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Topic: Pope Calixtus II

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In the News (Tue 16 Jul 19)

It was a difficult task which confronted the new pope.
The troops of pope and antipope met in a desperate encounter which lasted three days; Guibert was driven from the city, and
saw the pope again in Rome; it was his final return to the city.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/15210a.htm   (1236 words)

  Calixtus II - LoveToKnow 1911
In February 1119 he was chosen pope at Cluny in succession to Gelasius II., and in opposition to the anti-pope Gregory VIII., who was in Rome.
The journey of Calixtus to Rome early in 1120 was a triumphal march.
During his short reign Calixtus strengthened the authority of the papacy in southern Italy by military expeditions, and restored several buildings within the city of Rome.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Calixtus_II   (291 words)

 History of the Mass (16histot.htm)
Calixtus, the "father of peace" and to whom we dedicate this chapter, followed that up with the First Lateran Council in the embellished halls that touted Calixtus' triumphs in battle and at the treaty table.
Almost immediately Calixtus sent envoys to the German Emperor with overtures to solve the discord by assuring Henry and his court that if he would forgo the right of investiture he could be reinstated with all the honors, services, and allegiance of the faithful and the Church.
While Calixtus was a good pope and an honest man, in truth he had one small failing: he suffered from vanity, not only eating up the popularity but also commissioning artisans to paint eloquent frescos at the Lateran depicting his triumphant landmark signing of the Diet of Worms.
www.dailycatholic.org /hist/16histot.htm   (1501 words)

 Calixtus II – FREE Calixtus II Information | Encyclopedia.com: Facts, Pictures, Information!
The son of count William I of Burgundy, he was archbishop of Vienne during the investiture controversy with Holy Roman Emperor Henry V.
Calixtus then called to Rome (1123) a great council in Western Europe (see Lateran Council, First) to ratify the achievements of Pope Gregory VII.
Vatican II on ecumenism and the Eastern Orthodox Church.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-Calixtus2.html   (1143 words)

 Pope Pius II Enea Silvio de' Piccolomini
Pope Pius II was born at Corsignano, near Siena on 18 Oct., 1405; elected Pope 19 Aug., 1458; died in Ancona, 14 Aug., 1464.
Likewise the refusal of the Archbishop of Mainz, Diether of Isenburg, to abide by the Pope's decree of deposition led to civil strife.
The Pope, deceived for a time by the protestations of royal fidelity, used his influence to bring back the Catholic city of Breslau to the king's allegiance.
www.pienza.com /pio_istoria_eng.htm   (1926 words)

 [No title]
With his authority in the empire seriously undermined by this excommunication, Henry performed penance before the pope in January 1077 at the northern Italian fortress of Canossa and was readmitted into the Church, but soon thereafter he fell to quarrelling with the pope again.
Pope Gregory, however, escaped capture and went into exile south of Rome, where he died, reportedly proclaiming "I have loved Righteousness and hated iniquity, and, therefore, I die in exile." Surely this was the confident cry of triumph of a self-professed martyr.
The Oath of Calixtus II Calixtus, Bishop, servant of the servants of God, to his beloved son, Henry, by the grace of God emperor of the Romans, Augustus.
www.h-net.org /~fisher/hst205/readings/InvestitureControversy.html   (2756 words)

 Pope Callixtus II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pope Callixtus II (or Calistus II) (died December 13, 1124), born Guido of Vienne, the son of William I, Count of Burgundy (1057–87), was elected Pope on February 2, 1119, after the death of Pope Gelasius II (1118–19).
During the violent confrontations between Henry V and Paschal II's successor, Pope Gelasius II, the Pope was forced to flee from Rome, first to Gaeta, where he was crowned, then to the Abbey of Cluny, where he died, January 29, 1119.
It was agreed that pope and emperor should meet at the château de Mousson, near Rheims, and in October he opened the council at Rheims attended by Louis VI of France (1108–37), with most of the barons of France and more than four hundred bishops and abbots.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Calixtus_II   (709 words)

 ST. SIXTUS   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Pope Sixtus II, though he upheld the traditional Roman doctrine, did not break off relations with those African and Asiatic churches which followed St. Cyprian.
One day when Pope Sixtus was giving a talk to the faithful, the police broke in, arrested Sixtus and his chief clerics, and carried them off to the prefect.
Pope St. Sixtus II was put to death on August 6 in the cemetery where he had been holding services.
www.cfpeople.org /Books/Pope/POPEp24.htm   (421 words)

 Pope Gregory IX   (Site not responding. Last check: )
One of the first acts of his was to suspend the emperor Frederick II then lying sick at Otranto for dilatoriness in carrying out the Sixth Crusade.
A consequent invasion of the of St Peter at the instance of in 1228 having proved unsuccessful the emperor was to give in his submission and beg absolution.
This pope who was a remarkably skilful learned lawyer caused to be prepared in 1234 the well known Nova Compilatio Decretalium printed at Mainz in 1473.
www.freeglossary.com /Pope_Gregory_IX   (310 words)

 Europe's 12th-Century Development by Sanderson Beck
Pope Paschal canceled his grant of lay investiture at the Easter synod of 1116; but he had to flee to the Normans as Heinrich and young Matilda were crowned in Rome by exiled Portuguese archbishop Maurice who was made (anti-) Pope Gregory VIII.
Pope Calixtus II promoted peace, and in the Concordat of Worms in 1122 Henry V guaranteed the security of Church property, freedom of elections, and renounced investiture with ring and staff.
Pope Adrian sent a request that Arnold of Brescia should be handed over and executed by Friedrich, who had him hanged and his body burned, scattering his ashes in the Tiber to prevent the people from venerating his body.
www.san.beck.org /AB20-Europe12thCentury.html   (23248 words)

 Chapter 6: Saint James's Catapult   (Site not responding. Last check: )
And though the pope had insisted that Diego attend the council in person, he may have been as reluctant to go as the queen was to permit him.
The pope insisted that the young king had been deprived of his rights by his mother and that they should be restored to him.
Calixtus II had addressed Urraca as illustris regina, but her son, his nephew, as strenuus et gloriosus Hispaniarum rex.
libro.uca.edu /sjc/sjc6.htm   (12463 words)

 The Avalon Project : The Struggle Between Frederick Barbarossa and Alexander III; 1160-1177
The election of pope Victor, then, after all secular influence had been removed and the grace of the Holy Spirit invoked, being confirmed and accepted,-the most Christian emperor, last, after all the bishops and after all the clergy, by the advice and petition of the council accepted and approved the election of pope Victor.
Concerning the complaints and controversies, moreover, which, before the time of pope Adrian were at issue between the church and the empire, mediators shall be constituted on the part of the lord pope and the lord emperor, to whom it shall be given over to terminate the same through a judgment or through an agreement.
The lord pope, moreover, and all the cardinals, just as they have received the lord emperor Frederick as Roman and catholic emperor, so they will receive Beatrix his serene wife as catholic and Roman empress, Provided, however, that she shall be crowned by the lord pope Alexander or by his legate.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/medieval/barba.htm   (2351 words)

 History of the Mass (19histot.htm)
Likewise his attempts to modify the concessions his predecessor Pope Innocent II made to the Norman ruler Roger II were less successful than Celestine had hoped for, and the illness of old-age took the life of this good pope before he could establish his stamp on the papacy.
Calixtus' successor Pope Honorius II elevated him to Cardinal deacon in 1127 to the church of Santa Maria in Via Lata and he was promoted to Cardinal priest by Innocent II in 1134 and assigned to the church of San Marco.
Celestine was as strong an advocate for the reforms of Pope Saint Gregory VII as Innocent II.
www.dailycatholic.org /hist/19histot.htm   (856 words)

 3rd Elijah/Elisha-figures: Abelard & Arnold (continued)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Calixtus II, whose self-chosen name means "chalice" or "cup" in Latin, and who was known as "the Golden Pope" because he used the Vatican treasures to buy the support of kings.
GELASIUS II - from Gaeta - Giovanni Gaetani 1118 - 1119
Bernard is accredited with having gained the papacy for Innocent II (the pope envisioned in Revelations as the Beast from the bottomless pit).
www.urantiagate.com /abelard-arnold2.html   (3837 words)

 William Of Corbeil - LoveToKnow 1911
At the beginning of 1123 he was chosen from among several candidates to be archbishop of Canterbury, and as he refused to admit that Thurstan, archbishop of York, was independent of the see of Canterbury, this prelate refused to consecrate him, and the ceremony was performed by his own suffragan bishops.
Proceeding to Rome the new archbishop found that Thurstan had anticipated his arrival in that city and had made out a strong case against him to Pope Calixtus II.; however, the exertions of the English king Henry I.
prevailed, and the pope gave William the pallium.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /William_Of_Corbeil   (337 words)

 Columbia Encyclopedia- Henry V - AOL Research & Learn
At this time the pope proposed a compact that provided that if the king abandoned lay investiture and confirmed the pope's right to the Patrimony of St. Peter (see Papal States), the bishops of the empire would give up the temporal powers and estates they had received from former emperors.
Henry was faced (1114–21) by rebellions in Saxony that he was unable to put down; he nevertheless went to Italy in 1116 to take possession, as suzerain, of the fiefs of Matilda of Tuscany and, as heir, of her alodial lands.
In 1119, Henry entered upon negotiations with Pope Calixtus II, Gelasius's successor, and a compromise on the investiture question was reached at last in the Concordat of Worms (1122; see Worms, Concordat of).
reference.aol.com /columbia/_a/henry-v/20051206045809990021   (410 words)

Pope Paschal, though the latter does not seem to have been quite pleased with his zeal in his attacks upon
(or Pactum Calixtinum) between the pope and the emperor was concluded.
Callistus II well understood that unless something were conceded peace was impossible, and that the oath of homage, however improper the ceremony might seem, was not an unnatural demand on the part of the emperor in regard to subjects who
www.newadvent.org /cathen/03185a.htm   (1462 words)

He acted as legate for Paschal II and held a council at Vienne which boldly excommunicated Henry V when that monarch wrested the privilege of lay investiture from poor Paschal.
Elected pope by the cardinals at Cluny, Guy was most reluctant to accept; but finally all objections were overruled and he was enthroned at Vienne on February 9,1119, as Calixtus II.
The Pope allowed investiture by scepter as a symbol of the temporal fiefs connected with the bishopric or abbey.
www.cfpeople.org /Books/Pope/POPEp160.htm   (540 words)

 End of Europe's Middle Ages - Investiture Contests   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Pope Gregory VII, however, refused to recognize anything divine about the lay rulers and contended that popes alone had the power to appoint and depose not only bishops but kings and emperors also.
To underline this, Pope Gregory VII excommunicated and deposed Henry IV.
In the Concordat, Henry V gave up lay investiture and the pope conceded to the emperor the privilege of bestowing the symbols of territorial and administrative jurisdiction.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/endmiddle/bluedot/invest2.html   (490 words)

 St. Norbert
He was introduced to the pope, who was one of the greatest men that had filled the apostolic chair, by Bartholomew bishop of Laon, and obtained a fresh grant of the privileges and faculties he had received from his predecessor.
The pope readily consented, but these canons could not be induced to submit to his severe regulations.
After the death of the unhappy emperor Henry V., Lothaire II., duke of Saxony, was chosen king of the Romans in 1125, though he was only crowned emperor at Rome in 1132, by pope Innocent II.
www.ewtn.com /library/MARY/NORBERT.HTM   (3291 words)

 Pope's Photo Gallery (151-200)
At the meeting of Sutri, Barbarossa refused to hold the bridle of the pope's mule, and the pope refused him the kiss of peace.
From Alphonsus II of Portugal he obtained the promise that the churches and their income would be respected in that kingdom.
He was the first pope to reside permanently in the Vatican, and he began the laying out of the famous gardens.
members.tripod.com /~cckswong/pope151_200.htm   (2763 words)

 Beears' Presentation
In his teens, Pope Nicholas V found him to be "of honest life and morals and generally praiseworthy for his probity and virtue" [de la Bedoyere, p.
Rodrigo was elected Pope in 1492, at the death of Innocent VIII.
The popes of the early Age of Discovery were very important in the decisions made by those countries involved in the exploration.
muweb.millersville.edu /~columbus/papers/beears.html   (2662 words)

 Patron Saints Index: Pope Alexander III   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Adviser and papal chancellor to Pope Adrian IV.
In 1162, Alexander was forced into exile in France by Emperor Frederick I. In his long struggle with the emperor, the pope was aided by the Lombard League, which named the town of Alessandria for him.
In 1174, he received the penance of King Henry II of England for the murder of Saint Thomas Becket.
www.catholic-forum.com /saints/pope0170.htm   (154 words)

 Chapter 4: The Kingdom of León-Castilla under Queen Urraca   (Site not responding. Last check: )
At Rome Pope Paschal II had been trying since the beginning of his pontificate to adjudicate the welter of conflicting claims and evidence supplied to him by the various parties in the Iberian church.
On October 7, 1120, from Melfi, Pope Calixtus II addressed five letters to Spain: to his new legate, Cardinal Boso, to Urraca herself, to Alfonso Raimúndez, to Archbishop Bernard of Toledo, and to the bishops of Spain.
The letter of Gelasius II to the besiegers of Zaragoza and the covering letter of the new Bishop Pedro of Zaragoza are followed by the confirmation of Archbishop Bernard.
libro.uca.edu /urraca/urraca4.htm   (11198 words)

 Pope Innocent II
Calixtus II appointed him one of the ambassadors who made peace with the Empire and drew up the Concordat of Worms (1122), and in the following year, with his later enemy Cardinal Peter Pierleoni, he was papal legate in France.
After a hasty consecration he was forced to take refuge with a friendly noble by the faction of Pierleoni, who was elected pope under the name of Anacletus II by a majority of the cardinals.
In matters of doctrine the pope supported Bernard of Clairvaux in his prosecution of Peter Abelard and Arnold of Brescia, whom he condemned as heretics.
www.nndb.com /people/163/000094878   (496 words)

 2000 Years: Relations Between Catholics and Jews Before and After Vatican II
According to the Pope, it was much easier for Christians to turn away from the reality of gas chambers and death camps with preconceptions of Jewish responsibility for Christ's death coursing through the veins of those transfused with early childhood Christian religious education.
Pope John Paul II has attempted to didactically push aside the concept of Catholic triumphalism, which inappropriately supports the concept that, if the Jewish faith begot Catholic Christianity, it died during childbirth.
Pope John Paul II has taken those pronouncements to a much higher level by indicating in a 1986 address to Australian Jewish leaders that, "no theological justification could ever be found for acts of discrimination or persecution against Jews.
www.arthurstreet.com /2000YEARS.htm   (10954 words)

 13th century AD Art Bulletin, The - Find Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This recommendation is no surprise; from the beginning, when Pope Urban II launched the First Crusade at Clermont in 1095, crusading churchmen had exhorted their listeners with tales of the heroic ancestors of the Franks, back to the ancient Israelites.
In the same years that Calixtus was organizing his crusade, he singled out S. Maria in Cosmedin for special attention, associating it closely both with his family and with the Holy Land.
In June 1120, not long after he arrived in Rome, Calixtus elevated six men to the cardinalate; among them was his nephew, Stephen of Berry, whose father had died in the Crusade of 1 101.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0422/is_n3_v77/ai_17776762   (413 words)

 A Pope and a Humanist - Pius II
In 1447, at the suggestion of the pope, he embraced a new career and became a priest and shortly afterwards was appointed bishop of Trieste, while continuing to act as a diplomat.
In 1456 he was appointed cardinal by Pope Calixtus III and he was assigned the church of San Saba, which he largely restored.
Pius II himself funded the construction in 1462 of this elegant loggia, maybe having in mind that of Piazza della Signoria in Florence: the coats of arms of the pope do not show the keys of St. Peter, which will consistently become part of the papal heraldic symbol only at a later period.
members.tripod.com /romeartlover/Siena.html   (1040 words)

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