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Topic: Pope Stephen II

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 Pope Stephen II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
When a new pope Stephen was elected in 1057, after the numbering has become a custom, he was naturally called Stephen IX.
Contrary to a widespread idea, the eviction of pope Stephen from the list is accepted by most historians and is no longer a debate within the Church, but the version of the Catholic Encyclopedia on which many articles rely dates from 1913, and is not up to date.
This biography of a Pope or a claimant to the papacy is a stub.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pope_Stephen_II   (534 words)

 Pope Stephen (II) III
Stephen at once sent envoys to both the rivals, and, impressing on Ratchis the duty of being true to his monastic vows, succeeded in bringing about peace, and preventing civil war.
Stephen had scarcely established a system of government in the exarchate when he had to quell the rebellion of Sergius, Archbishop of Ravenna, whom he had made its governor.
Stephen corresponded with the Emperor Constantine on the subject of the restoration of the sacred images, and himself restored many of the ancient churches of the city.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/s/stephen_iii,pope.html   (643 words)

 Pope Stephen VIII - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Like his predecessor, Leo VI, he was elected while Pope John X was still alive and in prison.
Stephen's reign was brief and few records remain.
There is a problem numbering the popes Stephen - see Stephen II for the explanation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pope_Stephen_VIII   (156 words)

 Encyclopedia: Pope Stephen II
Events Pope Sixtus II succeeds Pope Stephen I Births Saint Gregory the Illuminator, founder and patron saint of the Armenian Church (approximate date) Deaths Pope Stephen I Categories: 257...
Stephen III was a Roman deacon brought up by the popes after the death of his father.
Stephen III was put in control of the exarchate of Ravenna and now in 756 may be considered the first of the papal monarchs.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Pope-Stephen-II   (1312 words)

 Pope Stephen II - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Stephen II was elected pope in March of 752.
The Holy See does not consider Stephen II as a pope (and, in 1959, deleted his name from its official list of popes), but many historians do.
Later Stephens are sometimes numbered with parentheses, e.g., his immediate successor, also named Stephen, is sometimes referred to either as Stephen (II) III, or as Stephen II (III).
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Pope_Stephen_II   (164 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Pope Stephen IV
Pope Stephen IV Stephen IV, (720 – January 24, 772), pope August 1, 768 – January 24, 772, was a native of Sicily.
On the deposition of Antipope Constantine II, Stephen was chosen to succeed him.
The politics of Stephen's reign are obscure, but he inclined to alliance between the Papacy and the Lombards rather than to the Franks.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Stephen_IV   (159 words)

 Pope Stephen (III) IV
Pope Stephen (III) IV Stephen (III) IV, Pope, born about 720; died 1 or 3 August, 772.
By their efforts Stephen, a Sicilian, the son of Olivus, was at length canonically elected and consecrated (7 August, 768).
Through Stephen's support the archdeacon Leo was enabled to hold the See of Ravenna against a lay intruder, and in turn through the support of the brothers Charlemagne and Carloman, Kings of the Franks, Stephen was able to recover some territories from the Lombards.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/s/stephen_iv,pope.html   (381 words)

 Pope Paul I - TheBestLinks.com - April 26, Franks, June 28, Lombards, ...
He first appears as a Roman deacon and was frequently employed by his brother, Pope Stephen II, in negotiations with the Lombard kings.
After Stephen's death (April 26, 757) Paul was chosen his successor by those who wished a continuation of the late pope's policy.
The new pope's reign was dominated by his relations to the Frankish and Lombard kings and to the Eastern emperor.
www.thebestlinks.com /Pope_Paul_I.html   (338 words)

 Pope Stephen VI - TheBestLinks.com - Constantinople, Pope Stephen II, Pope Adrian III, Pope Formosus, ...
Pope Stephen VI - TheBestLinks.com - Constantinople, Pope Stephen II, Pope Adrian III, Pope Formosus,...
Stephen VI, Pope Stephen VI, Constantinople, Pope, Pope Stephen II, Pope Adrian...
Stephen VI, pope (885-891), succeeded Pope Adrian III, and was in turn succeeded by Pope Formosus.
www.thebestlinks.com /Stephen_VI.html   (143 words)

 Pope Stephen II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Pope Stephen II On the death of Zachary, a certain priest Stephen was unanimously elected to succeed him (about 23 March, 752); but on the third day after his election, whilst transacting some domestic affairs, he was struck with apoplexy, and expired on the next day.
As he died before his consecration, earlier writers do not appear to have included him in the list of the popes; but, in accordance with the long standing practice of the Roman Church, he is now generally counted among them.
This divergent practice has introduced confusion into the way of counting the Popes Stephen.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/s/stephen_ii,pope.html   (148 words)

 ST. SIXTUS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Stephen had caused a good deal of excitement by his threat to excommunicate those bishops who did not conform in the matter of heretical baptism.
One day when Pope Sixtus was giving a talk to the faithful, the police broke in, arrested Sixtus and his chief clerics, and carried them off to the prefect.
Pope St. Sixtus II was put to death on August 6 in the cemetery where he had been holding services.
www.cfpeople.org /Books/Pope/POPEp24.htm   (421 words)

 Pope_John_Paul_II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
John Paul II was succeeded by the Dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany, the former head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith who had led the funeral mass for John Paul II.
Pope John Paul II Since the death of John Paul II, a number of clergy at the Vatican have been referring to the late pontiff as "John Paul the Great"—only the fourth pope to be so acclaimed, and the first since the first millennium.
Pope John Paul II could not escape the controversy of the involvement of Croatian Catholic clergy with the Ustasa regime of World War II in his relations with the Serb Orthodox Church.
www.comicscomics.com /search.php?title=Pope_John_Paul_II   (6364 words)

 List of popes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
While the term "Pope" (Latin: papa "father'") is used in several churches to denote their high spiritual leaders, this title in English usage generally refers to the supreme head of the Roman Catholic Church.
There is no official list of popes, but the Annuario Pontificio, published every year by the Vatican, contain a list that is generally considered to be the most authoritative.
A man elected in 752 and dead three days after was listed on this list as Stephen II, but he has been erased since the 1961 edition.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_popes   (629 words)

 History of the Mass(hist23.htm)
Meanwhile Pope Stephen II had contacted a fever over the winter and was forced to stay at the Abbey of St. Denis near Paris.
Pope Stephen II immediately sent word to Pippin of this betrayal and Pippin returned with an even larger army to crush the Lombards.
Working together Stephen and Pippin were able to replace the Gallican liturgy in his regions with the Roman liturgy, further cementing the bond between Rome and France and solidifying a culture that originated with Peter.
www.dailycatholic.org /hist/hist23.htm   (2007 words)

 The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition: Stephen II @ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
When Rome was threatened by the Lombard king Aistulf, Stephen went to Gaul and appealed to Pepin the Short for help.
In 755, Stephen renewed the coronation of Pepin and gave him and his two sons the title Patrician of the Romans (Patricius Romanorum).
Another Stephen II, elected pope in 752 but who died before his coronation, was officially dropped from the list of popes in 1959.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1E1:Stphn2&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (202 words)

 Papal States on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The popes gradually lost their more distant lands, but in the duchy of Rome papal power became stronger and increasingly independent of the Eastern emperors and of the other states in Italy.
In 754 (confirmed 756), Pepin the Short gave to Pope Stephen II the exarchate of Ravenna and the Pentapolis (Rimini, Ancona, Fano, Pesaro, and Senigallia).
In the early 16th cent., Pope Julius II consolidated papal power by abolishing local autonomies and by participating effectively in the Italian Wars.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/PapalSta_Bibliography.asp   (1703 words)

 Liber Pontificalis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Clearly, by Pope Stephen's day, those responsible for celebrating this office had developed the custom of performting the vigil earlier in the evening in order to receive the benefit of a full night's sleep.
Stephen reinstated the Night Office to its proper time and founded another monastery of monks (the fourth) near St. Peter's Basilica to ensure the correct celebration of this liturgy.
Meanwhile the blessed pope [Stephen II], ever reflecting on the things of God, had the nighttime offices, which had become slack for a long time, carried out in the hours of the night, and in the same way he restored the daytime office as it had been of old.
www.yale.edu /adhoc/research_resources/liturgy/s_pontiff.html   (426 words)

 STEPHEN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Stephen was a priest of the Roman clergy.
According to tradition, he should be included in the list of popes, and indeed his picture has its place in the famous medallions of the popes in the basilica of St. Paul- Outside-the-Walls.
Last, but not least, Stephen is included in the list of popes given in the "Annuario Pontificio." For these reasons, even though he was never consecrated, Stephen has his place in this book, and his successor will be called Stephen III without any parenthesis.
www.cfpeople.org /Books/Pope/POPEp92.htm   (221 words)

 The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Creations of Cardinals of the VIII Century
Mosco (or Muscus, or Musius), deacon of the II Region of Rome in 731.
The successive popes who took the same name are listed in the official series in the Annuario Pontificio with two Roman numerals: the first one disregarding the election of the second Stephen, and the second one, in parenthesss, including him as a pope.
A decree issued in the session of April 13, 769 of the Lateran Council convoked by Pope Stephen III (IV), mandated that all future popes had to be either deacons or cardinal priests and that laymen could not vote in papal elections.
www.fiu.edu /~mirandas/consistories-viii.htm   (1719 words)

 Biography – Pope Stephen II – The Papal Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
On the 27th of March, 752, Stephen, a Roman cardinal-priest of Saint Chrysogonus, was elected pontiff; but two days after his election he died of apoplexy.
Bury is not of their opinion, and in his nomenclature includes the name of Stephen II.
Monsignor Borgia, afterwards cardinal, follows Francis Vettori in holding that Stephen was pope and should be considered as such.
www.saint-mike.org /papal-library/StephenII/biography.html   (136 words)

 Pope Stephen II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Pope Stephen II terms defined : Pope Stephen II
Howland lifted the child cheeks, and her bosom heaved with emotions that spent themselves in she tried to awake him, that he might get the supper she had call him back to the grief of mind she felt that consciousness would bending over his precious form in the deeper darkness that had now evil.
For a long time did she bend thus over her boy, and longer with an unusual tenderness, had not the cries of her younger child CHAPTER II THE tears of childhood are soon dried.
www.termsdefined.net /po/pope-stephen-ii.html   (343 words)

 Pope Stephen II
Stephen II (sometimes called Stephen III), Roman Catholic Pope from March 752 to April 757, was in deacon's orders when chosen to the vacant see within twelve days after the death of Zacharias.
The main difficulty of his pontificate was in connection with the aggressive attitude of Aistulf, king of the Lombards.
In 1959 the Vatican removed the other Stephen II from the official roll of popes.
www.nndb.com /people/078/000097784   (227 words)

 Vatican coins   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
This event was connected to the alliance between Pope Stephen II and Pepin, who was recognized as rightful king of the Franks and gave to the Pope assistance against the Lombards.
The popes' temporal power was greatly limited in the following centuries by the power of the emperors and the noblemen, with a resulting very bad condition of the population.
From 1309 to 1417 Avignon became the seat of the popes, with the Papal States in a chaotic condition up to the 16th century, when the States got its maximum extension with the campaigns of Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander VI, and Pope Julius II.
www.ilmarengo.com /vaticano/welcome.html   (450 words)

 Papal Timeline
Catholics believe that the pope is the universal shepherd of the universal church.
The vast majority of popes carried out their sacred trust with grace and dignity; others were swept into corruption, division, political intrigue, and scandal.
He was first pope to approve the use of torture in the Inquisition to obtain evidence of heresy.
www.faithfirst.com /html/popeJohn/timeline/timeline.html   (2164 words)

 Pope John Paul II   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Voting in the second conclave was divided between two particularly strong candidates: Giuseppe Cardinal Siri, the Archbishop of Genoa; and Giovanni Cardinal Benelli, the Archbishop of Florence and a close associate of Pope John Paul I. In early ballots, Benelli came within nine votes of victory.
At only 58 years of age, he was the youngest pope elected since Pope Pius IX in 1846.
Like his immediate predecessor, Pope John Paul II dispensed with the traditional Papal coronation and instead received ecclesiastical investiture with the simplified Papal inauguration.
www.pope.nasz.net /index.php?go=5   (179 words)

 Valerio Ferme
No 15th-century pope was prepared to attempt serious reform, which would have required challenging the vested interests of bishops, cardinals, and princes.
The Renaissance popes, however, were little distinguished from other princes in the extravagance and immorality of their courts.
Julius II was chiefly a soldier (led his army into battle), and the fame attached to his name is greatly due to his re-establishment of the Pontifical States and the deliverance of Italy from its subjection to France.
spot.colorado.edu /~ferme/Ital4160/popehandout.html   (706 words)

 The London Line : Quiz Answers
Pope Stephen II, who died three days after being elected in 752.
The story of Pope Joan is almost certainly a myth of 13th-century origin.
He was disinterred by Pope Stephen VI, who declared all of his orders null, as the corpse sat on a throne clad in papal vestments.
www.thelondonline.co.uk /theline/article.php?articleID=176   (119 words)

 Pope Stephen II
There is a problem in counting the Pope Stephens.
Therefore some list-makers do not count him as having been pope, throwing off the Stephen-count.
The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/st/Stephen_II.html   (108 words)

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