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Topic: Predicate

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  Predicate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Predicate is a fundamental concept in first-order logic.
In grammar a predicate is one of the two constituent parts of a sentence.
In Bertrand Russell's theory of types, a predication is an act of typing, that is, assigning a type.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Predicate   (152 words)

 Predicate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In mathematics, a predicate is a mathematical relation.
In grammar a predicate is a part of a sentence.
In Bertrand Russell 's theory of types, a predication is an act of typing, that is, assigning a type.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Predicate.html   (338 words)

 Predicate calculus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In mathematical logic the predicate calculus, predicate logic or calculus of propositional functions is a formal system used to describe mathematical theories.
The predicate calculus is an extension of propositional calculus, which is inadequate for describing more complex mathematical structures.
A subject is a name for a member of a given group of individuals (a set) and a predicate is a relation on this group.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Predicate_logic   (109 words)

 Cecil/Vortex Project Paper: "Predicate Classes"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Predicate classes are a new linguistic construct designed to complement normal classes in object- oriented languages.
However, unlike a normal class, an object is automatically an instance of a predicate class whenever it satisfies a predicate expression associated with the predicate class.
The predicate expression can test the value or state of the object, thus supporting a form of implicit property-based classification that augments the explicit type-based classification provided by normal classes.
www.cs.washington.edu /research/projects/cecil/pubs/predicate-classes.html   (156 words)

 Second-order predicate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The idea of second order predication was introduced by the German mathematician and philosopher Frege.
It is based on his idea that a predicate such as "is a philosopher" designates a concept, rather than an object.
Thus the predicate "is not satisfied" attributes something to the concept concept "is an Albanian philosopher", and is thus a second-level predicate.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Second-order_predicate.html   (505 words)

[a] (grammar) of adjectives; relating to or occurring within the predicate of a sentence.
[n] (linguistics) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the predicate contains the verb and its complements.
[n] (logic) what is predicated of the subject of a proposition; the second term in a proposition is predicated of the first term by means of the copula.
www.lookwayup.com /lwu.exe/lwu/d?s=f&w=predicate   (90 words)

 First-order predicate calculus at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
First-order predicate calculus or first-order logic (FOL) is a theory in symbolic logic that states quantified statements such as "there exists an object such that..." or "for all objects, it is the case that...".
First-order logic is distinguished from higher-order logic in that it does not allow statements such as "for every property, it is the case that..." or "there exists a set of objects such that...".
We are using the object constants 0 and 1, the function constants + and *, and the predicate constant =.
wiki.tatet.com /Predicate_logic.html   (1106 words)

Conspiracy to commit (predicate crime) is a separate offense from (predicate crime) and cannot be a basis for a conviction of felony murder.
In order for the death to be a "probable consequence" of the (insert predicate crime) the death must not have been too remote, or too accidental in its occurrence, or too dependent on another's volitional acts to have a just bearing on the defendant's liability or the gravity of his/her offense.
Where defendant is accused of being engaged in the commission of more than one predicate crime (and, presumably, is so charged in the individual counts of the indictment), the jury should be instructed that they must unanimously agree that defendant has committed (or attempted to commit) at least one of the offenses charged.
www.judiciary.state.nj.us /charges/jury/homicide5.htm   (1326 words)

 Semantic Predicate Hoisting
Use #pred statement to describe the logical relationship of related predicates A problem with predicates is that each one is regarded as unique and capable of disambiguating cases where two alternatives have identical lookahead.
The predicate literal associated with a predicate symbol is C or C++ code which can be used to test the condition.
When a predicate symbol is defined with both a predicate literal and a predicate expression, the predicate literal is used to generate code, but the predicate expression is used to check for two alternatives with identical predicates in both alternatives.
www.antlr.org /blog/antlr3/hoisting.tml   (715 words)

 predicate - definition by dict.die.net
[U.S.] Note: Predicate is sometimes used in the United States for found or base; as, to predicate an argument on certain principles; to predicate a statement on information received.
Predicate is a term in logic, and used only in a single case, namely, when we affirm one thing of another.
In these propositions, ``Paper is white,'' ``Ink is not white,'' whiteness is the predicate affirmed of paper and denied of ink.
dict.die.net /predicate   (148 words)

 Predicates and individuals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In the predicate calculus, the subject/predicate distinction is drawn somewhat differently from the way it is drawn in Aristotelean logic.
Since a subject in the predicate calculus is always an individual entity, it is usual to speak of individuals rather than subjects.
For example, if M is the predicate ``to be a man'' and a is the individual ``Socrates'', then Ma denotes the assertion ``Socrates is a man''.
www.math.psu.edu /simpson/papers/philmath/node7.html   (452 words)

 "Practical Predicate Dispatch"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Predicate dispatch is an object-oriented (OO) language mechanism for determining the method implementation to be invoked upon a message send.
With predicate dispatch, each method implementation includes a predicate guard specifying the conditions under which the method should be invoked, and logical implication of predicates determines the method overriding relation.
Predicate dispatch naturally unifies and generalizes several common forms of dynamic dispatch, including traditional OO dispatch, multimethod dispatch, and functional-style pattern matching.
www.cs.ucla.edu /~todd/research/oopsla04.html   (256 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Richard S. Wallace ALICE A.I. Foundation July, 2005 AIML client Predicates are like variables that are specific to a given client, such as his or her name, age, gender, occupation, preferences and so on.
These need not be fixed, and indeed predicates are also used for such fast changing entities as the values of adverbs such as he, she and it.
For example, the default predicate value for "he" is "he" (the predicate itself) and for "has" is "mother" (because everyone has a mother).
www.alicebot.org /aiml/aaa/Predicates.txt   (268 words)

 Ventral/dorsal, predicate/argument: the transformation from perception to meaning.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Predicates and arguments are essentially different in two ways, namely in their semantics (how they relate to the world), and in their syntax (how they relate to each other in the formal scheme).
Note first that `subject and predicate' immediately suggests specifically linguistic structure; the target article acknowledged the differences between perceptual processes and linguistic structure, but claimed that a similar skeletal shape, the asymmetric interaction of elements (processes or terms) of different types, is evident in both.
Predicates, as Anderson & Oates understand the term (their `genuinely objective predicates') are shared by all members of a community, whereas prelinguistic categorizations are (or may be) idiosyncratic and subjective, and thus `egocentric'.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /%7ejim/bbsreply5.html   (9761 words)

 Subject and Predicate
The subject is what (or whom) the sentence is about, while the predicate tells something about the subject.
Likewise, a predicate has at its centre a simple predicate, which is always the verb or verbs that link up with the subject.
The second sentence above features a compound predicate, a predicate that includes more than one verb pertaining to the same subject (in this case, "walked" and "admired").
www.uottawa.ca /academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/subjpred.html   (437 words)

 First-Order Predicate Logic
A predicate may be thought of as a kind of function which applies to individuals (which would not usually themselves be propositions) and yields a proposition.
Analysing the predicate structure of sentences permits us to make use of the internal structure of atomic sentences, and to understand the structure of arguments which cannot be accounted for by propositional logic alone.
The "first-order" bit says that we consider predicates (or relations) on the one hand, and individuals on the other; that atomic sentences are constructed by applying the former to the latter; and that quantification is permitted only over the individuals.
www.rbjones.com /rbjpub/logic/log019.htm   (521 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Predicate abstraction and canonical abstraction are two finitary abstractions used to prove properties of programs.
However, with this straightforward simulation, the number of predicates used for the predicate abstraction is exponential in the number of predicates used by the canonical abstraction.
In particular, for the most abstract abstraction in this family, the number of predicates used by the canonical abstraction is linear in the number of program variables, while the number of predicates used by the predicate abstraction is quadratic in the number of program variables.
www.math.tau.ac.il /~rumster/vmcai05.abstract.txt   (281 words)

 predicate calculus --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
As opposed to the predicate calculus, the propositional calculus employs simple, unanalyzed propositions rather than terms or noun expressions as its atomic units; and, as opposed to the functional calculus, it treats only propositions that do not contain variables.
A predicate calculus in which the only variables that occur in quantifiers are individual variables is known as a lower (or first-order) predicate calculus.
Discusses the Aristotelean logic, predicate calculus, geometry of Euclid, formal theories of mathematics, and Plato and Aristotle’s philosophy of mathematics.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9061241?tocId=9061241   (788 words)

 Gödel Tutorial   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
PREDICATE FibIt : Integer * Integer * Integer * Integer.
PREDICATE Gcd : Integer * Integer * Integer.
PREDICATE CommonDivisor : Integer * Integer * Integer.
cs.wwc.edu /~cs_dept/KU/PR/Godel.html   (171 words)

 Turning Predicate Information to Advantage to Improve Compiler Scheduling and Branch Prediction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Predication is the process of removing control flow in a program and replacing it with predicate define data flow.
Predication has the potential to reduce performance penalties from mispredicted branches and to make greater use of functional unit resources.
In this dissertation we expose the importance of utilizing predicate information in both the compiler, for scheduling predicated code, and in the architecture for maintaining branch prediction accuracy in the face of predicated code.
www-cse.ucsd.edu /users/calder/abstracts/UCSD-CS2001-695.html   (290 words)

 Predicate Logic, Inc.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Predicate Logic is committed to protecting your consumer privacy while online at www.predicate.com.
If you apply for a job at Predicate Logic, we request information about you, but this will be done only with your permission and consent, except where required by law.
Predicate Logic reserves the right to change this policy at any time and will post any changes to this policy as soon as they go into effect.
www.predicate.com /privacy.shtml   (290 words)

 The Neural Basis of Predicate-Argument Structure   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Which argument of a predicate, if any, is privileged to be expressed as the grammatical subject of a sentence (thus in English typically occurring before the verb, and determining number and person agreement in the verb) is not relevant to the truth-conditional analysis of the sentence.
The idea of zero-place predicates has generally been sidelined in logic (despite their obvious applicability to weather phenomena); and the extension of predicate-argument notation to include event variables is relatively recent.
Logical binding is not a relationship between a predicate and its argument, but a relationship between all predicates in the scope of a particular quantifier which take the bound variable as argument.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /~jim/newro.htm   (20003 words)

 The Noun as the Predicate Nominative
The predicate nominative is the noun following a linking verb that restates or stands for the subject.
Predicate nominatives may follow linking verbs that are not the verb TO BE.
To determine whether the subject is being linked to the predicate nominative, replace the verb with the correct form of the verb TO BE.
grammar.uoregon.edu /nouns/predicateN.html   (273 words)

 Color Predicate Training
If a color predicate has not been trained, a user will be forced to train one the first time the application is executed.
By moving this box to the desired color, and clicking the left mouse button, the color predicate is positively trained.
All colors are not to be segmented.) To save the current color predicate as default, click the right mouse with the pointer in the output window.
www.ifp.uiuc.edu /~berry/ece449/node4.html   (271 words)

 Second-order predicate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The idea of second order predication was by the German mathematician and philosopher Frege.
It is based on his idea a predicate such as "is a philosopher" a concept rather than an object.
Thus the predicate "is satisfied" attributes something to the concept concept an Albanian philosopher" and is thus a predicate.
www.freeglossary.com /Second-order_predicate   (123 words)

 PREDICATE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The project was supported by the European Commission under the Fifth Framework Programme and contributing to the implementation of the Key Action2: "Global Change, Climate and Biodiversity" within the Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development thematic programme.
PREDICATE was a project which examined European climate variability over time periods between about two and twenty years ("decadal" time-scales).
By examining interactions between the oceans and the atmosphere and by exploiting the latest in computer modelling techniques, PREDICATE analysed decadal variations in Atlantic-European climate, filling the gap which currently exists between seasonal forecasting (out to about six months) and the sort of long term changes considered in the "climate change" debate.
ugamp.nerc.ac.uk /predicate/predicate.html   (339 words)

 Predicate Logic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Actually, predicate logic is a mathematical model for reasoning with predicates (just as propositional logic is an algebra for reasoning about the truth of logical expressions).
As in propositional logic, we can create logical expressions containing predicates, manipulate those expressions according to the algebraic laws of predicate logic, and construct proofs using rules of inference to deduce new facts from axioms.
In fact, proofs in predicate logic (based on unification) are a form of computation used in the programming language Prolog.
www.cs.rochester.edu /users/faculty/nelson/courses/csc_173/predlogic   (145 words)

 Hooks using the exception3 predicate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
This section describes the predicate exception3, which may be defined by the user in the module user as a multifile predicate.
The predicate exception3 is called by the kernel on a couple of events, allowing the user to alter the behaviour on some predefined events.
If the predicate succeeds it should instantiate the last argument either to the atom fail to tell Prolog to fail the predicate, the atom retry to tell Prolog to retry the predicate or error to make the system generate an exception.
www.csci.csusb.edu /dick/cs320/prolog/SWI-prolog/node162.html   (224 words)

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