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Topic: Pregnant

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  Pregnancy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The medical term for a pregnant woman is "gravida," just as the medical term for the unborn human is an embryo (early weeks) and then "fetus" (until birth).
A woman who is pregnant for the first time is known as a primigravida or gravida 1: a woman who has never been pregnant is known as a gravida 0; conversely, the terms para 0 and para 1 are used for the number of times a woman has given birth.
Because of the possible viability of developed fetus, cultural and legal definitions of life often consider a fetus in the third trimester to be a distinct living person.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pregnant   (1454 words)

 Pregnant Women in Substance Abuse Treatment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Pregnant women aged 15 to 44 were less likely to be admitted to detoxification treatment than were nonpregnant women of that age group (7 percent and 15 percent of admissions, respectively—data not shown).
Pregnant women were more likely to be admitted to outpatient treatment than were nonpregnant women (33 percent and 21 percent of admissions, respectively).
In 1999, pregnant women aged 15 to 44 admitted to treatment were equally likely to be self- or individual referrals as to be referred through the criminal justice system (28 percent of admissions each—data not shown).
www.oas.samhsa.gov /2k2/pregTX/pregTX.htm   (1207 words)

 CDC: Smoking by Pregnant Women Dropped
ATLANTA –– Smoking by pregnant women dropped by one-third in the 1990s, with a particularly sharp decline among women in their late 20s and early 30s, the government said Tuesday.
Pregnant women ages 25 to 34 smoked 40 percent less often in 1999 than they did in 1990, according to the CDC report, the government's first analysis of smoking and pregnancy in the decade.
Smoking by pregnant women 18 and 19 years old dropped early in the decade but then rebounded, climbing to nearly one in five by 1999.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-srv/aponline/20010828/aponline113330_000.htm   (202 words)

 Regional conductance changes during hemorrhage in pregnant and nonpregnant conscious rabbits -- Brooks et al. 277 (3): ...
Responses of pregnant and nonpregnant rabbits to hemorrhage: the nonhypotensive phase.
Responses of pregnant and nonpregnant rabbits to hemorrhage: the hypotensive phase.
Vascular reactivity in the hind limb of the pregnant ewe.
ajpregu.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/277/3/R675   (3460 words)

 Staying Healthy During Pregnancy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Pregnant women who use drugs may be placing their unborn babies at risk for premature birth, poor growth, birth defects, and behavior and learning problems.
As ridiculous as this scenario seems, pregnant women who continue to smoke are allowing their fetus to smoke, too.
If you were prescribed a medication before you became pregnant for an illness, disease, or condition you still have, consult with your health care provider, who can help you weigh potential benefits and risks of continuing your prescription.
www.kidshealth.org /parent/pregnancy_newborn/pregnancy/preg_health.html   (2782 words)

 HIV Screening of Pregnant Women and Newborns -- Executive Summary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Specifically, the committee's charge was to assess the appropriateness, at this time, of screening pregnant women and newborns for HIV infection, to consider the criteria that should be satisfied when such screening is introduced, and to reflect on possible advances in treatment and HIV diagnostic capability (particularly for neonates) that might necessitate policy modifications.
Nevertheless, it believes that the benefits of screening pregnant women for HIV infection in high-prevalence areas are sufficient to justify proceeding with program implementation, even though the present health and social services infrastructure may not be completely adequate.
If HIV screening for pregnant women is to achieve its goals, there must be some assurance that identified women and their children will not be denied access to needed health care by virtue of their infected status.
bob.nap.edu /execsumm/0309044286.html   (3361 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: First trimester pregnancy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Women who are considering becoming pregnant, or who are pregnant, should eat a balanced diet and take a vitamin and mineral supplement that includes at least 0.4 milligrams (400 micrograms) of folic acid.
Pregnant women are advised to avoid all medications, unless the medications are necessary and recommended by a prenatal health care provider.
Call for an appointment if you suspect you are pregnant, are currently pregnant and are not receiving prenatal care, or if you are unable to manage common complaints without medication.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000887.htm   (1056 words)

 You're Pregnant!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
You should have an initial prenatal exam as soon as you know you are pregnant (six to ten weeks) or in your first trimester of pregnancy.
Lack of calcium in a pregnant women's diet means the fetus will use the mother's bones to meet fetal needs for calcium.
Pregnant women who have periodontal disease may be seven times more like to have a baby that is premature.
www.hmhb.org /pregnant.html   (3910 words)

 Pregnant?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
When a woman is pregnant, her body produces a hormone called HCG, which is found in her urine and in her blood.
Some pregnant women need to take a 30-milligram iron supplement during their second and third trimesters to help prevent anemia.
Unless there are medical reasons to avoid it, pregnant women can and should exercise moderately for at least 30 minutes on most, if not all, days.
www.crossroadspregnancycenter.org /pregnant.htm   (2143 words)

 Herbal Encyclopedia,Herb Encyclopedia,Medicinal Herbs,Ayurvedic Herbs,Ayurvedic Medicinal Herbs,India
It is advisable not to be used by pregnant or lactating women.
Amaranth is associated with immortality and is used to decorate god and goddesses.
It is advisable not to be used by pregnant women or diabetics.
www.ayurveda-herbal-remedy.com /herbal-encyclopedia   (1106 words)

 BioMed Central | Full text | Pregnant women become insensitive to cold stress   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A group of pregnant women (n = 10) were tested towards the end of pregnancy (mean 36.8 ± 2.5 weeks gestation) and about 8 weeks postpartum (mean 7.8 ± 1.5 weeks), together with a matched control group, with a one minute cold hand stressor test.
There is a good correlation between maternal and fetal plasma cortisol levels [8,9], and it is quite possible that raised cortisol in the pregnant mother has a direct effect on the development of the fetus and the fetal brain [9].
The present results may also explain those of Gitau et al [9] who found that pregnant women (22 to 35 weeks gestation) showed no significant cortisol response to the experience of fetal blood transfusion, a procedure which one would expect to be stressful and which caused a marked rise in noradrenaline [7].
www.biomedcentral.com /1471-2393/2/8   (2599 words)

 Notice to Readers: Updated Recommendations for Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Among Asymptomatic Pregnant Women After ...
Doxycycline should be used with caution in asymptomatic pregnant women and only when contraindications are indicated to the use of other appropriate antimicrobial drugs.
Pregnant women are likely to be among the increasing number of persons receiving antimicrobial prophylaxis for exposure to B.
Pregnant women should be advised that congenital malformations occur in approximately 2%--3% of births, even in the absence of known teratogenic exposure.
www.cdc.gov /mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5043a5.htm   (609 words)

 Pregnant troops leave the war; Central Command not counting - The Washington Times: Nation/Politics - June 16, 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Lynndie England, the 21-year-old photographed holding a leash attached to an Iraqi prisoner, became pregnant during an affair with another soldier at the Abu Ghraib prison compound in Iraq.
She told superiors she did not know she was pregnant.
She said fiscal 2002 statistics show that the Navy reassigned to shore duty 2,159 pregnant women, or 12.3 percent of 17,543 enlisted women on ships.
www.washingtontimes.com /national/20040615-115647-8125r.htm   (951 words)

 Pregnant Women in Substance Abuse Treatment; SAMHSA,Office of Applied Studies
Pregnant women aged 15 to 44 were more likely than women of the same age group to enter treatment for cocaine abuse.
Between 1995 and 1999, the source of referral to substance abuse treatment changed for pregnant women: Criminal Justice Referrals increased from 21 percent to 28 percent; Self/Individual referrals decreased from 33 percent to 28 percent, and Health Care Providers decreased from 14 percent to 11 percent.
This Short Report, The DASIS Report: Pregnant Women in Substance Abuse Treatment, is based on the Drug and Alcohol Services Information System (DASIS), the primary source of national data on substance abuse treatment.
www.oas.samhsa.gov /2k2/pregTX/pregTX.cfm   (248 words)

 Detection of Progeny Immune Responses after Intravenous Administration of DNA Vaccine to Pregnant Mice   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The studies were conducted to determine whether immunizing pregnant mice with liposome-encapsulated DNA vaccines had an effect on the immune status of their offspring.
These studies were also performed to test the hypothesis that the administration of a DNA vaccine during pregnancy may induce antigen-specific tolerance in the offspring, as suggested by the clonal selection theory of Burnet (3,4,20).
Although pregnant mice were immunized with various doses of several different DNA vaccines, we found that immunity but not tolerance was elicited in the fetus (Fig.
dx.doi.org /10.1251/bpo27   (4094 words)

 Pregnancy & Gum Disease
Pregnant women with findings of elevated amniotic fluid levels of PGE2, IL-6 and IL-8 in the 1520 weeks of pregnancy and with periodontitis are at high risk for premature birth.
Scaling and root planing may reduce preterm birth risk: study Pregnant women with periodontitis may be able to reduce their risk of preterm birth by undergoing scaling and root planing, ideally in the second trimester, according to recent study results published in the Journal of Periodontology.
In a study of 400 pregnant women aged 18 to 35 with advanced periodontal disease, half of the subjects were given periodontal treatment before the end of the second trimester while the other half were treated after giving birth.
www.dentalgentlecare.com /pregnancy_and_gingivitis.htm   (2431 words)

 Poor pregnant women
Pregnant Woman means a basis of eligibility for MA, as defined in 42 C.F.R. 435 and implemented under State law, that is used as a factor to determine the Rate Cell of an Enrollee." Minnesota Contract, pages 14-15.
This aid category consists of uninsured pregnant women living in families between 185 and 250 percent of the FPL and pregnant women who are uninsured for maternity care living in families between 250 and 350 percent of the FPL…
Effective with the first day of a presumptive eligibility period, the State makes capitation payments on behalf of these women to the selected MCO and the MCO is required to provide medical care for their enrollee during this period.
www.gwumc.edu /sphhs/healthpolicy/nnhs4/GSA/Subheads/gsa04.html   (2656 words)

 Pregnancy & Breast Feeding- Ask the Dietitian
My daughter is 7 months pregnant and the corners of her mouth are so cracked that the skin is growing back crooked.
A pregnant woman's first nutritional needs are to take care of maintaining and repairing her body.
A pregnant woman needs an extra 300 calories which could be achieved by eating three ounces of meat and drinking an extra eight ounce glass of milk.
www.dietitian.com /pregnanc.html   (2922 words)

 Afferent baroreceptor discharge in pregnant rats -- Laiprasert et al. 281 (6): 2456 -- AJP - Heart and Circulatory ...
HR data were obtained in 13 pregnant and 9 virgin animals.
Mean baroreceptor discharge curves for 12 pregnant and 12 virgin rats are shown.
Pregnancy was associated with a significant decrease in baseline MAP (closed circles) and a parallel leftward shift in the baroreceptor discharge curve (arrow).
ajpheart.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/281/6/H2456   (3871 words)

 Alcohol Consumption Among Women Who Are Pregnant or Who Might Become Pregnant --- United States, 2002
The results of that analysis indicated that approximately 10% of pregnant women used alcohol, and approximately 2% engaged in binge drinking or frequent use of alcohol.
Because of the limited number of pregnant women available in the 2002 BRFSS sample population, additional analyses were performed by focusing only on the demographic characteristics of women who might become pregnant and who engaged in binge drinking.
The prevalence of any use of alcohol was 52.6% for the childbearing-aged population overall, 54.9% for women who might become pregnant, and 10.1% for pregnant women (Table 1).
www.cdc.gov /mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5350a4.htm   (1404 words)

 Women's Right to Know Handbook - If You Are Pregnant: Information on fetal development, abortion and alternatives
By calling or visiting the agencies and offices in the directory you can find out about alternatives to abortion, obtain assistance in making an adoption plan for your baby; and locate public and private agencies that offer medical and financial help during pregnancy, childbirth and while a child is dependent.
A pregnant woman may notice her first missed menstrual period at the end of the second week after conception, or about four weeks after the first day of her last normal period.
Further information and a list of adoption agencies can be found in the Minnesota Department of Health resource guide, If You are Pregnant: A directory of available services in Minnesota or, you could call the Minnesota Department of Human Services at 651-296-0584 or visit their Web site and click on children, than on adoption.
www.health.state.mn.us /wrtk/handbook.html   (4897 words)

 Research Provides Further Evidence on the Importance of Good Oral Health in Pregnant Women
The results of a recent study point to further evidence that periodontal disease may be a significant risk factor for preterm births...
Jeffcoat also introduced a second component of her research, an intervention trial to look at what happens when periodontal disease is treated in pregnant women.
However, women who are already pregnant should not shy away from dental care.
www.perio.org /consumer/women_risk.htm   (652 words)

 Characterization of decorin mRNA in pregnant intrauterine tissues of the ewe and regulation by steroids -- Wu et al. ...
in the pregnant sheep endometrium and fetal membranes (Fig.
Changes in expression of contractile FP and relaxatory EP2 receptors in pregnant rat myometrium during late gestation, at labor, and postpartum.
The effect of glucocorticoids on estrogen receptor messenger ribonucleic acid in the pregnant ovine myometrium in vivo and in vitro.
ajpcell.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/278/1/C199   (4491 words)

 Characterization of decorin mRNA in pregnant intrauterine tissues of the ewe and regulation by steroids -- Wu et al. ...
Characterization of decorin mRNA in pregnant intrauterine tissues of the ewe and regulation by steroids -- Wu et al.
Characterization of decorin mRNA in pregnant intrauterine tissues of the ewe and regulation by steroids
a significant increase in decorin mRNA in the pregnant sheep myometrium
ajpcell.physiology.org /cgi/content/abstract/278/1/C199   (349 words)

 Pregnancy Today - How To Be Pregnant and Proud
Perhaps the most critical influence over a pregnant woman's body image is the emphasis society puts on weight.
While many of these influences seem to be beyond a woman's control, here are 10 ways a pregnant woman can take action to feel good about her changing body.
The single most important step a pregnant woman can take toward accepting her body's changes is to become educated.
pregnancytoday.com /reference/articles/proudpregnant.htm   (880 words)

 The National Partnership to Help Pregnant Smokers Quit
The National Partnership to Help Pregnant Smokers Quit held their national meeting on June 9, 2005 in Washington, D.C. at the Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Center at George Washington University.
The National Partnership has developed information kits to let you know about resources for pregnant women and to encourage you to help them in their attempt to quit smoking.
The National Partnership to Help Pregnant Smokers Quit, in collaboration with the Center for Tobacco Cessation, has created a tool kit for state government officials and advocates to help educate decision-makers about the importance of comprehensive tobacco treatment under Medicaid for pregnant women.
www.helppregnantsmokersquit.org   (193 words)

 Urban Legends Reference Pages: Photo Gallery (Pregnant Pause)
Newspaper photograph shows a pregnant, cigarette-smoking woman worrying about the effect of construction noise on her unborn child.
What's good for a pregnant mother isn't necessarily good for the child she carries; substances that an adult woman can tolerate without harm may still have deleterious effects on a fetus.
Two activities pregnant women are strongly urged to avoid are smoking cigarettes and drinking alcoholic beverages, to the extent that those two products now carry government-mandated warning labels directed at mothers-to-be:
www.snopes.com /photos/signs/pregnant.asp   (602 words)

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