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Topic: Poststructuralism


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  poststructuralism
Poststructuralism as a contemporary philosophical movement offers a range of theories (of the text), critiques (of institutions), new concepts, and forms of analysis (of power) which are relevant and significant for the study of education, but also it offers a range of writings explicitly devoted to education.
Poststructuralism can be characterized as a mode of thinking, a style of philosophizing, and a kind of writing yet the term should not be used to convey a sense of homogeneity, singularity and unity.
Poststructuralism challenges the rationalism and realism that structuralism continues from positivism, with its promethium faith in scientific method, in progress, and in the capacity of the structuralist approach to discern and identify universal structures of all cultures and the human mind.
www.vusst.hr /ENCYCLOPAEDIA/poststructuralism.htm   (3134 words)

  
 Poststructuralism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Along with postmodernism, with which it is commonly interchanged, poststructuralism has made gains in recent years as a stream of feminist, "queer," and other thought because its allowance for cultural pluralism "challenges the fixity and hence the very status of established categories like sex, class and race/ethnicity" (Beasley, 1999, p.
While postmodernism's main tenet is that universal truth does not exist, poststructuralism "tends to stress the shifting, fragmented complexity of meaning (and relatedly of power), rather than a notion of its centralized order" (p.
Poststructuralism extends from structuralism, which is heavily associated with Saussure, a Swiss linguist who theorized that underlying language is a formal structure, with a signified and a signifier, which can be studied (via semiotics) [Chandler, 2000].) Poststructuralists, however, discount the notion that language or "signifying practices" (and, by extension, meaning) has an innate, fixed structure.
www.unc.edu /courses/2000fall/jomc245-001/poststructuralism.html   (199 words)

  
 SARTRE . ORG : Situating Sartre in Twentieth-Century Thought and Culture
Poststructuralism's anti-humanism consists in the proposition that individuals are constituted as subjects by social practice grounded in discourse.
Two of the troubling consequences of poststructuralism for historians are the idea that History is not in any way a veridical account of the past, nor can it be, and that the human agency which historians often take to be the engine of history is neither original nor authentic.
By the early 1980s, detractors of poststructuralism were relishing older and more recent revelations about the scurrilous interwar and wartime activities of important precursors of the movement such as the Yale literary critic, Paul de Man, and Martin Heidegger, arguably the most important German philosopher of the twentieth century.
www.sartre.org /BookReview/SituatingSartreinTwentieth-CenturyThoughtandCulture.htm   (2130 words)

  
 IIER 2, 1992: Lee - poststructuralism and educational research - categories and issues
This study illustrates one of the fundamental tenets of poststructuralism: that human subjects are not autonomous, unified wholes, separate or distinct from those discourses which regulate social activity.
The first is a very schematic overview of poststructuralism as an historical and intellectual phenomenon, an attempt to situate it somewhat in the history of ideas.
She researches in the field of feminist and poststructuralist theories of discourse and subjectivity, with particular emphasis on the implications of these theories for literacy and curriculum.
www.iier.org.au /iier2/lee.html   (4198 words)

  
 Poststructuralism as Theory and Practice in the English Classroom
Poststructural critics have called into question the very existence of the human "subject" or "self" posited by "humanism." The traditional view of individuals in society privileges the individual's coherent identity endowed with initiative, singular will, and purposefulness.
Although reader response (like poststructuralism and deconstruction) should not be considered a field of unified critical thought, the term has "come to be associated with the work of critics who use the words 'reader,' 'the reading process,' and 'response' to mark out an area of investigation" (Tompkins, 1980).
Finally, poststructural theory is having an effect on areas of professionalization and teacher education.
www.indiana.edu /~reading/ieo/digests/d104.html   (1550 words)

  
 Critical Approaches: Objectivism: Poststructuralism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Poststructuralism is the broad term used to designate the several directions of literary criticism that, while depending crucially on the insights of science-based theory, attack the very idea that any kind of certitude can exist about the meaning, understandability, or shareability of texts.
Poststructuralists, disturbed at the optimism of positivist philosophy in suggesting that the world is knowable and explainable, ultimately doubt the possibility of certainties of any kind, and they see language as especially elusive and unfaithful.
Michel Foucault (1926–1984), Julia Kristeva (1941–), and Jacques Lacan (1901–1981), though their disciplinary interests are in social history, feminist philosophy, and psychoanalysis, respectively, all come out of deconstructionist assumptions and carry the indeterminacies of poststructuralism (and of postmodernism more generally) into kinds of literary criticism with interests fundamentally different from those of structuralism.
www.wwnorton.com /college/english/litweb/write_post_struct.htm   (402 words)

  
 Class discussion: June 13, 1997
Poststructuralism further accepts structuralist assumptions, but not all of its conclusions: poststructualism is both a defense and critique of structuralism.
the poststructuralism fails to escape the dualistic framework it critiques in structuralism (and modernism).
Rather, the structuralism / poststructuralism debate actually turns within the same logic - i.e., a dualistic logic in which difference excludes identity/connection (--> hierarchy in structuralism, and in which identity/connection excludes difference --> the dissolution of difference into sheer identity in poststructuralism.
www.drury.edu /ess/postmodernism/6_13_97.htm   (1343 words)

  
 Naming the Multiple: Poststructuralism and Education - Questia Online Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
All too often, the term "poststructuralism" -- sometimes hyphenated and capitalized -- is used to convey a sense of homogeneity, singularity, and unity.
It is problematic because the identification of poststructuralism does not take account of the multiple: multiple formations of thought, multiple sources of inspiration, multiple differences and lines of influence between thinkers.
On this model of intellectual history, poststructuralism is restricted to one generation defined in terms of geography and confined to a national culture.
www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&docId=9616431   (570 words)

  
 poststructuralism - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Poststructuralism and International Relations: Bringing the Political Back In.
Mapping poststructuralism's borders: the case for poststructuralist area studies.
Facts have no meaning: writing literary history in the shadow of poststructuralism.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/X/X-poststru.asp   (176 words)

  
 Table of Contents and Excerpt, Fitz, Sexuality and Being in the Poststructuralist Universe of Clarice Lispector
My working premise is that, whether one agrees with it or not, poststructuralism asks important and challenging questions about the relationship of language to human existence, about the nature of human consciousness, and about the political implications that derive from our desire for truth, certainty, and clarity of meaning in an unstable, ambiguous world.
In situating Lispector in the context of poststructuralism, I do not claim that she was in any way influenced by the European leaders of poststructural thought (although, given her circle of literary and artistic friends, she would have undoubtedly known about this movement in the early to mid-1970s).
Rather, I employ the poststructural optic as a critical tool, as a way of reading Lispector's deeply complex texts, yet also as a way I feel is particularly germane to her often self-conscious and at least partially autobiographical writing and that can account for its most salient characteristics.
www.utexas.edu /utpress/excerpts/exfitsex.html   (3566 words)

  
 Thanatoids and narrative sliding in Vineland: a reading of Pynchons novel
Indeed, it may be argued that a certain non-definability lies at the heart of poststructuralist theory.
With only a few doubts, it is this lack of centre that lies at the heart of poststructuralism and also much that it criticises.
It is also this lack of finding a natural centre and the religious certainty that accompanies it that causes so much anxiety in relation to, and criticism of poststructuralism by more 'orthodox' philosophy.
members.tripod.com /~duPrie/vineland.htm   (1730 words)

  
 Nice Work If You Can Get Them to Do It   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Poststructuralism tells us things are done according to measures and aspirations that emerge in the course of everyday activity with its shifting senses of goals, dangers, opportunities, rewards, and punishments.
Indeed, given the argument of poststructuralism, its rightness could not have any consequences, at least not the consequence of generating a program or a strategy or even a minimal list of dos and don'ts.
Poststructuralism tells us that there is no such perspective, and therefore it cannot be an alternative candidate for what it says doesn't exist.
www.ade.org /ade/bulletin/n126/126015.htm   (1500 words)

  
 Postpoststructuralist Administration   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Our conclusions about whether we, as humanities professors and administrators, are affected by the legacy of poststructuralism should be bracketed as applying to a particular case within the university as a whole.
Defenders of academic freedom in the wake of poststructuralism would be wise to take into account these critiques if a cogent appeal to the notion of academic freedom is to be preserved.
Administration after poststructuralism inherits the professional fallout in the academy of the poststructuralist critique of epistemological assumptions.
www.mla.org /ade/bulletin/N126/126018.htm   (2880 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Poststructuralism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions): Books: Catherine Belsey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Although Poststructuralism is not necessarily political, it can been seen as "subversive" since by revealing how signifying systems create our understandings of the world, the individual learns to recognize and deconstruct the "realities" that control us.
Poststructuralism is a difficult area of study, as there are many different (sometimes conflicting) points of view and thinkers which are labelled 'poststructuralist'.
Poststructuralism is a critical trend mainly concerned with the philosophical consequences of Ferdinand de Saussure's thought.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0192801805?v=glance   (1843 words)

  
 Poststructuralism as Theory and Practice in the English Classroom. ERIC Digest.
Poststructuralism as Theory and Practice in the English Classroom.
In the late 1960s, just as structuralism was reaching its apex as an influential theory of language, along came a new wave of philosophers intent on subjecting it to a rigorous and sustained critique.
A growing number of scholars have written about this influence on a variety of practical areas: Hourigan (1991) describes the impact of poststructuralism on writing assessment, and Joyner (1991) advocates the employment of poststructural insights into the procedures of writing centers.
www.ericdigests.org /1996-2/english.html   (1442 words)

  
 Methodological Implications of Feminist and Poststructuralism Views of Science. NCSTL Monograph Series Number 4.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
The range of answers to the question, "What is Science?" has literally reached beyond the capability of any one person to adequately understand and summarize.
This paper discusses the concept of the so-called "value-free" science, and contrasts this traditional mode of inquiry with the new modes of thought espoused by advocates of feminism and poststructuralism.
It is concluded that the current conflict and disagreement over the nature of science is a positive situation and one which brings together many differing perspectives to the benefit of research.
www.eric.ed.gov /sitemap/html_0900000b8012f018.html   (117 words)

  
 Review - Davis
Commenting on the unruliness of the stories told by Emmanuel Levinas and Kant in order to exemplify their theories, Davis makes the exciting suggestion that ‘the relation between notion and example might be comparable to that between self and Other, where the latter is an unanticipated, unassimilable putting-into-question of the former’ (95).
Foreshadowing responses by many leading scholars to the NYT obituary, Davis’ After Poststructuralism is a convincing rebuttal of allegations that poststructuralism is simply slippery ‘fashionable nonsense’, to borrow Sokal and Bricmont’s terms (23).
His style is lucid, but for those unfamiliar with the scope of critical theory, After Poststructuralism is not a beginner’s guide; some of the combinations of theorists—for example the manoeuvres between Althusser, Freud and Marx (109-10), and Kristeva, Klein, Lacan and Žižek (141-2)—are likely to be difficult for junior undergraduates.
culturemachine.tees.ac.uk /Reviews/rev49.htm   (2061 words)

  
 Amazon.co.uk: Understanding Poststructuralism (Understanding Movements in Modern Thought S.): Books: James Williams   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Understanding Poststructuralism presents a lucid guide to some of the most exciting and controversial ideas in contemporary thought.
This is the first introduction to poststructuralism through its major theorists - Derrida, Deleuze, Foucault, Lyotard, Kristeva - and their central texts.
The aim throughout is to illuminate the main methods of poststructuralism - deconstruction, libidinal economics, genealogy and transcendental empiricism - in context.
www.amazon.co.uk /Understanding-Poststructuralism-Movements-Modern-Thought/dp/1844650332   (285 words)

  
 Archaeopaedia: poststructuralism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Poststructuralism refers to the ideas and works, developed since the 1960s, of a number of mainly French intellectuals; Derrida, Lacan, Foucault, the later Barthes, and Kristeva are some of the most prominent names.
Derrida, notably, argues against the totalising and fixed character of a structuralist analysis of language and texts, holding that the relations between signified and signifier (within the sign) are indeterminate and that meaning is slippery and irreducible to structures of difference (the classic structuralist premise).
With regard to the challenge to neutrality, fixed origins and identities there is a similarity to some trends of postpositivist philosophy which insist on situating knowledges as social and cultural achievements.
traumwerk.stanford.edu:3455 /Archaeopaedia/69   (394 words)

  
 Amazon.co.uk: Critical Resistance: From Poststructuralism to Post-critique: Books: David Couzens Hoy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Finally, in light of current social theory from Judith Butler to Slavoj Zizek, he challenges "poststructuralism" as a category and suggests the term "Post-Critique" as a more accurate description of contemporary Continental philosophy.
Hoy is a leading American scholar of poststructuralism.
Critical Resistance is the only book in English that deals substantively with the topical concept of resistance in relation to poststructuralist thought, discussions of which have dominated Continental social thought for many years.
www.amazon.co.uk /Critical-Resistance-Poststructuralism-David-Couzens/dp/0262083302   (335 words)

  
 Poststructuralism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
The results of their new thought are known as poststructuralism.
Structuralists argue that meaning is dependent on the relationship between the various parts of a structure -- meaning arises from their difference.
The most famous and influential variety of poststructural thought is deconstruction, developed by Jacques Derrida.
www.english.upenn.edu /~jlynch/Terms/Temp/poststructuralism.html   (93 words)

  
 Todd G. May: Moral Theory of Poststructuralism, The
For many Anglo-American thinkers, as well as for Critical Theorists such as Habermas, poststructuralism is not coherent enough to defend morally.
Todd May argues both that a moral defense of poststructuralism is necessary and that it is possible.
Finally, May offers a version of consequentialism that is consonant both with the principle of antirepresentationalism and with other poststructuralist commitments.
www.psupress.org /books/titles/0-271-01468-7.html   (301 words)

  
 Historiography and Poststructuralism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Recurring course themes will include the construction of historical problems and objects; forms and conceptualizations of time and historical continuity and change; modes of historical description; the epistemology of archives, documents, and memories; and the state of the fields of communication historiography.
Critics have suggested that poststructuralism is anti-historicist, that its precepts make the writing of history impossible.
In this class, we will consider the ways in which poststructuralist thought might enrich the writing of history, and the ways in which historical inquiry might help us work through some of the philosophical and political issues raised by the poststructuralists.
sterneworks.org /histpost.html   (293 words)

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