages.
usmarriagelaws.com /search/united_states/polygyny/index.shtml   (3229 words)

 Intersections: Sasak Women Negotiating Marriage, Polygyny and Divorce in rural East Lombok   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Polygyny is a particularly prominent example of the tension between religious and secular law in Indonesia.
Polygyny may have become more widely practiced over the half century prior to Independence because of the greater influence of orthodox Islam, nevertheless polygyny is and always has been relatively rare, with only a minority of men being able to afford to support more than one household.
While polygyny is relatively rare, serial marriage is not, and for the vast majority of the population it is considered normal [biasa] or customary [adat], and preferable to polygyny.
wwwsshe.murdoch.edu.au /intersections/issue10/grace.html   (8758 words)

 Polygyny - EvoWiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Polygyny: males control mating access to more than one female as contrasted to the rarer polyandry where female control access over more than one male.
Polygyny is the most commonly found mating system in mammals and also in humans as reported by G. Murdock's Ethnographic Atlas (described by R. Dawkins in The Ancestor's Tale, p.208).
Polygyny is frequently accompanied by (in mammals) sexual dimorphism, most often larger size for the males, but this may include any type of advantage used for competition with other males.
wiki.cotch.net /index.php?title=Polygyny&redirect=no   (94 words)

 Introduction to Islam   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Polygyny has been practiced by mankind for thousands of years, many of the ancient Israelites were polygynous, some having hundreds of wives.
Actually there are three kinds of polygyny practiced in Western societies: (1) serial polygyny, that is, marriage, divorce, marriage, divorce and so on any number of times; (2) marriage to one woman but having and supporting one or more mistresses; (3) remaining unmarried and having a number of mistresses.
Polygyny is very much opposed by the male dominated society because it forces men to face up to responsibility and fidelity.
www.iad.org /Islam/polygyny.html   (1303 words)

 [No title]
Though the issue of polygyny, which can be either polygamy (multiple wives) or polyandry (multiple husbands), is not one which is commonly encountered in most places in America, it still is an issue that needs addressed.
The arguments for polygyny included attempts to appeal to the authority of various saints in the Old Testament who were involved in polygamous marriages, such as David, Abraham, and others.
In summation, the arguments made for polygyny in the article under discussion are very weak, relying both upon the twisting and decontextualising of the Scripture, as well as argumentation which begs many questions.
www.studytoanswer.net /contemporary/polygyny.html   (5421 words)

 Truth & Beauty: Polygyny/Polygamy
Polygyny is an exception to the monogomous rule of Islam.
You have some women presured into polygyny, and you also have the situation where Muslims who have chosen to engage in polygyny are ostracized, gossiped about, and shoved out of their communities.
Polygyny also seems to make more sense when marriage is viewed primarily as an economic arrangement geared towards the production and support of children, rather than an intense, intimate emotional partnership.
rickshawdiaries.blogspot.com /2006/03/polygynypolygamy.html   (3234 words)

 Polygyny | MetaFilter   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Genetic research suggests that polygyny was the norm for most of humanity's past.
Previous posts on polygyny and polygamy, which are often used synonymously.
It's possible that polygyny was an open institution for much of that time, or that secret trysts made it a reality that few would acknowledge.
www.metafilter.com /mefi/35264   (1039 words)

 Searcy, W.A. and Yasukawa, K.: Polygyny and Sexual Selection in Red-Winged Blackbirds.
Polygyny is a mating system in which individual males form long-term mating relationships with more than one female at a time.
Polygyny has the effect of intensifying sexual selection on males by increasing the variance in mating success among males.
For females, polygyny means that they will often share a male's territory with other females during the breeding season and will thus be forced to adapt to frequent female-female interactions.
pup.princeton.edu /titles/5606.html   (259 words)

 Bird - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The eggs are laid in a nest, which may be anything from a bare cliff ledge or ground scrape to elaboratey decorated structures such as those of the oropendolas.
The three mating systems that predominate among birds are polyandry, polygyny, and monogamy.
Polygyny constitutes 2% of all birds and polyandry is seen in less than 1%.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bird   (2193 words)

 WP#68: The Macroeconomics of Polygyny
Countries where polygyny (one man married to several wives) is allowed differ from monogamous countries in several demographic characteristics: Women marry extremely early, the age gap between husbands and wives is large, fertility is high, and typically a brideprice is paid at marriage.
Polygyny is most prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa, a region that is different from the rest of the world for many reasons other than polygyny.
The reason is that polygyny leads to high brideprices which makes buying wives and selling daughters a good investment strategy that crowds out investment in physical assets.
www.ksg.harvard.edu /cid/bread/abstracts/068.htm   (257 words)

 The Loom: Adam and His Eves
And that polygyny was common in the past does not mean that it is preferable now.
Polygyny doesn't require one man plus multiple wives at the same time, although that explanation may be the most likely.
Polygyny may also contribute, but the reduction of variation within populations that we measure for the Y chromosome, relative to the autosomes and mitochondrial DNA, is of such magnitude that differences in the effective population sizes of the sexes alone are insufficient to produce the observation."
www.corante.com /loom/archives/005799.html   (2911 words)

The polygyny threshold model identifies circumstances in which a female will gain more by mating with an already mated male than with a bachelor.
Thus mating success in males practicing scramble competition polygyny is reserved for those that are the most persistent, durable, and perceptive, rather than the most aggressive and physically imposing.
A very different type of scramble competition polygyny occurs in species in which the female's breeding season is highly compressed.
faculty.vassar.edu /suter/1websites/bejohns/mateselection/files/polygyny.htm   (1169 words)

 Polygyny   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Among the two forms of polygamy, polygyny is by far the most widespread.
However, polygyny occurs in many situations of relatively balanced gender ratios or even, as in the case of the Yanomamo, where males outnumber females.
A stratificational theory of polygyny also accounts for its greater incidence in comparison to polyandry, since men tend to occupy higher statuses than women in the majority of societies.
www.umanitoba.ca /anthropology/tutor/marriage/polygyny.html   (406 words)

 Gene Expression: The paths of polygyny....   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Additionally, as to the ultimate and proximate arguments of the Islamic scholar on the merits of polygyny, I would argue that he is being disingenuous, because I doubt he views neo-Darwinian genic imperatives as the sum of all things.
For example, the geriatric polygyny practiced by some Aboriginal peoples (the Arunta of Central Australia I believe for example) in practice is characterized by a great deal of toleration for dalliances on the part of the young wives with single young men of the tribe.
Low also uses a populational definition of polygyny, it is defined by a high ratio of male reproductive variance to female reproductive variance (this results in a constant offloading of genetic load).
www.gnxp.com /blog/2005/07/paths-of-polygyny.php   (1154 words)

 Polygyny not Polygamy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
However, it is no secret that polygyny of another sort is also being practiced in America and Europe: the practice of having a mistress or mistresses.
The difference is that while the non-Muslim male has no legal obligations or responsibilities towards his second, third or fourth mistresses and their children, a Muslim husband has complete legal obligations and responsibilities towards his second, third, or fourth wife and their children.
The importance of equitable treatment in regard to time and wealth can not be overstressed as it is the major factor excluding the established pre-requisites for marriage, in general, that a man can weigh and assess in his day to day inter-action with his wives.
www.themuslimwoman.com /marriage/gynynotgamy.htm   (3318 words)

One idea is that polygyny is likely when males hold territories that vary greatly in the quality of resources.
The female is thus free to choose any male to father her offspring, regardless of his other attachments.
Here, as in situations where males are territorial, polygyny is related to the availability of resources -- in this case their superabundance rather than their uneven distribution.
www.stanford.edu /group/stanfordbirds/text/essays/Polygyny.html   (567 words)

 Christian Polygyny
Part of this is due to the revision of history by the power of the church in the "dark ages".
Apparently polygyny was much more common during the time of Christ and the early church than what has been known.
Polygyny is the practice of having more than one wife at the same time: a form of polygamy: opposite of polyandry.
www.christianpoly.org   (332 words)

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