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Topic: Postal Reorganization Act

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In the News (Wed 17 Jul 19)

  MSN Encarta - Print Preview - US Postal Service
The changes in the postal system stemmed from four basic provisions of the Postal Reorganization Act: elimination of politics from postal management; adequate financing authority; establishment of a postal career service, allowing collective bargaining between management and employees; and creation of an independent commission for setting of postal rates.
The Postal Service is directed by an 11-member board of governors, 9 of whom are appointed by the president on a bipartisan basis with the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate.
The Postal Service is authorized to borrow up to $10 billion from the general public, that is, from the Department of the Treasury, and can propose to the Postal Rate Commission changes in rates or classification of mail.
encarta.msn.com /text_761570336___1/US_Postal_Service.html   (311 words)

 [No title]
The Postal Reorganization Act states that the Commission "shall" consider those other factors, 39 U.S.C. 3622(b), and that postal costs "shall not be apportioned to impair the overall value of (postal) service to the people." 39 U.S.C. 101(a).
From the passage of the Postal Reorganization Act in 1970 until the D.C. Circuit's decision in NAGCP I, the Postal Service and the Postal Rate Commission derived from Section 3622(b) a two-tier ratemaking process, with a wide area of discretion left to the Commission (Pet.
In the Postal Reorganization Act Amendments of 1976, Pub.
www.usdoj.gov /osg/briefs/1982/sg820131.txt   (12584 words)

 [No title]
In Postal Service, supra at 335, the Board said that this purpose was to guarantee postal unions at least a certain level of predictability of dues income.
Notwithstanding the unequivocal statements in Postal Service, 302 NLRB 332 (1991), as to the irrevocability of checkoff authorizations, I read section 1205(a) as assuming that the union maintains its exclusive representative status with respect to both the unit in general and the employees in particular.
Postal Service, supra, is distinguishable because the employee, notwithstanding his resignation, was still included in the bargaining unit, and as noted by the General Counsel, still entitled to the benefits of union representation (including the duty of fair representation) from the assignee union.
www.nlrb.gov /nlrb/shared_files/decisions/312/312-131.txt   (2454 words)

 [No title]
Instead, the PRA provides for resolution of what in the private sector might be strike issues through arbitration.\16\ Another significant difference, appearing in the same section of the PRA as the subject of the instant proceeding, permits dues deductions in two situations which the Act would not contemplate.
Under the plain meaning of section 1205(a) of the PRA, the Respondent was warranted in refusing to implement Dalton's revocation request because it was outside the permissible revocation periods.
The complaint allegations of violations of Section 8(a)(1) and (2) of the Act are therefore not established and, accordingly, we shall dismiss the complaint.
www.nlrb.gov /nlrb/shared_files/decisions/302/302-50.txt   (2067 words)

 APWU Testimony, Feb. 5, 2004, to House Special Panel on Postal Reform   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The APWU is the largest single bargaining unit in the country, and we appreciate your foresight in addressing the structural weaknesses of the Postal Reorganization Act as applied to conditions in the present and beyond.
It would be a callous act to reduce the health benefits of postal workers injured by anthrax; to reduce their injury compensation benefits, or to reduce the benefits of the widows of the workers killed by exposure to anthrax.
Postal competitors must not be permitted to use transparency as a means of competing unfairly or unduly influencing decisions that are central to a healthy and effective Postal Service.
www.apwu.org /postalreform/testimony/reftestim040205house.htm   (3239 words)

 [No title]
QUESTION PRESENTED Whether a Postal Service employee who claims that his wages were unlawfully reduced after he elected to become a rural carrier has an implied right of action under the Postal Reorganization Act, 39 U.S.C. 1006, against the Postal Service and the union that negotiated the relevant wage scale.
Judicial regulation of the Postal Service's compensation decisions can only undermine the legislative determination that the new postal management must have the freedom given by the statute to control costs and to manage the new agency in a manner consistent with its views of what is the economical and efficient thing to do.
The legislative history confirms that the Postal Reorganization Act was designed to "(e)liminate serious handicaps that (were) outmoded, unnecessary, and inconsistent with the modern management and business practices that must be available if the American public is to enjoy efficient and economical postal service." H.R. Rep. No.
www.usdoj.gov /osg/briefs/1990/sg900596.txt   (2272 words)

 Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act of 2003
The Postal Service was also perilously close to its $15 billion debt ceiling and had been forced to raise rates three times in less than two years in order to pay for its operations, further eroding mail volume.
The Postal Rate Commission recently approved a service agreement the Postal Service negotiated with Capital One, but the process for considering the agreement took almost a year and the Postal Service's authority to enter into agreements is not clearly spelled out in law.
Commissioners ``(a) The Postal Regulatory Commission is composed of 5 Commissioners, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
www.postalnews.com /s1285.htm   (10132 words)

 MSN Encarta - US Postal Service
According to current regulations, liquor, poisons, medicines under certain restrictions, explosives, all articles likely to cause injury or damage, and seditious, obscene, defamatory, or threatening matter are excluded from the mails.
Postal regulations restrict unsolicited advertisements that are of a sexually explicit nature.
In October 1983 the Postal Service began using an expanded ZIP code system of nine numbers, consisting of the five-digit code plus four additional digits, which specify an individual delivery route.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761570336/US_Postal_Service.html   (612 words)

 [No title]
Postal rates normally are set in a proceeding known as an "omnibus rate case," which begins when the Postal Service files a request for a recommended decision on postal rates and fees with the Commission.
The courts have observed that the structure of the Act (and its amendments) reflected Congressional fears of allowing the Governors to control revenues, and of their usurpation of control over rates from the Commission.
The Postal Service Board of Governors is made up of nine individuals appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, plus the Postmaster General, who is selected by the nine appointed Governors, and the Deputy Postmaster General, who is selected by the nine appointed Governors and the Postmaster General.
www.wjopc.com /site/postal/anarchy.html   (821 words)

 [No title]
It asserts that the Postal Service’s RPN proposal would impose a surcharge on mailpieces for characteristics that incur no additional cost and that such a surcharge violates section 3622(b)(3) of the Postal Reorganization Act.
The Postal Service further argues that the coalition’s policy arguments may go to the merits of a recommended decision, but should not be considered sufficient to support a motion for summary dismissal.
In its reply to the Postal Service, the coalition concedes that there are classification distinctions currently in effect that are not based on cost, but it argues that these classifications are based on message content and are intended to reflect distinctions in social value.
www.prc.gov /docs/41/41565/ORDER1417.doc   (1845 words)

 PostalWatch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The authorizing and controlling statutes governing the Postal Service is Title 39 of the United States Code (USC 39) enacted as the "Postal Reorganization Act of 1970" in August of 1970.
The Postal Service is facing a financial crisis despite recent postage rate increases and many, including the Postal Service itself, are calling for significant statutory changes and major postal reform.
The Senate's postal reform bill (S. 662), which was reported out of committee earlier this year, is not expected to go to the floor for a vote before Congress breaks at the end of this week for its August recess.
www.postalwatch.org /issue_legislation.htm   (2777 words)

 National Retired Teachers Assoc. v. U.S. Postal Service
A qualified nonprofit organization is a religious, educational, scientific, philanthropic, agricultural, labor, veteran's or fraternal organization or association that is not organized for profit and none of the net income of which inures to the benefit of any private stockholder or individual.
During the interim between passage of the Act and promulgation of the new classification schedule, the old classifications remained in effect as regulations of the Postal Service.
Such an interpretative rule is general, in the sense that it guides all postal officials in applying a mail classification and assures that they will provide a consistent and uniform interpretation, but the rule remains one of interpretation of the classification.
www.freespeechcoalition.org /teachers.htm   (2305 words)

 FR Doc 04-25567
Under the Postal Service's construction of the Act, however, adopting a definition would essentially be an empty gesture since it contends that the Commission lacks the authority to determine the scope of its own jurisdiction.
In reforming the then- existing postal system, Congress intended to ``[c]reate a lasting foundation for a modern, dynamic, and viable postal institution that is both equipped and empowered at all times to satisfy the postal requirements of the future technological, economic, cultural, and social growth of the Nation.'' \115\ --------------------------------------------------------------------------- \115\ Id. at 3650.
The term ``receipt'' is the act of receiving something; ``transmission'' covers the act of transmitting, that is sending or conveying something to a destination or recipient; and ``delivery'' is the act of transferring, turning over, or making available the item(s) transmitted to the recipient.
a257.g.akamaitech.net /7/257/2422/06jun20041800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2004/04-25567.htm   (10331 words)

 History of the United States Postal Service 1775-1993
The postal system that the Congress created helped bind the new nation together, support the growth of commerce, and ensure a free flow of ideas and information.
The Postal Service is making history, too, as it helps lead the way in making the federal government more businesslike and responsive to customer needs.
This is the story of the evolution of the Postal Service and the role it has played in the development of the United States.
www.usps.com /history/history/his1.htm   (598 words)

 Common Frauds Against Business
Prior to passage of the Postal Reorganization Act, postage rates were set by the Congress, and the rate of postage for First-Class Mail was 6-cent.
Under the new law, postal rates were no longer established by direct legislative enactment, but through administrative action by the Postal Service Board of Governors and the independent Postal Rate Commission.
Also, Section 3 of the act provided that postage rates, as well as classes of mail and fees for postal services, prescribed before the effective date of the new law, were to remain in effect until they were changed in accordance with the new administrative rate-making procedures outlined by the Act.
www.lpconline.com /cheap_postage_scams.html   (424 words)

 www.GovExec.com - Takin' Care of Business (3/8/04)
The act declares that the agency is an "independent establishment" of the executive branch.
The Postal Service retains certain governmental powers, such as its monopoly on delivering letters, but also is endowed with business characteristics, such as the ability to be sued in civil court.
But the degree to which they can act like companies - and be treated like them in the courts - is still being sorted out and will vary according to each organization's circumstances, its legislative and administrative history, and the amount of competitive pressure it faces.
www.govexec.com /dailyfed/0304/030804ff.htm   (592 words)

 THE DEMISE OF THE POSTAL SERVICE?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Before the 1970 Postal Reorganization Act, which brought about a number of significant operating improvements, the USPS ran at a loss for 131 of its 160 years of operation.
The postal service is in dire need of a new round of reforms to allow it to run more like a business, with authority to set prices, close down unprofitable centers, and manage labor costs and disputes.
Their initial decision would be reviewed by the postal governors, who would be authorized to approve, reject, or modify the proposed rate change by a two-thirds vote.
www.cosmos-club.org /journals/2002/comarow.html   (2588 words)

As a result, the Postal Service's provision of Electronic Postmark is not in accordance with the policies of the Postal Reorganization Act and the factors set forth in the Act, 39 U.S.C. Accordingly, the Postal Service's provision of Electronic Postmark violates the Postal Reorganization Act.
By not requesting a recommended decision from the Commission, the Postal Service has failed to make any showing that the provision of Electronic Postmark on the terms required or provided by the Postal Service is in accordance with the policies and factors set forth in the Postal Reorganization Act.
The postal inspectors are a large organization of federal agents who are armed and have the authority of law enforcement.
www.e-timestamp.com /epm/PrcDigiStampComplaint.htm   (2919 words)

 History of the United States Postal Service 1775-1993
The mission of the Postal Service remained the same, as stated in Title 39 of the U.S. Code: "The Postal Service shall have as its basic function the obligation to provide postal services to bind the Nation together through the personal, educational, literary, and business correspondence of the people.
However, the Act mandated that no officer or employee shall be paid compensation at a rate in excess of the rate for Level I (Cabinet Officer level) of the Executive Schedule.
Despite the manifold accomplishments of the Postal Service since Reorganization, the mechanization of operations and the ZIP Code had apparently reached their peak in the 1970s, and more was needed to cope with increasing mail volume.
www.usps.com /history/history/his3.htm   (1270 words)

 USPS v. Flamingo Industries (2004) [02-1290]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Flamingo claimed the Postal Service declared a "fake emergency in the supply of mail sacks" so it could give no-bid contracts to cheaper foreign manufacturers without allowing U.S. companies to compete for them.
It ruled that the 1970 Postal Reorganization Act waived the Postal Service's sovereign immunity and that it could be sued under federal antitrust laws as a "person."
However, federal antitrust laws (the Sherman Act, for example) do not allow the federal government - of which the Postal Service is a part - to be sued.
www.oyez.org /oyez/resource/case/1668   (194 words)

The Postal Reorganization Act prohibits management personnel from collectively bargaining for contract benefit terms, although the Postal Service must consult with management associations like the League on issues affecting its members.
Although the Postal Reorganization Act has not been amended for nearly three decades, we must ensure that any reorganization plan continues to provide quality and universal service to all regions of the United States and its territories.
As the ranking Democrat on the postal and federal services subcommittee, I was delighted that the budget calls for a rollback of federal retirement contributions that helped the government balance the budget in the late 1990s.
akaka.senate.gov /speeches/000301.html   (1598 words)

 AKAKA, COLLINS INTRODUCE POSTMASTERS EQUITY ACT   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
In 1970 the Postal Reorganization Act created a consultative process for postmasters and other non-union postal employees to negotiate pay and benefits.
However, in addition to this process, postal supervisors also have fact finding, a process that allows for an unbiased review of the issues in dispute and the issuance of non-binding recommendations.
The Postmasters Equity Act will give the nation's postmasters the option of fact finding which provides them with greater ability to negotiate with USPS management.
akaka.senate.gov /~akaka/releases/03/03/2003324A07.html   (464 words)

 AEI - Books
Rick Geddes has produced the first intensive analysis of the U.S. Postal Service since the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970--just as the federal giant faces the scrutiny of a presidential commission on its long-term viability and President Bush has announced his intention to privatize 800,000 federal jobs.
Although the 1970 act set in motion the most entensive reorganization of a federal agency, almost no rigorous empirical assessment of the act's effects on the Postal Service has been undertaken--until now.
The author explores USPS structure and performance measures, discounts standard arguments about postal monopolies and duties, and cites the organizational reform of similar industries and experience of other governments that restructured their postal service.
www.aei.org /books/filter.economic,bookID.321/book_detail.asp   (355 words)

 Postal Record   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
While FedEx and UPS use their commercial freedom to counteract adverse economic conditions, the Postal Service is restricted by the 1970 Postal Reorganization Act.
The seeds of discord were sown three decades ago when the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 set up the independent PRC as both judge and jury on postal management’s rate requests.
The NALC joined a coalition of other postal employee groups and mailer organizations on April 18 in issuing the outline of a legislative approach to address the financial crisis facing the Postal Service.
www.nalc.org /news/precord/0601-slowdownsidebars.html   (1290 words)

 A Look at Collective Bargaining   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
With the passage of the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970, the union won the right to engage in collective bargaining with the Postal Service.
The “Act” also states that Postal Workers wages, shall be comparable to those of workers doing similar work, in the private sector.
In a radical departure, from previous arbitrators, he compared Postal Workers wages with those of the non-unionized workers in the rapidly developing pre-sort industry.
www.local300npmhu.org /cbgf.htm   (360 words)

 Executive Order 11590   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
By virtue of the authority vested in me by sections 7151 and 7301 of title 5, United States Code, as made applicable to the Postal Service and the Postal Rate Commission by the Postal Reorganization Act, and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:
This Order shall be applicable to the United States Postal Service established by the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970.'
This Order shall be applicable to the United States Postal Service and to the Postal Rate Commission established by the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970.'
www.eeoc.gov /federal/eo11478/eo11590.html   (177 words)

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