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Topic: Pope Callixtus I

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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  Pope Callixtus I
Callixtus I (also Callistus I) was pope from about 217 to 222, during the reigns of the Emperors Heliogabalus and Severus.
Hippolytus, his contemporary, suggests that when Callixtus, as a young slave was put in charge of a bank by his master, Carpophorus, he lost the money deposited by other Christians.
It is possible that Callixtus was martyred around 222, perhaps during a popular uprising, but the legend that he was thrown down a well has no historical foundation.
pedia.newsfilter.co.uk /wikipedia/p/po/pope_callixtus_i.html   (361 words)

 Pope Callixtus III - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Callixtus III, né Alphonso de Borgia (December 31, 1378 – August 6, 1458) was born in Xàtiva, Valencia, Spain and was pope from April 8, 1455 to August 6, 1458.
According to one story, first appearing in a posthumous biography in 1475 and later embellished and popularized by Pierre-Simon Laplace, Callixtus excommunicated the 1456 apparition of Halley's Comet, believing it to be an ill omen for the Christian defenders of Belgrade, who were at that time being besieged by the armies of the Ottoman Empire.
Callixtus' papal bull of June 29, 1456, which called for public prayer for the success of the crusade, makes no mention of the comet, and by August 6, when the Turkish siege was broken, the comet had not been visible for several weeks.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pope_Callixtus_III   (317 words)

 Pope Callixtus II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
December 13, 1124), the son of William I, Count of Burgundy, was elected Pope on February 2, 1119, after the death of Gelasius II.
The future pope Honorius II was one of the papal negotiators.
This biography of a Pope is a stub.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pope_Calixtus_II   (182 words)

 Station Information - Pope Callixtus I
His contemporary Saint Hippolytus says that when Callixtus, a young Christian slave, was put in charge of a bank by his Christian master Carpophorus, he lost the money deposited with him by other Christians.
It is possible that Callixtus was martyred around 222, perhaps during a popular uprising, but the legend that he was thrown down a well has no authority.
Saint Callixtus is depicted in art wearing a red robe with a tiara (sign of a pope); or being thrown into a well with a millstone around his neck; or with a millstone around his neck.
www.stationinformation.com /encyclopedia/p/po/pope_callixtus_i.html   (400 words)

As pope he was chiefly concerned with the organization of Christian Europe against the invasion of the Turks.
The pope endeavoured to make peace between Frederick III and Ladislaus of Hungary, but during the negotiations Ladislaus died (1457), after a reign of seven years, and his death was the occasion of renewed disputes between the three great representatives of the House of Hapsburg, Frederick III, Albrecht VI, and Sigismund of Tyrol.
The pope was involved in new disputes after the death of Alfonso V of Aragon.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/03187a.htm   (1536 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
After allying himself with Ferdinand, the Aragonese claimant of the throne of Naples, his next important act was to convene a congress of the representatives of Christian princes at Mantua for joint action against the Turks.
The Pope tried also mediations in war between Poland and Teutonic Knights, and when he failed to achieve success, he put a curse on the Prussians and Poles.
Pius was unawares nearing his end, and his malady probably prompted the feverish impatience with which on June 18, 1464, he assumed the cross and departed for Ancona to conduct the crusade in person.
www.informationgenius.com /encyclopedia/p/po/pope_pius_ii.html   (1641 words)

 Antipope - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The earliest antipope, Hippolytus, was elected in protest against Pope Callixtus I by a schismatic group in the city of Rome in the 3rd century.
Hippolytus was exiled to the mines on the island of Sardinia in the company of Callixtus' successor Pope Pontian, and was reconciled to the Catholic Church before his death and has been canonized by the Church.
The late 14th and early 15th century saw a series of rival popes elected, one line of which is counted by the Roman Catholic Church as popes and the other as antipopes.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Antipope   (1177 words)

 4Reference || Pope Nicholas V   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Nicholas V (Tomaso Parentucelli or Tomaso da Sarzana), pope from the March 6, 1447 to March 24, 1455, was born at Sarzana, where his father was a physician, in 1398.
He was elected pope in succession to Eugenius IV on 6 March of the following year, taking the name of Nicholas in honour of his early benefactor.
The pope bitterly felt this catastrophe as a double blow to Christendom and to Greek letters.
www.4reference.net /encyclopedias/wikipedia/Pope_Nicholas_V.html   (519 words)

The wedding was celebrated in the Vatican in the presence of the Pope, ten cardinals, and the chief nobles of Rome with their ladies, the revelries of the occasion, even when exaggerations and rumours are dismissed, remain a blot upon the character of Alexander.
Many a saintlier pope than Alexander VI would have made the fatal mistake of yielding to brute force and surrendering unconditionally to the conqueror of Italy; the most heroic of the popes could not have sustained the stability of the Holy See at this crucial moment with greater firmness.
On 27 June of that year the Pope deposed his chief vassal, Federigo of Naples, on the plea of an alleged alliance with the Turks to the detriment of Christendom, and approved the secret Treaty of Granada, by the terms of which the Kingdom of Naples was partitioned between Spain and France.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/01289a.htm   (5465 words)

 Pope Callixtus II
Pope Callixtus II Callixtus II, né Guido of Vienne (d.
December 13, 1124), was elected Pope on February 2, 1119, after the death of Gelasius II.
In 1122 he concluded with the Emperor Henry V the important treaty of Metz, by which the mutual rights of the church and the empire were definitely settled.
pedia.newsfilter.co.uk /wikipedia/p/po/pope_callixtus_ii.html   (135 words)

Callixtus' main concern was organizing the defense of Europe, which was being threatened by an Islamic invasion: Mohammed II had taken Constantinople in 1453, and the forces of Islam were advancing steadily westward.
Callixtus was not much more successful: the princes were much too busy fighting amongst themselves to mount an effective defense, and despite a famous Christian victory at Belgrade (1456) by Hunyady, the religious wars sputtered on interminably.
Callixtus III is regarded by most historians to have been a man of lofty ideals, of boundless courage, energy, and perseverance.
www.mmdtkw.org /VBorgias.html   (3854 words)

 Encyclopedia: Pope Callixtus III
The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Catholic Church.
Alexander VI, (Rodrigo Borgia) (January 1, 1431 – August 18, 1503) pope (1492-1503), is the most memorable of the secular popes of the Renaissance.
Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Pope-Callixtus-III   (1563 words)

 pope joan
According to medieval legend, Pope Joan was a female pope.
According to the legend, an English woman, educated in Mainz, dressed as a man and, due to the convincing nature of her disguise, became a monk before becoming a pope at a time when the method of selecting popes was haphazard.
The myth of Pope Joan was conclusively rubbished by David Blondel, a mid-seventeenth century protestant historian, who, through detailed analysis of the claims and suggested timings, showed that no such events could have happened.
www.fact-library.com /pope_joan.html   (793 words)

 Pope Urban I: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com - All about Pope Urban I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
He had been preceded by Callixtus I and was followed by Pontianus.
He is mentioned by Eusebius in his history and is named in an inscription in the Coemeterium Callisti, but of his life nothing is known.
The Catholic Church's Breviary (25 May) speaks of his numerous converts, among whom were Valerianus, husband of St Cecilia, and his brother Tiburtius, and states that he suffered martyrdom and was buried in the Coemetarium Praetextati.
www.encyclopedian.com /po/Pope-Urban-I.html   (114 words)

 Nepotism - TheBestLinks.com - Maldives, Pope, Pope Alexander VI, Pope Callixtus III, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Several popes are known to have engaged in nepotism, often by elevating nephews and other relatives to the cardinalate.
For instance, Pope Callixtus III, of the Borgia family, made two of his nephews Cardinals; one of them, Rodrigo, later used his position as a Cardinal as a stepping stone to the papacy, becoming Pope Alexander VI.
The papal bull prohibited popes in all times from bestowing estates, offices, or revenues on any relative, with the exception that one qualified relative (at most) could be made a Cardinal.
www.thebestlinks.com /Nepotism.html   (443 words)

 The Borgias
Callixtus, born Alfonso de Borya, had been the cardinal-priest in Valencia, when, in 1429, Pope Martin V promoted him to Bishop of Valencia.
Callixtus was probably not a murderer, but he was politically ruthless, greedy, and, in more ways than one, set the agenda for the Borgia descendants who were to follow him.
During the elaborate ceremony consecrating Rodrigo as Pope Alexander VI, he had to be "verified" as a male, since, from the Thirteenth Century and the scandalous myth of "Pope Joan," a Pope John that was believed to have been a woman, newly elected popes had to submit to an examination lying on a low seat.
www.crimelibrary.com /serial_killers/history/borgias/2.html   (2292 words)

The Pope (Bishop of Rome or Vicar of Jesus Christ) is the bishop and patriarch of Rome, the supreme spiritual leader of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Rite Catholic churches, which collectively comprise the Catholic -- that is, Universal -- Church.
When the pope has been chosen he is asked by the Dean of the College of Cardinals to confirm his acceptance, and then the name he chooses is announced.
The word pope (post-classical Latin papa, father), is an ecclesiastical title now used to designate the head of the Roman Catholic Church and several Patriarchs of eastern Orthodoxy, such as the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church.
www.websters-online-dictionary.org /definition/POPES   (1596 words)

 Financial Sense "Whence & Pence, Part 9: The Wounding" by Douglas V. Gnazzo 03/22/2005
For the duke of Gandia and Giuffre, Pope Alexander promised the Kingdom of Naples.
This gave the child the appearance of legitimacy, enabling Pope Alexander to then issue a second Papal Bull proclaiming the child to be his, which in turn allowed him to confer the rights to the child as being the heir to the duchy of Nepi, a strategically important piece of property to the Borgias.
At the time, the Pope was 67 years old, and the child was said to be either his or his son’s, through Lucrezia as either sister or daughter.
www.financialsense.com /fsu/editorials/gnazzo/2005/part9.html   (5074 words)

 Encyclopedia: Pope-Callixtus-II
Honorius II, né Lamberto Scannabecchi (from 1117 Cardinal Lambert of Ostia) (died February 13, 1130), was Pope from December 21, 1124 to February 13, 1130.
Events Succession of Pope Urban II (1088-1099) Work begins on the third and largest church at Cluny Rebellion of 1088 against William II of England lead by Odo of Bayeux.
Honorius II, born Lamberto Scannabecchi (from 1117 Cardinal Lambert of Ostia) (died February 13, 1130), was Pope from December 21, 1124 to February 13, 1130.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Pope_Callixtus_II   (836 words)

 Read about Pope Callixtus I at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Pope Callixtus I and learn about Pope Callixtus I ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Callixtus I (also Callistus I) was pope from about
Callixtus then fled from Rome, but was caught near
Antium to recuperate and he was given a pension by Pope Victor I.
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Pope_Callistus_I   (387 words)

 Pope Anterus saint Hippolytus November 21 January 3 Pope Pope Pontian Callixtus Rome antipope Sardinia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Pope Anterus, the 19th Pope (Reign: November 21, 235 - January 3, 236), succeeded Pope Pontian, who had been deported from Rome along with the antipope Hippolytus to Sardinia.
He was buried in the papal crypt of the cemetery of St. Callixtus in Rome and later made a saint.
Anterus, Pope of Rome, (III Century): Letter to the Bishops of Boetica and Toletana: On the transfer of bishops and episcopal seats.
en.powerwissen.com /3YdkcOZ5syzG57Yy4A9NgA==_Pope_Antheros.html   (173 words)

 Antipope - ArtPolitic Encyclopedia of Politics : Information Portal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The earliest of these, Hippolytus[?], was elected in protest against Pope Callixtus I by a schismatic group in the city of Rome in the 3rd century.
A few breakaway Catholics today, called sedevacantists, claim the current Popes are heretics for replacing the Tridentine Latin Mass with what they call the Novus Ordo Mass and allowing the celebration of the Mass in the vernacular.
Some of them have their own popes to replace the popes they reject, but we should not consider them antipopes within the traditional sense because the number of their followers, in comparison to the size of the following of the generally accepted Popes, is minuscule.
www.artpolitic.org /infopedia/an/Antipope.html   (412 words)

Pope Nicholas V dies in Rome; he is succeeded by the Spanish Borgia pope Callixtus III
Pope Pius II dies in Rome; he is succeeded by the Venetian pope Paul II Francesco I Sforza, duke of Milan dies; he is succeeded by his son Galeazzo Maria Sforza
Pope Innocent VIII dies in Rome; is succeeded by Spanish Borgia pope Alexander VI King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella issue an edict expelling all Muslims and Jews from Spain
www-class.unl.edu /ahis398b/classmats/timeline.html   (437 words)

 Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion: Foldout   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Pope is elected by the Sacred College of Cardinals.
Pope Eugenius III made him Bishop and Cardinal and sent him on a mission to Scandinavia where he restored peace and order to the local churches and monasteries and set up two new archbishoprics.
In 1303, he drew up a decree excommunicating King Philip IV of France, but before this could be issued, the papal palace at Anagni was attacked by a group of 2000 mercenaries led by William de Nogaret, one of Philip's aides.
hometown.aol.com /calderdale/mmp164.html   (2706 words)

 HighBeam Research: Library Search: Results   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Already in 1426 Pope Callixtus III addressed a bull to the bishop of Cambrai demanding that...
Pope Nicholas Vissued Bull Romanus Pontifex to King Alfonso V of Portugal in 1454, onJanuary 8.
Callixtus III (Alonso Borgia), launched the war against thepeople of the world 1455, and his nephew, Pope Alexander VL (RodrigioBorgia...
www.highbeam.com /library/search.asp?FN=SS&search_newspapers=on&search_magazines=on&q=Callixtus&refid=ency_botnm   (216 words)

 Website dedicated to Society, Religion and Spirituality, Christianity, People, Saints, C & Saint Callistus I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Calixtus I - Biographical profile of the third-century pope, in the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica..
Callixtus I - Short biography, by Karen Rae Keck.
Calixtus I - This pope is known mostly through the writings of his enemies..
www.findtutorials.com /internet/dir/Society/Religion_and_Spirituality/Christianity/People/Saints/C/Saint_Callistus_I   (155 words)

 April 13, 1999 THE HISTORY OF THE MASS AND HOLY MOTHER CHURCH: (apr13his.htm)
In short, he was a poor excuse for a Pope if there ever was one as we shall see over the next few installments.
Because of the impact both good and bad that Pope Alexander VI had on Holy Mother Church and the course of history, we will devote several issues to this controversial pontiff, born in Spain and a member of the captilizing Borgia clan.
It was this kind of behavior that marked the life of this man who would be Pope and whose iron rule would both make a demarcation in the evangelization of the New World and pave the way for the mass exodus of so many from the True Church as we shall see in future installments.
www.dailycatholic.org /issue/archives/1999Apr/72apr13,vol.10,no.72txt/apr13his.htm   (1148 words)

 JIMMY AKIN.ORG: Who Can Be Pope?
Canon law requires that if the person elected pope is not yet a bishop that he be consecrated a bishop immediately, upon which he becomes pope (him having already accepted his election to the papacy prior to being consecrated a bishop).
The last layman elected Pope was Callixtus III in 1455.
April 5, 2005 09:17 AM Actually, for most of the first millennium, it was unheard of for someone already a bishop to be elected Pope -- that did not happen until the last century of that period, and there was great controversy over it because many felt it violated canons that were by then ancient.
www.jimmyakin.org /2005/04/who_can_be_pope.html   (1338 words)

 Antipope - Art History Online Reference and Guide
Hippolytus was exiled to the mines on the island of Sardinia in the company of Callixtus' successor Pope Pontian, and was reconciled to the Catholic Church before his death.
Some breakaway Catholics today, called sedevacantists, claim the current Popes are heretics for replacing the Tridentine Latin Mass with the Novus Ordo Missae; many of them also object to the celebration of the Mass in the vernacular.
Sedevacantist antipopes frequently refer to the conventional successors of Pope Pius XII - Popes John XXIII, Paul VI, John Paul I, John Paul II and Benedict XVI - as a series of antipapacies.
www.arthistoryclub.com /art_history/Anti-pope   (883 words)

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