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Topic: Pontifex Maximus

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  Pontifex Maximus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It was under his authority as Pontifex Maximus that Julius Caesar introduced the calendar reform that created the Julian calendar, with a fault under a day per century, easily corrected by a modification of the rules for bisextile days to produce our present Gregorian calendar.
Pontifex summus was an expression used to distinguish Hilary of Arles (died 449) as the bishop of the notable see of Gallia Narbonensis, in relation to those of less importance, by Eucherius of Lyons (Catholic Encyclopedia, quoting Pat.
The secular equivalent of the emperor as Pontifex Maximus is the philosopher-king of the Greek sages, with whom the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius is said to have identified, as a stoic, and to which the Prussian king Frederick the Great and the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte aspired, both as philosophes.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pontifex_maximus   (1892 words)

 Encyclopedia: Pontifex maximus
The 'Pontifex Maximus,' that is the 'bishop of bishops,' issues an edict: 'I remit, to such as have discharged [the requirements of] repentance, the sins both of adultery and of fornication.' O edict, on which cannot be inscribed, 'Good deed!'...Far, far from Christ's betrothed be such a proclamation!" (Tertullian, On Modesty ch.
In the Roman Republic, the Pontifex Maximus (in English, High Priest or Supreme Pontiff) was the head of the polytheistic Roman religion.
The secular equivalent of the emperor as Pontifex Maximus is the of the Greek sages, with whom the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius is said to have identified, as a stoic, and to which the Prussian king Frederick the Great and the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte aspired, both as philosophes.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Pontifex-maximus   (1251 words)

 Pontifex Maximus
In the Roman Republic the Pontifex Maximus was the most important of the Pontifices, which were positions in the main sacerdotal collegium (Collegium Pontificum[?]), which was directed by the Pontifex Maximus and included the Rex Sacrorum[?] (king of the sacred things), the Flaminii[?] and the Vestales.
In 104 BC the lex Domitia prescribed that the election would henceforward be voted by the comitia tributa; by the same law, only 17 of the 35 tribes of the town could vote.
This was indeed an important position in Rome, where the major bridges were over the Tiber, the holy river (and a deity, at the same time); only prestigious authorities, with sacral function could be allowed to "disturb" it with mechanical additions.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/po/Pontifex.html   (489 words)

 Pontifex maximus
The pontifex maximus was not a real magistrate: he did not serve for a fixed period but for life, and he remained, officially, a citizen.
The pontifex maximus was responsible for a large collection of omens (annales maximi); every year, he wrote down the celestial and other signs, and added the events that had followed the omens, so that future generation would be able to better understand the divine will.
The pontifex maximus was elected by the comitia tributa
www.livius.org /pn-po/pontifex/maximus.html   (507 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search Results - pontifex
Pontifex Maximus, head of the state religion of Rome.
The Pontifex Maximus held office for life and exercised the supervision of the religious life...
Augustus resigned the consulship in 23 bc as a gesture to satisfy senators who were anxious to receive consular honors themselves.
ca.encarta.msn.com /pontifex.html   (74 words)

 The Priesthoods of the Religio Romana   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It is in his relationship to the Pontifex Maximus that arguments have been raised as to the origin of the Rex Sacrorum.
Beginning in 212 BCE the Pontifex Maximus came to be elected in a special manner by the minor pars populi.
The Pontifex Maximus chose six young girls to be trained as vestales, whose duties would then become to produce the mola salsa for state sacrifices, and maintain certain sacred objects.
societasviaromana.org /Collegium_Religionis/priesthoods.php   (6171 words)

 Pontifex maximus, Roman Religion and Mythology (Photo Archive)
After 104 BCE the pontifex maximus was elected in a sort of limited popular elections between candidates acceptable to the college, and all the pontifices were eligible.
Until the arrival of the first reliable sundial the time of day was announced by the herald of the pontifex maximus at midday and evening, based on observations of the sun from the steps of the Curia Hostilia in the Comitium.
The official residence of the pontifex maximus was the Domus Publica in the Forum Romanum, and his religious duties was carried out from the Regia.
sights.seindal.dk /sight/1244_Pontifex_maximus.html   (664 words)

 The Title Pontifex Maximus, Supreme Pontiff, Pope Papacy
The title Pontifex Maximus is mentioned numerous times by the early church fathers (particularly by Tertullian), but it was not applied to a Christian bishop.
The early church fathers say that the Pontifex Maximus was the "King of Heathendom", the evil high priest of the pagan mystery religion of Rome.
The 'Pontifex Maximus,' that is the 'bishop of bishops,' issues an edict: 'I remit, to such as have discharged [the requirements of] repentance, the sins both of adultery and of fornication.' O edict, on which cannot be inscribed, 'Good deed!'...Far, far from Christ's betrothed be such a proclamation!" (On Modesty 1, Ante-Nicene Fathers IV:74)
www.bringyou.to /apologetics/a104.htm   (912 words)

 Pontifex Maximus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Pontifex Maximus was the chief priest of the Roman state religion and the high priest for the board of the Pontifices, or priests.
As Pontifex Maximus, Caesar altered the Roman calendar from a lunar year to a solar one.
The story is told that on the Ides of March (March 14) of 44 BC, the lances began to vibrate, but Caesar, the Pontifex Maximus at the time, didn't heed the warning and continued on to his meeting at the senate.
www.utexas.edu /courses/figura/latin507/spring99/projects/d/991d3.html   (538 words)

 Appointment of the Flamines   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The pontifex maximus, often times, was the princeps senatus or some other high official and thus would have a concilium of friends and family with whom to consult.
A pontifex maximus had the power to fine magistrates, even those who were not priests, and the flamines under his authority and their wives, the flaminicae.
In one instance, a pontifex minor L. Cantilius (that is, one of three secretaries to the pontifices and not a pontifex himself), was convicted of seducing Vestal Floronia.
www.ancientworlds.net /aw/Post/328897   (2367 words)

 Roman Public Religion; roman history, roman civilization
Whether this was true, or whether the pontifex came gradually to replace the rex in authority, is one of the questions that can't be answered (but scholars keep writing about).
The effect of these reforms probably increased the importance of the office of pontifex maximus (as an elected office it was a useful line on one's resume).
The pontifex maximus was charged with the supervision of other pontiffs, the Vestals and the flamines under his jurisdiction.
abacus.bates.edu /~mimber/Rciv/public.relig.htm   (2952 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2003.10.16
The highest priest of Rome and of the collegium pontificum was the pontifex maximus.
In republican and imperial times, the pontifex maximus could act on his own and give device to the senate, but the college could do the same without him in his absence.
In the third century, the phrase "pontifex maximus" seems to have meant less the highest priest with a long tradition and specific duties than simply the sacral part of the emperor's duties.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2003/2003-10-16.html   (1807 words)

 Multae Sententiae: Origin of certain Catholic practices
Pontifex Maximus, one of the Pope's titles, was the 'chief priest' (read: Pagan priest) of Rome.
Julius Caesar was elected pontifex maximus in 63 BCE.
Since then, the "pontifex maximus" was the bishop of Rome and not the Roman emperor.
multisententiae.blogspot.com /2004/12/origin-of-certain-catholic-practices.html   (1208 words)

 The Bridge to the Future - The Saga of Christmas
Some peoples, such as the Jews, were exempt from the religious authority of the Pontifex Maximus, but with the majority of people within the Empire, it was considered a respect and honor to submit to the religious rule of the one holding such an office.
The Pontifex was charged with the responsibility of being the "bridge-builder" to bring about this transition from one society to another with the least amount of trial and anguish being expressed by the various political and religious groups that were being transformed.
Still, the Pontifex was to be a "bridge-builder" between the numerous groups and to smooth over their differences so that there would no longer be any anomalies between the societies of peoples in their overall desire to live in peace and tranquillity with all the other diverse peoples in the Empire of Rome.
www.askelm.com /doctrine/d961101.htm   (4477 words)

 [No title]
The title Pontifex Maximus (the Greatest Pontiff) was not adopted by the Catholic Church until 1464 by Pope Paul II -- for himself and his successors.
The head of this college was given the title Pontifex Maximus, and he held the title for life.
Emperor Constantine the Great ceded the Lateran Palace and its large land holdings and revenues to Pope Milchiades in A.D. The emperor granted the palace to the pope, along with the title Prince of the Lateran Palace, which was the first noble title of sovereign status for the bishops of Rome.
vaticanexhibit.com /frescos/popeinfo.shtml   (374 words)

 Re: Roger Pearse's feigned piety   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Pontif[ex] Maximus} is > feigned piety: Alternatively, given my Latin skills, perhaps my comment is based on solid knowledge...
Now, back in the pagan days of Rome, Pontifex Maximus was the title accorded to the Chief priest of the cult of Mithras and also to the Roman Emperor} and thereafter following Titus' overthrow of Jerusalem, subject to persecutions and death in the viscal sporting arena dedicated to the Sola Invictus--the colusseum.
Today the equivalent blasphemy for Judaeo-Christians, would be to accept the Roman Pontif as Pontifex Maximus--little wonder they act obscurely towards the history of 7th day Sabbath observant Judaeo-Christians persecuted with the impetus given by Pontifex Maximus and Imperial Roman Emperor Nero..
www.talkaboutreligion.com /group/aus.religion/messages/72448.html   (935 words)

 Pontifex Maximus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The pontifices were originally an advisory board (collegium) whose business it was to assist the chief magistrate, the Pontifex Maximus, in his sacral functions.
Their normal meeting-place was the Regia, the official residence of the Pontifex Maximus.
Originally the king or the other pontifices elected the Pontifex Maximus.
intranet.grundel.nl /thinkquest/pontifex_maximus.html   (128 words)

 Pontifex Maximus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
"Lord Pontifex," he said "the great parade is today!" "It is!?" said Pontifex Maximus "I can't belive i forgot about it!" Huridly Pontifex Maximus put on his power armor and his computer pack, that all techs wear, connected himself to it and slip on the custamary robe.
The feeling was that if these new this came out surily they would have to change the very laws of the universe and the many books of law that the finest scribes of the Imperium had written over many years.
Pontifex Maximus was confused and said "Do I know you?", just then the figure removed his hood to revel that he was in fact Jervis!
www.inisfail.com /~kaptingavrin/whis-story.html   (365 words)

 MAXIMUS - Online Information article about MAXIMUS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Aquileia., where Maximus had shut himself up, and had him beheaded.
outrage committed on the wife of Maximus by the emperor turned his friendship into hatred.
Maximus was proclaimed emperor immediately after Valentinian's See also:
encyclopedia.jrank.org /MAR_MEC/MAXIMUS.html   (879 words)

 DECRETUM PRO QUI IN COLLEGIUM PONTIFICUM ET COLLEGIUM AUGURUM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Only the pontifex maximus may present candidates for the position of rex and regina sacrorum to the collegium pontificum for consideration.
Only the pontifex maximus may present a candidate for the position of vestalis maxima, from the ranks of the sacerdotes vestales.
Unless otherwise stated, all positions as priests of the public practice of the religio romana shall be held for life, or until the holder of the position resigns in writing to the pontifex maximus or in public before at least three witnesses.
www.novaroma.org /tabularium/pontifices/dec99073004.html   (365 words)

For if a man of respectable birth goes to the Pontifex Maximus and offers his daughter for the priesthood, insofar as it can be done in keeping with the religious observations, he is given exemption from the Papian law by the senate.
The word "taken" is used, so it seems, because the Pontifex Maximus literally takes her by the hand and leads her away from the parent in whose power she is, as though she had been captured in war.
The Pontifex Maximus calls the girl 'Amata' when he takes her because that is the traditional name of the first Vestal Virgin to be taken.
www.stoa.org /diotima/anthology/wlgr/wlgr-religion408.shtml   (1182 words)

 Pontifex Maximus - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Pontifex Maximus - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
As a papal title, the English translation Supreme Pontiff is customary, reserving Pontifex Maximus for the former pagan Roman post.
Pontifex Maximus, Etymology, Origins, duties, and development of the Pagan Pontifices, Legacy, Christian usage, The tradition of sovereign as High Priest, Popular Culture, Incomplete list of Pontifices maximi, Furthermore, External links, Further reading, Roman mythology, Roman law, Ancient Roman titles, Religious leaders, Papal Titles and Latin religious phrases.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Pontifex_Maximus   (1895 words)

 Mark 0f Beast III
It was the year 63 B.C.E. that Julius Caesar was officially recognized as the "Pontifex Maximus" of the mystery religion….
"It is certain that the title "Supreme Pontiff" or Pontifex Maximus" which the pope bears is not a Christian designation, for it was the title used by Roman emperors before the Christian era.
In 538 C.E. the Emperor Justinian made a decree that made the Pope head (Pontifex Maximus) of all churches within the jurisdiction of the Roman Empire.
members.cox.net /brendahobbs/mark-3-beast.htm   (1345 words)

 Feyworld - Deities - Eccesiastic Hierarchy
The Emperor, in his role as Pontifex Maximus, is at the top of the religious pyramid of power and the adherents lie at the bottom, supporting the whole.
The position of Pontifex is granted to one of the many Episcopus upon the death of the previous Pontifex by the Pontifex Maximus (7).
The position of Pontifex Maximus itself is actually a secular position, one of the many titles held by the Emperor of Zeth, and it is rare that he has any capacity in divine magic, much less be a priest himself.
members.aol.com /noctifer/private/Feyworld/Deities/hierarchy.htm   (2131 words)

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