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Topic: Poverty

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In the News (Mon 25 Mar 19)

  2005 Federal Poverty Guidelines
The poverty guidelines are sometimes loosely referred to as the “federal poverty level” (FPL), but that phrase is ambiguous and should be avoided, especially in situations (e.g., legislative or administrative) where precision is important.
The poverty guidelines are not defined for Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau.
The poverty guidelines (unlike the poverty thresholds) are designated by the year in which they are issued.
aspe.hhs.gov /poverty/05poverty.shtml   (757 words)

It is the apostolic poverty of the Christian religion which is practised in the highest degree by missionaries in pagan countries, and to a certain degree by all priests: all these voluntarily give up certain possessions and advantages in order to devote themselves entirely to the service of God.
Voluntary poverty is the object of one of the evangelical counsels.
The vow of poverty is ordinarily attached to a religious profession; a person may however bind himself to a modest and frugal life, or even to follow the direction of an adviser in the use of his property.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/12324a.htm   (2707 words)

  Poverty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Poverty may be seen as the collective condition of poor people, or of poor groups, and in this sense entire nation-states are sometimes regarded as poor.
Poverty is often understood to be an essential element of renunciation among Buddhists and Jains, whilst in Roman Catholicism, it is one of the evangelical counsels, and taken as a vow among religious orders.
In this context of religious vows, poverty may be understood as a means of self-denial in order to place oneself at the service of others; Pope Honorius III wrote in 1217 that the Dominicans "lived a life of voluntary poverty, exposing themselves to innumerable dangers and sufferings, for the salvation of others".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Poverty   (2851 words)

 Poverty in the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Poverty in the United States refers to the condition of people whose annual family income is less than a "poverty line" set by the U.S. government.
The Census Bureau issues the poverty thresholds, which are generally used for statistical purposes—for example, to estimate the number of people in poverty nationwide each year and classify them by type of residence, race, and other social, economic, and demographic characteristics.
The issue of understating poverty is especially pressing in states with both a high cost of living and a high poverty rate such as California where the median home price in May 2006 was determined to be $564,430.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Poverty_in_the_United_States   (2299 words)

 Who was poor in 2004?
Poverty in rural areas is not negligible either; in 2003, 14.2 percent of people living outside metropolitan areas (that is, in the countryside and small country towns) were poor.
The experimental poverty measures are the subject of an issue of the IRP newsletter Focus (volume 19, no. 2, Spring 1998, "Revising the Poverty Measure", pdf, 64 pp.), were discussed in an April 1999 IRP conference, and were the topic of a June 2004 workshop hosted by the Committee on National Statistics of the NAS.
Table 2 presents poverty rates by state for 2002–2004 and earlier years, based on 3-year averages (state poverty rates in a single year are not very reliable, owing to small sample sizes; thus the latest available rates are for 2002–2004).
www.irp.wisc.edu /faqs/faq3.htm   (1631 words)

 Causes of Poverty - Global Issues
Poverty is the state for the majority of the world’s people and nations.
Poverty is therefore not just an economic issue, it is also an issue of political economics.
If the poorer nations are not given the sufficient means to produce their own food and other items then poverty and dependency may continue.
www.globalissues.org /TradeRelated/Poverty.asp   (1282 words)

 Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing 1995
Poverty has various manifestations, including lack of income and productive resources sufficient to ensure a sustainable livelihood; hunger and malnutrition; ill health; limited or lack of access to education and other basic services; increasing morbidity and mortality from illness; homelessness and inadequate housing; unsafe environments; and social discrimination and exclusion.
Poverty may be caused by an economic recession that results in loss of livelihood or by disaster or conflict.
Women's poverty is directly related to the absence of economic opportunities and autonomy, lack of access to economic resources, including credit, land ownership and inheritance, lack of access to education and support services and their minimal participation in the decision-making process.
www.un.org /womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/poverty.htm   (2302 words)

 Poverty in the United States, by Isabel V. Sawhill: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics: Library of Economics and ...
The poverty rate among the elderly, for example, after declining dramatically from 35.2 percent in 1959 to 12.2 percent in 1990, is now lower than for the rest of the population.
The failure of the aggregate poverty rate to decline in the seventies, and its subsequent rise in the eighties, suggest to some that the War on Poverty launched by the federal government in the midsixties failed.
Indeed, the incidence of poverty was as high in the late eighties as it was in the late sixties, and the average poverty rate for the eighties was 2 percentage points higher than the average for the seventies.
www.econlib.org /library/Enc/PovertyintheUnitedStates.html   (2680 words)

 Economic Recovery Failed To Benefit Much of The Population In 2004, 8/30/05
The poverty rate rose from 11.7 percent in 2001 (and 12.5 percent in 2003) to 12.7 percent in 2004.
The rise in poverty in 2004 is particularly disturbing because 2004 represented the third full year of the economic recovery.
The poverty rate in that region increased from 10.7 percent to 11.6 percent, and the number of people living in poverty climbed by 600,000.
www.cbpp.org /8-30-05pov.htm   (1680 words)

 National Poverty Center - The University of Michigan
Poverty guidelines are a simplified version of poverty thresholds and are issued by the Department of Health and Human Services to determine financial eligibility for certain federal programs.
The official poverty measure has been criticized for not accounting for several factors that can affect a family's economic well-being and for not having been updated, except for inflation, for four decades.
Additionally, the threshold value a family must earn to escape poverty was developed in the 1960s by combining emergency food budget data from the US Department of Agriculture with an estimate of what fraction of income families spend on food.
www.npc.umich.edu /poverty   (1476 words)

 Poverty Fact Sheet Series - Defining Poverty, HYG-5700-98
The poverty measure was developed in the early 1960s as an indicator of the number and proportion of people with inadequate incomes for needed consumption of food, other goods, and services.
Poverty guidelines are published by the Department of Human Services and used to determine the eligibility of families for various assistance programs.
Unlike poverty thresholds, if the family's size and income match the poverty guidelines, then the family is considered poor, and not considered on the threshold of being poor.
ohioline.osu.edu /hyg-fact/5000/5700.html   (1888 words)

 Róbinson Rojas: pobreza, pauvrete, poverty - inequality - Capitalist Social Terrorism- Education for Sustainability - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
He examines 12 common poverty traps and argues that sometimes traps are deliberately set by the rich to ensnare the poor — while the rich reap the financial benefits.
It is found that the increase in the poverty rate in the 1990s is associated with the increase in the relative food price, and the need to spend on education, housing and medical care which were previously paid by the state.
The Chronic Poverty Report 2004-05 is about people living in chronic poverty - people who remain poor for much or all of their lives, many of whom will pass on their poverty to their children and all too often die easily preventable deaths.
www.rrojasdatabank.org /dev2000.htm   (4921 words)

 Understanding Poverty in America
To understand poverty in America, it is important to look behind these numbers--to look at the actual living conditions of the individuals the government deems to be poor.
For example, in the quarter-century before welfare reform, there was no net change in the poverty rate of children in single-mother families; after reform was enacted, the poverty rate dropped in an unprecedented fashion, falling from 53.1 percent in 1995 to 39.8 percent in 2001.
If poverty is defined as lacking adequate nutritious food for one's family, a reasonably warm and dry apartment to live in, or a car with which to get to work when one is needed, then there are relatively few poor persons remaining in the United States.
www.heritage.org /Research/Welfare/bg1713.cfm   (6475 words)

 Make Poverty History
Many organisations have campaigns that continue to focus on making poverty history.
One of the first challenges for his new Government is to address concerns with Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs).
The unprecedented level of global campaigning on poverty was fantastic.
www.makepovertyhistory.org   (432 words)

 Capitalism and Poverty - What is the solution to Poverty? Capitalism
To answer the question, "What about the poor under capitalism?" one must first answer, "Why are there poor people in the first place?" The source of all poverty is the lack of wealth, which must be produced.
Politically, this is the single cause of mass poverty: the lack of freedom.
In a capitalist country, the only poor are those who choose to remain so of their own free-will (such as many of the "back to nature" types who wish to live like hippies).
www.capitalism.org /faq/poverty.htm   (824 words)

 2001 Federal Poverty Guidelines
Key differences between poverty thresholds and poverty guidelines are outlined in a table under Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs).
Note that the poverty thresholds — the original version of the poverty measure — have never had separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii.
The poverty guidelines (unlike the poverty thresholds) are designated by the year in which they are issued.
aspe.os.dhhs.gov /poverty/01poverty.htm   (622 words)

 Unitus. Innovative Solutions to Global Poverty
Poverty is a macro problem, with causes as wide as they are deep.
While the causes of poverty might be macro, the effects are felt on a micro level, creating hardship for communities, families, men, women and children.
Its worst attribute is that poverty breeds poverty; it is virtually impossible to break free from its grasp.
www.unitus.com /sections/poverty/poverty_pov_main.asp   (643 words)

Poverty is not only deprivation of economic or material resources but a violation of human dignity too.
Poverty erodes or nullifies economic and social rights such as the right to health, adequate housing, food and safe water, and the right to education.
This fundamental recognition is reshaping the international community’s approach to the next generation of poverty reduction initiatives.
www.ohchr.org /english/issues/poverty/index.htm   (252 words)

 Poverty USA -- Catholic Campaign for Human Development -- A hand up, not a hand out.
For the third consecutive year, the poverty rate and the number of Americans living in poverty both rose from the prior years.
The official poverty rate in 2003 (the most current year for which figures are available) was 12.5 percent, up from 12.1 percent in 2002.
In the Midwest, 10.7 percent of all people live in poverty, compared to 11.3 percent for the Northeast, 12.6 percent for the West, and 14.1 for the South – the highest of all.
www.usccb.org /cchd/povertyusa/povfacts.htm   (537 words)

 Comparisons of Metropolitan-Nonmetropolitan Poverty During the 1990's   (Site not responding. Last check: )
While the greater incidence of poverty in nonmetro relative to metro areas is well documented, there is little research as to whether it is deeper or more severe in nonmetro areas.
The poverty gap index, which measures the depth of poverty, indicates that the difference in this meaure of poverty is statistically significant in 6 of the 10 years.
When the squared poverty gap index, a measure of severity, is examined, the estimate of nonmetro poverty is greater than the metro measure in only 3 of the 10 years.
www.ers.usda.gov /publications/rdrr96   (166 words)

 Poverty Mapping - Publications
Analysing population distribution in relation to poverty and environmental factors is increasingly recognized as a valuable element in decision-making processes related to development issues.
Specifically, given Malawi's high poverty rates and given the considerable effort required to produce such a small-area poverty map, we examine whether the improvements in program targeting that such a detailed poverty map might offer are significant.
This paper assesses the degree to which welfare and poverty measures derived for subdistrict Traditional Authority (TA) spatial units using a poverty map of Malawi are correlated with a small set of aggregated socio-economic characteristics of households residing in the TA.
www.povertymap.net /publications   (2284 words)

 Census Bureau says 1.3 million more Americans in poverty - Aug. 26, 2004
The percentage of the U.S. population living in poverty rose to 12.5 percent from 12.1 percent -- as the poverty rate among children jumped to its highest level in 10 years, the Census Bureau said in an annual report.
The poverty rate of of African Americans remained nearly twice the national rate, with 24.4 percent of fls living below the poverty line in 2003, slightly higher from 24.1 percent a year earlier.
The Office of Management and Budget at the Census Bureau defined the poverty threshold in 2003 as $18,810 for a family of four; $14,680 for a family of three; $12,015 for a family of two; and $9,393 for an individual.
money.cnn.com /2004/08/26/news/economy/poverty_survey/?cnn=yes   (762 words)

 Poverty :: United Nations System-Wide EARTHWATCH
In this Rural Poverty Report 2001, the International Fund for Agricultural Development argues that, to be successful, poverty-reduction policies must focus on rural areas.
Ten years into the new era opened by the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo, the quality and reach of family planning programmes have improved, safe motherhood and HIV prevention efforts are being scaled up, and governments embrace the ICPD Programme of Action as an essential blueprint for realizing development goals.
World Development Report 2000/2001: Attacking Poverty argues that major reductions in all dimensions of poverty are possible--that the interaction of markets, state institutions, and civil societies can harness the forces of economic integration and technological change to serve the interests of poor people and increase their share of society's prosperity.
earthwatch.unep.net /poverty/index.php   (439 words)

 NCCP | Who are America's Poor Children?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Child poverty and material hardship are not just problems experienced by the states in Katrina's path—they are problems that plague Americans around the country.
Due to sampling error, the extreme poverty rates within these states may be statistically indistinguishable from the rates in states not on this list.
Research also indicates that the risks posed by poverty are greatest among children who experience poverty when they are young and among children who experience persistent and deep poverty.
www.nccp.org /pub_cpt05b.html   (1211 words)

 Kamat's Potpourri: Poverty in India -- Index of articles and pictures
Poverty of Indians must be studied with a slightly different perspective (than the poverty of other societies) due to the deep religious faiths of her people.
The subjects of the pictures were not paid to pose (although Kamat found that as he took the photographs, more and more people wanted to patronize the beggars) and it is in the honor of India's poor that we have kept this page free of advertisements (so that we do not benefit from their condition).
Indians for long have criticized the western media for sensationalizing the poverty in India, and the reader may feel the same way by looking at this section at Kamat's Potpourri, although I humbly assure you that that is not what we set out to do.
www.kamat.com /kalranga/bhiksha/index.htm   (525 words)

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