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Topic: Prehistoric and Early India

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  Science Fair Projects - History of India
The early Neolithic is represented by the Mehrgarh culture of the 7th Millennium BCE, in northwest India.
The ports of southern India were involved in the Indian Ocean trade, chiefly involving spices, with the Roman Empire to the west and Southeast Asia to the east.
In 1971 India annexed the semi-independent principality of Sikkim.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/History_of_India   (3505 words)

The official name India is derived from Sindhu, the historic local appellation for the river Indus and is the most internationally recognisable of the country.
India is home to several major rivers such as the Ganga (Ganges), the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna, the Godavari and the Krishna.
India is the second most populous country in the world, with only China having a larger population.
publicliterature.org /en/wikipedia/i/in/india.html   (2751 words)

 Tribal Religions of India
Many tribes in India show considerable syncretism with Hinduism, such as the Kadugollas of Karnataka, who worship gods such as Junjappa, Yattappa, Patappa, and Cittappa, but in reality are more devoted to Siva, who dominates their festivals and religious observances.
Some scholars go further and suggest that the prehistoric tribal community was a "religious universe" in which all living was a religious way of life.
After head-hunting ceased in the late 19th or early 20th century, wood-carving of heads (or brass versions from Hindus) was important to males, symbolising their bravery and status.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/india/tribal.html   (1699 words)

 Article-Early India- From the Origins to AD 1300
Early India represents a complete rewriting by Romila Thapar of her classic work, A History of India (the first volume in the Penguin History of India series), thirty-five years after it was first published.
Modelled on his monumental work The Wonder That Was India, this account of the origins and development of classical Hinduism represents a lifetime of reflection on the subject...
A History of India is a compact synthesis which examines the major political, economic, social and cultural forces that have shaped the history of the Indian subcontinent.
www.minihttpserver.net /z_book/A_india_a_history-0802137970.htm   (1608 words)

 Fauna in Prehistoric India
On the prehistoric Indo-Gangetic plains and Deccan plateau, there lived a wide variety of creatures.
More significantly, these creatures were the fore-runners of most of the wild animals that we see today in India.
He was a terror, as he could run down many of the smaller mammals that lived near the Ganges.
www.gatewayforindia.com /history/prehistory/prehistoric3.htm   (590 words)

 Early modern Europe Information
The early modern period is a term used by historians to refer to the period in Western Europe and its first colonies which spans the time between the Middle Ages and the Industrial Revolution that has created modern society.
The early modern period is characterized by the rise to importance of science and increasingly rapid technological progress, secularized civic politics and the nation state.
The expression "early modern" is sometimes, and incorrectly, used as a substitute for the term Renaissance.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Early_modern_Europe   (700 words)

 Introduction to the Pilgrimage Places of India   (Site not responding. Last check: )
India is a vast country, peopled with diverse and ancient civilizations, and its religious geography is highly complex.
India in the third millennium BC was inhabited in the tropical south by a people called the Dravidians, in the central and northeastern regions by aboriginal hill and forest tribes, and in the northwest by the highly advanced Indus Valley civilization known as the Harappan culture.
The practice of pilgrimage in India is so deeply embedded in the cultural psyche and the number of pilgrimage sites is so large that the entire subcontinent may actually be regarded as one grand and continuous sacred space.
www.sacredsites.com /asia/india/pilgrimage_places.html   (2154 words)

 prehistoric art - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about prehistoric art   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Prehistoric art was probably associated with hunting magic or ritual, perhaps intended to ensure success in the hunt and fertility of the animals.
The art has also been seen as early and crude animation, with animals appearing to move in the light of a candle or flickering fire.
Carvings made by early peoples may variously represent magic protection for the dwelling place; links with a hunting economy and ritual influencing of food supplies; or a gathering place, cult shrine, or religious sanctuary.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Prehistoric+art   (1041 words)

 Prehistoric and Early China
Early Chinese civilisation is lost in the mists of myth- such as the legendary ¡®Xia Dynasty' and the first reliable evidence of civilisation in China is that of the Shang dynasty, in existence in north-eastern Hunan from circa 1500-1000 BC.
Shang society was a feudal kingdom under a king-priest, with walled cities, a symbolic script form of writing and use of the chariot.
Late in the second century however, internal struggles at the imperial court led to the popular uprising (known as the rebellion of the ¡®yellow turbans'), and the last Han emperor was forced to resign in 220 AD.
www.chinesemoods.com /earlychina.html   (725 words)

To the north it is bordered by the world's highest mountain chain, where foothill valleys cover the northernmost of the country's 26 states.
Thus, the towering temples of south India, easily identifiable by their ornately sculptured surface, are associated with a great many crafts and performing arts of the region.
India is bordered on the northwest by Pakistan; on the northeast by China, Nepal, and Bhutan; and on the east by Myanmar (Burma).
www.angelfire.com /indie/saarccountries/INDIA.htm   (485 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Bhimbetka
A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE.
Hampi (Hampe in Kannada) is a village in northern Karnataka, India.
Sanchi is a small village of India, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Bhimbetka   (2069 words)

 Notes on Pagan India   (Site not responding. Last check: )
India is a land where the ancient way of life continued for thousands of years and presented a happy contented people who knew the real joy and rhythm of life.
It is among the Mumukshus that we find the very religious and devout of India, and their sincerity shines like a lamp in the darkness.
India has always made her most secret wisdom public, yet so much remains esoteric because it is not understood.
www.mahendranath.org /paganindia.mhtml   (4041 words)

 Test cricket . International Cricket Council . Pakistani cricket team . History of Pakistan . History of India . 1928 . ...
During the tour of India in 1997, the Pakistan team consistently and decisively outperformed the opposing side on their home turf.
India s first series as an independent country was in 1948 against Australian cricket team Australia at Brisbane.
India s first series victory was against Pakistani cricket team Pakistan the same year.
www.uk.knowledge-info.org /Test_cricket-UK-9737997-hp   (1340 words)

 prehistoric life - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about prehistoric life   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Prehistoric life evolved over this vast timespan from simple bacteria-like cells in the oceans to algae and protozoans and complex multicellular forms such as worms, molluscs, crustaceans, fishes, insects, land plants, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.
On a geological timescale humans evolved relatively recently, about 4 million years ago, although the exact dating is a matter of some debate.
Whatever path the lecturer took amid the wilds of the past seemed invariably to lead him to some assertion as to extinct or prehistoric life which instantly brought the same bulls' bellow from the Professor.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Prehistoric+life   (221 words)

 Ireland Information Guide , Irish, Counties, Facts, Statistics, Tourism, Culture, How
The Republic of India, located in South Asia and constituting most of the Indian subcontinent is the second most populous country in the world and is the world's largest democracy, with over one billion people speaking about 800 distinct languages.
India is still predominantly agrarian with 70% of the country residing in rural areas.
India's national sport is Field Hockey, although most would assert that it is in fact Cricket that has become the unofficial national game.
www.irelandinformationguide.com /India   (2828 words)

 India - A to Z Home's Cool Homeschooling History
Harappa: The Indus Valley and the Raj in India and Pakistan
Secular India is home to Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and other innumerable religious traditions, Hinduism is the dominant faith, practiced by over 80% of the population.
Born during the worst storm ever seen by her small village in India, Parvati is both blessed and cursed with mysterious powers that confound her people.
homeschooling.gomilpitas.com /explore/india.htm   (960 words)

 KIDS Only? - Imagine It! - Prehistoric Texans
Most prehistoric peoples are known only from legend and the traces they left behind.
Prehistoric people of the Lower Pecos area painted images, such as this one, on canyon walls in rock shelters.
Prehistoric potters sometimes made clay pots called "effigy" vessels, which give us an idea of how certain people looked in the past.
www.texasbeyondhistory.net /kids/texans   (677 words)

 History of India Details, Meaning History of India Article and Explanation Guide
Much is known about the Hindu Shishunaga dynasty of the Magadha empire in north India thanks to the Puranas (voluminous Hindu texts), the Buddhist Jatakas, and Jain texts.
The Chalukya Empire ruled parts of southern India from 550 CE to 750 CE and again from 970 CE to 1190 CE.
Seeking a mandate at the polls for her policies, she called for elections in 1977, only to suffer electoral defeat at the hands of Morarji Desai, who headed the Janata Party, an amalgamation of five opposition parties.
www.e-paranoids.com /h/hi/history_of_india.html   (2546 words)

 Introduction to Archaeology: Kinds of Archaeology
Prehistoric is often distinguished from historic archaeology, the latter being study of cultures who have written history.
Prehistoric archaeology has its own difficulties, such as the possibility of past human systems with no modern analogs that we would have a hard time reconstructing.
Sometimes we have to treat early civilizations as if they were prehistoric, if their writing systems cannot be understood.
www.indiana.edu /~swasey/matrix/ia/ia03_mod_02.html   (1075 words)

 ITAG - Survey by F. P. Lisowski of Prehistoric and Early Historic Trepanation
Since science and magic are in their early stages indistinguishable (Needham, 1954), it is difficult to differentiate between ritual or magical and therapeutic motives underlying the practice of trepanation.
Our knowledge of prehistoric trepanation would be very poor indeed were it not for the fact that we know something about the practice of this operation in classical times and in the more recent past, and that it still is performed in widely separated parts of the world.
Broca erroneously believed that the early surgeons trepanned mainly children and adolescents and he considered that this was due to the frequency of juvenile convulsions.
www.trepan.com /survey.html   (10323 words)

 How can writing benefit India?
All over the world, prehistoric rock carvings not only tell us about the civilizations that created them, but they also reveal a need for early man to lend a kind of permanence to his expressions.
The one word used to describe India is ‘rich’ – not in the monetary sense though.
Apart from attracting holidaymakers to its forests and beaches, India is fast becoming a favored destination for outsourcing work, with a vast talent pool culled from various areas of expertise.
www.chillibreeze.com /articles/writing-in-India.asp   (1333 words)

Prehistory can be said to date back to the beginning of the universe itself, although the term is most often used to describe periods when there was life on Earth; dinosaurs can be described as prehistoric animals and cavemen are described as prehistoric people.
Because, by definition, there are no written records from prehistoric times, the information we know about the time period is informed by the fields of palaeontology, astronomy, biology, geology, anthropology, archaeology—indeed all the natural sciences.
Nevertheless, the primary scholars of Human prehistory are prehistoric archaeologists and physical anthropologists who use excavation, geographic survey, and scientific analysis to reveal and interpret the nature and behavior of pre-literate and non-literate peoples.
www.kiwipedia.com /prehistory.html   (413 words)

 History of India
The Marathas defeated the Mughal emperor and became the emperors of India.
An 1812 map of India by Arrowsmith and Lewis.
Main articles: Colonial India, European colonies in India Vasco da Gama's discovery of a new sea route to India in 1498 paved the way for European colonisation of India.
www.datamass.net /hi/history-of-india.html   (2703 words)

 php-deluxe.net - description History of India Archive1
Care to change that For the prehistoric record, obviously archaeological cultures are central, and more to the point than fancy statements about the best, earliest and coolest culture ever.
India s mainstream history: A person wanting to read India s history would have to sift through that of Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka history too.
I m sorry; bronze was known to the IVC it seems; Maybe the Neolithic/Bronze Age division is unhappy, as the Bronze Age began somewhere in the middle of the IVC.
www.php-deluxe.net /encyclopedia,index.page,History-of-India-Archive1.htm   (8729 words)

 ipedia.com: India Article   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Hindu Mauryas and Guptas and the line of Buddhist monarchs, starting with Ashoka, were some of the most noteworthy regents of early India.
India has made no territorial claim in Antarctica but had 2 scientific bases there - Dakshin Gangotri and Maitri.
India is home to two main language families, the Indo-Aryan and Dravidian derived languages.
www.ipedia.com /india.html   (2648 words)

 Maxwell School of Syracuse University
The economy of India grew an annual average of 6.8 percent in 1994-2004, and continues to gather steam.
Last year, Mitchel Wallerstein, dean of Maxwell, traveled to India, where he and his counterparts at the Indian Institute of Public Administration agreed to embark on a series of educational exchanges, and a number of India-related initiatives are in the proposal or planning stages.
In India the historical and political context is different, of course, but the impetus behind government reform—economic change and globalization—is fundamentally the same.
www.maxwell.syr.edu /perspective/Spr06_India.asp   (2992 words)

 Trivia about India in India
INDIA: TRIVIA Chinese Fishing Nets, or Cheena vala as they are locally called, is one of the main tourist attractions of Kochi in Kerala.
Bhavnagar in Gujarat is the only railway station in India where women work as porters.
Sundarbans, created by Ganga and Brahmaputra in West Bengal in India and Bangladesh, is the largest delta of the world.
www.india9.com /i9show/56180.htm   (1409 words)

 Chapter VII -The Antiquity of Man And Prehistoric Archaeology
Research among the evidences of man's existence in the early Quaternary, and possibly in the Tertiary period, was now pressed forward along the whole line.
But ere long human bones were found in the deposits of the early Quaternary period, or indeed of an earlier period, in various other parts of the world, and the question regarding the Moulin Quignon relic was of little importance.
This argument was strengthened by discoveries of bones bearing marks apparently made by cutting instruments, in the Tertiary formations of France and Italy, and by the discoveries of what were claimed to be flint implements by the Abbe Bourgeois in France, and of implements and human bones by Prof.
www.infidels.org /library/historical/andrew_white/Chapter7.html   (2918 words)

 The Telegraph - Calcutta : KnowHOW
Fragments of fossilised human bones discovered years ago in the Narmada valley may be the remains of a pygmy woman who lived in central India in prehistoric times.
Sankhyan says the archaic Homo sapiens in central India may have been early inhabitants of the subcontinent who were driven out, or replaced, by fresh waves of human migrations into India.
The absence of prehistoric human fossils from India has been a major hurdle towards a better understanding of the identity of India?s earliest inhabitants.
www.telegraphindia.com /1050321/asp/knowhow/story_4481256.asp   (762 words)

 Amazon.fr : Early India: From the Origins to Ad 1300: Livres en anglais: Romila Thapar   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Early India represents a complete rewriting by Romila Thapar of her classic work, A History of India (the first volume in the Penguin History of India series), thirty-five years after it was first published.
This superb book is not only the basic history of how India came to be and an introduction to how the writing of history takes shape, but also, not the least, a deconstruction of the historical myth and inventions on which is based the present intolerant and exclusivist Hindu nationalism.
It is essential reading today."-Eric Hobsbawm "One of the world's most eminent historians of India, Thapar gives us a thoroughly revised edition of her authoritative general history.
www.amazon.fr /Early-India-Origins-Ad-1300/dp/0520242254   (430 words)

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