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Topic: Premature birth

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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  Premature birth - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Premature birth (also known as preterm birth, or premie) is defined medically as childbirth occurring earlier than 37 completed weeks of gestation.
After being born, a premature baby is cared for in a special section of the hospital known as the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit).
In cases where premature birth is imminent, a second "rescue" dose of steroids may be administered 12 to 24 hours before the anticipated birth.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Premature_birth   (1521 words)

 A Primer on Preemies
Premature infants have many special needs that make their care different from that of full-term infants, which is why they often begin their lives after delivery in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
Premature infants are prone to a number of problems, mostly because their internal organs aren't completely ready to function on their own.
The cause of ROP in premature infants is unknown.
kidshealth.org /parent/growth/growing/preemies.html   (1714 words)

 ADHA -Premature Birth Fact Sheet
Premature (or preterm) babies are born too soon - before 37 completed weeks of gestation.
In 2001, the preterm birth rate was 11.9%, reflecting more than 476,000 newborns and the highest rate ever reported for the U.S. This represents 1 in 8 babies in the U.S. born prematurely.
Preterm birth is a leading challenge in pediatrics, accounting for substantial long-term disabilities such as mental retardation, cerebral palsy, vision and hearing problems, and chronic lung disease.
www.adha.org /oralhealth/premature_birth.htm   (256 words)

 UMHS Press Release: prevent premature birth and its lifelong effects
Premature babies are those born more than a month before their due dates, or before 37 weeks in the womb.
Premature babies are at a higher risk for heart defects, digestive problems, cerebral palsy, and for other developmental and learning problems that will last a lifetime.
The problem of prematurity is so serious, and so hard to fight, that the national March of Dimes organization, and major doctors’ groups, are spending millions of dollars to raise awareness about steps women can take before and during pregnancy to reduce the risk of premature birth.
www.med.umich.edu /opm/newspage/2003/prematurebirth.htm   (1625 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Premature infant
Premature rupture of the membranes or placenta previa
When premature labor develops and cannot be stopped by medical intervention, plans for appropriate management of a premature baby and the mother are made, which may involve transport of the mother to a center with facilities to care for premature infants, i.e.
Depending on the degree of prematurity, the infant may not start breathing after birth, or respiratory efforts may be inadequate to expand the chest and deliver oxygen to the infant's body.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/001562.htm   (1076 words)

 Research on Preterm Labor and Premature Birth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Premature birth occurs in between 8 percent to 10 percent of all pregnancies in the United States; it remains one of the top causes of infant death in this country.
In one study, researchers are investigating premature rupture of membranes (PROM), a situation in which the membranes that support the fetus in the womb break (sometimes referred to as "when a woman's water breaks") before the fetus is fully developed.
Researchers in the MFMU Network recently completed a clinical trial, which showed that the hormone progesterone may prevent repeated premature birth in a specific group of women, those who were carrying a single fetus, and who previously gave birth prematurely, between 20 and 26 weeks of pregnancy.
www.nichd.nih.gov /womenshealth/premature_birth.cfm   (1464 words)

 Premature birth
Premature birth means babies have less time to fully develop and mature in the womb.
Even a premature birth as early as 23 weeks now means a good chance of survival for a baby.
Premature babies are at increased risk of SIDS, the sudden and unexplained death of some infants in their sleep.
www.cnn.com /HEALTH/library/DS/00137.html   (2685 words)

 BBC News | HEALTH | Fish 'reduces premature birth risk'
The majority die shortly after birth and the survivors are at significant risk of childhood disabilities such as cerebral palsy, blindness and deafness and intellectual impairment.
Premature delivery fell from 7.1% in women who had never eaten fish to just 1.9% in those who ate fish at least once a week.
For example, one of the most likely causes of premature labour is thought to be a 'silent' infection in the uterus which can lead to early contraction, ripening of the cervix and also early breaking of the waters.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/health/1831519.stm   (430 words)

 NIH News Release--Home Uterine Monitors Not Useful For Predicting Premature Birth--1/23/2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Although they are widely prescribed for women at risk of giving birth prematurely, the NICHD study confirms earlier findings that the monitors are not useful for predicting or preventing preterm birth.
Preterm birth complicates from 8 to 10 percent of all births, said Catherine Spong, M.D., Chief of NICHD's Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch and coordinator of the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units.
Premature infants are at greater risk for life-threatening infections, for a serious lung condition known as respiratory distress syndrome, and for serious damage to the intestines (necrotizing enterocolitis).
www.nih.gov /news/pr/jan2002/nichda23.htm   (491 words)

 CNN.com - Study links long time for conception, premature birth - Oct. 31, 2003
The reasons for premature birth are a mystery in nearly half of cases, and experts say the research, published this week in the journal Human Reproduction, indicates fertility troubles could explain part of the problem.
Premature birth -- when the baby is delivered before 37 weeks of pregnancy -- is a major public health concern because underdeveloped babies are at increased risk of death in the first year of life and are more likely to develop heart, lung and brain disorders if they survive.
The rate of premature births in the United States has jumped in the last 20 years from about 9.4 percent of all births to almost 12 percent.
www.cnn.com /2003/HEALTH/parenting/10/30/premature.births.ap   (734 words)

 Preterm Labor and Premature Birth Research — Complete medical information produced by doctors on MedicineNet.com
Infants who survive being born prematurely are at increased risk for certain life-long health effects, such as cerebral palsy, blindness, lung diseases, learning disabilities, and developmental disabilities.
One group of NICHD-supported researchers found that, among women who had given birth prematurely in the past, a shortened cervix could be a warning sign in preterm labor for a current pregnancy.
In addition, research on preterm labor and premature birth is ongoing through the NICHD's Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units (MFMU) Network, a research program that uses 14 sites around the country to conduct studies related to the mechanisms of pregnancy and birth.
www.medicinenet.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=40785   (1579 words)

 Premature Birth
Prematurity Awareness Day is one component of the March of Dimes Prematurity Campaign that was launched on January 30, 2003, to reduce the rate of prematurity in the United States.
Another serious consequence of being born prematurely is the financial cost associated with the care needed for these tiny babies.
The cause of half of the cases of prematurity is unknown.
www.mtnhealth.org /premature_birth.htm   (368 words)

 Premature-Infant.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The birth of a premature infant is a journey few are aware of unless they are faced with the overwhelming experience.
After eleven years as a NICU nurse, I thought I would be somewhat prepared for the premature birth of our daughter Mackenzie, born 3 1/2 months early, and weighing only 1 pound, 12 ounces; but I was immediately humbled.
I have also co-authored the book, "Your Premature Baby and Child" (Berkley, 1999), which is a comprehensive handbook for preemie parents that gives critical information regarding the first five years of their preemie's life.
premature-infant.com /index.cfm   (379 words)

 UAMS Scientists Confirm Link between Premature Birth and Later Learning, Behavioral Problems
Children born prematurely have been found in numerous studies to have "huge differences" in cognitive scores, and to be aggressive or withdrawn or suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
While the relationship between prematurity and later learning and behavioral problems is now clearer, the actual causes of those problems in children born prematurely are not yet clear.
By observing the progress of premature infants who receive pain medication in conjunction with painful medical procedures, and through laboratory experiments, he has formed the hypothesis that repetitive pain in the first weeks of life causes the death or damage of certain brain cells and may consequently reduce learning ability and alter behavioral development.
www.uams.edu /today/2002/081302/anand.htm   (698 words)

 [No title]
A growing number of women are giving birth prematurely because they postpone childbearing into their 30s or later or become pregnant with more than one fetus through infertility treatments.
Drugs used to end premature labor may cause other problems, as they are associated with a number of side effects, and have only been shown to delay birth by one or two days in trials.
Some factors believed to cause prematurity are infection, multiple pregnancies, a hemorrhage into the wall of the uterus that results in the premature separation of the placenta and stress experienced by the woman and the fetus.
www.mercola.com /2003/apr/23/premature_births.htm   (961 words)

 New Guidelines to Prevent Premature Birth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Until those questions are answered, the organization recommends that the use of progesterone be limited to women with a documented history of premature birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation.
Researchers say premature births account for about 12% of all births in the U.S., defined as birth before 37 weeks of gestation.
Babies born prematurely are at risk for a host of medical and developmental problems.
www.webmd.com /content/article/76/90197.htm   (491 words)

 Premature Labor and Premature Birth
In most cases, the exact mechanisms that cause premature labor are not well identified.
Premature rupture of the membranes (the "water breaks").
In about 50% of cases, the premature labor ceases, either with treatment or spontaneously.
www.wramc.amedd.army.mil /education/pat_edu/womenhlth/pregnancy/prematurelabor.htm   (413 words)

 Ambiguous Loss of Premature Birth
Furthermore, society expects joy at the birth of a child, so the loss that parents of a newborn premature baby feel is confusing.
Reading the parents’ narratives of the birth of their preemies, it became increasingly clear that they were attempting to manage an “ambiguous loss”.
Preemie parents were unable to assume the expected role of parent to a newborn after the premature birth.
www.prematurity.org /baby/ambiguous.html   (1475 words)

 March of Dimes: Prematurity
Premature birth can happen to any pregnant woman, and no one knows why.
The March of Dimes is leading the campaign to reduce premature birth by supporting research and by educating the public and health care providers.
Our mission is to improve the health of babies by preventing birth defects, premature birth, and infant mortality.
www.marchofdimes.com /prematurity/prematurity.asp   (170 words)

 Infant-Toddler>Premature Birth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
She lost Abigail when she was 2 days old on 4/1/2001 as the result of premature birth and Jonathan was born and died on 5/3/2000 as the result of a "wrongful death".
Danny was born three months premature and due to his severe premature birth, he got Necrotizing Enterocolitis when he was 16 days old and died at 21 days over age.
lost her infant daughter, Shye, on 3/12/2001 as the result of premature birth and an infection caused by a lack of fluid.
www.healingheart.net /premature_birth.htm   (1133 words)

 Premature Birth Rates Rapidly Rising - CBS News
Since premature babies usually have less developed organs than full-term babies, they may face serious and multiple health problems, ranging from cerebral palsy and mental retardation to blindness.
So with the Prematurity Campaign, the aim is to increase public awareness to at least 60 percent and decrease the rate of preterm births by at least 15 percent.
Also the NCHS study found that the rate of premature birth vary by race and ethnicity with fl women among the highest racial/ethnic subgroups to give birth prematurely.
www.cbsnews.com /stories/2003/01/30/earlyshow/health/health_news/main538533.shtml   (758 words)

 NIH News Release--Even Moderately Premature Birth Poses Risk for Developmental Delays--1/15/2002
Specifically, the researchers found that infants who were from 1 to 4 weeks premature-from the 33rd through the 36th week of pregnancy-were likely to experience a delay in one or two developmental milestones for a given age category, from birth through 47 months of age.
The researchers also found that children who were smaller than normal for their age at birth were also likely to experience a delay in one developmental milestone in each age category.
In all, researchers examined the records of 4621 children born in single births, who were from 2 to 24 months of age when the survey was taken.
www.nih.gov /news/pr/jan2002/nichd-15.htm   (907 words)

 Diabetic Life
Perhaps, says a new study that found premature infants -- whether small or the appropriate size for their gestational age when they were born -- used insulin about 60 percent less efficiently than their peers who were born at full-term.
Thirty-eight of the premature infants were born at the proper gestational weight, while 12 were small for their gestational age.
In the control group, acute insulin release was 1,148 pmol/liter, while it was 2,002 pmol/liter for the average weight premature children and 2,253 pmol/liter for the small premature children.
www.diabeticlife.org /ms/news/522418/main.html   (857 words)

 Premature birth definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Premature birth: A birth that takes place before 37 weeks of gestation have passed.
The current World Health Organization definition of prematurity is a baby born before 37 weeks of gestation, counting from the first day of the Last Menstrual Period (the LMP).
If premature birth is medically necessary or inevitable, however, it may be accomplished via C-section to limit stress on the fetus and protect it from damage.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=11895   (264 words)

 Open Directory - Health: Reproductive Health: Pregnancy and Birth: Premature Babies: Personal Pages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Buggy's Life - Buggy was born 6 and a half weeks prematurely, weighing 5 lbs 8.5 oz, and critically ill. He is developmentally delayed, but he has come far from his lowest weight of 3 lbs, 13 oz.
Premature Babies UK - A site designed and produced by a mother of a premature baby to help others in similar situations.
The Story of a premature birth - Story of Daniel - born 16 weeks early, and the affects on his parents lives.
dmoz.org /Health/Reproductive_Health/Pregnancy_and_Birth/Premature_Babies/Personal_Pages   (1484 words)

 [No title]
Prematurity is to be distinguished from intrauterine growth retardation, in which weight and development are subnormal for fetal age.
A postmature birth is any birth that occurs more than three weeks after the expected date of delivery, at which time placental transfer begins to fail, and the fetus receives decreased amounts of oxygen and nutrients.
Premature birth is the predominant cause of low birth weight and neonatal mortality in the United States (Wegman, 1996).
www.dreamhawk.com /prem.htm   (17705 words)

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