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Topic: Predestination paradox

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  Paradox - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Paradoxes that arise from apparently intelligible uses of language are often of interest to logicians and philosophers.
In fact, Zeno's paradoxes of multiplicity and motion, which revealed problems in the Greek idea of space and time, were resolvable only using mathematics discovered in the 19th century.
Paradoxes which are not based on a hidden error generally happen at the fringes of context or language, and require extending the context or language to lose their paradox quality.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Paradox   (923 words)

 Paradoks - Wikipedia
Elevator paradox: Elevators can seem to be mostly going in one direction, as if they were being manufactured in the middle of the building and being disassembled on the roof and basement.
Paradox of hedonism: When one pursues happiness itself, one is miserable; but, when one pursues something else, one achieves happiness.
Supplee's paradox: the buoyancy of a relativistic object (such as a bullet) appears to change when the reference frame is changed from one in which the bullet is at rest to one in which the fluid is at rest
id.wikipedia.org /wiki/Paradoks   (2225 words)

 Predestination paradox - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A predestination paradox, also called a causal loop or causality loop, is a paradox of time travel that is often used as a convention in science fiction.
This paradox is in some ways the opposite of the grandfather paradox, the famous example of the traveller killing his own grandfather before his parent is born, thereby precluding his own travel to the past by cancelling his own existence.
A humorous reference is made to the predestination paradox when Julian Bashir suggests that he is meant to have sex with a Lieutenant Watley (whom he thinks is one of his ancestors) so that he can become his own great grandfather, lest he cease to exist.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Predestination_paradox#Ontological_paradox   (6069 words)

 Learn more about Paradox in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A paradox is an apparently true statement that seems to lead to a logical self-contradiction, or to a situation that contradicts common intuition.
Elevator paradox: Elevators can seem to be mostly going in one direction, as if they were being manufactured on the roof, and disassembled in the basement.
Abilene paradox: People take actions in contradiction to what they really want to do, and therefore defeat the very purposes of what they were trying to accomplish.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /p/pa/paradox.html   (1388 words)

 Predestination paradox: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The grandfather paradox is a paradox of time travel, supposedly first conceived by the science fiction writer rené barjavel in his book "future times three"...
This is not a "pure" predestination paradox because history is changed to accommodate the paradox caused by McFly rather than the paradox being part of history to prompt the time travel, EHandler: no quick summary.
Borels paradox (sometimes known as the borel-kolmogorov paradox) is a paradox of probability theory relating to conditional probability density functi...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/p/pr/predestination_paradox.htm   (5160 words)

 Ex Astris Scientia - Time Travel - General Considerations
The paradox is just not visible to (human) beings that are restricted to the "normal" space-time, although they are the ones who are concerned with it from the viewpoint of the omniscient being.
Predestination is the only one of the five theories where the natures of the two paradoxes are very different.
Once this paradox occurs, it is virtually impossible for a science fiction author to continue with his story, unless he ignores or even fails to recognize the paradox, which unfortunately happens very often.
www.ex-astris-scientia.org /treknology/timetravel-general.htm   (6753 words)

 Divine Foreknowledge and Newcomb's Paradox
Nozick originally presented the paradox as a dilemma within the realm of decision theory, but it is of obvious interest for the metaphysician and philosopher of religion as well.
Of course, no-boxers may find the underdetermined version of the paradox more intriguing (though finally inconclusive), and that is a philosopher's privilege; but he ought not then to claim that he is discussing the genuine Newcomb Problem, for his version would seem to be an attenuation of the original.
{31} Ellery Eells, "Causation, Decision, and Newcomb's Paradox," in Paradoxes, pp.
www.leaderu.com /offices/billcraig/docs/newcomb.html   (7168 words)

For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Life runs on a linear basis, that is to say it is forward moving on a singular dynamic plane.
www.geocities.com /outbacklegacy/part1.html   (426 words)

 ipedia.com: Time travel Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The assumption that time travel or superluminal communications is impossible allows one to derive interesting results such as the no cloning theorem, and how the rules of quantum mechanics work to preserve causality is an active area of research.
If his results can be generalized they would suggest, curiously, that none of the supposed paradoxes formulated in time travel stories can actually be formulated at a precise physical level: that is, that any situation you can set up in a time travel story turns out to permit of many consistent solutions.
However, many other "stable" situations may also exist in which time travel occurs but no paradoxes are created; if the changeable-timeline universe finds itself in such a state no further changes will occur, and to the inhabitants of the universe it will appear identical to the type 1.2 scenario.
www.ipedia.com /time_travel_1.html   (3259 words)

 Paradoxes - curiouser.co.uk
Below is a list of paradoxes which you might be interest to research, some of which may be featured at curiouser.co.uk in due course.
If you are interested to write about any of these paradoxes for curiouser.co.uk, please CONTACT me.
St. Petersburg paradox: Can it be rational to refuse a small finite entry fee for a game with a possible infinite pay off?
www.curiouser.co.uk /paradoxes   (549 words)

In fact, they understood that it is the contemplation of these paradoxes that develops the mind -- and by enlarging the mental facilities in conjunction with spiritual cleansing, begins to open man's innate spiritual centers which enables the disciple of the Light to draw closer to God.
There were of course those who opposed the tenets of the doctrine of Predestination -- claiming that it made no sense that man was responsible for his actions unless he possessed freewill -- but that meant that they put forth their doctrine in direct contradiction to the scriptures.
What the Bible states with regard to predestination is that as you progress from life to life in the journey of the soul, you will reap exactly what you have sown in your own past.
www.nazirene.org /freewill5.htm   (6032 words)

 BTTF.com's Space-Time Continuum - Back to the Future™ Forums - Time Travel Confusion
"A predestination paradox, also called a causal loop, is a paradox of time travel.
The Predestination paradox is very closely related to the Grandfather paradox.
If they do, it would cause a paradox, which could by Doc's theory, destroy the entire Universe, or just be limited to our own galaxy.
www.bttf.com /forums/printthread.php?t=30698   (994 words)

 Ex Astris Scientia - Time Travel in VOY
There is a mistake from the part of Seven of Nine when she is supposed to give an example of the Pogo paradox aka predestination paradox, "a causality loop in which interference to prevent an event actually triggers the same event".
She refers to "First Contact", however, there was no predestination involved, since Earth was definitely assimilated when the Borg had vanished to the past, which would not have been the case if their failure had been predestined.
I think the logical problem is not that much the paradox itself which we have encountered countless times before, but the fact that Kes's time travel and the Vidiian attack have no effect t all on the present, and most notably Kes doesn't learn anything from it.
www.ex-astris-scientia.org /treknology/timetravel-voy.htm   (9044 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
That is, in theory our free will is "absolute" and in theory God *might* make a mistake in predicting the future, but in practice he never errs.
It illustrates quite sharply that even the divine foreknowledge theory of predestination, in which God exercises no control at all over our actions, still suffers from the feature of predestination that most disturbs its detractors, namely the notion that your eternal destiny seems to have been locked into place before you were even born.
It potentially allows proponents of predestination to distance themselves from fatalists, by declaring fatalism to be analogous to a different card game, in which the second step of choosing "I believe" or "I don't believe" is carried out *by the opponent*.
www-math.mit.edu /~tchow/newcomb   (412 words)

 Presence: Tempus fugit
This is a version of what is commonly referred to as a predestination paradox.
The potential of this paradox has led some to speculate that time travel is in fact impossible, or so I've been told.
I recently came across an article from BBC News detailing a new model for time travel that avoids the problems created by a predestination paradox, and is somewhat reminiscent of Schrödinger's cat.
presence.baltiblogs.com /2005/09/06/tempus_fugit.html   (878 words)

 Andy's Anachronisms -- By His Bootstraps by Robert A. Heinlein (1941)
Essentially a causality loop, a predestination paradox ensures that history is not changed by the time traveller’s actions and that whatever has happened was meant to happen.
Or to look at it another way if a time traveller’s attempts to alter his past will only result in him fulfilling his destiny and not changing it as was his original intention.
Often associated with the predestination paradox is an ontological paradox.
www.timetravelreviews.com /shorts/heinlein_bootstraps.html   (815 words)

 Time travel -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Thus, if one were to travel back from the 'present' to an earlier time, none of the material universe would be found there, because it will have remained in the present: the traveller alone is the only part of the universe to have gone back to the earlier time.
If his results can be generalised, they would suggest, curiously, that none of the supposed paradoxes formulated in time travel stories can actually be formulated at a precise physical level: that is, that any situation you can set up in a time travel story turns out to permit many consistent solutions.
For example there is the Accumulative Audience Paradox where multitudes of time traveler tourists wish to attend some event in the life of Jesus or some other historical figure, where history tells us there were no such multitudes.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Time_machine   (4187 words)

 Down to earth - Understanding and handling Paradox
Unfortunately it is quite difficult to break the first few barriers of initial fear and confusion, for often one doesn't know where to start.
The Paradox of existence is a little bit more complex however.
The fact that most people don't give this short 'sentence' a second glance, and mainly use it to appear more intellectual (ego-boost) is not as sad as it might seem.
yiri.maniac.com /ch1c.html   (2257 words)

 Cor ad cor loquitur
The Molinists invoke the passages which attest the universality of the Divine desire for salvation, especially 1 Tim 2:4, as well as the sentence to be pronounced by the Judge of the World (Mt 25:34-36), in which the works of mercy are given as ground for the acceptance into the Heavenly Kingdom.
I think reality is a paradox of cooperation of man with God's enabling grace and His predestination.
Therefore, reprobation and predestination seem to operate in an inverted fashion- one by election prior to foreseen merits- so that the gift is absolutely free; the other on the basis of demerits witnessed from all eternity.
socrates58.blogspot.com /2006/04/dialogue-on-molinism-speculations-on.html   (4032 words)

 Predestination Paradox - BTTF.com's Space-Time Continuum - Back to the Future™ Forums
Time Travel A general discussion about time travel, paradoxes, and other such phenomenon as it pertains to the Back to the Future movies or other films.
The predestination paradox really only can happen if you use the "fixed timeline" idea of time travel, where everything a time traveler does was part of history all along...if you use the idea that a time traveler "changes history" like in BTTF, I don't the idea of a predestination paradox would make sense.
They did sort of hint at one when Chuck Berry heard Marty play "Johnny B. Goode" over the phone, but since we know that song must have existed already in the Twin Pine timeline, it can't be true that the only reason Chuck Berry wrote it was because he heard it played by Marty.
www.bttf.com /forums/showthread.php?p=173079   (447 words)

 Pogo Paradox - Memory Alpha
In temporal mechanics, the Pogo Paradox is similar to a predestination paradox, but where interference designed to prevent an event actually triggers the same event.
Known Pogo paradoxes include the attempt by a Borg sphere to prevent the launch of humanity's first warp ship, the Phoenix, in 2063.
The name "Pogo Paradox" is probably derived from the 20th century comic strip Pogo, created by Walt Kelly.
memory-alpha.org /en/wiki/Pogo_Paradox   (176 words)

 The SF Site Featured Review: Paradox
In Paradox, the opener for John Meaney's Nulapeiron Sequence, the author posits a far-future society quite literally stratified by class.
This rigidly classist culture is dominated by the Oracles, men and women who are able to cast their consciousness up and down the time stream and thus unerringly predict the future.
In the tradition of the epic planetary sagas of earlier eras of SF (Frank Herbert's Dune, Brian Aldiss's Helliconia novels), Paradox is as much about Nulapeiron itself as it is about the characters and events for which Nulapeiron is the setting.
www.sfsite.com /06b/pa202.htm   (993 words)

 Amazon.com: Predestination: Books: Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange,Dom Bede Rose   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Being from the Reformed tradition I strongly believe in the doctrines of election and predestination and affirm that they are biblical tenets of the faith.
Garrigou-Lagrange begins by investigating the doctrine of predestination in reference to Sacred Scripture, canons of various ecumenical councils, and the early controversies that first necessitated a definition of the doctrine.
The Roman Catholic perspective on predestination was a puzzle to me until a few years ago, when I read a previous printing of this book.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0895556340?v=glance   (3039 words)

 Chesterton Reformed: A Protestant Interpretation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Not only did he choose me to be among his chosen people, but he also destined me to be among that other elect who have had the privilege of meeting through literature the great mind and good heart of Gilbert Keith Chesterton.
No doubt the ever volitional Chesterton would have pointed out that predestination had nothing to do with all this; he would have argued that I chose to pick his books up of my own free will.
Yet this belief came directly from the Bible and was reaffirmed by Augustine: "Therefore God chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world, predestinating us to the adoption of children, not because we were going to be of ourselves holy and immaculate, but He chose and predestinated us that we might be so.
www.reformed.org /webfiles/antithesis/v1n6/ant_v1n6_Chesterton.html   (3261 words)

 Is there really such a thing as a 'self-fu... - Answerbag   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Self-fulfilling prophecies are often seen as similar to the predestination paradox, in which a person travels back in time to prevent an event, but ends up causing it.
A self-fulfilling prophecy is when a person with knowledge of future events alters his behaviour in a way that ends up causing these events.
On the other hand, a predestination paradox is when a person with knowledge of past events goes back in time, and ends up causing the events.
www.answerbag.com /q_view.php/32932   (643 words)

 :: KeNnEtH's TrEeHoUsE
Continuing my enrichment programme today, i researched on paradoxes and logic (tomorrow is for phonetics)...
There are so many many paradoxes and these are one of the 'few' i read about...
I think it's a paradox truly portraying the dual or should i say multiple perspectives of humans under varying conditions...
polar-blue.blogspot.com /2005_07_01_polar-blue_archive.html   (6194 words)

 Free Downloads   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Luther claimed that this particular document was the cornerstone of the Protestant Reformation; it argues the idea of predestination and God's sovereignty, two principles which were paramount to many of the American colonists.
Earlier in the century predestination was the majority view, but by the end of the century a belief in "free-will" had become prevalent among many such as Methodists.
A strong advocate of predestination, Whitefield entered into a bitter dispute with his Methodist colleague, John Wesley over the issue, and the movement was split.
www.all-of-grace.org /downloads.html   (9130 words)

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