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Topic: Pospolite ruszenie


In the News (Mon 19 Aug 19)

  
 Levée en masse - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Under the influence of revolutionary France and Enlightenment ideas about the role of the militia, the pospolite ruszenie of post-partition Poland was deemed to consist of all able males between 18 and 40 years of age.
Between 1918 and 1939, in the Second Republic of Poland, the pospolite ruszenie was considered to consist of reserve soldiers from ages 40 to 50 and officers from ages 50 to 60.
In mobilization schemes, the pospolite ruszenie was treated as the third wave of troops to arrive to the front.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Lev%C3%A9e_en_masse   (1914 words)

  
 Read about Pospolite ruszenie at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Pospolite ruszenie and learn about Pospolite ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Pospolite ruszenie (also referred to with the French term levée en masse), is an ancient
Napoleon, the pospolite ruszenie in the Duchy of Warsaw served for a short period as the reserve force and recruitment pool for the regular army.
November Uprising in 1831, the Sejm called for pospolite ruszenie from ages 17 to 50, but that plan was opposed by General Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki.
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Pospolite_ruszenie   (313 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Levée en masse   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Main article: Pospolite ruszenie This article or section should be merged with levée en masse Pospolite ruszenie (also referred to with the French term levée en masse), is an ancient Polish term to describe the mobilisation of armed forces, especially in the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
This article or section should be merged with levée en masse Pospolite ruszenie (also referred to with the French term levée en masse), is an ancient Polish term to describe the mobilisation of armed forces, especially in the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The privileges granted the nobility by succesive kings severly curtailed the royal perogative in calling for pospolite ruszenie, especially for actions outside the territory of Poland.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Lev%C3%A9e-en-masse   (3421 words)

  
 YourArt.com >> Encyclopedia >> Szlachta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Members of the szlachta had the personal obligation to defend the country (pospolite ruszenie), and thereby became the kingdom's privileged social class.
Nobles were born into a noble family, adopted by a noble family (this was abolished in 1633) or ennobled by a king or Sejm for various reasons (bravery in combat, service to the state, etc. - yet this was the rarest means of gaining noble status).
The king could promulgate new laws, raise taxes, or call for a levée en masse (pospolite ruszenie) only with the consent of the sejmiks, and the nobility were protected from judicial abuses.
www.yourart.com /research/encyclopedia.cgi?subject=/Szlachta   (3220 words)

  
 Read about Sejm at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Sejm and learn about Sejm here!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The number of dignitaries and deputies in the lower chamber, and its power, increased over time, especially as the lower nobility pressured the king for more privileges when asked to provide military assistance in the form of pospolite ruszenie.
pospolite ruszenie should not last longer than two weeks.
The Marshal (or Speaker) of the Sejm concluded the debates, but he was required to ask the members whether his understanding of the chamber's views was unanimously accepted by it.
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Sejm   (1499 words)

  
 [No title]
The spur toward action increased when landowners were drafted into military service (pospolite ruszenie).
After 1569 Union of Lublin, the Kingdom of Poland was transformed into the federation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Sejms number was increased with the inclusion of the deputies from Lithuanian Sejmiks.
Extraordinary sejms could be called in times of national emergency and last shorter, for example, a sejm deciding whether to call pospolite ruszenie should not last longer than two weeks.
www.homestayfinder.com /Dictionary.aspx?q=Sejm   (1422 words)

  
 Pospolite ruszenie - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Pospolite ruszenie - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
It has been proposed that this article or section be merged with levée en masse.
This request may be discussed on the article's talk page.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Pospolite_ruszenie   (360 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Pospolite ruszenie
The Lords and Barons prove their Nobility by hanging their Banners and exposing their Coats-of-arms at the Windows of the Lodge of the Heralds.
The Saber (spanish/portuguese: knowledge) currency is an educational sectoral currency in Brazil that is handed out by the ministry of education.
A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state, whos titles and ascention are inherited, not earned, and represents a larger monarchical system which has established rules and customs regarding succession, duties, and powers.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Pospolite-ruszenie   (836 words)

  
 wikien.info: Main_Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Despite having a king, Poland was called the Republic (Rzeczpospolita) at that time because the king was elected by all members of the szlachta and Poland was considered to be property of the class, not of the king or the ruling dynasty.
Monarchs granted the privileges to szlachta for short-term gains like favour during elections (in their promised pacta conventa), permission to raise taxes or call pospolite ruszenie outside of what normal laws allowed.
The king could create new laws, raise taxes or call for the pospolite ruszenie only with the consent of the sejmiki and the szlachta were protected from abuse in the law courts.
www.hostingciamca.com /index.php?title=Szlachta   (1530 words)

  
 Hetman - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Hetmans had no control over the navy, although the Polish Navy was always of very limited importance.
Hetman usually had no direct control over pospolite ruszenie, but they could give orders to regimentars who commanded the pospolite ruszenie.
Grand Hetmans usually were in command of the professioal and mobilised army and during peace time stayed at the capital involved in politcs, guarding the interst of the army and planning campaigns.
open-encyclopedia.com /Hetman   (1059 words)

  
 Pospolite Ruszenie Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Looking For pospolite ruszenie - Find pospolite ruszenie and more at Lycos Search.
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www.karr.net /search/encyclopedia/Pospolite_ruszenie   (502 words)

  
 Henrician Articles biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Four of them were obliged to accompany the king (they rotated every 6 months) and serve as both advisors and controllers to ensure that the king did not make decisions contrary to the law of the Commonwealth.
The Articles confirmed the informal tradition that the king could not call for pospolite ruszenie to serve outside of the Commonwealth boundaries for free and that he had to pay for the royal army (wojsko kwarciane).
The Articles included the Warsaw Confederation provisions, guaranteeing a religious freedom in Poland on an almost unprecedented scale in that era.
henrician-articles.biography.ms   (344 words)

  
 Kids Be Safe : Article 'Wojsko kwarciane'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Later Pospolite Under the influence of revolutionary France and Enlightenment ideas about the role of the militia, the pospolite ruszenie of post-partition Poland was deemed to consist of all able males between 18 and 40 years of age.
During wartime it was increased to around 24000-40000 for the Crown and 8000-22000 for Lithuania.
In 1717 the Dumb Diet (Sejm Niemy) introduced under Russian pressure komput values of 18000 for Crown and 6200 for Lithuania.
www.kidsbesafe.org /DisplayArticle90282.html   (1329 words)

  
 CHAPTER XXIII: EARLY HISTORY OF POLAND
It meant the excision of an alien element which fed like a cancer on the body politic; it meant the recovery, at comparatively little cost, of the command of the principal rivers of Poland, the Vistula and the Niemen; it meant the obtaining of a seaboard with the corollaries of sea-power and world-wide commerce.
Moreover Casimir's difficulties were materially increased by the necessity of paying for Czech mercenaries, the pospolite ruszenie, or Polish militia, proving utterly useless at the very beginning of the war.
If the king led the ruszenie pospolite abroad, he was obliged to pay so much per pike out of his own pocket, notwithstanding the fact that the heavily mortgaged crown lands were practically valueless.
www.mek.iif.hu /porta/szint/tarsad/tortenel/mo_1867/austria/html/data/chap23.htm   (6882 words)

  
 Henrician Articles - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
the king had no right to call a pospolite ruszenie (levee en masse) without approval of the Sejm;
Four of their number (rotating every six months) were obliged to accompany the king and serve as advisors and supervisors to ensure that the king made no decision contrary to the laws of the Commonwealth.
The Articles upheld the informal tradition that the king could not call a levee en masse (pospolite ruszenie) to serve outside the Commonwealth's borders without compensation and that he must pay for the royal army (wojsko kwarciane).
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Henrician_Articles   (531 words)

  
 Szlachta articles and news from Start Learning Now   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
See also Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth#State organisation and politics Nobles were born into a noble family, adopted by a noble family (this was abolished in 1633) or Nobilitationennobled by a king or Sejm for various reasons (bravery in combat, service to the state, etc. - yet this was the rarest means of gaining noble status).
Poland's nobility thus accumulated a growing array of privileges and immunities: In 1355 Casimir III the GreatKing Kazimierz III (the Great) decreed that the nobility would no longer be required to pay taxes, or pay with their own funds for military expeditions outside Poland.
In 1454 Casimir IV the JagiellonianKing Kazimierz IV the Jagiellon granted the Nieszawa Statutes (Polish: "statuty cerkwicko-nieszawskie"), clarifying the legal basis of voivodship sejmiks (local parliaments).
www.startlearningnow.com /Szlachta.htm   (3121 words)

  
 Define Pospolite : powered by In Dictionary (InDicitonary.com)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Use the form below to search our dictionaries by entering a word you wish to define.
"Pospolite" gcide "The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48"
Bolton go third in the Premiership after beating Spurs thanks to a Kevin Nolan goal.
www.indictionary.com /define/Pospolite   (201 words)

  
 CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS 1180-1572
1333-70 Kazimierz Wielki's reign sees the definition of the "Corona" as distinct from a particular king; end of medieval patrinomium, imperceptibly but quickly the equalization of mozni and rycerstwo as the "stan szlachecki" proceeds: they are treated equally by the King, both have a duty associated with the pospolite ruszenie.
In the uncertain situation, no one could change the dispensations granted earlier under Jagiello.
1454 When the King called a pospolite ruszenie of the szlachta of Wielkopolska, these massed at Cerekwica, they decided to demand further rights from the King.
www.arts.gla.ac.uk /Slavonic/staff/Szlachta.html   (2093 words)

  
 Polish Renaissance Warfare - Summary of Conflicts - Part One
Meanwhile Bogdan of Moldavia invaded Pokucie and in June 1509 defeated a counter attack of the Kamieniec garrison and advanced on Lvov, however they failed to take any important strongholds and retreated, plundering as they went.
A 4,000 strong force of the pospolite ruszenie, was sent to Suczam and completely destroyed the Moldavian army on 4th October 1509 at the Dniestr ford.
Peace was concluded in January 1510 where Moldavia gave back Pokucie as well as their prisoners and the spoils of war.
www.jasinski.co.uk /wojna/conflicts/conf01.htm   (1220 words)

  
 BRIEF HISTORY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The King was the supreme judge until the elective tribunals were established in Batory's time, which, however, did not supersede him in civil matters.
He could call out the national insurrection of nobles (pospolite ruszenie), but only with the consent of the Seym, of which he was an integral part.
He convened the national and local Seyms at times instanced by law and at other times on extraordinary occasions.
www.histmag.org /online/en/politicalsystem.php   (2745 words)

  
 Paradox Interactive Forums - Kraków - Seat of the Commonwealth of Poland-Lithuania
The number of dignitaries and deputies in the lower chamber, and its power, increased over time, especially as the lower nobility pressured the king for more privileges when asked to provide military assistance in the form of pospolite ruszenie (general levee).
After the Union of Lublin, the Kingdom of Poland was transformed into the federation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Sejm was increased with the inclusion of the deputies from Lithuanian Sejmiks.
The political doctrine of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was: "our state is a Republic under the presidency of the King." Chancellor Jan Zamoyski summed up this doctrine when he said that, Rex regnat et non gubernat ('The King reigns but does not govern').
www.europa-universalis.com /forum/showthread.php?t=213448   (7223 words)

  
 Poland
When a military force was required it was raised by the general levy, essentially a Feudal system.
The Nobility of Poland's obligations had been clearly set out during the reign of Casimer the Great, who brought the Nobles back under Royal Authority and issued the Pospolite Ruszenie (all freeman were obliged by law, to serve in the army, when called).
Under the law any Noble serving within the boundaries of the Kingdom was responsible for supplying his retinue.
myweb.tiscali.co.uk /matthaywood/main/Poland.htm   (2231 words)

  
 Ruszenie html,Pospolite ruszenie,Pospolite,Ruszenie Pospolite_ruszenie.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
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www.outerbanks-nc.net /search/Pospolite_ruszenie.html   (32 words)

  
 Polish Nobility and Its Heraldry: An Introduction
In the Polish military history of that age there are many examples of the practice of the nobility customarily confirming or even extending its privileges in its armed camp before proceeding to the battle with the enemy.
course of time, however, with the ever changing military strategies, the noble pospolite ruszenie or levée-en-masse lost its effectiveness.
Therefore, as Davis rightly points out [11], by the 16th century, the idea that the growth in noble privileges was balanced by a corresponding growth in responsibilities in the military sphere, became quite anachronistic.
www.szlachta.org /heraldry.htm   (16740 words)

  
 VIDEO STUDIO GDAŃSK   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
A picture of their work and prayer and fulfilling their mission: helping those who need care and support.
THE CHURCHES' LEVY EN MASSE (POSPOLITE RUSZENIE KOŚCIOŁÓW)
Film on the contemporary sacred architecture in Poland - churches of Wladyslawowo, Nowa Huta, Gdańsk, Warsaw.
www.videostudio.com.pl /strony/eng.html   (3872 words)

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