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Topic: Postnatal

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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

  Australian Breastfeeding Association - Postnatal Depression and Breastfeeding
Postnatal depression is a different experience for each mother but usually includes feelings of depression, anxiety and sadness that last for more than two weeks.
With any degree of postnatal depression, particularly long term, it is important for you to investigate all the possible contributing factors (for example unrealistic expectations of motherhood, rigid and controlling thinking, past history of child abuse or grief and loss) to help prevent depression with any future pregnancies and to develop problem-solving strategies.
Postnatal and antenatal depression can mean different things to each mother but she will usually struggle to find joy in her baby or her life.
www.breastfeeding.asn.au /bfinfo/pnd.html   (3120 words)

 BBC - Health - Conditions - Postnatal depression
Postnatal depression is a common problem that usually begins in the six weeks after leaving hospital but it can occur months or even a year later.
Symptoms of postnatal depression include: low mood, difficulty coping with looking after yourself and caring for the baby, loss of interest in yourself or your baby, crying, difficulty concentrating, irritability, sleep and appetite difficulties, anxiety and panic attacks, despondency, feelings of guilt and inadequacy.
Postnatal depression is believed to affect at least one in ten women.
www.bbc.co.uk /health/conditions/postnatal1.shtml   (318 words)

 Postnatal Depression
Postnatal depression is the most prevalent mood disorder associated with childbirth and affects up to 15% of childbearing women.
It is therefore important to discriminate between difficult marital and parenting adjustments in the early postnatal period and the symptoms of clinical depression.
Research indicates that postnatal depression is the result of a combination of physical, mental and social factors, which need to be taken into account when considering treatmen options.
www.nhmrc.gov.au /publications/synopses/wh29syn.htm   (407 words)

 Postnatal Causes of Developmental Disabilities in Children Aged 3- 10 Years -- Atlanta, Georgia, 1991
Postnatal causes account for 3%-15% of all developmental disabilities and often are preventable (1).
The most common postnatal causes of developmental disability were bacterial meningitis and child battering, which accounted for 57 (30.6%) and 27 (14.5%) postnatally acquired developmental disabilities, respectively (Table_2).
The detection of five children with postnatally acquired developmental disabilities associated with sickle cell anemia underscores the need for increased awareness about the severity of the consequences of sickle cell disease and the role of transfusion therapy for preventing recurrent stroke among children with this disease (6).
www.cdc.gov /mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00040247.htm   (1422 words)

 Postnatal Depression   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Postnatal Depression is a more serious illness than the Blues, and the symptoms are more severe and last longer.
This suggests that for some women there may be a hormonal component of postnatal depression and anxiety.
Postnatal (Puerperal) Psychosis is the most severe of the postpartum illnesses.
www.health.am /psy/more/postnatal_depression   (615 words)

 Industry action overdue on postnatal depression   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Numerous epidemiological studies from all over the world have concluded that between 10-15% of all new mothers meet the criteria for postnatal depression in the three-month period after giving birth, however, research has suggested that only 25% of all patients who suffer from postnatal depression are ever diagnosed.
The risk of developing psychosis in the postnatal period is estimated to increase by 14.5 times, whilst a study of 35,000 births in the US discovered that patients had a sevenfold increased risk of a psychiatric hospitalisation (87% were for affective disorders) within the three-month period following childbirth.
Another major impact on the poor diagnosis rate of postnatal depression is the fact that potential patients are far more likely to be diagnosed and treated, at least in the initial stages of the disease, by a non-psychiatric secondary care specialist.
www.bioportfolio.com /news/datamonitor_13.htm   (884 words)

 Dr Paul P Fogarty - Maternity - Postnatal Depression
Postnatal depression (PND) is the name given to a depression which sometimes occurs after a woman has a baby.
It is important to realise that postnatal depression is an illness and not your fault.
Postnatal depression should not be confused with the milder 'baby blues' which many women experience after their baby's birth, or the more serious, but much less common 'puerperal psychosis', which occasionally occurs in the early weeks after a baby is born.
www.drfogarty.co.uk /mat_depression.html   (1777 words)

 Clinical Evidence Concise - October 1, 2005 - American Family Physician
Postnatal depression is broadly defined as nonpsychotic depression occurring during the first six months postpartum.
A meta-analysis of studies, mainly based in developed countries, found the incidence of postnatal depression to be 12 to 13 percent.
14 Postnatal depression also is associated with reduced likelihood of secure attachment15; deficits in maternal-infant interactions16; and impaired cognitive and emotional development of the child, particularly in boys living in areas of socioeconomic deprivation.
www.aafp.org /afp/20051001/bmj.html   (1341 words)

 Postnatal Abortion
For children, and later on, adults, to suffer the consequences of postnatal abortion is of little concern to those who openly and blatantly believe and practice the principles of postnatal abortion.
Because human beings have been exposed to the postnatal abortion, they are acting out the denial which they experience because they are disconnected from making contact with their essence and consequently with their own attributions of their essence.
In the philosophy of postnatal abortion, sexuality is channeled through the filters of image, gender roles, social roles and social institutions that rob sexuality of its generic components that are peculiar to the whole of the person.
www.spectacle.org /899/fariss.html   (1087 words)

 [No title]
Most women who experience postnatal depression are affected within the first six weeks, and often are affected for more than six months.
Postnatal Depression is what happens when you become depressed after having a baby.
Research has highlighted the benefits of early intervention to alleviate distress and to reduce the short and long-term consequences for mothers and their children.
www.lycos.com /info/depression--postnatal-depression.html   (224 words)

 Antidepressant prevention of postnatal depression
Postnatal depression is a common and important disorder with negative implications for the mother, the infant and the wider family.
Postnatal depression is a common and important complication of childbearing.
The use of antidepressants during pregnancy for prevention of postnatal depression is unclear, due to the possibility of adverse effects on the mother and developing foetus, and the difficulty of reliably identifying the women who would go on to develop postnatal depression.
www.cochrane.org /reviews/en/ab004363.html   (599 words)

 BBC - Parenting - Dads - Postnatal depression   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Importantly, treatment is usually needed for postnatal depression because it's believed that when postnatal depression is treated it gets better more quickly, which is good for mum, baby, dad and the rest of the family.
Although female hormone changes explain the baby blues, whether they play a role in postnatal depression is still hotly debated so like with other things in a woman's life it's best not to blame 'her hormones'.
The most important step to take in overcoming postnatal depression is to recognise that it may be affecting you or your partner, and to seek advice.
www.bbc.co.uk /parenting/dads/postnataldepression.shtml   (961 words)

 Postnatal depression
Postnatal depression (PND) is a depressive illness that occurs after having a baby.
This may be because she is suffering from false beliefs (delusions) such as that the child is terminally ill. Alternatively mothers may kill their babies before committing suicide themselves thinking that it is better for both of them to be dead.
Postnatal psychosis requires treatment that will depend on the exact symptoms that the mother is suffering.
www.netdoctor.co.uk /health_advice/facts/depressionpostnatal.htm   (1587 words)

 Postnatal Depression
Postnatal depression is the most prevalent mood disorder with childbirth and affects up to 15% of childbearing women.
Research indicates that postnatal depression is the result of a combination of physical, mental and social factors which need to be taken into account when considering treatment options.
However, postnatal depression (PND) describes the more severe or prolonged symptoms of depression (clinical depression) that last more than a week or two and interfere with the ability to function on a daily basis with normal routines including caring for a baby.
www.healthinsite.gov.au /topics/Postnatal_Depression   (688 words)

 IngentaConnect Impact of Postnatal Depression on Breastfeeding Duration
Postnatal depression can cause adverse effects on both mother and infant, but its impact on breastfeeding duration is poorly understood.
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between maternal postnatal depression and breastfeeding duration.
After adjustment for confounding factors, early cessation of breastfeeding was found to be significantly associated with postnatal depression (adjusted hazard ratio 1.25, 95% CI 1.03–1.52).
www.ingentaconnect.com /content/bsc/bir/2003/00000030/00000003/art00005   (393 words)

 BioMed Central | Full text | Staffing in postnatal units: is it adequate for the provision of quality care? Staff ...
Women are less likely to be satisfied with postnatal care than antenatal and intrapartum care, and only 51% of the women participating in a state-wide Survey of Recent Mothers in 2000 (SRM 2000) rated their postnatal care as 'very good' [1].
Staffing of hospital postnatal units in Victoria is a significant and complex issue, and was highlighted in both the survey and key informant interviews as having a major impact on the provision of quality postnatal care.
Dykes found in her ethnographic study of midwives and breastfeeding women that there needs to be a reorganisation of postnatal hospital care, and that staffing of postnatal wards should be reviewed to ensure that midwives have sufficient time to provide care [22].
www.biomedcentral.com /1472-6963/6/83   (8884 words)

 The Postnatal Woman
The postnatal period begins from birth and ends when the baby is six weeks of age.
Each day a postnatal check is carried out - in general women are checked for the following: Temperature, pulse, blood pressure, the height of the uterus, breast and nipple check, the type and amount of bleeding, any problems with elimination (urine or bowels), the perineum (stitches, bruising, swelling) and emotional adjustment.
The main aim of the six week postnatal visit is to ensure that the woman and her baby are physically well.
www.pregnancy.com.au /the_postnatal_woman.htm   (1371 words)

 Seasons India :: Dealing with Postnatal Depression - PND
The reason behind postnatal depression has been linked with many things like hormones, stress, exhaustion etc but it is difficult to actually link it with any of these factors.
It seems likely that PND (Postnatal Depression) is related to the huge hormone changes, which take place at the time of giving birth, but this evidence is still lacking.
What is most important is to identify the cause of postnatal depression and which are the symptoms that are present through pregnancy, birth and afterwards, as then only it will be possible to give her proper treatment and solve her problems.
www.seasonsindia.com /pregnancy/postnatal_sea.htm   (1106 words)

 postnatal depression   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Postnatal Depression is basically a depression that occurs shortly after a woman has given birth.
It may come out as worrying too much about the baby's health, blaming yourself for things, not being able to sleep properly, fear of harming yourself or your baby, not wanting to keep the baby, or other symptoms that occur in general depression.
Postnatal Depression should not be confused with Postnatal Blues which is much shorter lasting, and involves things like moodiness, crying a lot, and feeling down.
easyweb.easynet.co.uk /simplepsych/postnatal.html   (361 words)

 BioMed Central | Full text | A survey of the clinical acceptability of screening for postnatal depression in depressed ...
Postnatal depression (PND) is a highly prevalent perinatal mood disorder, with estimates around 10% in most Westernised countries [1,2].
It was developed as a screening device to assist health professionals in detecting depressive symptoms in community samples of postnatal mothers [7].
In total, 479 postnatal women responded to the survey – just over half of the 920 who were approached: 873 by post, 21 by phone and 26 by face-to-face interview, including 245 women who had received a DSM-IV diagnosis of depression as a result of being screened and referred to our clinic.
www.biomedcentral.com /1471-2458/6/211   (5059 words)

 Fortnightly review: Postnatal depression -- Cooper and Murray 316 (7148): 1884 -- BMJ   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Postnatal depression is associated with disturbances in the mother-infant relationship, which in turn have an adverse impact on the course of child cognitive and emotional development
It seems that the adverse child outcome arising in the context of postnatal depression is driven by disturbances in the mother-child
The impact of postnatal depression and associated adversity on early mother-infant interactions and later infant outcome.
www.bmj.com /cgi/content/full/316/7148/1884   (2664 words)

 Postnatal Depression - Patient UK
There is evidence to suggest that developmental problems that occur in the baby because of a mothers depression may persist in some cases even when the mother has recovered.
Bear in mind, talking treatments are sometimes not practical for women with postnatal depression due to the time commitments required.
Postnatal psychosis is an uncommon, but severe, form of depression that can occur after childbirth.
www.patient.co.uk /showdoc/23069110   (2347 words)

 Postnatal depression -- Richards and Talbot 317 (7173): 1658 -- BMJ
Postnatal depression is not being missed in primary care
In their review of postnatal depression Cooper and Murray comment that depression is often missed by primary care teams.
Watson et al showed that women with postnatal depression could be classified into as many as six categories.
bmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/317/7173/1658/a   (681 words)

 Postnatal depression
The purpose was to detect postnatal depression and to find out the possible association between labour analgesia and postnatal depression and to detect possible seasonal variations, not to establish a clinical diagnosis.
We found postnatal depression to be associated with maternal age and the analgesia used during delivery.
The continuance of postnatal depression may pose a threat to the genial and active early relationship between the infant and the mother.
herkules.oulu.fi /isbn9514270541/html/x1863.html   (2475 words)

 Postnatal Depression - Patient UK
Postnatal depression is regarded as any non-psychotic depressive illness of mild to moderate severity occurring during the first postnatal year.
Postnatal depression is common; it has been estimated to affect 13% of women in the first year following the birth of their child (70,000 women annually in the UK)
If a mother develops postnatal depression in her first pregnancy, then she is at a 30% risk of recurrence with subsequent pregnancies.
www.patient.co.uk /showdoc/40002172   (1331 words)

 Health visitor management of postnatal depression   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Postnatal depression can represent a chronic and debilitating disorder for some mothers, with potentially enduring adverse effects upon familial functioning and especially on the the mother-child relationship.
In an ongoing training initiative in Camden and Islington, all health visitors have been trained in the identification of postnatal depression and non-directive counselling skills (listening visits), which controlled research studies have found to be effective in reducing postnatal depression.
A qualitative investigation of women with postnatal depression and health visitors' accounts of the assessment and treatment of postnatal depression.
www.psychol.ucl.ac.uk /CORE/pnd.html   (242 words)

 Postnatal Depression
Postnatal depressions refers to an episode of clinical depression in the first year after childbirth.
The onset of postnatal depression appears to be associated with changes in hormone levels and the physical, psychological and social adjustments that occur around childbirth.
One of the first things you may be asked to do is complete a set of ten questions which is known as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale – health professionals may use this to discuss with you the best option for you to get well.
www.swsahs.nsw.gov.au /karitane/docs/postnatal_depression.asp   (551 words)

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